ePub 版

property, vastly more than the regular sol- compense; now, be just to our husbands diery. Wherefore, then, is it that we should and sons, and we shall acquit our country coldly pass them by, and with such partial of all her obligations. and exclusive consideration, distinguish the “As the bill before us dispenses with the one, and utterly reject the just claims of the condition of poverty, and impartially im. other?

parts its benefits to all that deserve them, I “ Besides, sir, if the bill should be made hope it will receive the support of the Sento rest on adequate compensation, how ate.” were the militia paid? In the same depreciated, worthless currency in which the

Mr. Frelinghuysen's position and efCongress has accorded indemnity to the forts on the great questions of the tariff, regular army. So that, whatever induce the compromise act, and the distribution ments may be urged, there is no sound or of the proceeds of the public lands, have satisfactory reason for preferences, where been closely connected with those of Mr. the sacrifice, sufferings, and glory were Clay, and no two politicians from opcommon.

posite sides of Mason and Dixon's line "I regretted to hear any thing of sec- have been so thoroughly coincident in tional contrasts in this matter; that the their views on these and other subjects North would receive at the rate of ten of national concern, as these eminent thousand pensioners, while the South and

statesmen, who are now together presentWest could only present four thousand.

ed for the suffrages of the whole country, Sir, these exciting suggestions I consider

for the highest stations human favor can unhappy in their influence. We have far too many sectional prejudices already to

bestow. The following candid exposideplore. Let us not increase them. Why

tion of Mr. Frelinghuysen's opinions and should this bill be enlisted in the uncracious feelings in regard to Mr. Clay, written service? It was not so regarded in 1818 and published in the year 1832, while it or 1828. We then treated it as a national shows the peculiar fitness of the Whig object. The battles and perils of the revo. nominations, from the personal relations lution were not encountered for sections of the two candidates, exhibits their full life and honor were pledged and redeemed concurrence in political sentiments—a as fully and freely for Georgia as for New consideration of the more importance, Jersey. Why, then, sir, should we attempt from the failure of the present chief exto trace the dollars of this proposed appro- ecutive to carry out, as accidental presipriation to the pockets of the receivers, and dent, the principles which, as a vicerun up an account between this and the

president, he was definitely elected to other side of any line? But, Mr. President,

sustain. on principles of the strictest accountability, the provisions of the bill are just. If the “I have just returned from the Young North sent the most men, she should re- Men's Convention, where I heard Mr. Clay ceive the greater recompense. To give to in his finest style of address. He was brief, the most fighting the most pay seems very but full of energy and ardor. He made my equal.

bosom thrill with patriotic emotions. The "The West have, in terms, been invoked hall was crowded with ladies, members of to aid in preventing what is denounced as both houses of Congress, and distinguished unequal, because, from social and political strangers; the body of the room filled with causes, the most numerous body of the youth-the hope of our country. I never revolutionary army happen to reside north saw such an assemblage ; almost every of this District. I also invoke the West- State has sent up its youthful talent and not for sectional purposes--but I would call virtue, to confer together and take counsel upon them to remember their aged fathers with each other, on the great interests of the whom they have left behind-to sooth the republic—to be refreshed and invigorated last years of a feeble few, now in sight of for their public duties, and in urging the their graves, by whose patriotic struggle just claims of Mr. Clay to the first office you now enjoy your noble West, with all of the government. I say his just claims, its enterprise, resources, and happiness. for if eminent qualifications—if exalted talSir, my honorable friend, in terms of elo. ents, and persevering and unshaken devoquent eulogium, ascribed to the female he- tion to the vital interests of the country deroism of the revolution a full share in the serve such distinction, his title is full. I achievements of those memorable times. have been investigating Mr. Clay's public I thought, Mr. President, that had those character for the whole session, and for more than Spartan mothers listened to the many years before, and the more I have high tribute paid to their virtues, their studied, the more I have esteemed and adhearts would have responded: "Such praise mired. Look at his noble course on the from such a source is more than ample re- tariff policy; on the acknowledgment of South American independence; on the great great confederacy, and of vital energy, fully scheme of the Colonization Society; and adequate to impart its rich benefits still last, not least, his conduct with regard to wider, as the lines of our Union shall exthe public lands, and you behold the same pand and encompass many more noble manly, fearless, able, and upright pursuit of States. Yes, sir, far as the intrepid enterthe broad, old-fashioned path of national prise of our people shall urge the tide of and social happiness. There are no shifts emigration toward the setting sun, until all or truckling to circumstances about him over the valleys of the West freemen shall no feeling the wind, or bending even to the rejoice in their blessings, and not an unocstorm-this least of all; for if ever the Ro- cupied acre remain on which to raise a man firmness of Cato is more than usual in cabin or strike a furrow. his conduct, it is when any attempt is made “ Mr. President, if in the benignant counto drive bim from his course. In short, my cils of a merciful Providence it shall please dear sir, I know no man in the country him to perpetuate our liberties, I believe that who has so much of soul mingled with pol- it will be through the agency of these princi. itics as Mr. Clay. They call him ambi- ples. And should that melancholy crisis come tious. He is ambitious; but it is for the to us, as I fear it may, as it has come to all welfare of his country-that all her people, past republics, when the people of this through all her ranks to the humblest cabin, Union shall reject the control of fixed prin. may enjoy the blessings of peace, industry, ciples, and seek to break away from the and enterprise; and that he may be the government of laws, then, indeed, sir, will honored instrument of promoting those great the hopes of our enemies, and all the fears purposes, I do ardently hope that he may of our friends, meet in the catastrophe of soon receive the exalted testimony of the constitutional liberty, and our sun shall go Union to his public worth as a statesman, down while it is yet day.'” and the steady friend of liberty in its broad

The following remarks upon slavery est relations."

as existing in our political system, repWe shall make but two further ex- resent the true constitutional doctrine as tracts from the political speeches of Mr. held by the great body of sound thinkers F., the one indicating his views of the on either side of the Potomac. paramount obligations of the Constitution, “It is universally agreed that, by the delivered on occasion of “the removal principles of our confederation, the internal of the deposites," in Jan., 1834, and the concerns of each State are left to its own other exhibiting the soundness of his exclusive cognizance and regulation, and opinions respecting the powers and du- the Federal Government of the United ties of the general government and the Statcs cannot lawfully legislate on the subseveral States in the matter of slavery. ject of slavery, as it exists in the several

States. “In the language of Mr. Jefferson, and “Prior to the adoption of the Federal according to the soundest philosophy of polConstitution, the thirteen States were sepa. itics, the great mass of the American peo- rate and independent governments. There ple have always been, and now are, 'all was no political bond to which was given, Federalists, and all Republicans. It is the by concession, the power of control : the federalism of the Constitution that I hon. State of Massachusetts, for instance, posor—the system of fundamental law, as ex- sessed no more right to interfere with the pounded by Hamilton, Madison, and Jay, relation of master and slave in Carolina, and administered by Washington and most than it had to interfere with the relation of of his successors. I never drank at any prince and serf in Russia. When the Con. other fountain, and wish to follow no other stitution was framed, no such right was ac. guide. And however, in seasons of tran. quired or could be obtained; and a subse. quillity, when the sun shines brightly, and quent provision was ingrasted, which was the waters are calm, we may venture to merely declaratory of the necessary intendcontemn or neglect these good old princi. ment of the instrument, that all powers not ples; when tempests begin to muster- delegated to the United States by the Conwhen the highways are broken up, and the stitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, billows of convulsion break over us and are reserved to the States respectively, or to around us, then, sir, when every face is sad, the people. The precise extent of these reand every heart is heavy, we almost instinc- served rights has, in many particulars, been tively seek refuge and guidance in our Fed- the subject of grave debate; but that they eral Constitution; we will then follow no include the right of interfering in the relaother leader; it is the only shield that af- tions of master and slave, no one has had fords security. It is, indeed, sir, a copious the hardihood to pretend. Such terms as and perennial fountain; copious, to supply the States respectively chose to insist upon all the social and political wants of this must necessarily have been acceded to, or the whole compact remains inoperative; party strife, grown rusty by disuse ; and, at all events, the slaves of the South, when in the heat of the fight, and in the by its adoption, were placed in no worse ardor of youth, he had need only of the arsituation than before, and, in many respects, mor of truth and the weapons of peace, much better. Nothing of an unkind or un.

and with these, amid his scholastic retirecharitable character is attributable, there

ment, and in the serene vigor of his mafore, to the Constitution to those who

ture age, he was still girt about. To this framed, or to those who adopted it. Inter. ests were contemplated and protected in

nomination the whole country responded which our black population participated,

with enthusiasm, and Mr. Frelinghuysen, and of which they are now reaping, slowly

with the graceful ease of the practical but surely, the favorable fruits.

statesman, assumed the post of honor and " What the political action is which the trust which the great Whig party had Constitution PRESCRIBES for the removal of assigned him, as cheerfully and as modslavery, we are yet to learn ; nor is it easy estly as he had before labored in its ranks. to imagine a federal principle adequate to In all valuable movements for the imthat result, and, at the same time, compat. provement of the condition of our race, ible with the 'sovereignty of each State to Mr. F. has always been earnest and aclegislate exclusively on the subject, and tive. In the cause of popular education, in the disclaimer of any right of Congress, the promotion of temperance, in the reunder the present national compact, to in

lief and improvement of imprisoned fel

lief terfere with any of the slave States on this

ons, in the diffusion of the Bible, he has momentous subject.

ever been a laborious coadjutor with kin“ When, therefore, we are urged to the

dred spirits throughout the land ; and at immediate abolition of slavery, the answer

this moment he presides over the largest, is very conclusive, that duty has no claims most enlightened, and most comprehenwhere both the right and the power to ezer. sive scheme of benevolence, and guides cise it are wanting. The door is shut up- the deliberations of the most learned and on us here; nor could we open it but by a honored body of philanthropists, to which violence destructive of public harmony, and our country has given birth.* probably fatal to our National Union." We cannot but congratulate not only

In 1835 Mr. F. was succeeded in the Whig party, but the whole people of the Senate by a gentleman of different these United States, upon the nomination political opinions, in accordance with of Mr. Frelinghuysen for the Vice-Presthose of the party then dominant in the idency. The country has been prolific New Jersey legislature. He returned of political genius and oratorical talent; to his native State, quietly resumed the the various and vast systems of public practice of law, and, beloved and admired philanthropy which this present century by his fellow-citizens of every sect and has nurtured and matured, have produced party, seemed to have retired forever many men of eminent ability, and as-emifrom the political service of his country. nent self-devotion ; the benign influences In 1838 he became the Chancellor of the of our social institutions have fostered in University of New York, and transferred many private citizens the most dignified his residence to that city. In this posi- and beautiful of personal virtues, and tion, the dignified head of a learned uni- made their possessors an honor and an versity, the nomination of the Baltimore ornament to their kind; but we challenge Convention of May, 1844, found him, and the list of living men of worth for the name called him to the mighty conflict which of one who unites in so high a measure is now dividing the land. For this con- the valuable qualities of a statesman, a flict, and to achieve success in it, Mr. F. Scholar, a Christian, and a man as Theoneeded not to furbish up any arms of dore Frelinghuysen.

* American Board of Commis. for Foreign Missions.


There was one book, of “ American with the stirring sense of dangers undermanufacture,” which especially delight- gone, and blood spilt, to establish a great ed our boyhood. It has lingered with nation in freedom. Weems's Life of us. It left that peculiarly clear and in- Marion will be forgotten by no one who effaceable impression which is only made ever read it in childhood. on the boyish mind—as if the things told The qualities of that eccentric writer were matters of personal knowledge with were certainly remarkable. Some of us, that occurred a great while ago, and them are the traits of a really Bunvanvery wonderful. It was not a marvel. like genius, and would have been so conlous “ Historie of Sathanic Witchcraft sidered, had not the extreme exaggeration in ye Colonies," printed with suitable and love of fun everywhere exhibited, pauses for shuddering ; nor a tasteful col- too fully occupied the mind of the reader. lection of the most interesting crimes, as No one, especially, could fail to be struck the “ Pirate's Own Book,” and “Lives with the imagination displayed in both of of Eminent Highwaymen;" nor a “Nar- his narratives, and also by the opulence of rative of Indian Wars," with tattooed poetic language, though replete with an cuts, and pleasantly interspersed with long amount of hyperbole that makes it, at captivities, and strange glimpses into the times, sufficiently near the ridiculous. solitary distant abodes and wild life of All his writings are but an illustration in the Red Men. It had no advantages of point. We remember a particular pasattraction by delicate paper, or covers sage : exceedingly gilt. There was no artistic “Oh, Marion !” he exclaims, in the per. merit about it, such as makes Defoe's

son of the valiant Peter Horry, at the close “Crusoe," and the travels of “Gulliver," of his preface, where he seems to have had and the wonderful allegory of the tink- an unusual fit of inspiration-" Oh, Marion, er's “ Pilgrim,” equally interesting to the my friend ! my friend! never can I forget young and the old. But the book was thee! Although thy wars are all ended, connected with the most eventful period and thyself at rest in the grave, yet I see of our country's history, the revolution- thee still. I see thee as thou wert wont to ary war-a period which every Ameri- ride, most terrible in battle to the enemies can, for all time to come, will doubtless

of thy country. Thine eyes, like balls of read over and call back to mind, to be

fire, flamed beneath thy lowering brows. imagined and lived through by them.

But lovely still wert thou in mercy, thou selves, with a more earnest and thrilling

bravest among the sons of men! For, soon

as the enemy, sinking under our swords, delight than any other since the first

cried for quarter, thy heart swelled with opening of the country. And this con

commiseration, and thy countenance was nection was of a very peculiar kind.

changed, even as the countenance of a man There were not, among the scenes set who beheld the slaughter of bis brothers : forth, any movements of trained officers, the basest tory who could but touch the and great armies, and regular campaigns; hem of thy garment was safe; the avengers there were not even the recognised tac- of blood stopped short in thy presence, and tics of war; but there was the same turned abashed from the lightning of thine serious and calculating, yet hazardous eyes. determination, which everywhere marked “Oh, that my pen were of the quill of that memorable struggle ; while, in addi- that swan that sings to future days! Then tion, about the accidents and incidents shouldest thou, my friend, receive the fulwhich the unpretending narrative de

ness of thy fame; the fathers of the years scribed, there was a degree of romance

to come should talk of thy noble deeds; belonging to no other part of the contest

and the youth yet unborn should rise up

and call thee blessed!" over the country. It was altogether a singular union of impressions-a Robin But the ground required to be thoroughHood and border-war interest, united ly traversed again. The reverend biogra

* The Life of Francis Marion. By W. Gilmore Simms. New York: Heury G. Langley, 8 Astor House. 1844.

pher, though he, in fact, took very few self-denial, or whose efforts did more, liberties on the field, had such a habit, with the exception of Washington's, to we may say, a faculty-of presenting all forward the revolutionary cause, than the picturesque scenery, and making that Francis Marion. And over all this the which was not such appear so, that how- manner of his warfare has flung a strange ever the reader may be amused, he will romance, that belongs to no other name believe himself not authentically instruct- whatever in the annals of our history. ed. But even if the eccentric narrator His whole career, with his band of brave had made the most discreet use of his partisans, for several years, was one of genius, the subject would still have re- the most wild and stirring adventure. mained to be written over. The account The things related of them are just those which he gave was but partial, made up, which delight the imagination, while in a great degree, of anecdote. Of the they excite the warmest personal inmaterials requisite for a full narrative, terest. We see them, chased by the many which he might probably have enemy, like Robin Hood's men of the gathered he neglected; many others “good greenwood," suddenly vanish in which he could not have found, time, in swamp and thicket; we see them lie the natural course of things, has brought concealed at noonday in sunny nooks in to light. For the fact, in regard to his- the forest; we see them at midnight torical composition, is different from what issue forth on secret and sudden entermight be supposed. The materials of his- prises, to be executed with bold adroittory can rarely be obtained contemporane- ness; we see them, too, enduring the ously with the events related. It is only dearest privations-of food, and clothing, with the departure of years that the and rest, and the affectionate intercourse sources of information are fully open. of wives and children at the firesideOld chests, old family bookcases, and visited with turns of despondency, and antique-fashioned secretaries, with queer unable to see the triumphs of the future devices for hiding things, are then suf- in the unceasing struggles of the present, fered to be ransacked; the historian is yet bearing all with manly cheerfulness, far removed from causes of prejudice; and unflinching determination to abide and the calm, fair narrative is produced, the issue. And what might that issue bearing to all future time the events of a be? For aught that they could foresee, long preceding age. Mr. Simms has final subjugation and the death of traibeen able most successfully to avail him- tors. By dwelling on such things we self of this fact; he has discovered many begin to appreciate the thrilling cause of treasures of information, and produced a liberty; and it is not wonderful that “Macomplete and ample biography. Were rion," “ Marion's brigade,” and “Marion's it, indeed, of almost any other man, we men," have “ passed into household should be disposed to find fault with it words” for children and youth, and haveas too much extended. Histories and become themes of fiction and song. biographies are becoming, of late, alarmingly corpulent; many of them will “Our fortress is the good greenwood, never be able to carry down such bulk Our tent the cypress-tree; of body to posterity. But the life of We know the forest round us Marion eminently deserved to be written,

As seamen know the sea. and written freely and minutely. Any

We know its walls of thorny vines,

Its glades of reedy grass, name that has so lived in the hearts of a people must have deserved such a trib

Its safe and silent islands

Within the dark morass. ute ; if not, in any case—then the facts should be carefully set forth, to show his

“Well knows the fair and friendly moon, fame unjust. And here we might with

The band that Marion leadsassurance rest the merits of Marion ; The glitter of their rifles, for all authenticated facts bear witness The scampering of their steeds. that his reputation is not greater than 'Tis life our fiery barbs to guide were his deeds. As no state, through

Across the moonlight plains; out that memorable struggle, bore her 'Tis life to feel the night-wind self with a greater spirit of self-devotion, That lifts their tossing manes. at greater expense of suffering and blood, A moment in the British campand the anguish of broken ties, than his na

A moment-and away tive South Carolina, so was there no man,

Back to the pathless forest, more resolutely heroic in suffering and

Before the peep of day.” VOL. 1.-NO. I.


« 上一頁繼續 »