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favour from the ruling party. Waller had little to expect : he had received nothing but his pardon-from-Cromwel, and was not likely to ask any thing from those who should succeed him.

Soon afterwards the Restauration sup plied him with another subject; and he exerted his imagination, his elegance, and his melody, with equal alacrity, for Charles the Second. It is not possible to read, without some contempt and indignation, poems of the same author; ascribing the highest degree of power and piety to Charles the First; then transferring the same power and piety to Oliver Cromwel; now-inviting.Oliver to take the crown, and then congratulating Charles the Second on his recovered right,

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Neither Cromwel nor Charles could value his testimony, as the effect of conviction, or receive his praises as effufions of reverence ; they could consider them but as the labour of invention and the tribute of dependence.

Poets, indeed, profess fiction; but the legitimate end of fiction is the conveyance of truth; and he that has flattery ready for all whom the vicissitudes of the world happen to exalt, must be fcorned as: a prostituted mind, that may retain the glitter of wit, but has lost the dignity of, virtue.

The Congratulation was considered as inferior in poetical merit to the Panegyrick; and it is reported, that when the king told Waller of the disparity,

he he answered, “ Poets, Sir, fucceed bet« ter in fiction than in truth,"

The Congratulation is indeed not inferior to the Panegyrick, either by decay of genius, or for want of diligence; but because Cromwel had done much, and Charles had done little, Cromwel wanted nothing to raise him to heroick excellence but virtue; and virtye his poet thought himself at liberty to supply. Charles had yet only the merit of struggling without fuccess, and fuffering without despair. A life of escapes and indigence could fupply poetry with no {plendid images. . In the first parliament fummoned by Charles the Second (March 8, 1661), Taller fat for Hastings in Sussex, and

served for different places in all the parliaments of that reign. In a time when fancy and gaiety were the most powerful tecommendations to regard, it is not likely that Waller was forgotten. He passed his time in the company that was highest, both in rank and wit, from which even his obstinate fobriety did not exclude him. Though he drank water, he was enabled by his fertility of mind, to heighten the mirth of Bacchanalian assemblies; and Mr. Saville faid, that « no man in England *should keep him company without * drinking but Ned Waller.”

The praise given him by St. Evremond is a proof of his reputation ; for it was only by his reputation that he

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could be known, as a writer, to a man who, though -he lived a great part of a long life upon an English pension, never condescended to understand the language. of the nation that maintained him.

In parliament, “ he was;” says Burnet, “ the delight of the house, and “ though old faid the.livelief things of "any among them.” This, however, is said in his account of the year feventyfive, when Waller was only seventy. His name as a speaker occurs often in Grey's Collections; but. I have found no-extracts that can be quoted as exhibiting any representation of abilities displayed father in fallies of gaiety than cogency of argumente ,

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