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He died O&ober 21, 1687, and was buried at Beconsfield, with a monument. erected by his son's executors, for which: Rymer wrote the inscription, and which I hope is now rescued from dilapidation..
He left several children by his second wife;, of whom, his daughter was mar-ried to Dr. Birch. Benjamin,,the eldest: fon, was disinherited, and sent to New Jersey, as wanting common understanding.. Edmund, the second son, inherited the: eftates, and represented. Agmondesham in parliament, but at last turned Quaker.William, the third son, was a merchantı in London.. Stephen, the fourth, was an. eminent Doctor of Laws, and one of the Coinmiffioners for the Union. There is
said to have been a fifth, of whom no account has descended.
The character of Waller, both moral and intellectual, has been drawn by Cla-rendon, to whom he was familiarly known, with nicety, which certainly none to whom he was not known can prefume to emulate. · It is therefore inserted here, with such remarks as others have supplied; after which, nothing remains but a critical examination of his poetry.
“ Edmund Waller,” says Clarendon, “ was born to a very fair estate, by the “ parfimony, or frugality, of a wise fa“ther and mother : and he thought it “ so commendable an advantage, that “ he resolved to improve it with his
“ utmost care, upon which in his na“ ture he was too much intent : and, in “ order to that, he was so much re“ served and retired, that he was scarce “ ever heard of, till by his address and “ dexterity he had gotten a very rich “ wife in the city, against all the re“ commendation and countenance and “ authority of the Court, which was - thoroughly engaged on the behalf of 66 Mr. Crofts; and which used to be “ successful in that age, against any op"s position. He had the good fortune “ to have an alliance and friendship “ with Dr. Morley, who had affifted “ and instructed him in the reading “ many good books, to which his na“tural parts and promptitude inclined
“ him, especially the poets: and at the “ age when other men used to give over “ writing verses (for he was near thirty “years, when he first engaged himself “in that exercise ; at least, that he was “ known to do so), he surprised the " town with two or three pieces of that “ kind; as if a tenth muse had been “ newly born, to cherist drooping * poetry. The Doctor at that time “ brought him into that company,
which was moft celebrated for good « conversation ; where he was received: 6 and efseemed, with great applaufe “ and respecto He was a very pleasant “ discourser, in earnest and in jest, and “ therefore very grateful to all kind of
“ company, where he was not the less « esteemed for being very rich.
“ He had been even nursed in par66 liaments, where he fat when he was “ very young; and fo, when they were 6 resumed again (after a long inter* miffion), he appeared in those affem. $6 blies with great advantage; having
a graceful way of speaking, and by 6 thinking much on several arguments " (which biş temper and complexion, 46 that had much of melancholic, in. 66 clined him to), he seemed often to 65 speak upon the sudden, when the 66 occafion had only administred the op* portunity of saying what he had tho“ roughly confidered, which gave a great ** luftre to all he said ; which yet was