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“ desires ; but inasmuch as a righteous “ life presupposeth life, inasmuch as to “ live virtuously it is impossible, ex: “ cept we live; therefore the first im« pediment which naturally we endea“ vour to remove is penury, and want “ of things without which we cannot « live.” B. I. sect. 9.

The speech is vehement; but the great position, that grievances ought to be redressed before supplies are granted, is agreeable enough to law and reason : nor was Waller, if his biographer may be credited, such an ene-my to the king as not to with his distreffes lightened; for he relates, “ that “ the king sent particularly to Wallet, 65 to second his demand of some subfi. “ dies to pay off the army; and Sir “ Henry Vane objecting against first “ voting a supply, because the king “ would not accept unless it came up *6 to his proportion, Mr. Waller spoke “ earnestly to Sir Thomas Jermyn,comp“ troller of the household, to save his * master from the effects of fo bold a “ falfity; " for, he said, I am but a counstry gentleman, and cannot pretend to “ know the king's mind :” but Sir Tho“ unas durft not contradict the secre«s tary; and his son, the earl of St. Al“ bans, afterwards told Mr. Waller, that “his father's cowardice ruined the " king.”. · In the Long Parliament, which, unhappily for the nation, met Nov. 3,

66 dies

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1640,

1640, Waller represented Agmondesham the third time; and was considered by the difcontented party as a man suficiently trusty and acrimonious to be employed in managing the prosecution of judge Crawley, for his opinion in favour of ship-money ; and his speech hews that he did not disappoint their expectations. He was probably the more ardent, as his uncle Hampden had been particularly engaged in the dispute, and bý a sentence which seems geneTally to be thought unconstitutional particularly injured.

He was not however a bigot to his party, nor adopted all their opinions. When the great question, whether Epifcopacy ought to be abolished, was de

bated,

bated, he spoke against the innovation fo' coolly, fo reasonably, and so firmly, that it is not without great injury to his name that his speech, which was as follows, has been hitherto omitted in his works :

* " There is no doubt but the sense 66 of what this nation hath suffered from “ the present bishops, hath produced “ these complaints; and the apprehen“ fions men have of suffering the like, “ in time to come,' make so many desire “ the taking away of epifcopacy : but I conceive it is posible that we may « not, now, take a right measure of the

* This speech has been retrieved, from a paper printed at that time, by the writers of the Parliamentary Hillory.

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is minds

“ minds of the people by their peti. “ tions; for, when they subscribed them, “ the bishops were armed with a dan“ gerous commiffion of making new. “ canons, imposing new oaths, and the 66 like; but now we have difarmed them “ of that power. These petitioners, “ lately, did look upon episcopacy as a “ beast armed with horns and claws ;. “ but now that we have cut and pared “ them, (and may, if we see cause, vet “ reduce it into narrower bounds) it may, “perhaps, be more agreeable. How“ foever, if they be still in paffion, it be6 comes us soberly to consider the right “ use and antiquity thereof; and not to « comply further with a general desire, " than may stand with a general good.

“We

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