網頁圖片
PDF
ePub 版

not make it any the less necessary to the have to face the bitter animosity of the of influence and their special territorial, future peace of the world that China Chinese and the armed opposition of financial, and railway concessions. They should have a chance to work out her own much of Christendom. In that case, her must substitute for rivalry international salvation and that the Chinese liberals one hope of avoiding utter defeat and co-operation and assistance to China until should be given all possible aid in permanent ruin would be dissensions the progressive and more stable elements making China a progressive and peaceful among Occidental Powers.

of that nation can get on their feet. With democracy.

Japan's other hope of growth is the the enforced withdrawal of Germany and Japan, however, should not be lightly peaceful commercial penetration of east- the collapse of Russia, this ought not to condemned nor should her legitimate ern Asia. In this she has many natural be the impossible task that it seemed six claims to industrial and commercial ex- advantages. Geographical proximity and years ago. The proposal, made in several pansion be ignored. The situation which kinship in culture give her an opportunity quarters, for an international financial confronts her is not an enviable one. A which far surpasses that of Occidental

group to provide and supervise the adminrapidly growing population on islands nations. Could she be sure that China istration of such loans as China needs where arable lands are limited, coal de- would be friendly, that China would would seem to be very timely. This would posits are poor, and iron ore is almost non- have a stable government, an expanding simply be an expansion of the Knox idea existent presents a problem which may industry, and would be free from West- of internationalizing the Manchurian well give sober statesmen sleepless nights. ern domination, she could also be sure of railways and of the five-Power syndicate Add to this the prejudice which closes

the lion's share of the commerce of that of 1912. Such an international body could against this people most of the unoccupied country and of business relations which supply China with what funds she needs, sections of the world and which is jealous of would redound to the benefit of both prevent special sinister interests and the one remaining open door—that to the peoples. This would be the ideal, for it spheres of influence from developing, and neighboring continent—and the nation's would be based upon friendship and geo- provide the supervision and pressure plight becomes little short of desperate. graphical proximity, and would release which

may

be necessary to assist the better The very life of Japan depends upon her Japan from the crushing load of a big elements of the great Republic. The plan ability to maintain free access to the raw army

and navy. This is the course which could not be realized without some friction, materials and markets of China and the many of her statesmen have avowed and it would necessitate the faithful adhereast of Asia. Her future is linked up a desire to pursue. It probably repre- ence by the Powers to a self-denying ordiinseparably with that of her huge neigh- sents in the main the programme of the nance. It would, moreover, be extremely bor, and it is simply common justice to soberer and more peaceful elements of the distasteful to many patriotic Chinese, but see that no artificial obstacles shall be nation, and it is certainly the road which it would be better than continued anarchy erected between her and the mainland. the nation must follow if it is to avoid the and possible partici v.. There are, however, two ways in which fate of Germany.

In theachievement of such a constructive Japan's interests on the continent can be If, however, this, and not the road of programme the United States must take a secured : political domination and peace force, is to be traveled, a number of things large part. She is the best source of the ful commercial penetration. The first of must be done, some of them by Japan, . capital which China needs, and she has these would lead her to continue in the some by China, and some by the rest of the confidence of the Chinese and a record road which she is now traveling. It would the world.

for unselfish dealing which is, with a few aim at a more or less complete control of In the first place, the Japanese must exceptions, enviable. She has stood sponChinese finances, both public and private, win the confidence and friendship of sor for the open-door policy and for most exclusive concessions for the building of the Chinese. That they have not suc- of the proposals for insuring China the railways, the development of mines, and ceeded in doing. They have so far been opportunity to work out her own salvathe erection of factories. It would be confronted by the almost unanimous tion. Through schools, churches, and hosaccompanied by preferential tariff rates, distrust and hate of their neighbors-an pitals American missionaries are helping the control of the customs service, the attitude which augurs ill for the future. to prepare leaders and pave the way for a predominance of Japanese “advisers," Some sort of radical change must be more wholesome democratic national life. the mastery of important industrial and wrought in Japan's foreign policy, one If we are to play the part to which our commercial concerns, and the direction of which will carry much further the atti

which will carry much further the atti- past history and our present opportunities the army and navy. This programme is

is tude of conciliation represented in the call us, however, we must be careful that that of many Japanese, for they learned withdrawal of the fifth group of demands there is no ground justly to suspect us of their diplomacy from the predatory poli- in 1915. A necessary preliminary step desiring what we profess the wish to keep cies of certain European governments in would seem to be the voluntary return of others from doing. We must be sure that the last half of the nineteenth century. Tsingtao to China, the cancellation of we ask for no special concessions in China Japan's ancient feudal system prepared part or all of the concessions wrung from and that special interests do not lead us her for bureaucratic militarism. Japan's her in 1915, the strict repression of Japa- to become simply another of the groups military class can count on the support nese purveyors of morphine and all other that are jockeying for advantage. Our of a large body of unintelligent but in predatory traders, and a hearty willing merchants and investors have the right to tensely chauvinistic public opinion. ness to co-operate with the Powers in any some sort of assistance, but it should be

This policy of ruthless domination joint attempt to rehabilitate China. only that which is directed to assuring for would, however, mean sorrow for China, In the second place, China must estab- all Powers the advantages which we seek turmoil for the world, and ultimate dis lish as soon as possible a stable government for ourselves. We must, finally, be patient aster for Japan. It would stamp out the which will insure her ability to maintain and forbearing in our relations with Japan. fine beginnings of democratic life which her independence against foreign aggres- We must appreciate to the full the situaare even now apparent in the new Repub- sion and her steady industrial and com- tion in which that plucky nation finds lic, and by example and necessity would mercial progress. This many of her younger herself, and, while we should countenance force upon her a military organization. and abler leaders seem inclined to do, no acts of aggression, we must seek to The Western world would scarcely be and if given time and wise assistance they

and if given time and wise assistance they understand her, to be free from the faults content to stand by and watch the absorp- will probably succeed.

of which we accuse her, and by firmness, tion and exclusive exploitation of a fourth In the third place, the Powers must as moderation, courtesy, and fair dealing of the human race. Japan would in time rapidly as possible give up their spheres help to insure conditions which will make

A Dutlook in Parish not many weeks precently held in the diadile West, both

possible the victory of her moderates and

venture to say that he took more pleasure balance. There is the factor of America's liberals.

in his attempt “to make rightness tempt- economic strength as at once a resource ing and interesting” to boys, as he from which other countries can draw, and

phrased it, and more pride in seeing them a danger to the economic independence A FRIEND OF THE BOYS become, one after another, “self-respect of those same countries. And there is,

ing, self-supporting, useful men and good finally, the ever-present and unfailing BOUT a year ago The Outlook pub- citizens instead of dangerous crooks,” factor of the human element.

lished three true stories of boy life, than in anything else he did in his active The presence of these varying factors . written, as we said at the time, by “a and energetic career.

makes the problem of America's foreign man who really cares," one who “knows

trade at this time peculiarly difficult and the boy mind, the boy heart, and the boy

complex ; at the same time the war has language.” This man was Arthur D.

AMERICA'S FOREIGN

made that problem one which concerns Chandler, whose death took place on

TRADE

every part of America. For this reason, April 19 last. The stories were the out

two great conventions, one largely, the come of a friendly, unconventional effort MEMBER of the staff of The to help boys to shake off the effect of

recently held in the Middle West, both wrong surroundings and the lack of an

ago encountered by chance in a restau- representing interests Nation-wide in exopportunity to live a wholesome, normal rant a fellow-American, a business man, tent, are of special significance. One of life. The idea was exactly in line with representing manufacturers of farm ma- these was the sixth National Foreign Arthur Chandler's character and person- chinery. This is the story told to this casual Trade Convention, held in Chicago ality. He combined the practical and the acquaintance. Like many other Ameri- April 24-26 ; the other was the seventh ideal in all he did and said. There was cans engaged in commerce, the American

Annual Meeting of the Chamber of Comno particle of cant in him, no trace of the business man was something of an idealist. merce of the United States, held in St. professional reformer. As a young man, He felt that it was America's duty to Louis April 28 to May 1. he was an athlete, he always loved out help put France upon her feet. He saw The Chamber of Commerce of the doors and outdoor sport, he talked un- that France had been fighting America's United States comprises in its memberstilted, plain English with a dash of battles for months before America took ship more than a thousand Chambers of slang, he instinctively knew how boys felt

her own part, and now that the war had Commerce and trade organizations; while and how they could be approached. When been won, leaving France terribly shat- the Foreign Trade Convention gathered as a result of local school board work he

tered and America more vigorous than together two thousand delegates, consistbecame a trustee of the Jamesburg Home ever, there was a moral obligation on the ing of corporation officers, managers, for Boys, an opportunity orned to him part of American business men to see experts on foreign trade, bankers, and to humanize the relations between the France resuscitated. For his part, he other representatives of the great indusofficials and the boys. Like Judge Lindsey wanted to see what he could do to start trial and commercial concerns engaged in Denver he found that the way to improve up French agriculture. There is a great or interested in foreign trade. delinquent boys was to trust them. One deal of American farm machinery in The emphasis which Mr. George Ed. who knew what he accomplished says France; a great deal of it is useless be- Smith, President of the American Manurightly that this was "work requiring cause parts are missing or broken. So facturers' Export Association and Chairgreat delicacy in handling, keen insight, this man undertook to bring over to man of the Foreign Trade sessions at common sense, and human sympathy. France these missing parts so that the the St. Louis Convention, laid upon the

Mr. Chandler soon became impressed farmers could use their machinery again opportunity before American industries to with the belief that between the period of to start making crops. The money in it heal the economic ravages of the war was detention and the return of the boy to for his concern was very little. Indeed, characteristic of the attitude of the men ordinary life there should be a “clearing there was no intention to make any profit considering these foreign trade problems house" for boys who were in danger be- on the transaction. But when this man at both Conventions. And not less charcause they had no homes. His farm for undertook to bring these missing parts acteristic was the willingness of these boys at Allaire, in New Jersey, was the into France he encountered obstacles. men to see that American industrial exoutcome of this thought. The stories pub- He could not get an import permit. The pansion through foreign trade must be lished under the head “Boy Culture and reason given was twofold: first, the directed consciously with a view, not Agriculture” showed convincingly how French Government was looking to the merely to the interests of America, but easily and thoroughly the boys responded rehabilitation of French industry as well also to the interests of other countries. to the effort. In a letter about Arthur as French agriculture, and therefore “At this particular moment in world Chandler written by Mr. C. G. Kidder to wanted agricultural machinery to be made affairs,” said Mr. Smith,“with the nations the New York “ Evening Post” since his in France; second, the French Govern- of the world endeavoring to repair the death Mr. Kidder says: “Only the other ment wanted to prevent any further in- ravages of war and with the old landday two of these lads just released from crease of the so-called balance of trade marks of international commerce tottermilitary service, homeless, made straight against her, and therefore wished to dis- ing, it would be the height of folly for us for the ‘farm.' Arriving, they found the courage imports until France could get to develop our foreign trade without master absent, in his last illness, and the ready to export goods in exchange. regard to the necessities of other counfarm closed. The boys sat down upon a In that incident are involved some of tries. ... We have a responsibility, not fence-rail and cried."

the most vital factors in the problem of only to Europe, but to the whole world. ... Arthur Chandler had a long and useful America's foreign trade following the war. The fact that the proper discharge of business career; as advertising and busi- There is that factor of American idealism this responsibility is also good business ness manager of The Outlook twenty-five which is quite as powerful an incentive as does not alter the responsibility in any years ago, in an important position with desire for profit. There is, too, the factor respect." Similarly, the report of the Harper & Brothers for many years, and of French thrift, which is not purely General Convention Committee of the in other work with periodicals and pub- French by any means, and which at times National Foreign Trade Council which lishing houses he built up a high reputa- is penny wise, pound foolish. There is the called the meeting at Chicago included tion for efficiency and integrity. But we factor of a world finance that is out of this statement: The United States has

become a creditor instead of a debtor only serve the world best, but secure its American shipping independent of forNation. Nations which are our debtors own prosperity most certainly, which in eign-owned facilities ; in short, as to ship... will endeavor to curtail their pur- its policy considers, not merely its own ping, “ American-built ships for American chases of finished products from us and interests, but the interests of other nations. foreign trade ;" the development of Amerto enlarge their sales to us. They must Fortunately, our business men, and espe- ican facilities for telegraphic communicameet their obligations by finding a market cially the men engaged in foreign trade, tion to foreign countries; the development for their products. At the same time have had and are continuing to have of commercial aeronautics; the building their competition with us in neutral especially intensive training in the art of of public airdromes to provide for the markets naturally will be extended. The considering the interests of other nations. speedy delivery of plans, specifications, restrictions now imposed on American What the United States has done for the blue prints, and invoices from seaports to imports into the markets of our European maintenance of the world's food supply is . interior; the establishment of free zones associates in the war seriously impede the of itself an object lesson in that direction. at the principal American ports where free flow of our commerce; but in so far And now, in the period of reconstruction, products can be assembled, manufactured, as they are the outgrowth of a policy of we should have to see, even if we were and reshipped ; the enactment of a safeguarding home industry and conserva- not willing to see, in the industrial unrest bargaining tariff without waiting for a tion of financial resources depleted by the of Russia and Hungary and Germany general revision of the tariff law; the heavy load of war liabilities, adverse and other parts of the world the danger extension of international parcel post ; criticism would seem unwarranted so long that threatens our own land if we do not the proper representation of the United as such restrictions are not discrimina- consider the interests of other nations. States in its diplomatic and consular sertory."

In view of these facts and of the neces- vices, and the proper compensation and It is a good augury for the future of sary exercise of self-restraint and self. housing of its representatives abroad ; our foreign trade that at the very time denial in the midst of expansion, Amer- the expansion of the commercial, attaché, when America is in the position of the ican ingenuity will be subjected to new and trade commissioner service; the same greatest strength, and when her oppor- tests. As the report of the Convention measure of governmental protection to tunity for service to commerce has be- Committee of the Foreign Trade Council legitimate American investments abroad come enormously enlarged, the men who said, “ These conditions and the keener as is given by our Government to foreign are in position of responsibility in busi- competition in other markets must stimu- investments in the United States; the ness and commerce and finance in this late American enterprise to new activity

late American enterprise to new activity establishment of railway freight rates to country, and by their joint action are and determination to find compensating the seaboard for export lower than docapable of determining our foreign trade outlets.” It is to the study of this task mestic rates. policy, should be guided by the spirit that the sessions of the Foreign Trade Every consideration should lead Amerexpressed in the words we have quoted. Convention were mainly devoted, and its ica to foster the development of American

It is something more than mere senti- recommendations are worth recounting. foreign trade. The welfare of the Amerment, and very far from sentimentalism, That Convention, under the chairmanship ican people, the resuscitation of countries that enables the practical American men of Mr. James A. Farrell, President of the suffering from the results of their own of affairs to think of our foreign trade in United States Steel Corporation, urged agonized resistance to German aggression, terms of service. It is the highest kind the earliest possible completion of the the reconstruction of international relaof wisdom. The men who conceived of Government's shipbuilding plan, the re- tionships, and the just demand of labor business as an orderly form of highway moval of restrictions on shipbuilding, and for a more equitable distribution of the robbery, in which every man who made a permission for the free construction of necessities and comforts of life, will all be profit got it at the expense of somebody vessels for sale to foreign interests; the served by the proper and wise expansion else, are no longer in positions of influ- necessary revision of shipping, navigation, of American foreign trade. There is not ence, for the simple reason that the ideas and other laws to equalize with competi- an American who should be indifferent which they held would ruin any country tors the cost of operating American ves- to it, and there is not an American who in these days as they have ruined Ger- sels in foreign trade; the speedy transfer cannot in some measure help to promote it, many. That the only good bargain is a of the operation of American shipping and to see that the spirit which the leadbargain that is good for both sides is a from the Government to private concerns ; ers of American foreign trade have shown principle that has got to be recognized in the establishment of coal and fuel oil permeates the whole body of American onr foreign trade. That nation will not depots on foreign trading routes to make opinion.

WHEN THE COLORS CAME DOWN

A

BUGLE call sounded over the de of demobilization and wishing them good slow, reverential way in which the color

serted parade and the little group luck and God-speed. Then another bugle, guard received and folded it as it reached about the flagstaff came to attention and the colors began slowly to flutter the ground, and all the time the ringing The hour had arrived for the closing of down. There was no band this time to music of the old anthem that none of us the camp. For weeks the gangs of work- play the National anthem, as in the days knew before the war and didn't think it men had been busy with the task of agone; only one lone bugler to sound worth while to know. As the flag drew wrecking the barracks. For an equal “Retreat." The Y man caught his breath, near the ground the band always seemed number of weeks the diminished garrison however, just as he had always done, as to him to put more spirit, more bold darhad been equally busy counting and pack- he watched that wind-torn bunting fall. ing into the last lines: ing and shipping equipment, sorting and 6. Retreat” had ever been for him the

“And the Star-Spangled Banner in trifiling and shipping records. Now the great hour of the camp day, and, no matter umph shall wave work was at an end and the hour for de how busy he had been, he had always tried O'er the land of the free and the home parture had come. The adjutant read the to plan to be where he could see that

of the brave." order of the day officially closing the mystical, beautiful ceremony-the khaki- And the lines had come as the months camp. The C. 0. made a brief speech clad lads standing like brown statues at passed to be for him the voice of the thanking officers and men for the devo- salute wherever they happened to be, the heart of that America that was ready to tion they had shown during the long weeks wind catching at the flag as it fell, the dare all things to make them true. And

its 66

66 their

this day as he watched “ Retreat” for the and most effective weapon. There, under tion, who had never marched away,

did last time he felt sure that, in spite of all an unaccustomed sun, they had fought as they not have a share in that glory?

war-weariness,” America had not eagerly as here they had trained and They had not stayed here because they forgotten those great hours and would yet played, and many, too many, had given wanted so to do. But their staying had lead the world toward the realization of

made possible the things those others who life

merry its dream.

away For country and for God.”

had gone had done. It called for courage It does not take a flag long to fall.

to drive an ambulance under the guns. But thoughts are swifter than falling Those colors that were falling now had But it also called for courage to stay bunting. Ånd thoughts came thronging received their salute, had stirred their where your orders put you on a humdrum swiftly in those brief moments, thoughts hearts to unvoiced enthusiasms, had been garrison task while fools prattled about and memories. Memories of the stirring the sign and token of that Cause that shell-proof jobs and lovely ladies grew days when those first companies came to challenged them, that sent them forth on scornful. Some time, the Y man felt sure the raw new camp, and when as raw and that long road that led to glory. The as he looked for the last time on those unfinished as the camp were the men who Wind caught the flag as it fell and held it serious faces, when America had grown crowded it. College men most of them, out for the last time against the cold less hectic, more capable of dispassioned eager for the quick service they had been April sky, as though it did not want to see

April sky, as though it did not want to see sight, it will weave laurel crowns for promised in the driving of their "flivver" it go. Perhaps the wind was thinking of these without filching one leaf from the ambulances right up to the front and those days when it had cooled their faces brows of those who went across. back again. They had had their service, after the long drills, of those midnights The colors have reached the ground at and we had not been ashamed of them. when they marched past this place for last. Again the bugle sounds. This time If decorations count as proofs and tokens, the last time, heads up and shoulders it is “Taps," not for a dead soldier, but they had probably won more glory than back, with their full packs upon them, for a dead camp. And when the last any other equal body of American sol- and out of the big gate and away. Truly echo dies away there is a sharp word of diers. Their daring-so they say who the

camp had done its part in “the big command and we too go out of the big know-astonished even those poilus with job." It had had its day.

gate.

WILLIAM E. BROOKS whom daring had often become the last But these men who stood now at atten- Camp Crane, Allentown, Pennsylvania.

THE BREAK-UP OF AUSTRIA-HUNGARY

BY GREGORY MASON

STAFF CORRESPONDENT OF THE OUTLOOK

“YW

OU are an American, aren't you? Czechoslovak courier, and found that the crowns (the crown is worth less than a

Well, pass right through, then. few Russian words I remembered were quarter of its pre-war value, which was No, we do not want to look at your bag- understood by him as well as by the in- about 20 cents). For lunch I got a good gage-you are an American.”

habitants of Loitsch. Indeed, the Jugo- thick soup, roast pork, potatoes, sauerThis was from an Italian officer in slavs and the Czechoslovaks have little kraut, red beans, preserved berries, and charge of the station at Loitsch, on the difficulty in understanding one another. real coffee, for nineteen crowns. Of course frontier between Italy and the new Jugo- The Slovenes seem to be easy-going these prices are high compared to the preslav state. It is the same all through people, comfortable, and not troubled war standard, but they are cheap compared Europe. “I am an American ” is an open by much imagination. Most of them are to prices in Austria or in Germany. sesame everywhere, often rendering a farmers. They are inclined to be stockily The Czechoslovak courier was on the passport superfluous.

built, and all have fine complexions. way to Vienna with a train-load of AusThere was an American sailor with Their country looks a good deal like the trian seamen, naval officers, and their me from one of Mr. Hoover's freight

of Connecticut-rolling wives and children from Pola, and he steamers which had brought a load of pasture land sprinkled with rocks and a offered me a lift. These people and all food to Trieste for the Czechoslovaks. good deal of small timber. And the Slo

good deal of small timber. And the Slo- their household effects were packed into He was heading for a little town in Hun- venes themselves in

appearance

and tem- freight cars of the small European type. gary where he had a Hungarian grand- perament suggest the Swedes who have In some cars there were as many as twenty mother whom he had never seen. His settled in such parts of Connecticut. men, women, and children, in addition to only paper of credentials was shore leave They are an extremely patient people. a great deal of baggage in the shape of from the skipper of his ship. But even I saw a farmer who was driving a yoke of boxes and barrels. One of this party was that was unnecessary. In his American oxen wait for half an hour at a railway an admiral and a naval architect, who had uniform he could have walked through crossing while a little switching engine been building ships for Austria for thirtyEurope and been sure of finding every- shunted cars up and down. He never five years. In fact, he claimed to be the where a welcome and the best hospitality lost his patience; his oxen chewed their first naval architect Austria ever had. the inhabitants could offer.

cuds and he chewed his. The adoration of The Czechoslovak courier had also been Involuntarily I stayed a day at Loitsch, all things American is as high among the an Austrian naval. architect, with the which the Italians call Longatico. An Slovenes as anywhere in Europe. The rank of captain. A few weeks before he Italian officer who courteously offered me new Jugoslav state, which is composed of had been taking orders from the admiral his bed for the four-hour wait before the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, has taken as the latter's subordinate and countrydeparture of my train himself fell asleep for its colors red, white, and blue. A pho- man. Now he was an official of one of when that time came, and so I missed the tograph of President Wilson was in every the triumphant Allied nations and the train. But Longatico was worth seeing. other shop window, and supposedly Amer- admiral was traveling in a freight car like The Italians claim the right to annex it, ican drinks and forms of nourishment a hobo, a mere refugee in the other's proalthough it is overwhelmingly Slovenic in are eagerly advertised even by the little tection. But the two were good friends. population. All the signs on all the stores hotels in such rustic towns as this one. I was stepping aboard this train when are in Slovene, which looks a good deal The Slovenes are good farmers, and a voice said, peremptorily, “ Where are like Russian spelled with the Roman al- they seem to be comparatively well off you from New York, Chicago, San phabet. Many common words are the for food. At Loitsch for breakfast I got Francisco, or Bridgeport ?” same in both languages, as narod (people) two boiled eggs, two cups of coffee, and The voice belonged to a rather disrepuand vhod (entrance). I fell in with a plenty of bread and white butter, for five table-looking Italian private. He had

our oll

lived in America, which accounted for all other countries; “ so rich, so generous, dowdy in their appearance, often charachis blunt method of accosting me. Four sounselfish, so brave, especially so honest!” teristic of Teutonic women. One of them, or five other privates came along who had That is it—" especially so honest.” It as soon as she saw I was awake, addressed also lived in America, and they exhibited is finding that feeling about America all me thus : the same delightful directness of conver- through Europe which makes an Ameri- “Excuse me sir, but I see you are an sational manner.

can tremble lest his country cannot live American. When is America going to " Where are you going ?” “What is up to the almost superhuman reputation send us food ? Our people are dying by your business ?"*° “ Been long away from that she has now among these people. the thousand. And are you going to let the States ?” and such questions they And it is finding this feeling, that we are these Jugoslavs steal land from us as they fired at me. In the khaki camouflage of so generous, so unselfish," that must please? We have always thought you a war correspondent, to their undiscrimi. make an American living abroad gnash his Americans were a just people, but it is nating eyes, I was an officer, but their teeth when he reads of the efforts a back- not justice to let these Jugoslavs and manner toward their own officers was ward-looking little group of Senators are Czechoslovaks trample on us now that we almost equally blunt and devoid of the making to have us live aloof, for ourselves are down." polite deference shown by the ordinary alone. But “especially so honest.” That “You had your turn trampling on run of Italian soldiers. America, how is the fact which President Wilson called them, didn't you?great is thy democracy! Once tasted, it in Boston, “the most wonderful fact in " That is not so. Of course is never forgotten.

history "—that “there is no nation in Imperial Government made some misThese men wanted to know what I Europe that suspects the motive of the takes, but we Austrian people had noththought about the League of Nations.

(And, thanks mainly to ing to do with that.” Every one about this station or on this President Wilson for that fact, say I, if * You didn't do much to stop it, or to train seemed to be talking about the I may be permitted this personal digres- stop your old Government from bullying League of Nations, and particularly about sion as an American who has lived all small nation it chose to bully." its bearing on boundary questions affect- over the world except in America during

any We didn't want to bully any one. ing the Austrians, Jugoslavs, and Italians. the past two years, and who is disgusted But if all Americans think like

you, The Jugoslavs and the Austrians all seem with the petty criticism of President Wil. afraid there will be another war. to be believers in the League, but a few of son at home at a time when he is ac- “Haven't you had enough war ?" the Italians were skeptics. They were hotly claimed throughout the rest of the world “Oh, I don't mean a war against attacked by a man who held quite a high as the greatest statesman of this age.) America. We have nothing against position in the administration of the The Jugoslav captain wound up his America. I mean

a war against these Italian railways. This man was born in laudation of my country with the remark horrible Jugoslavs. If you let them take Trieste of Slavic parents, but he refused that “ America has become very great our land, land in which our Austrian and to admit his Slav blood, calling himself because she won the war.'

German people are living, we will fight * a Triestina.” The Italians who were Every one out of the train with his them to the last man-yes, to the last not born in Trieste noticeably make a baggage for inspection,” shouted a train

woman." point of declaring that they are not official in German, sticking his head into O America, must you referee all the « Triestinas” if you ask them about their our compartment. The Jugoslav officer world's equabbles? The world seems to lineage.

went out with his musette. I did not expect that; and if your decisions be not The hills began rolling into bigger move. The official came back again and made with the wisdom of Solomon, this hills after we left Loitsch. When we shouted at me, “ Every one must get out great popularity you have to-day will fade reached the first town in Jugoslavia, we for the customs examination."

like the color in autumn leaves. found the station decorated with ever- I looked at him severely and said, at- The feeling between the Jugoslavs and greens and the red, white, and blue flags tempting a tone like a judge pronouncing the Austrians is very bitter on both sides. of the new nations. Promptly the Jugo sentence :

With their six million Serbs, five million slays with us decorated our train with the "I am an American."

Croats, and one and a half million Slosame color scheme. The country was get- Oh, all right,” answered the official venes, the Jugoslavs now outnumber the ting better and better, the mountains in a softer voice. “Stay right where you German Austrians. Of the latter there growing and the valleys widening. Later, are, sir. Your baggage is exempt from are only about ten million in all, and the however, the mountains fell back and we examination."

Austrians say that only about six and a rolled down a broad plain into Laibach, a He lingered to converse with me. “I half million of these will be within autonobig city populated mainly by Slovenes. have a brother who is living in Chicago,' mous Austria if the present boundaries Jugoslav officers filled the town, in uni- said he. “He says Chicago is greater as of Czechoslovakia and Jugoslavia are. forms like the Serbian. There is a dis- Berlin or Vienna. Your country is very allowed to stand. To the Austrians the tinct Oriental touch about Laibach -as rich. We hope you will send us bread. loss of their trade with the Jugoslavs is much of it as there is about some towns Your President is a wonderful man. He hard to bear. in western Russia. There was enough food is bigger as any European statesman. I " What will be the future of Vienna ?” in the town apparently, but nothing to worked in London once. I learned Eng. I wondered, as our train ran down the spare. As my journey progressed to the lish there. The English are fine people. plain toward the Danube, where the snow northeast food was becoming scarcer and Germany was crazy to risk a war with was going, and where the melting of agriscarcer. I got a dinner of calves' brains, England and America. My brother voted culture into industry showed that we spinach, rice, apple sauce, two slices of against Wilson at the last election. He were approaching a great city. bread, and a glass of beer for twenty- must have been a fool.”

Vienna has had its day. Any Austrian three crowns. According to the pre-war I fell asleep and dreamed a silly dream. will tell you that. A city of more than value of the crown, that would mean I dreamed I saw Uncle Sam sitting on a two million inhabitants it cannot hope to about four dollars and a half, but at the mountain of white bread shaped like Fuji- remain. As the capital of the German price at which I had purchased crowns it yama (not a comfortable seat). Around Austrians alone it would deserve no more meant little more than a dollar. Austrian the base of the mountain were people of all than about half a million residents. The money is in use in Jugoslavia, but it is the nationalities in Europe. Some were Austrians are trying to preserve as much not accepted unless it has been stamped begging Uncle Sam to throw down boul- of its former glory as they can by urging by the Jugoslav Government. On the ders of bread, others were surreptitiously that it be made the second capital in the other hand, money which has been so hacking at the foot of the mountain with new nation to be composed of all the stamped will not pass in Austria.

pickaxes and bread-knives. When I awoke, Teutons. But as the second capital of the I got aboard the train for Vienna about it was nine o'clock. The Jugoslav had Teutons on their eastern frontier it can midnight, sharing a compartment with a gone, and there were four women in the never hope for the splendor it knew as Jugoslav officer. He began at length to compartment. There was something harsh the center of the vast Austro-Hungarian tell me why he aclmired America above in their voices and features, something Empire. Vienna is doomed. Who will

« 上一頁繼續 »