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abuse act of parliament affairs antient authority Benfield bill Carnatic cause cent charge charter civil civil list colonies company's conduct consider constitution corrupt court of directors creditors crown debt declared duty East India company effect empire England enquiry establishment executive government expence fame favour gentlemen give governor hands house of commons interest Ireland jaghire justice kingdom lacks of pagodas late letter liberty lord Macartney Madras majesty majesty's Marattas means member of parliament ment ministers mode mould nabob of Arcot nation nature necessary never object obliged œconomy Ongole opinion oppression party payment peace persons polygars present prince principles proceedings proper propose protection provinces purpose rajah reason reform revenue right honourable gentleman ruin servants shew spirit Tanjore thing thought thousand pounds tion trade treasury treaty Trichinopoly trust usury Vellore whilst whole
第 95 頁 - All this, I know well enough, will sound wild and chimerical to the profane herd of those vulgar and mechanical politicians who have no place among us, a sort of people who think that nothing exists but what is gross and material, and who therefore, far from being qualified to be directors of the great movement of empire, are not fit to turn a wheel in the machine.
第 94 頁 - Slavery they can have anywhere. It is a weed that grows in every soil. They may have it from Spain, they may have it from Prussia. But until you become lost to all feeling of your true interest and your natural dignity, freedom they can have from none but you. This is the commodity of price of which you have the monopoly.
第 90 頁 - Compare the two. This I offer to give you is plain and simple. The other full of perplexed and intricate mazes. This is mild; that harsh. This is found by experience effectual for its purposes; the other is a new project. This is universal; the other calculated for certain colonies only. This is immediate in its conciliatory operation; the other remote, contingent, full of hazard. Mine is what becomes the dignity of a ruling people; gratuitous, unconditional, and not held out as matter of bargain...
第 44 頁 - Then, Sir, from these six capital sources; of descent; of form of government; of religion in the northern provinces; of manners in the southern; of education; of the remoteness of situation from the first mover of government; from all these causes a fierce spirit of liberty has grown up. It has grown with the growth of the people in your colonies, and increased with the increase of their wealth; a spirit, that unhappily meeting with an exercise of power in England, which, however lawful, is not reconcilable...
第 44 頁 - ... of his authority in his centre is derived from a prudent relaxation in all his borders. Spain, in her provinces, is, perhaps, not so well obeyed as you are in yours. She complies too, she submits, she watches times. This is the immutable condition, the eternal law, of extensive and detached empire.
第 25 頁 - Refined policy ever has been the parent of confusion; and ever will be so, as long as the world //'endures. Plain good intention, which is as easily discovered at the first view, as fraud is surely detected at last, is, let me say, of no mean force in the government of mankind. Genuine simplicity of heart is an healing and cementing principle.
第 41 頁 - The colonists left England when this spirit was high, and in the emigrants was the highest of all ; and even that stream of foreigners which has been constantly flowing into these colonies has, for the greatest part, been composed of dissenters from the establishments of their several countries, and have brought with them a temper and character far from alien to that of the people with whom they mixed.
第 331 頁 - India charter is a charter to establish monopoly, and to create power. Political power and commercial monopoly are not the rights of men ; and the rights to them derived from charters, it is fallacious and sophistical to call
第 66 頁 - With a preamble stating the entire and perfect rights of the crown of England, it gave to the Welsh all the rights and privileges of English subjects. A political order was established; the military power gave way to the civil; the marches were turned into counties. But that a nation should have a right to English liberties, and yet no share at all in the fundamental security of these liberties, the grant of their own property...
第 420 頁 - These thoughts will support a mind, which only exists for honour, under the burthen of temporary reproach. He is doing indeed a great good ; such as rarely falls to the lot, and almost as rarely coincides with the desires, of any man. Let him use his time. Let him give the whole length of the reins to his benevolence. He is now on a great eminence, where the eyes of mankind are turned to him. He may live long, he may do much. But here is the summit. He never can exceed what he does this day.