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THE AMERICAN REVIEW.
It having been determined to establish a Political and Literary Monthly Review, to be conducted in the city of New York by GEORGE H. COLTON, Esq., and devoted to the permanent maintenance of Waig principles and improvement of AMERICAN literature:
The undersigned, Whig members of the Twenty-eighth Congress, from the several sections of the Union, in consideration of the great importance of such a work, do most cordially approve of the design, and urge it upon the Whigs of the Republic for their effective and unwavering support. We believe it to be most strongly demanded by the permanent interests of the country: and the appeal is made to those having these interests most at heart. And for the sake of perfect confidence in its political course, assurance is hereby given, that the continual assistance of leading men of the Whig Party has been secured, and that full trust is reposed in the views and abilities of the Editor. Members of the Senate.
Charles Hudson, Massachusetts.
George W. Summers, Virginia. Willie P. Manguin, N.C., President of Senate. Samuel T. Vinton, Ohio. George Evans, Maine.
John White, Kentucky. J. J. Crittenden, Kentucky.
Daniel P. King, Massachusetts. J. Macpherson Berrien, Georgia.
K, Rayner, North Carolina. James É. Simmons, Rhode Island.
George B. Rodney, Delaware. James Alfred Pearce, Maryland.
S.C. Sample, Indiana. Richard H. Bayard, Delaware.
F. H. Morse, Maine. J. W. Huntington, Connecticut.
Milton Brown, Tennessee. Samuel S. Phelps, 'Vermont.
Washington Hunt, New-York. Alexander Barrow, Louisiana.
Henry Y. Cranston, Rhode Island. J. T. Morehead, Kentucky.
Charles M. Reed, Pennsylvania. W. C. Rives, Virginia.
John J. Hardin, Illinois. William Woodbridge, Michigan
C. H. Carroll, New-York. Ephraim H. Foster, Tennessee.
William A. Moseley, New-York. W.L. Dayton, New.Jersey,
James Dellet, Alabama.
Robert C. Schenck, Ohio.
J. Phillips Phænix, New-York City.
Alexander H. Stephens, Georgia. Earnestly approving of the plan of such a national organ, long needed and of manifest importance, the undersigned agree to contribute for its pages, from time to time, such communications as may be requisite to set forth and defend the doctrines held by the united Whig Party of the Union. George P. Marsh, of Vermont.
W. S. Archer, of Virginia. J. R. Ingersoll, of Philadelphia.
Alexander H. Stephens, Ga. T. L. Clingman, of North Carolina.
D. D. Barnard, of Albany. Daniel Webster, )
E. Joy Morris, of Philadelphia. Rufus Choate,
John Macpherson Berrien, of Ga. Robert C. Winthrop, )
Thomas Butler King, of Georgia, Hamilton Fish, of New York City.
J.P. Kennedy of Baltimore. J. Collamer, of Vermont.
John J. Hardin, of Illinois. The reasons leading to the design of this Review are many and obvious.
There has long been, and, it is feared, will be, a faction in the Republic, assuming popular forms, but led on by demagogues, against the true interests of the country. Under such guid. ance they have already inflicted many injuries on the body of the Commonwealth-have crippled our cominerce, reduced our manufactures, diminished our revenue, dissipated our treasure, deranged our currency, dishonored our schools, corrupted popular suffrage, yet strengthened Executive power, diminished the hard earnings of the laborer, and placed a disastrous check on the whole course of internal improvements.
In addition to these injuries, they are promulgating or giving countenance to the most dangerous doctrines: That law should have no vitality or force apart from the popular will; that legislation is to be no more stable than party power; that contracts and covenants of lo-day may be set aside by a change of majorities to-morrow; that the solemn seats of judicature, and the tribunals of justice, are to be directly controlled by the populace; that change, in a word, is progress, and the antiquity of an institution hardly compatible with its utility; that crime is rather to be pitied than punished; that companies, corporations, and institutions of learning, are mo ! nopolies to be warred against; and that in every transition of Government, to the victors belong : the spojls; with many other Jabcobinical opinions, from which, if suffered to gain ground, we can look for nothing but the corruption of our morals, the degradation of our liberties, and the ultimate ruin of the Commonwealth.
The party styling themselves the Democratic, and arrogating superiority of literary taste and accomplishment, have established, and for some time supported a Review, distinguished for ability, but devotedly maintaining many of these pernicious doctrines, while the con
THE LAST CHIEF EXECUTIVE
VALLEY OF UNREST
331 THIERS' REVOLUTION, . . . . . . . . 341 ROAD SONG OF EARTH'S TRAVELERS.—HYMN TO THE VIRGIN, 362 SOME WORDS WITH A MUMMY, . . . . .
363 ABOUT BIRDS—By Chas. Winterfield. . . . .
371 WALTONIANA, . . . . .
384 VALLEY OF UNREST, . . . ..
392 THE CITY IN THE SEA.—By Edgar A. Poe. ..
393 CASTES AND OCCUPATIONS OF INDIA,
394 SONG OF A COUNTRY TO A CITY BIRD, . . . . .. "I AM SIR ORACLE,” . . . . . . . 405 HOW SHALL LIFE BE MADE THE MOST OF? . . . . 413 COMMERCIAL INTERCOURSE WITH EASTERN ASIA.-RAIL-ROAD
TO THE PACIFIC.—By Tacitus. . . . . . 424 CRITICAL NOTICES, . . . . . . . . 432 FOREIGN MISCELLANY, . . . . . . . 439
WILEY & PUTNAM, 161, BROADWAY; AND 6, WATERLOO PLACE, REGENT-STREET, LONDON. PRINCIPAL AGENTS. Vermont, V. Harrington, Burlington; Boston, Jordan, Swift & Co.. Rhode Island, H. Whiteker, Providence; Zieber & Co.,
Philadelphia ; Shurtz & Taylor, Baltimore.
Edward 0. Jenkins, Printer, 114 Nassau Street.
N. B.-All persons are warned not to hand any subscriptions, or pay any
monies, to Thomas Chrystal, on account of the American Review.
TO OUR SUBSCRIBERS.
The portrait of John Quincy Adams, promised for the May No., has been executed in the most finished manner, and will appear in our next,
together with a biographical sketch from a distinguished pen.
That our subscribers may have confidence in the future character of the
Review, if they have not already acquired it from what has gone before, we would here state that a body of the Whig Senators, including Messrs.
Webster, Berrien, Mangum, Evans, Morehead, Crittenden, Archer, John
M. Clayton, and several others, taking a deep interest in the work — as
one long needed, capable of exerting a wide and beneficial influence for
the advancement of every great interest of the country-voluntarily, a few
days before the close of the last session, consulted together respecting its complete and powerful establishment, and pledged themselves to support it by monthly contributions—each engaging his attention for a month assigned. The consultation was earnest, and the public may expect those pledges to be fulfilled.
We had determined to say nothing of man's' ear, men thrust from their seats the dead Administration. We had wish. without fault, to make room for others ed that so weak and wicked a career that came without merit, and power and should pass at once and utterly into ob place everywhere bought and sold, openlivion, and the nation forget that they ly, as money in the Jewish Temple ; had ever made so sad an experiment of that his own provident cupidity, meanbeing governed by Chance. Forever to while, grew rich from sales, and conbury its memory--this, we felt, would be tracts, and other public services; that, most desirable to all; for as very few worse than this--the ancient dignity of were found to follow it to the grave, so the Commonwealth was constantly and none, we were persuaded, could wish recklessly violated, and the lustre of the hereafter to know its ghost.
national name began to sully, so that no But an Olympiad of guilt and folly is citizen of this Republic could for years, at not so easily forgotten. An entire peo- home or abroad, speak of its Chief Ruler ple betrayed, betooled and insulted, for a without a feeling of shame; and—more period of four years, cannot fail to carry than all--that he dared to encroach upon with them a bitter remembrance. It can the sacred Constitution, and paid his holbe none the less bitter and abiding, that a low court to a hollow party, only less universal and profound contempt has long unprincipled than himself - grasping taken the place of indignation; since men idly at still larger power, like an infant for had far rather be angry with their govern- added baubles which it has not skill to ment, than blush for it. In view, there hold :-in view of these things, and refore, of this--that the faith, so sacredly and membering that no keeping of silence deeply pledged to the strong necessities can avail to blot them from the Records of the country, was summarily broken, of History, it seemed well not to appear to like a rotten staff; that the great mea- other nations and other times insensible, sures of relief for which the People had at least, to our disgrace-and with hasty so sternly struggled, were by him—a justice, as the public career of this man leader !-contemptuously snatched from closed-how differently from its begin- , their victorious hands; that all the cher- ning !-we sat down with an indignant ished principles, by proclaiming which pen, and this line from the Great Dramahe had alone dared to creep into a posi- tist before ustion to stumble upon power, were one by one blown away, like words spoken upon “We are peremptory to destroy this traitorthe wind ; that rapidly, beyond all pre
ous viper." cedent, the floodgates of corruption were thrown open-ihe Curule Chair sur- But while our pen yet lingered on the rounded by unblushing claimants for offi- bitter words of our motto, still another ces not yet empty, quick credence given mood came over us. We were struck to every tale that could please the · Ro- with profound sorrow, that any man VOL. 1.---NO. IV.