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multuous, scarcely now stirred his pulse. ed them up to the great Moose, the BigShe was a thing of beams-silvery and horned Stag, the Grizzly Bear and the vast, clear :-a warm, lustrous light clung moving Mammoth. But then it has drank around her limbs, and showed their deli- in the harmony of grades; for all are there; cate outline. She floated on the air, her and side by side he marks how from the wings and figure waving with its eddies, crawler every step ascends in beautiful like the shadow of a Lee-ka-loo bird on gradation; the last linked to the first in the sea; her eyes, deep as the fathomless one all-perfect chain. Then came the blue heaven, looked down on him with knotted limbs, with their burden of green pity and gentleness unutterable. It was leaves, and, underneath, the round yellow a marvellous work the over-daring Ya- fruits, or purple-flushing of rich clusters shan had accomplished. Beautiful, ex- and gay forms that flutter through them ceedingly, was that mute form, and rarely on wings of amethyst, or flame, or gold, exquisite its finish! Must that glorious their every movement a music note, mechanism be destroyed, and all the no- though all were dumb to him as yet. Still ble purpose of its framing lost? No! she higher the mist-curtain goes, and the grey moves her tiny pearl-like hand above it, cliffs with shining peaks, and a proud, and every blotch and all the bruises dis- fierce-eyed bird perched on them, meet appear, and it was fair to view, and per- his gaze, and then the mists float far fect as when Yahshan had given it the away and scatter into clouds, and all the last touch. Now she stooped beside and splendor and the pomp of the thronged touched him—white sparks flew up, and earth, is spread a gorgeous but voiceless she sang a low song; at the first note, revelation to his new being. With every the dark, formless masses round them touch of the Enchantress, Ah-i-wee-o, quivered and rocked. The Wako smil. the soul of chaos had passed into a sense ; ed, for feeling now first thrilled along his and all the pleasant harmonies the Wako nerves. The song rose—the dumb things felt, and all the scented harmonies the shook and stirred the more. She touch. Wako tasted and inhaled-all the ed his nostrils and his lips—the sparks thoughts of harmony in grand or graceplayed between her small fingers, and ful forms the Wako saw-that blissful danced up. Yet a louder note swelled interpenetration gave conception to, out, and the thick mists swayed and curl- and the magic of that powerful song ed, and a cool wind rushed through them brought forth! One more act, and his and dashed a stream of odors on his face. high marriage to Eternity is consummatHe drew long breaths, and sighed with ed; ecstacy has found a voice, and all the burden of delight, and moved his lips these harmonies articulation! Yet his ears to inarticulate joy. And now that won were sealed, and though music flowed drous song pealed out clear, ringing in through every other sense, his dumb bursts, that shook the blue arch, and lips strove in vain to wake its language. swung the fire-boats cadent with its gush- But this was the supremest gift of all. es; and through the dim mists great This was the charm that had drawn beaushapes, like rocks and trees, leaped to the ty out of chaos-the magic by which measure, marshaling in lines and order. Ah-i-wee-o ruled in Spirit Land, and Now she pressed his eyelids with her chained the powers of evil. It was fingers--the silver sparks sprung in ex- death to spirits less than she, to hear the ulting showers, snapping and bursting fierce crashing of those awful sympho. with sweet smells.-Once more, pealing nies she knew. His nature could not bear triumphant, a keen, shining flood, that the revelation. Besides, what had he to symphony poured wilder forth; his eyes do with that celestial minstrelsy which led fly open, and that heavy mist, like a the heaven-fires on their rounds. There great curtain, slowly rises. First, the was ambition, full enough, up there; and green grass and the flowers, bending he. Yahshan had been playing far too rashly on neath the gentle breeze, turn their deep those burning keys. She would not curse eyes and spotted cups towards him in this perfect being with a gift too high, and salutation, and all the creeping things add another daring rebel to her realm. and birds that love the low herbs, dew. No! He must be ruler here, as she ruled besprent, are there, and as the mist goes every thing. From all these harmonies up majestically slow, other forms of bird he must extract the tone, and on it weave and beast are seen; and dark trunks of his song of power to lead them captive. mighty trees and great stems beside them, This divine music is the voice of all the looking like trees, until his eye has trac- beautiful, the higher language of every sense ; and not until the soul is brimmed rolled and gambolled like a kitten at his to overflowing with sparkling draughts feet. The great Bear of the North rubbed of it, drank in through each of them, will his jaws against his hand, and begged the beamy current run, as streams do in to be caressed. Big Mountain (the the skies. He must lead the choir of all Mammoth) thrust his huge tusks in for a this being—yet this infinite sense would touch ; and the wide-horned Stag bowed overbear his nature, suddenly revealed; his smooth neck, and pleaded with meek it can only wake in other creatures as black eyes for notice. All the huge, groits birth matures in him—and he shall go tesque things pressed around, and the forth into silence-every living thing smaller creatures, pied, and flecked, and shall be mute—and from the low pre- dotted, crowded beneath their heary luding of the waters and the winds, the limbs, unhurt-all full of confidence and first notes of his exulting pæans shall be love, gracefully sporting to win one learned, and they shall learn of him glance. Above him, the air was thick
with wings, and the whirr and winnow. “ Until all the air
ing of soft plumes made pleasant music, Is one melody
and the play of brilliant hues was like a All breath takes music on ;
thousand rainbows, arched and waving And echoes up-bear
over him, and the little flame-like things The full-voiced glee,
would flutter near his face, and gleam Till fainter, more faint, its flood is gone!”
their sharp, brighteyes into his, and strive She touched his ears—the sparks leaped in vain to warble out their joy, for their up--she pressed his lips with one en- sweet pipes were not yet tuned. All trancing kiss, and sprang away. The were there, great and small; and the quick inoan of her pinions, cleaving the great eagle came from his high perch air, is the first sound that steals on the and circled round his head, and brushed new sense, and stirs the dead vast of si- his strong wings, with light caressing, lence that had weighed upon his being through his hair. He went with them to And now myriad soft wavelets of the in- the forest, groaning with rich fruits, and finite ocean, follow, breaking gently over ate, and shook the clusters down for him--the whisper of quivering leaves to them. Then he went forth to look upon the caressing zephyr, the low tremble of the land--the first shepherd, with that the forest chords, and the deep booming countless flock, thronging round his steps. of great waves afar, the ring and dash It was a lovely land ! Here a rolling of cascades nearer, the tinkling of drops meadow, there a heavy wood; the trees in caves, the gush and ripple of cold all bearing fruits, or hung with vines and springs, the heat of pulses, the purr of bloom-a deep, still river doubled the breathings, and the hum of wings in gen. sky and trees in its clear mirror, and he tlest ravishment, possess his soul-for gazed in a balf-waking wonder when the now is the bridal of his immortality ripples the swan-trains made, shivered it consummated in a delirium of bliss, and to wrecks. But wander which way he lulled upon its couch, he sweetly sinks might, he came to tall, grey bluffs, with into the first sleep.
small streams that pitched from their The Wako is roused next morning by cloudy summits, and bounding off the a warm flood from the fire canoe, for rough crags below filled all ihe valley Yahshan had come forth right royally, with cool spray. He found his lovely and though Ah-i-wee-o had humbled his world was fenced about with square, towpresumption and would not permit him ering rocks, that nothing without wings to be sole lord, as he had hoped, yet all could scale. But there was room enough he had dared attempt had been accom- for them, and profuse plenty the fruitiul plished, and he believed it to be, in full, earth supplied. At noon he went behis own work, and he wore all his pano- neath a grove of sycamores, where a great ply of splendor, in honor of his glorious spring gushed out, and laid him down creation. The Wako rose, and lo! around beside its brink, with his subjects stretched him as far as the eye could reach, a mighty and perched around him in the shade, multitude of all the animals of earth to rest. His sleep was broken by strange was rising too. They waited for their new melodies. He opened his eyesking, and it was he. They came flock- near him were two maidens, and all ing around him to caress him, a gentle, the birds and beasts were gathered round eager throng. The panther rubbed his them, and they were singing gay, desleek, glossy sur against his legs, and licious airs, teaching the birds to warble. One of them was fair, white as the milk. quell it, then go aside to weep. The white Fawn that licked her hand, and Wako loved the beautiful witch, and gazed up at her musical lips. But her when he plead with her she would mock hair was dark, and a strong light gleamed even him; and every day, and every in her small black eyes. This was Ki- hour, this mocking elt stirred some new ke-wee; she sung and laughed, and passion, until at last even Mnemoia's kissed the song-bird's bill that perched song had lost its charm, and the Bear upon her finger, and when he tried to sulked in the deep thickets, and shook follow her wild carol, she mocked his them with his growl, and the Panther blunders, and stamped her tiny foot, and moaned from out the forest, and the frowned, and laughed, and warbled yet a gaunt wolves snapped their white teeth wilder symphony, to puzzle him the and howled; and all the timid things fled more. The other was a darker maiden, away from these fierce voices; and batwith large gentle eyes. This was Mne. tle, and blood, and death were rife where moia;-her voice was soft and low, and love and peace had been. The hirds she sung sweet songs, and looked full scattered in affright, and sung their new of love and patience. The Wako half songs by snatches only, and hateful rose, in joy and wonder. They bounded sounds of deadly passions, and the towards him, sang a rapturous roundelay screams and wails of fear, resounded to a'giddy, whirling dance, then threw everywhere. their arms about his neck and kissed Ki-ke-wee made a bow, and poisoned him. They became his squaws, and the barbed arrow, and mocked the deathYahshu smiled upon them as she sailed bleat of the milk-white Fawn, when the by that night.
Wako shot it at her tempting. This was The Wako was very happy, and Kis too much! Ah-i-wee-o cursed her, and ke-wee was his favorite. She was very she fell. The Wako knelt over her, and lovely, but full of curious whims, that wept; and when the dissolving spasm each day became more odd. She loved seemed upon her, he covered his face the Blue Jay most among the birds, and with his hands, and wailed aloud. A taught him all his antics; and the Mag. voice just above him wailed too! He pie was a pet; and the passionate, bright looked up, surprised ;-a strange bird, Hummer lived about her lips. As yet, with graceful form and sharp, black, nothing but sounds and scenes of love spiteful eyes, was mocking him! He were in that little world; and the strong, looked down-Ki-ke-wee was gone; terrible brutes knew not they had pas- and the strange bird gaped its long bill, sions or the taste for blood; but Ki-ke-wee hissing at him; and when it spread its would stand before the Grizzly Bear and wings, to bound up from the twig, in an pull his jaws, and switch his fierce eye. ecstacy of passion, he knew, by the balls, until he learned to growl with pain, broad white stripe across them, that it and then she would mock him; and when was Ki-ke-wee! he growled louder, she would mock him H e found the neglected Mnemoia weepstill, until at last he raved with rage, and ing in the forest; and, soon after, they leaped upon the Panther-for he feared Ki- scaled the cliffs, and fled from that fair ke-wee's eye-and the Panther tasted land, to hide from Ki-ke-wee. But she blood, and sprang to the battle fiercely. has followed, and mocks their children And now the tempest broke, and every yet; and we dare not slay her, for the thing with claws and fangs howled in the wise men think she was a daughter of savage discord. Ki-ke-wee clapped her the evil spirits that poured the green hands and laughed. Mnemoia raised the fluid in the Wako's throat, and the same enchantment of her song above it all, and bad fire burns yet in our veins. Our it was stilled. Then Ki-ke-wee would hunters, chasing the mountain goat, tease the Eagle, and mock him till he sometimes look from the bluffs into that screamed and dashed at the Black Vulc lovely vale that lies in the bosom of the ture in his rage; and she would dance Rocky Mountain chain, but they never and shout for joy; and Mnemoia would venture to go down !
PAST AND PRESENT OF THE INDIAN TRIBES.
PICTURE to yourself a race, in their sufferer decide upon the atonement, and physique magnificent, affording breathing may either entirely remit or modify it. models for the sculptor, of severe and noble All other offences are as simply decided beauty, with faces instinct with the light upon. Of religion, as a system, they are man only exhibits in a state of personal ignorant ; believing in a great and good as well as civil liberty, stately and digni. Spirit who rules all things for the good fied, not bent down with the burdens of of man. Each one, upon this fundalabor, but with all the faculties kindled mental idea, builds up a religion for and kept alive by habits of perpetual ex- himself; and in the stillness of the quiet ercise. Picture to yourself such a race, woods and prairies, and by the rivers and possessing one of the most beautitul solemn lakes, pours out his voiceless countries upon which the sun ever look. orisons to the Beneficence which made ed-vast prairies, undulating and fertile, the happy hunting grounds, where deer interspersed with groves, and divided by are plentifulas kine in the lands of the pale. clear, deep streams-and you will have faces, where wild vines cover the uncul. formed a not inapt idea of the character tured soil with fruit, and honey is laid and condition of the present remoter tribes up for them in the clefts of the trees. of the North American Indians, as well They are not, however, without a posias of those that centuries ago possessed tive worship, for the writer of this has the entire continent. The prairies they seen, more than once, members of the inhabit are filled with deer, and bisected wild tribes lying in the tall grass, wet by the annual route of the buffalo, from with dew and drooping above them, sing. the sierras of California to the vast plains ing their own simple and uncouth, vet that give birth to the rivers emptying into heart-felt hymns, in tones an Indian alone Hudson's Bay, and back again, with the can utter. winter, to the sunny plains of Texas and Simple in their habits and wants, the Soñora. The antelope and the elk are skins of the deer and elk supply their found in the level lands, and the beaver moccasin, and the soft robe of the butialo, inhabits the clear, cold streams among the their garb of luxury. Pigments obtained hills. Herds of wild horses, compared from the veins of colored clay, left bare by to which the famed droves of Tartary are the torrents, and from the juices of the small, bound over the unlimited and un- wood berries, constitute all the refineclaimed fields.
ments of their toilet; and the belt of wamTo imagine that a people so situated pum and gaudy beads, or pieces of shell should have a complex policy, would be and stone pierced with patient skill, the contrary to the dictate of reason; for, ac- jewels of their gala dress. From the customed as they are, at the promptings of horn of the elk and a wood peculiar to fancy, to wander off from the body of the the country they inhabit, bearing a fruit tribe and bury themselves among the soli. like the apples of the Dead Sea, are fashtudes of the Rocky Mountains, they are ioned their bows, and from the cane of course impatient, on their return, of which is the growth of the low-lands opthe restraints of society; and as their on their streams, the lance and arrow, habit of wandering is not, as with us, the deadly in their hands as the rifle's ball. exception but the universal rule, the They have not, as we have said, the laws of their unwritten code are adapted laws of a complex civilisation, because to it. Simple, indeed, is this code. To they need them not. Having nothing to come to the council when it is convened, tempt the cupidity of their neighbors, and attend to its deliberations with aus- theft is rarely known among them, for it tere dignity-to follow and obey the chief is as easy to obtain the bow and quirer in war, and to receive implicitly the cus- from the forest amid which they dwell, toms of their fathers before them-con- as from the wigwam of their fellows; stitute all its requirements. Offences and there could be no natural depravity against the persons of their brethren are deep enough to induce them surrepti. the only ones known to them, and are tiously to obtain the means of life in a always punished by the lex talionis. It country abounding with all their simplimurder is committed, the kinsmen of the city of living makes desirable. They know little of the sweet influences of do. Tulip Tree, is loosened and stripped off, mestic life, because women, with them, and figures traced here and there-picare in a manner slaves, and the warrior tures without light and shade-chronithinks not of telling his troubles to his cle the valiant emprizes, and preserve wife, or of conversing with her upon the memory of good blows struck by anything that interests him. For these famous Sachems, until the bark has reasons society with the Indians, without grown over the wounded trunk again. this most attaching cord, is but a rope There will stand the tree, and for two of sand, and an Indian nation always as- hundred years, perhaps, its scars show sumes the appearance of a fortuitous as that it commemorates something. The semblage gathered by interest, as vultures obelisks and pyramids of the Pharaohs. are by the scent of prey, or the weaker can do nothing more distinct, and quite members of the animal kingdom, by the long enough they preserve the clear necessity of defence. As we see a troop story--some three years ; for the Duke of of the wild prairie horse governing their Wellington, in but little more than that motions by the example of the most pow. time after the battle of Waterloo, was erful stallion among them, the Indians, pelted by the mob of London. in their hours of danger, have ever obey. Of civilization, these prairie tribes ed the motions of some superior man, know but little, and that little they have who, placing himself at their head, en- learned from two sources. The first tirely superceded, for the time at least, was from the monks of the Society of their hereditary chiefs, and has been Jesus, not a few of whom had been in obeyed, they knew not why, by right of other days soldiers, carbonari, men of the power which mind exerts over grosser adventurous lives, who had sighed away organizations, until a new emergency their youth unavailingly in hopes for the should call forth a new hero. Thus it redemption of their own land, and now, is easy enough to find an exemplification, grown hopeless for that, had become that in each man who is obeyed in dan- enthusiastic for the ultimate salvation of gerous conjunctures, there resides the the red wanderers of the New World. kenning or cunning, or capacity which Had the Indians no other tutors than such is the only right divine to power, and as these, their course would be onward. which is acknowledged always in every But other pale-faces, men of the huckster community-and that even in the heroes genus, who would sell the bones of their of savage tribes, there is a truth and re- fathers if they could find a purchaser, ality which they partake with the great have insinuated themselves among them, men who have modified the events of and dealing out deadly poison, sow phywhatever has become history, and fash- sical and moral death around all who ioned creeds which will be the rule of traffic with them, and make useless the action somewhere long after their names labor of the old soldier, turned herald of are forgotten.
the cross. Show us an Indian hamlet They have priests, and medicine-men, of fifty houses, or tents, and we will and sooth-sayers, quite as much given show you a trader, who purchases from to mummery and deceit as any who its inhabitants the produce of their hunt have been the mode in the most civi. for a trifle, and, in spite of non-interlized communities. In some respects, course laws, pays for it in whisky, or, as their medicine-men are better than ours the Indian calls it, fire-water.
-they take no fees, and their drugs are Such are the wild tribes now; good not very noisome. The bark and root haters, therefore good lovers, with a fair of the sassafras and the seneca, and capacity for being made true men ofsome mucilaginous plant-the bark, for as well might we call the babe in perhaps, of the Ornus Fraxinus-con- swaddling-clothes a man, as give the stitute the most of their pharmacopæia; name to a being undeveloped in his add to these an exorcism, to cure the mental faculties. Such, however, thus wind, and an invocation to Manito, slightly sketched, are those tribes now; to expel the shaking spirit from one and such were another portion of the stricken with the ague.
red race, whose present condition we A mode of writing, too, they have, seek breifly to lay before the public. very graphically described by Dr. Ro. Tall and stalwart, perhaps, as their bertson, and simple as the rest of their brethren in the prairie, are the remnant arts. Three blows with a hatchet, and of the once mighty tribes whose homes the bark of the Populus Americanus, or on each side of the Alleghany have been
VOL. I. —NO. V.