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position to adjourn sine die—Discussion continued—Report

of committee on the construction of Congress—Three-fifths

Blaves included in representation—Concession of the small

States that the House should originate all money bills, in

consideration that they should have an equal representation

in the Senate—Debate thereon—Mr. Madison's compromise—

Further debate on slave representation, and vote—Debate

on equality of votes in the Senate—Eeport of the Committee

of the whole House on Mr. Eandolph's resolutions—The

resolutions as reported—Mr. Rutledge's report from the com-

mittee of detail—Discussion thereon by Mr. Madison, Dr.

Franklin, and others—Mr. Madison's proposition to give

Congress power to institute temporary governments for the

territories—Lengthy debate on slavery and the slave trade—

Mr. Madison's proposition to give Congress power to in-

stitute territorial governments struck out—Mr. Livingston's

report on the importation of slaves—Discussion and vote

thereon—Fugitive slaves—"Needful rules and regulations

respecting the territory," etc.—Report of the Constitution by

the committee of revision—The Constitution as reported and

adopted—Official letter to Congress—Articles of amendment

—When adopted Page 44-114.

CHAPTER III.

Debates in the convention of Massachusetts—Rev. Mr. Backus,
on the religious test, and the importation of slaves—Mr.
Dawes' remarks on slaves, and importation of—Gen. Heath,
ditto; his remarks on the adoption of the Federal Constitu-
tion—Mr. King's remarks on representation and taxation—
Debate in the convention of the State of New York—Mr.

Hamilton's renflarkTonnavigation, commerce, ana slaverep-
resentation—Debate in the convention of the State of Con-
necticut—Mr. Ellsworth's remarks on the necessity of a Union,
and the consequences of disunion—Debate in the convention
of Virginia—Objections to the Constitution answered by Mr.
Nicholas—Powers of the government—Mr. Mason in op-
position to the slave trade-^Mr. Madison on the same [and
in reference to fugitive slaves—He prefers union with slavgry
Jgriiaiminn ^|?Krmf H—Mr TyW against the slave trade—
Patrick Heury on the powers of Congress—Fugitive slaves—
Mr. Nicholas on slavery—Mr. Henry replies—Three-fifths of
the negroes represented^Mr. Mason on negro taxes—Mr.
Madison's reply — Mr. Heury against emancipation—Gov.
Randolph on the same subject—Debate in the convention
of North Carolina—Mr. Goudy against negro taxation—
Negroes property—Mr. Davie—Mr. Spaight explains the

Extracts from a letter from Mr. Madison to President Monroe,

on the Missouri restriction—Same in reply to Mr. Mouroe—

Mr. Madison on the Ordinance of 1787—Draft of a veto by

Mr. Mouroe on the bill establishing the Missouri Compro-

mise line—Extracts from several letters of Mr. Jefferson on

the Missouri restriction—Extract from a letter of Gen.

Harrison (afterward President) to Mr. Mouroe on the same

subject Page 283-292.

CHAPTER IX

Fugitive slaves—Ordinance of 1787—The Constitution—Act

of 1793—Letters of Messrs. Marcy and Seward in favor of

allowing owners to hold slaves nine months in the State of

New York Page 293-306.

CHAPTER X.

Slavery in the District of Columbia in 1831, 1835, and 1836—

Remarks of John Quincy Adams, Silas Wright, and James

Buchanan on—Mr. Benton's views Page 307-320.

CHAPTER XI.

Agitation of slavery in the House of Representatives, in 1839,

and retiring of Southern members from the hall—" The Gag-

Rule," and vote thereon—Extract from Mr. Clay's speech in

the Senate. Page 321-348.

CHAPTER- XII.

Resolution of Mr. Calhoun in 1847, and remarks on, Extract—

Extract from Mr. Calhoun's speech in 1848—Resolution of

Daniel S. Dickinson, and remarks thereon, Extract, 1848—

Extracts from the speeches of Heury Clay, Daniel Webster,

John 0. Calhonn, Gen. Cass, and Gen. Houston, of the

Senate, on the Compromise Resolutions of Mr. Clay, in 1850

—Also Extracts from the speeches of Mr. Tombs, of Georgia,

Mr. Butler and Mr. Ross, of Pennsylvania, of the House of

Representatives, on the same subject—Also Extract from

"Southern Address." Page 349-387.
CHAPTER XIII.

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