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that were placed near him, and then went with them out of the church, leaving the rest in solicitude and amazement. They immediately fent guardsto proper places, and that night apprehended Tomkyns and Waller ;. having yet traced nothing but that letters had been intercepted, from which it appeared that the parliament and the city were soon to be delivered into the hands. of the cavaliers.

They perhaps yet knew little themfelves, beyond some general and indiftinct notices. « But Waller,” says Clarendon, “ was so confounded with fear, “ that he confessed whatever he had “heard, said, thought, or seen; all “ that he knew of himself, and all “ that he suspected of others, without 6 concealing any person of whať degree “ or quality. foever, or any discourse “ which he had ever upon any occasion “ entertained with them; what such and "s such ladies of great honour, to whom, “ upon the credit of his wit and great “ reputation, he had been admitted, hac “ spoke to him in their chambers upon 6 the proceedings in the houses, and s how they had encouraged hiin to op“ pose them ; what correspondence and s« intercourse they had with some mi“ nisters of state at Oxford, and how “ they conveyed all intelligence thi“ ther.” He accused the earl of Portland and lord Conway as co-operating in the transaction; and testified that the earl of Northumberland had declared himself disposed in favour of any attempt that might check the violence of the parliament, and reconcile them to the king.

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He undoubtedly confessed much, which they could never have discovered, and perhaps somewhat which they would wish to have been suppressed; for it is inconvenient, in the conflict of factions, to have that disaffection known which cannot safely be punished.

Tomkyns was seized on the fame night with Waller, and appears likewise to have partaken of his cowardice; for he gave notice of Crifpe's commiffion of array, of which Clarendon never knew how it was discovered. Tom

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kyns had been sent with the token appointed, to demand it from lady Aubigney, and had buried it in his garden, where, by his direction, it was dug up; and thus the rebels obtained, what Clarendon confesses them to have had, the original copy.

It can raise no wonder that they formed one plot out of these two defigns, however remote from each other, when they saw the same agent employed in both, and found the commilfion of array in the hands of him who was employed in collecting the opinions and affections of the people.

Of the plot, thus combined, they took care to make the most. They fent Pym among the citizens to tell them of

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their imminent danger, and happy escape; and inform them, that the defign was to seize the “ lord mayor and “ all the coinmittee of militia, and “ would not spare one of them.” They drew up a vow and covenant, to be taken by every member of either house, by which he declared his detestation of all confpiracies against the parliament, and his resolution to detect and oppose them. They then appointed a day of thanksgiving for this wonderful delivery ; which shut out, says Clarendon, all doubts whether there had been such a deliverance, and whether the plot was real or fictitious.

On June 11, the earl of Portland and lord Conway were committed, one to

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