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The very comes little t, and the
not make it any the less necessary to the have to face the bitter animosity of the of influence and their special territorial, future peace of the world that China Chinese and the armed opposition of financial, and railway concessions. They should have a chance to work out her own much of Christendom. In that case, her must substitute for rivalry international salvation and that the Chinese liberals one hope of avoiding utter defeat and co-operation and assistance to China until should be given all possible aid in permanent ruin would be dissensions the progressive and more stable elements making China a progressive and peaceful among Occidental Powers.
of that nation can get on their feet. With democracy,
Japan's other hope of growth is the the enforced withdrawal of Germany and Japan, however, should not be lightly peaceful commercial penetration of east- the collapse of Russia, this ought not to condemned nor should her legitimate ern Asia. In this she has many natural be the impossible task that it seemed six claims to industrial and commercial ex- advantages. Geographical proximity and years ago. The proposal, made in several pansion be ignored. The situation which kinship in culture give her an opportunity quarters, for an international financial confronts her is not an enviable one. A which far surpasses that of Occidental group to provide and supervise the adminrapidly growing population on islands nations. Could she be sure that China istration of such loans as China needs where arable lands are limited, coal de would be friendly, that China would would seem to be very timely. This would posits are poor, and iron ore is almost non have a stable government, an expanding simply be an expansion of the Knox idea existent presents a problem which may industry, and would be free from West- of internationalizing the Manchurian well give sober statesmen sleepless nights. ern domination, she could also be sure of railways and of the five-Power syndicate Add to this the prejudice which closes the lion's share of the commerce of that of 1912. Such an international body could against this people most of the unoccupied country and of business relations which supply China with what funds she needs, sections of the world and which is jealous of would redound to the benefit of both prevent special sinister interests and the one remaining open door—that to the peoples. This would be the ideal, for it spheres of influence from developing, and neighboring continent—and the nation's would be based upon friendship and geo- provide the supervision and pressure plight becomes little short of desperate. graphical proximity, and would release which may be necessary to assist the better The very life of Japan depends upon her Japan from the crushing load of a big elements of the great Republic. The plan ability to maintain free access to the raw army and navy. This is the course which could not be realized without some friction, materials and markets of China and the many of her statesmen have avowed and it would necessitate the faithful adhereast of Asia. Her future is linked up a desire to pursue. It probably represence by the Powers to a self-denying ordiinseparably with that of her huge neigh- sents in the main the programme of the nance. It would, moreover, be extremely bor, and it is simply common justice to soberer and more peaceful elements of the distasteful to many patriotic Chinese, but see that no artificial obstacles shall be nation, and it is certainly the road which it would be better than continued anarchy erected between her and the mainland. the nation must follow if it is to avoid the and possible partici s.. There are, however, two ways in which fate of Germany. .
. In theachievement of such a constructive Japan's interests on the continent can be If, however, this, and not the road of programme the United States must take a secured : political domination and peace force, is to be traveled, a number of things large part. She is the best source of the ful commercial penetration. The first of must be done, some of them by Japan, . capital which China needs, and she has these would lead her to continue in the some by China, and some by the rest of the confidence of the Chinese and a record road which she is now traveling. It would the world.
for unselfish dealing which is, with a few aim at a more or less complete control of In the first place, the Japanese must exceptions, enviable. She has stood sponChinese finances, both public and private, win the confidence and friendship of sor for the open-door policy and for most exclusive concessions for the building of the Chinese. That they have not suc- of the proposals for insuring China the railways, the development of mines, and ceeded in doing. They have so far been opportunity to work out her own salvathe erection of factories. It would be confronted by the almost unanimous tion. Through schools, churches, and hosaccompanied by preferential tariff rates, distrust and hate of their neighbors—an pitals American missionaries are helping the control of the customs service, the attitude which augurs ill for the future. to prepare leaders and pave the way for a predominance of Japanese “ advisers," Some sort of radical change must be more wholesome democratic national life. the mastery of important industrial and wrought in Japan's foreign policy, one If we are to play the part to which our commercial concerns, and the direction of which will carry much further the atti. past history and our present opportunities the army and navy. This programme is tude of conciliation represented in the call us, however, we must be careful that that of many Japanese, for they learned withdrawal of the fifth group of demands there is no ground justly to suspect us of their diplomacy from the predatory poli- in 1915. A necessary preliminary step desiring what we profess the wish to keep cies of certain European governments in would seem to be the voluntary return of others from doing. We must be sure that the last half of the nineteenth century. Tsingtao to China, the cancellation of we ask for no special concessions in China Japan's ancient feudal system prepared part or all of the concessions wrung from and that special interests do not lead us her for bureaucratic militarism. Japan's her in 1915, the strict repression of Japa- to become simply another of the groups military class can count on the support nese purveyors of morphine and all other that are jockeying for advantage. Our of a large body of unintelligent but in predatory traders, and a hearty willing merchants and investors have the right to tensely chauvinistic public opinion.. ness to co-operate with the Powers in any some sort of assistance, but it should be
This policy of ruthless domination joint attempt to rehabilitate China. only that which is directed to assuring for would, however, mean sorrow for China, In the second place, China must estab- all Powers the advantages which we seek turmoil for the world, and ultimate dis- lish as soon as possible a stable government for ourselves. We must, finally, be patient aster for Japan. It would stamp out the which will insure her ability to maintain and forbearing in our relations with Japan. fine beginnings of democratic life which her independence against foreign aggres. We must appreciate to the full the situaare even now apparent in the new Repub- sion and her steady industrial and com- tion in which that plucky nation finds lic, and by example and necessity would mercial progress. This many of her younger herself, and, while we should countenance force upon her a military organization and abler leaders seem inclined to do, no acts of aggression, we must seek to The Western world would scarcely be and if given time and wise assistance they understand her, to be free from the faults content to stand by and watch the absorp- will probably succeed.
of which we accuse her, and by firniness, tion and exclusive exploitation of a fourth In the third place, the Powers must as moderation, courtesy, and fair dealing of the human race. Japan would in time rapidly as possible give up their spheres help to insure conditions which will make
possible the victory of her moderates and venture to say that he took more pleasure balance. There is the factor of America's liberals.
in his attempt “to make rightness tempt- economic strength as at once a resource ing and interesting” to boys, as he from which other countries can draw, and
phrased it, and more pride in seeing them a danger to the economic independence A FRIEND OF THE BOYS become, one after another, “self-respect of those same countries. And there is,
ing, self-supporting, useful men and good finally, the ever-present and unfailing BOUT a year ago The Outlook pub- citizens instead of dangerous crooks,” factor of the human element. A lished three true stories of boy life, than in anything else he did in his active The presence of these varying factors . written, as we said at the time, by “a and energetic career.
makes the problem of America's foreign man who really cares,” one who “knows
trade at this time peculiarly difficult and the boy mind, the boy heart, and the boy
complex; at the same time the war has language.” This man was Arthur D.
made that problem one which concerns Chandler, whose death took place on
every part of America. For this reason, April 19 last. The stories were the out
two great conventions, one largely, the come of a friendly, unconventional effort MEMBER of the staff of The other wholly, devoted to this problem, to help boys to shake off the effect of Outlook in Paris not many weeks recently held in the Middle West, both wrong surroundings and the lack of an ago encountered by chance in a restau- representing interests Nation-wide in exopportunity to live a wholesome, normal rant a fellow-American, a business man, tent, are of special significance. One of life. The idea was exactly in line with representing manufacturers of farm ma- these was the sixth National Foreign Arthur Chandler's character and person- chinery. This is the story told to this casual Trade Convention, held in Chicago ality. He combined the practical and the acquaintance. Like many other Ameri- April 24-26; the other was the seventh ideal in all he did and said. There was cans engaged in commerce, the American Annual Meeting of the Chamber of Comno particle of cant in him, no trace of the business man was something of an idealist. merce of the United States, held in St. professional reformer. As a young' man, He felt that it was America's duty to Louis April 28 to May 1. he was an athlete, he always loved out help put France upon her feet. He saw The Chamber of Commerce of the doors and outdoor sport, he talked un- that France had been fighting America's United States comprises in its memberstilted, plain English with a dash of battles for months before America took ship more than a thousand Chambers of slang, he instinctively knew how boys felt her own part, and now that the war had Commerce and trade organizations; while and how they could be approached. When been won, leaving France terribly shat the Foreign Trade Convention gathered as a result of local school board work he tered and America more vigorous than together two thousand delegates, consistbecame a trustee of the Jamesburg Home ever, there was a moral obligation on the ing of corporation officers, managers, for Boys, an opportunity orned to him part of American business men to see experts on foreign trade, bankers, and to humanize the relations between the France resuscitated. For his part, he other representatives of the great indusofficials and the boys. Like Judge Lindsey wanted to see what he could do to start trial and commercial concerns engaged in Denver he found that the way to improve up French agriculture. There is a great or interested in foreign trade. delinquent boys was to trust them. One deal of American farm machinery in The emphasis which Mr. George Ed. who knew what he accomplished says France; a great deal of it is useless be Smith, President of the American Manurightly that this was “work requiring cause parts are missing or broken. So facturers Export Association and Chairgreat delicacy in handling, keen insight, this man undertook to bring over to man of the Foreign Trade sessions at common sense, and human sympathy.” France these missing parts so that the the St. Louis Convention, laid upon the
Mr. Chandler soon became impressed farmers could use their machinery again opportunity before American industries to with the belief that between the period of to start making crops. The money in it heal the economic ravages of the war was detention and the return of the boy to for his concern was very little. Indeed, characteristic of the attitude of the men ordinary life there should be a “clearing- there was no intention to make any profit considering these foreign trade problems house" for boys who were in danger be on the transaction. But when this man at both Conventions. And not less charcause they had no homes. His farm for undertook to bring these missing parts acteristic was the willingness of these boys at Allaire, in New Jersey, was the into France he encountered obstacles. men to see that American industrial exoutcome of this thought. The stories pub- He could not get an import permit. The pansion through foreign trade must be lished under the head “ Boy Culture and reason given was twofold: first, the directed consciously with a view, not Agriculture” showed convincingly how French Government was looking to the merely to the interests of America, but easily and thoroughly the boys responded rehabilitation of French industry as well also to the interests of other countries. to the effort. In a letter about Arthur as French agriculture, and therefore “At this particular moment in world Chandler written by Mr. C. G. Kidder to wanted agricultural machinery to be made affairs," said Mr. Smith,“with the nations the New York “Evening Post” since his in France; second, the French Govern- of the world endeavoring to repair the death Mr. Kidder says: “Only the other ment wanted to prevent any further in- ravages of war and with the old landday two of these lads just released from crease of the so-called balance of trademarks of international commerce tottermilitary service, homeless, made straight against her, and therefore wished to dis- ing, it would be the height of folly for us for the ‘farm.' Arriving, they found the courage imports until France could get to develop our foreign trade without master absent, in his last illness, and the ready to export goods in exchange. regard to the necessities of other counfarm closed. The boys sat down upon a In that incident are involved some of tries. . . . We have a responsibility, not fence-rail and cried.”
the most vital factors in the problem of only to Europe, but to the whole world. ... Arthur Chandler had a long and useful America's foreign trade following the war. The fact that the proper discharge of business career; as advertising and busi. There is that factor of American idealism this responsibility is also good business ness manager of The Outlook twenty-five which is quite as powerful an incentive as does not alter the responsibility in any years ago, in an important position with desire for profit. There is, too, the factor respect.” Similarly, the report of the Harper & Brothers for many years, and of French thrift, which is not purely General Convention Committee of the in other work with periodicals and pub- French by any means, and which at times National Foreign Trade Council which lishing houses he built up a high reputa- · is penny wise, pound foolish. There is the called the meeting at Chicago included tion for efficiency and integrity. But we factor of a world finance that is out of this statement: “ The United States has
become a creditor instead of a debtor only serve the world best, but secure its American shipping independent of forNation. Nations which are our debtors own prosperity most certainly, which in eign-owned facilities ; in short, as to ship... will endeavor to curtail their pur- its policy considers, not merely its ownping, “ American-built ships for American chases of finished products from us and interests, but the interests of other nations. foreign trade;" the development of Amerto enlarge their sales to us. They must Fortunately, our business men, and espe- ican facilities for telegraphic communicameet their obligations by finding a market cially the men engaged in foreign trade, tion to foreign countries; the development for their products. At the same time have had and are continuing to have of commercial aeronautics; the building their competition with us in neutral especially intensive training in the art of of public airdromes to provide for the markets naturally will be extended. The considering the interests of other nations. speedy delivery of plans, specifications, restrictions now imposed on American What the United States has done for the blue prints, and invoices from seaports to imports into the markets of our European maintenance of the world's food supply is . interior; the establishment of free zones associates in the war seriously impede the of itself an object lesson in that direction at the principal American ports where free flow of our commerce; but in so far And now, in the period of reconstruction, products can be assembled, manufactured, as they are the outgrowth of a policy of we should have to see, even if we were and reshipped ; the enactment of a safeguarding home industry and conserva- not willing to see, in the industrial unrest bargaining tariff without waiting for a tion of financial resources depleted by the of Russia and Hungary and Germany general revision of the tariff law; the heavy load of war liabilities, adverse and other parts of the world the danger extension of international parcel post; criticism would seem unwarranted so long that threatens our own land if we do not the proper representation of the United as such restrictions are not discrimina consider the interests of other nations. States in its diplomatic and consular sertory."
In view of these facts and of the neces- vices, and the proper compensation and It is a good augury for the future of sary exercise of self-restraint and self- housing of its representatives abroad ; our foreign trade that at the very time denial in the midst of expansion, Amer. the expansion of the commercial, attaché, when America is in the position of the ican ingenuity will be subjected to new and trade commissioner service; the same greatest strength, and when her oppor- tests. As the report of the Convention measure of governmental protection to tunity for service to commerce has be- Committee of the Foreign Trade Council legitimate American investments abroad come enormously enlarged, the men who said, “ These conditions and the keener as is given by our Government to foreign are in position of responsibility in busi- competition in other markets must stimu- investments in the United States ; the ness and commerce and finance in this late American enterprise to new activity establishment of railway freight rates to country, and by their joint action are and determination to find compensating the seaboard for export lower than docapable of determining our foreign trade outlets.” It is to the study of this task mestic rates. policy, should be guided by the spirit that the sessions of the Foreign Trade Every consideration should lead Amerexpressed in the words we have quoted. Convention were mainly devoted, and its ica to foster the development of American
It is something more than mere senti- recommendations are worth recounting foreign trade. The welfare of the Amerment, and very far from sentimentalism, That Convention, under the chairmanship ican people, the resuscitation of countries that enables the practical American men of Mr. James A. Farrell, President of the suffering from the results of their own of affairs to think of our foreign trade in United States Steel Corporation, urged agonized resistance to German aggression, terms of service. It is the highest kind the earliest possible completion of the the reconstruction of international relaof wisdom. The men who conceived of Government's shipbuilding plan, the re- tionships, and the just demand of labor business as an orderly form of highway moval of restrictions on shipbuilding, and for a more equitable distribution of the robbery, in which every man who made a permission for the free construction of necessities and comforts of life, will all be profit got it at the expense of somebody vessels for sale to foreign interests; the served by the proper and wise expansion else, are no longer in positions of influ- necessary revision of shipping, navigation of American foreign trade. There is not ence, for the simple reason that the ideas and other laws to equalize with competi- an American who should be indifferent which they held would ruin any country tors the cost of operating American ves- to it, and there is not an American who in these days as they have ruined Ger- sels in foreign trade; the speedy transfer cannot in some measure help to promote it, many. That the only good bargain is a of the operation of American shipping and to see that the spirit which the leadbargain that is good for both sides is a from the Government to private concerns; ers of American foreign trade have shown principle that has got to be recognized in the establishment of coal and fuel oil permeates the whole body of American onr foreign trade. That nation will not depots on foreign trading routes to make opinion.
WHEN THE COLORS CAME DOWN
BUGLE call sounded over the de- of demobilization and wishing them good slow, reverential way in which the colorA serted parade and the little group luck and God-speed. Then another bugle, guard received and folded it as it reached about the flagstaff came to attention, and the colors began slowly to flutter the ground, and all the time the ringing The hour had arrived for the closing of down. There was no band this time to music of the old anthem that none of us the camp. For weeks the gangs of work- play the National anthem, as in the days knew before the war and didn't think it men had been busy with the task of agone; only one lone bugler to sound worth while to know. As the flag drew wrecking the barracks. For an equal “Retreat." The Y man caught his breath, near the ground the band always seemed number of weeks the diminished garrison however, just as he had always done, as to him to put more spirit, more bold darhad been equally busy counting and pack- he watched that wind-torn bunting fall. ing into the last lines : ing and shipping equipment, sorting and “ Retreat” had ever been for him the “And the Star-Spangled Banner in tri. filing and shipping records. Now the great hour of the camp day, and, no matter
umph shall wave work was at an end and the hour for de- how busy he had been, he had always tried O’er the land of the free and the home parture had come. The adjutant read the to plan to be where he could see that of the brave.” order of the day officially closing the mystical, beautiful ceremony—the khaki. And the lines had come as the months camp. The C. 0. made a brief speech clad lads standing like brown statues at passed to be for him the voice of the thanking officers and men for the devo salute wherever they happened to be, the heart of that America that was ready to tion they had shown during the long weeks wind catching at the flag as it fell, the dare all things to make them true. And this day as he watched “ Retreat” for the last time he felt sure that, in spite of all its “ war-weariness," America had not forgotten those great hours and would yet lead the world toward the realization of its dream.
It does not take a flag long to fall. But thoughts are swifter than falling bunting. And thoughts came thronging swiftly in those brief moments, thoughts and memories. Memories of the stirring days when those first companies came to the raw new camp, and when as raw and unfinished as the camp were the men who crowded it. College men most of them, eager for the quick service they had been promised in the driving of their “Alivver” ambulances right up to the front and back again. They had had their service, and we had not been ashamed of them. If decorations count as proofs and tokens, they had probably won more glory than any other equal body of American sol. diers. Their daring—so they say who know-astonished even those poilus with whom daring had often become the last
and most effective weapon. There, under
66 their merry life away
For country and for God.”
But these men who stood now at atten.
tion, who had never marched away, did they not have a share in that glory? They had not stayed here because they wanted so to do. But their staying had made possible the things those others who had gone had done. It called for courage to drive an ambulance under the guns. But it also called for courage to stay where your orders put you on a humdrum garrison task while fools prattled about shell-proof jobs and lovely ladies grew scornful. Some time, the Y man felt sure as he looked for the last time on those serious faces, when America had grown less hectic, more capable of dispassioned sight, it will weave laurel crowns for these without filching one leaf from the brows of those who went across.
The colors have reached the ground at
it is “Taps," not for a dead soldier, but for a dead camp. And when the last echo dies away there is a sharp word of command and we too go out of the big gate.
WILLIAM E. BROOKS Camp Crane, Allentown, Pennsylvania.
THE BREAK-UP OF AUSTRIA-HUNGARY
BY GREGORY MASON
STAFF CORRESPONDENT OF THE OUTLOOK
* VOU are an American, aren't you?
1 Well, pass right through, then. No, we do not want to look at your baggage-you are an American."
This was from an Italian officer in charge of the station at Loitsch, on the frontier between Italy and the new Jugoslav state. It is the same all through Europe. “I am an American ” is an open sesame everywhere, often rendering a passport superfluous.
There was an American sailor with me from one of Mr. Hoover's freight steamers which had brought a load of food to Trieste for the Czechoslovaks. He was heading for a little town in Hungary where he had a Hungarian grand mother whom he had never seen. His only paper of credentials was shore leave from the skipper of his ship. But even that was unnecessary. In his American uniform he could have walked through Europe and been sure of finding every where a welcome and the best hospitality the inhabitants could offer.
Involuntarily I stayed a day at Loitsch, which the Italians call Longatico. An Italian officer who courteously offered me his bed for the four-hour wait before the departure of my train himself fell asleep when that time came, and so I missed the train. But Longatico was worth seeing. The Italians claim the right to annex it, although it is overwhelmingly Slovenic in population. All the signs on all the stores are in Slovene, which looks a good deal like Russian spelled with the Roman alphabet. Many common words are the same in both languages, as narod (people) and vhod (entrance). I fell in with a
Czechoslovak courier, and found that the crowns (the crown is worth less than a few Russian words I remembered were quarter of its pre-war value, which was understood by him as well as by the in- about 20 cents). For lunch I got a good habitants of Loitsch. Indeed, the Jugo- thick soup, roast pork, potatoes, sauerslavs and the Czechoslovaks have little kraut, red beans, preserved berries, and difficulty in understanding one another. real coffee, for nineteen crowns. Of course
The Slovenes seem to be easy-going these prices are high coinpared to the prepeople, comfortable, and not troubled war standard, but they are cheapcompared by much imagination. Most of them are to prices in Austria or in Germany. farmers. They are inclined to be stockily The Czechoslovak courier was on the built, and all have fine complexions. way to Vienna with a train-load of AusTheir country looks a good deal like the trian seamen, naval officers, and their more rural parts of Connecticut-rolling wives and children from Pola, and he pasture land sprinkled with rocks and à offered me a lift. These people and all good deal of small timber. And the Slo their household effects were packed into venes themselves in appearance and tem freight cars of the small European type. perament suggest the Swedes who have In some cars there were as many as twenty settled in such parts of Connecticut. men, women, and children, in addition to
They are an extremely patient people. a great deal of baggage in the shape of I saw a farmer who was driving a yoke of boxes and barrels. One of this party was oxen wait for half an hour at a railway an admiral and a naval architect, who had crossing while a little switching engine been building ships for Austria for thirtyshunted cars up and down. He never five years. In fact, he claimed to be the lost his patience; his oxen chewed their first naval architect Austria ever had. cuds and he chewed his. The adoration of The Czechoslovak courier had also been all things American is as high among the an Austrian naval: architect, with the Slovenes as anywhere in Europe. The rank of captain. A few weeks before he new Jugoslav state, which is composed of had been taking orders from the admiral Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, has taken as the latter's subordinate and countryfor its colors red, white, and blue. A pho-man. Now he was an official of one of tograph of President Wilson was in every the triumphant Allied nations and the other shop window, and supposedly Amer- admiral was traveling in a freight car like ican drinks and forms of nourishment a hobo, a mere refugee in the other's proare eagerly advertised even by the little tection. But the two were good friends. hotels in such rustic towns as this one. I was stepping aboard this train when
The Slovenes are good farmers, and a voice said!, peremptorily, “Where are they seem to be comparatively well off you from New York, Chicago, San for food. At Loitsch for breakfast I got Francisco, or Bridgeport?” two boiled eggs, two cups of coffee, and The voice belonged to a rather disrepuplenty of bread and white butter, for five table-looking Italian private. He had lived in America, which accounted for all other countries; “ so rich, so generous, dowdy in their appearance, often charachis blunt method of accosting me. Four sounselfish, so brave, especially so honest!” teristic of Teutonic women. One of them, or five other privates came along who had That is it—" especially so honest.” It as soon as she saw I was awake, addressed also lived in America, and they exhibited is finding that feeling about America all me thus : the same delightful directness of conver- through Europe which makes an Americ “Excuse me sir, but I see you are an sational manner.
can tremble lest his country cannot live American. When is America going to “Where are you going ?” “What is up to the almost superhuman reputation send us food ? Our people are dying by your business ?” “Been long away from that she has now among these people. the thousand. And are you going to let the States ?”' and such questions they And it is finding this feeling, that we are these Jugoslavs steal land from us as they fired at me. In the khaki camouflage of “so generous, so unselfish," that must please? We have always thought you a war correspondent, to their undiscrimi. make an American living abroad gnash his Americans were a just people, but it is nating eyes, I was an officer, but their teeth when he reads of the efforts a back- not justice to let these Jugoslavs and manner toward their own officers was ward-looking little group of Senators are Czechoslovaks trample on us now that we almost equally blunt and devoid of the making to have us live aloof, for ourselves are down." polite deference shown by the ordinary alone. But “ especially so honest.” That “You had your turn trampling on run of Italian soldiers. America, how is the fact which President Wilson called, them, didn't you?” great is thy democracy! Once tasted, it in Boston, “ the most wonderful fact in “That is not so. Of course our old is never forgotten.
history”-that “there is no nation in Imperial Government made some misThese men wanted to know what I Europe that suspects the motive of the takes, but we Austrian people had noththought about the League of Nations. United States.” (And, thanks mainly to ing to do with that.” Every one about this station or on this President Wilson for that fact, say I, if “You didn't do much to stop it, or to train seemed to be talking about the I may be permitted this personal digres stop your old Government from bullying League of Nations, and particularly about sion as an American who has lived all any small nation it chose to bully." its bearing on boundary questions affects over the world except in America during « We didn't want to bully any one. ing the Austrians, Jugoslavs, and Italians the past two years, and who is disgusted But if all Americans think like you, I'm The Jugoslavs and the Austrians all seem with the petty criticism of President Wil. afraid there will be another war.” to be believers in the League, but a few of son at home at a time when he is ac. “Haven't you had enough war ?” the Italians were skeptics. They were hotly claimed throughout the rest of the world “Oh, I don't mean a war against attacked by a man who held quite a high as the greatest statesman of this age.) America. We have nothing against position in the administration of the The Jugoslav captain wound up his America. I mean a war against these Italian railways. This man was born in laudation of my country with the remark horrible Jugoslavs. If you let them take Trieste of Slavic parents, but he refused that “ America has become very great our land, land in which our Austrian and to admit his Slav blood, calling himself because she won the war.”
German people are living, we will fight * a Triestina.” The Italians who were “Every one out of the train with his them to the last man-yes, to the last not born in Trieste noticeably make a baggage for inspection,” shouted a train woman." point of declaring that they are not official in German, sticking his head into O America, must you referee all the # Triestinas” if you ask them about their our compartment. The Jugoslav officer world's equabbles? The world seems to lineage.
went out with his musette. I did not expect that; and if your decisions be not The hills began rolling into bigger move. The official came back again and made with the wisdom of Solomon, this hills after we left Loitsch. When we shouted at me, “ Every one must get out great popularity you have to-day will fade reached the first town in Jugoslavia, we for the customs examination.”
like the color in autumn leaves. found the station decorated with ever. I looked at him severely and said, at The feeling between the Jugoslavs and greens and the red, white, and blue flags tempting a tone like a judge pronouncing the Austrians is very bitter on both sides. of the new nations. Promptly the Jugo- sentence :
With their six million Serbs, five million slavs with us decorated our train with the
Croats, and one and a half million Slosame color scheme. The country was get “Oh, all right," answered the official venes, the Jugoslavs now outnumber the ting better and better, the mountains in a softer voice. “Stay right where you German Austrians. Of the latter there growing and the valleys widening. Later, are, sir. Your baggage is exempt from are only about ten million in all, and the however, the mountains fell back and we examination.”
Austrians say that only about six and a rolled down a broad plain into Laibach, a He lingered to converse with me. “I half million of these will be within autonobig city populated mainly by Slovenes. have a brother who is living in Chicago," mous Austria if the present boundaries Jugoslav officers filled the town, in uni. said he. “He says Chicago is greater as of Czechoslovakia and Jugoslavia are . forms like the Serbian. There is a dis- Berlin or Vienna. Your country is very allowed to stand. To the Austrians the tinct Oriental touch about Laibach -as rich. We hope you will send us bread. loss of their trade with the Jugoslavs is much of it as there is about some towns Your President is a wonderful man. He hard to bear. in western Russia. There was enough food is bigger as any European statesman. I “What will be the future of Vienna ?” in the town apparently, but nothing to worked in London once. I learned Eng- I wondered, as our train ran down the spare. As my journey progressed to the lish there. The English are fine people. plain toward the Danube, where the snow northeast food was becoming scarcer and Germany was crazy to risk a war with was going, and where the melting of agriscarcer. I got a dinner of calves' brains, England and America. My brother voted culture into industry showed that we spinach, rice, apple sauce, two slices of against Wilson at the last election. He were approaching a great city. bread, and a glass of beer for twenty- must have been a fool.”
Vienna has had its day. Any Austrian three crowns. According to the pre-war I fell asleep and dreamed a silly dream. will tell you that. A city of more than value of the crown, that would mean I dreamed I saw Uncle Sam sitting on a two million inhabitants it cannot hope to about four dollars and a half, but at the mountain of white bread shaped like Fuji- remain. As the capital of the German price at which I had purchased crowns it yama (not a comfortable seat). Around Austrians alone it would deserve no more meant little more than a dollar. Austrian the base of the mountain were people of all than about half a million residents. The money is in use in Jugoslavia, but it is the nationalities in Europe. Some were Austrians are trying to preserve as much not accepted unless it has been stamped begging Uncle Sam to throw down boul- of its former glory as they can by urging by the Jugoslav Government. On the ders of bread, others were surreptitiously that it be made the second capital in the other hand, money which has been so hacking at the foot of the mountain with new nation to be composed of all the stamped will not pass in Austria.
pickaxes and bread-knives. When I awoke, Teutons. But as the second capital of the I got aboard the train for Vienna about it was nine o'clock. The Jugoslav hadTeutons on their eastern frontier it can midnight, sharing a compartment with a gone, and there were four women in the never hope for the splendor it knew as Jugoslav officer. He began at length to compartment. There was something harsh the center of the vast Austro-Hungarian tell me why he admired America above in their voices and features, something Empire. Vienna is doomed. Who will