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as Pym declared, was, that within the walls for one that was for them, there were three against them; but that without the walls for one that was against them, there were three for them. Whether this was said from knowledge or guess, was perhaps never enquired.

It is the opinion of Clarendon, that in Waller's plan no violence or fanguinary resistance was comprised; that he intended only to abate the confidence of the rebels by publick declarations, and to weaken their power by an opposition to new supplies. This, in calmer times, and more than this, is done without fear; but such was the acrimony of the commons, that no method of obstructing them was fafe.

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About this time another design was formed by Sir Nicholas Crispe, a man of loyalty that deserves perpetual remembrance; when he was a merchant in the city, he gave and procured the king, in his exigencies, an hundred thousand pounds; and, when he was driven from the Exchange, raised a regiment, and commanded it.

Sir Nicholas flattered himself with an opinion, that some provocation would so much exasperate, or some opportu nity fo much encourage, the king's friends in the city, that they would break out in open resistance, and then would want only a lawful standard, and an authorised commander; and ex: torted from the king, whose judgment

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yielded to importunity, a commission of array, directed to such as he thought proper to nominate, which was sent to London by the lady Aubigney. She knew not what she carried, but was to deliver it on the communication of a certain token which Sir Nicholas imparted.

This commission could be only intended to lie ready till the time should require it. To have attempted to raise any forces, would have been certain deostruction : it could be of use only when the forces should appear. This was, however, an act preparatory to martial hostility. Crispe would undoubtedly have put an end to the session of parliament, had his strength been equal to his zeal; and out of the design of Crispe,

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which involved very little danger, and that of Waller, which was an act purely civil, they compounded a horrid and dreadful plot.

The discovery of Waller's design is variously related. In Clarendon's Hiftory it is told, that a fervant of Tomkyns, lurking behind the hangings when his master was in conference with Waller, heard enough to qualify him for an informer, and carried his intelligence to Pym. A manuscript, quoted in the Life of Waller, relates, that * he was

betrayed by his sister Price, and her “ presbyterian chaplain Mr. Goode, “who stole some of his papers; and “ if he had not strangely dreamed the s night before, that his fifter had

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“ betrayed him, and thereupon burnt “ the rest of his papers by the fire that “ was left in his chimney, he had cer“ tainly lost his life by it.". The question cannot be decided. It is not unreasonable to believe that the men in power, receiving intelligence from the fifter, would employ the servant of Tomkyns to listen at the conference; that they might avoid an act fo offenfive as that of destroying the brother by the fister's teftimony.

The plot was published in the most terrifick manner. On the 31st of May, at a solemn fast, when they were listening to the sermon, a messenger entered the church, and communicated his errand to Pym, who whispered it to others d 3

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