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time was taken for revision and improvement. It is not indeed known that they were published till they appeared long afterwards with other poems..

Waller was not one of those idolaters of praise who cultivate their minds at: the expence of their fortunes. Rich ashe was by inheritance, he took care: early to grow richer by marrying Mrs.. Banks, a great heiress in the city, whom. the interest of the court was employed to obtain for Mr. Crofts. Having brought him a son, who died young, and a daughter, who was afterwards. married to Mr. Dormer of Oxfordshire, fhe died in childbed, and left him a widower of about five and twenty, gay

and

and wealthy, to please himself with: another marriage.

Being too young to refilt beauty, and probably too vain to think himself refistible, he fixed his heart, perhaps. half fondly and half ambitiously, upon the lady Dorothea Sidney, eldest daughter of the earl of Leicester, whom he courted by all the poetry in which Sachariffa is celebrated; the name is derived from the Latin appellation of sugar, and implies, if it means any thing, a: spiritless mildness, and dull good-nature, such as excites rather tenderness than: esteem, and such as, though always: treated with kindness, is never honoured or admired.

Yet

" Yet he describes Sachariffa as a sublime predominating beauty, of lofty charms, and imperious influence, on whom he looks with amazement rather than fondness, whose chains he wishes, though in vain, to break, and whose presence is wine that inflames to mudness.

His acquaintance with this high-born dame gave wit no opportunity of boasting its influence; she was not to be subdued by the powers of verse, but rejected his addresses, it is said, with difdain, and drove him away to solace his disappointment with Amoret or Phillis. She married in 1639 the earl of Sunderland, who died at Newberry in the king's cause; and, in her old age, meet ing somewhere with Waller, asked him,

when

11 when he would again write such verses upon her; “ When you are as young, “ Madam, said he, and as handsome, as “ you were then.”

In this part of his life it was that he was known to Clarendon, among the rest of the men who were eminent in that age for genius and literature; but known fo little to his advantage, that they who read his character will not much condemn Sacharissa, that she did not descend from her rank to his embraces, nor think every excellence comprised in wit.

The lady was, indeed, inexorable; but his uncommon qualifications, though they had no power upon her, recommended him to the mɔst illustrious

schola

scholars and statesmen; and undoubtedly many beauties of that time, however they might receive his love, were proud of his praises. Who they were, whom he dignifies with poetical names, cannot now be known. Amoret, according to Mr. Fenton, was the lady Sophia Murray. Perhaps by traditions preserved in families more may be discovered.

From the verses written at Penfhurst, it has been collected that he diverted his disappointment by a voyage; and his biographers, from his poem on the Whales, think it not improbable that he visited the Bermudas; but it seems much more likely that he should amuse himself with forming an imaginary scene, than that so important an inci

dent,

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