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than even in South Carolina or Louisiana), that I confidently hoped for an immediate and palpable, rather than a remote and circuitous triumph of the Union, now and evermore blended inseparably with Emancipation-with the legal and National recognition of every man's right to himself. Thenceforward, with momentary intervals of anxiety, depression, and donbt, it has been to me a labor of love to devote every available hour to the history of the American Conflict.

This Volume is essentially Military, as the former was Civil: that is, it treats mainly of Armies, Marches, Battles, Sieges, and the alternations of good and ill fortune that, from January, 1862, to May, 1865, befell the contending forces respectively of the Union and the Confederacy. But he who reads with attention will discern that I have regarded even these under a moral rather than a purely material aspect. Others have doubtless surpassed me in the vividness, the graphic power, of their delineations of “the noise of the captains, and the shouting:' I have sought more especially to portray the silent influence of these collisions, with the efforts, burdens, sacrifices, bereavements, they involved, in gradually molding and refining Public Opinion to accept, and ultimately demand, the overthrow and extinction of Human Slavery, as the one vital, implacable enemy of our Nationality and our Peace. Hence, while at least three-fourths of this Volume narrates Military or Naval occurrences, I presume a larger space of it than of any rival is devoted to tracing, with all practicable brevity, the succession of Political events; the sequences of legislation in Congress with regard to Slavery and the War; the varying phases of Public Sentiment; the rise, growth, and decline, of hopes that the War would be ended through the accession of its adversaries to power in the Union. I labor under a grave mistake if this be not judged by our grandchildren (should any of them condescend to read it) the most important and interesting feature of my work.

I have differed from most annalists, in preferring to follow a campaign or distinct military movement to its close before interrupting its narration to give accounts of simultaneous movements or campaigns in distant regions, between other armies, led by other commanders. In my historical reading, I have often been perplexed and 'confused by the facility wherewith chroniclers leap from the Euphrates to the Danube, and from the Ebro to the Vistula. In full view of the necessary inter-dependence of events occurring on widely separated arenas, it has seemed to me preferable to follow one movement to its culmination before dealing with another; deeming the inconveniences and obscurities involved in this method less serious than those unavoidable (by me, at least) on any different plan. Others will judge between my method and that which has usually been

I have bestowed more attention on marches, and on the minor incidents of a campaign, than is common: historians usually devoting their time and force mainly to the portrayal of great, decisive (or at least destructive) battles. But battles are so often won or lost by sagaciously planned movements, skillful combinations, well-conducted marches, and wise dispositions, that I have extended to these a prominence which seemed to me more clearly justified than usually conceded. He was not an incapable general who observed that he chose to win battles with his soldiers' legs rather than their muskets.

As to dates, I could wish that commanders on all hands were more precise than they usually are; but, wherever dates were accessible, I have given them, even though invested with no special or obvious consequence. Printed mainly as foot-notes, they con-' sume little space, and do not interrupt the flow of the narrative. The reader who does EXPLANATORY.

not value need not heed them; while the critical student will often find them of decided use. Should any one demur to this, I urge him to examine thoughtfully the dates of the dispatches received and sent by McClellan between his retreat to Harrison's bar and Pope's defeat at Groveton; also, those given in my account of his movements from the hour of his arrival at Frederick to that of Lee's retreat from Sharpsburg across the Potomac.

I trust it will be observed by candid critics that, while I seek not to disguise the fact that I honor and esteem some of our commanders as I do not others, I have been blind neither to the errors of the former nor to the just claims of the latter--that my high estimation of Grant and Sherman (for instance) has not led me to conceal or soften the lack of reasonable precautions which so nearly involved their country in deplorable if not irremediable disaster at Pittsburg Landing. So with Banks's mishap at Sabine Cross-roads and Butler's failure at Fort Fisher. On the other hand, I trust iny lack of faith in such officers as Buell and Fitz John Porter has not led me to represent them as incapable or timorous soldiers. What I believe in regard to these and many more of their school is, that they were misplaced—that they halted between their love of country and their traditional devotion to Slavery—that they clung to the hope of a compromise which should preserve both Slavery and the Union, long after all reasonable ground of hope had vanished; fighting the Rebellion with gloved hands and relaxed sinews because they mistakenly held that so only was the result they sighed for (deeming it most beneficent) to be attained. If the facts do not justify my conviction, I trust they will be found so fairly presented in the following pages as to furnish the proper corrective for my errors.

Without having given much heed to rival issues, I presume this volume will be found to contain accounts (necessarily very brief) of many minor actions and skirmishes which have been passed unheeded by other historians, on the assumption that, as they did not perceptibly affect the great issue, they are unworthy of record. But the nature and extent of that influence is matter of opinion, while the qualities displayed in these collisions were frequently deserving of grateful remembrance. And, beside, an affair of outposts or foraging expeditions has often exerted a most signal influence over the spirits of two great antagonist armies, and thus over the issues of a battle, and even of a campaign. Compressed within the narrowest limits, I have chosen to glance at nearly every conflict of armed forces, and to give time to these which others have devoted to more elaborate and florid descriptions of great battles. It has been my aim to compress within the allotted space the greatest number of notable facts and circumstances; others must judge how fully this end has been achieved.

Doubtless, many errors of fact, and some of judgment, are embodied in the following pages : for, as yet, even the official reports, &c., which every historian of this war must desire to study, are but partially accessible. I have missed especially the Confederate reports of the later campaigns; only a few of which have been made public, though many more, it is probable, will in time be. Some of these may have been destroyed at the hasty evacuation of Richmond; but many must have been preserved, in manuscript if not in print, and will yet see the light. So far as they were attainable, I have used the reports of Confederate officers as freely as those of their antagonists, and have accorded them nearly if not quite equal credit. I judge that the habit of understating or concealing their losses was more prevalent with Confederate than with Union coinmanders; in over-estimating the numbers they resisted, I have not been able to perceive any difference. It is simple truth to say that such over-estimates seem to have been
quite common on both sides.

I shall be personally obliged to any one, no matter on what side he served, who will
furnish me with trustworthy data for the correction of any misstatement embodied in
this work. If such correction shall dictate a revision of any harsh judgment on friend
or foe, it will be received and conformed to with profound gratitude. My convictions
touching the origin, incitements, and character, of the War from which we have so
happily emerged, are very positive, being the fruits of many years' almost exclusive
devotion to National affairs; but my judgments as to occurrences and persons are held
subject to modification upon further and clearer presentments of facts. It is my pur-
pose to revise and correct the following pages from day to day as new light shall be
afforded; and I ask those who may feel aggrieved by any statement I shall herein have
given to the public, to favor me with the proofs of its inaccuracy. Unwilling to be
drawn into controversy, I am most anxious to render exact justice to each and all.

The subject of Reconstruction (or Restoration) is not within the purview of this work,
and I have taken pains to avoid it so far as possible. The time is not yet for treating it
exhaustively, or even historically; its importance, as well as its immaturity, demand for
its treatment thoughtful hesitation as well as fullness of knowledge. Should I be living
when the work is at length complete, I may submit a survey of its nature, progress, and
results: meantime, I will only avow my undoubting faith that the same Divine Benignity
which has guided our country through perils more palpable if not more formidable, will
pilot her safely, even though slowly, through those which now yawn before her, and
bring her at last into the haven of perfect Peace, genuine Fraternity, and everlasting
Union—a Peace grounded on reciprocal esteem ; a Fraternity based on sincere, fervent
love of our common country; and a Union cemented by hearty and general recognition
of the truth, that the only abiding security for the cherished rights of any is to be found
in a full and hearty recognition of Human Brotherhood as well as State sisterhood-in
the establishment and assured maintenance of All Rights for All.

H. G.
New York, July 21, 1866.




Swamp Bridge Rebels attack, and are repelled
I Texas and New Mexico in 1862...... 17

with long at Malvern Hill-McClellan retreats to
Twiggs's Treason-Texas State Convention passes

Harrison's Bar - Hooker returns to Malvern -
Ordinance of Secession-Surrender of the Regulars

McClellan withdraws to Fortress Monroe, and em-
---Their Loyalty and Sufferings-New Mexico re-

barks his Ariny for Alexandria.
peals Act legalizing Slavery-Canby in command-

VIII. Gen. Pope's Virginia Campaign......172
Prepares to hold New Mexico-Sibley Brigade--
Fort Craig-Sibley declines to attack-Battle of

Pope appointed to command the forces of Fremont,
Valverde-Heroism and Death of McRae--Fight

Banke, and McDowell-Advances to the Rapidan-
at Apache Pa88-Rebels occupy Santa Fé-They

Banks worsted by Jackson at Cedar Mountain-
abandun New Mexico.

Pope retreats across the Rappahannock-Jackson

flanks his right-Strikes the Railroad in his rear
II. Missouri and Arkansas in 1862...... 26

at Bristow Seizes Manassas Junction-Compelled
Price returns to Missouri --Guerrilla Operations-

to retreat -- Longstreet hurrying to his rescue
Rains and Stein routed-Capture of Milford-Price

Jackson worsts King-Two Days Battle of Guines-
retreats to Arkansas--Sigel's Retreat from Benton-

ville and Groveton, or Second Bull Run - Pope
ville-Battle of Pea Ridge-Rebels defeated-The

driven back on Centerville - Jackson fank, his
War among the Indians-Fight at the Cache-

right, and attacks Kearny at Chantilly-Pope re-
Guerrilla operations-Fight at Newtonia--Hind-

treats to the defenses of Washington, and gives
man driven into Arkansas - Cooper routed at

place to McClellan–His Losses-McClellan's fail-
Maysville--Battle of Prairie Grove

ure to support Pope - His Correspondence with

Lincoln, Halleck & Co.
III. Kentucky, Tennessee, and Alabama in

IX. Lee's Invasion of Maryland in 1862..193
1862–Forts Henry and Donelson

McClellan crosses the Potomac, and advances to
-Pittsburg Landing............. 41

Frederick-Address to Maryland-McClellan fol.

lows to Frederick--Lee's plans discovered-He is
Battle of Mill Spring--Capture of Fort Henry

intent on the capture of Harper's Ferry-McClellan
Naval Bombardment of Fort Donelson-Gen. Pil-

fights and beats his rear-guard at Turner's Gap-
low's Sortio-Countercharge of Lew Wallace and

Franklin drives Howell Cobb out of Crampton's
C.F. Smith-Escape of Floyd and Pillow-Surren-

Gap-Miles surrenders Harper's Ferry, with 12,000
der by Buckner-Retreat of Sidney Johnston from

men, to Stonewall Jackson - McClellan follows
the Cumberland across the Tennessee-Nasbville

Lte to the Antietum-Battle of Antietam or Sharpe.
recovered Columbus, Kyi-New Madrid-Island

burg-Losses-Lee retreats across the Potomac
No. 10- Fort Pillow--Memphis - First Siege of

Porter follows — McClellan hesitates to pursue-
Vicksburg-Grant moves up the Tennessee to Pitts-

J. E. B. Stuart raids around his Army-McClellan
burg Landing--Sidney Johnston advances from

Inoves down to the Rappahannock-s relieved by
Corinth, Miss.-Assails Grant's front near Shiloh

Church--Sherman and McClernand driven-Grant
borne back--Buell and Lew Wallace arrive-The

X. Tennessee—Kentucky-Mississippi-
Rebels driven-Losses-Halleck takes Corinth-

Bragg's Invasion-Corinth.......212
Mitchel repossesses Huntsville and most of North

Bragg crosses the Tennessee and Cumberland -
IV. Burnside's Expedition to N. Carolina. 73

Kirby Smith routs M. D. Manson and Nelson at

Richmond, Ky. - Bragg captures 4,000 men at
Roanoke Island carried-Elizabeth cily submits--

Munfordsville Advances to Frankfort, and inau-
Defenses of Newbern stormed ---Newborn surren-

gurates Richard Hawes as Governor of Kentucky
dered --Fort Macon reduced-Fight at South Mills

Buell follows him from the Tennessee to Bardstown
- Foster advances tu Kinston - Fails to carry

and Springfield-Battle of Perryville-- Bragg re-

treats out of Kentucky by Cumberland Gap-Rose-

crans fights Price at luka--Price retreats to Ripley,
V. Butler's Expedition to the Gulf-Cap-

Miss—Van Dorn assails Rosecrans at Corinth-Is
ture of New Orleans..........

beaten off with great slaughter-Van Dorn pursued
......... 81

to Ripley-Losses
Gen. B. F. Butler concentrates 15,000 men on Ship

XI. Slavery in the War-Emancipation ... 232
Island--Capt. Farragut at the miouths of the Mis-
sissippi - Assails and passes Forts Jackson and St.

Patrick Henry on Federal Power over Slavery-
Philip--Destroys the Rebel Flotilla-Pushes on to

Edinund Randolph--John Quincy Adams-Joshua
New Orleans--The Forts surrender to Capt. Porter

R. Giddings - Mr. Lincoln-Gov. Seward Gen.
-Gasconade of Mayor Monrue--New Orleans suc-

Butler-Gen. Fremont-Gen. T. W. Sherman-Gon.
cumbs - Butler convinces the Rebels that he is

Wool-Gen. Dix-Gen. Halleck--Gen. Cameron
wanted there-General Order No. 28-Execution

His Report revised by President Lincoln-Seward
of Mumford-Farragut and Gen, Williams ascend

to McClellan--Gen, Buruside-Gen. Buell-Gen.
the River to Vicksburg-Baffled there--Breckin-

Hooker-Gen. Sickles-Gen. McCook-Gen. Double-
ridge attacks Baton Rouge ---Williarns killed

dara-Gen. Williains-Col. Anthony-Gen. Hunter
Rebels repulsed-Ram Arkansas destroyed-Weite

- Overruled by the President-Gen. McClellan on
zel reduces tho Lafourche country-Flanders and

the N-gro-Horace Greeley to Lincoln-The Re-
Hahn chosen to Congress-Butler superseded by

sponse-Do. to the Chicago Clergymen-Lincoln's
Banks-Butler's parting Address--Jett. Davis dis-

First Proclamation of Freedoin-The Elections of
satisfied with his policy.

1862--Second Proclamation of Freedom-Edward
VI. Virginia in '62-McClellan's Advance.107 |

Everett on its Validity.
Obstinate Delays—The Routes to Richmond-Bat-

| XII. Slavery and Emancipation in Congress. 256
tle of Kernstown--Raid of the Iron-clad Merrimac

E. R. Potter on Emancipation by War-Lincola
or Virginia in Hampton Roads---McClellan on the

for colonizing the Blacks-Congress forbids Mili-
Peninsula--Siege of Yorktown-Battle of Williams-

tary Oficers returning Fugitives from Slavery-
burg-Fight at West Point- Advance to the Chicka.

Abolishes Slavery in the District of Columbia-
hominy -- Recovery of Norfolk-Strength of our

Lincoln proposes, and Congress enacts, Compen-
Arinies - McClellan's Complaints - Fight at Mc-

sated Emancipation-Prohibits Slavery in the Ter-
Dowell - Jackson surprises Front Royal - Banks

ritories--Confiscates the Slaves of Rebels-Opens
driven through Winchester to the Potomac-Jack.

Diplomatic Intercourse with Liberia and Hayti
son retreats--Fremont strikes Ewell at Cross-Keys

Requires Equality in Education and Punishment
--Jacksun crosses the South Fork at Port Repub-

between Whites and Blacks--Right of Search on
lic, and beats Tyler - Heth routed by Crook at

the African Coast conceded-Fugitive Slave Act

repealed--Confinement of suspected Slaves in Fed-
VII. McClellan before Richmond.........140

eral Jail. forbidden-Coastwise Slave-Trade for-

bidden-Color no Impediment to giving Testimony.
Fitz John Porter worsts Branch at Mechanicsville

1 XIII. Rosecrans's Winter Campaign, 1862-3.270
--McClellan partially across the Chickabominy-
Battle of Fair Oaks or Seven Pines — McClellan

The Army of the Ohio at Bowling Green-Réorgan-
rëen forced, but still grumbles and hesitates-Stone.

ized by Rosecrans-Morgan's Raids-Surprise of
wall Jackson joins Lee A. P. Hill attacks our

Moore at Hartsville Our Advance from Nash.
right at Mechanicsville-Battle of Gaines's Mill-

ville-Battle of Stone River, near Murfreesboro'-
Fitz John Porter worsted--McClellan retreuts ta

Bragg retreats---Cavalry Raids on our rear.-Innes's
the James -- Fight at Glendale, or White Oak

Defense of Lavergne-Losses Forrest routed by


Sullivan at Parker's Cross-Roads-Morgan cap-
tures Elizabethtown-Gen. H. Carter's Raid into
East Tennessee-Wheeler raids down the Tennes-
see to Fort Donelson-Beaten off by Col. Harding -
-Van Dorn captures 1,500 Unionists at Spring Hill
--Col. A. S. Hall defeats Morgan at Vaught's Hill
-Gordon Granger repulses Van Dorn at Franklin
--Col. A. D. Streight raids into Northern Georgia

-Is overpowered and captured near Rome.
XIV. Siege and Capture of Vicksburg ... .286

trated-Sickles driven back with losg-Rebel Ad-
vance checked_Night falls--Rebel Grand Charge
led by Pickett-Terribly repulsed--Lee retreats-
Heavy losses-Feeble pursuit by Sedgwick--Les
halts at Williamsport-Meade hesitates-Lee gets
across the Potomac-Kilpatrick routs the Rebel
rear-guard---Meade crosses at Berlin, and moves
down to the Rappabannock-Fight at Manassas
Gap-Dix's Advance on Richmond-Pleasanton
crosses the Rapidan-Lee flanks Meade, who re-
treats to Centerville-Warren worsts A. P. Hill
---Lee retires across the Rappahanpock-Imboden
surprises Charlestown-Gen. D. A. Russell storms
Rappahannock Station, capturing 1,600 prisoners
- Meade crosses the Rapidan - Affair of Mine
Run-Toland's raid to Wytheville--Averill's to

Lewisburg--Fight at Droop Mountain.
XVIII. The Chattanooga Campaign........404

Morgan's Raid through Kentucky into Indiana
and Ohio—He is surrounded, routed, and captured
-His Imprisonment and Escape-Rosecrans ad.
vances from Murfreesboro' by Shelbyville and
Tullahoma, to the Tennessee at Bridgeport-
Bragg flanked out of Chattanooga - Rosecrans
eagerly pursues—Bragg concentrates at Lafayette,
and turns upon his pursuerg-Rosecrans concen-
trates on the ChickamangaDesperate battle there
-Rosecrans, worsted, retreats to Chattanooga-
Losses--Rosecrans superseded - Pegram's raid in-
to Kentucky-Saunders's into East Tennessee
Burnside crosses the Cumberland Mountains-
Knoxville liberate - Burnside rētakes Cumber-
land Gap, with 2,000 prisoners-Longstreet impel.
led by Bragg against him—Wolford struck at Phil.
adelphia, Tenn.-Fight at Campbell's Station
Burnside withdraws into Knoxville-Longstreet
besieges and assaults -- Is repulsed with loss
Raises the Siege and retreats-Grant relieves Rose..
crans-Hooker and Slocuin hurried to the Tennes-
see-Wheeler's and Roddy's raids-Grant reaches
Chattanooga - Hooker crosses the Tennessee -
Fight at Wauhatchie ---Sherman arrives from
Vicksburg -Grant impels attacks on Bragg by
Granger, Hooker, and Sherman-Hooker carries
Lookout Mountain-Bragg, on Mission Ridge, at-
tacked from all sides and routed–His Bulletin-
Hooker pursues to Ringgold-Cleburne checks him
in a gap in White Oak Ridge-Sherman and Gran-
ger dispatched to Knoxville-Losses at Mission

XIX. The War in Missouri and Arkansas,

in 1863.
Marmaduke attacks Springfield, Mo.--Is repulsed
- Again at Hartsville-Waring routs bim at Bates-
ville, Ark.---The Sam Gaty captured-Fayetteville
attacked by Cabell -- Marmaduke assails Cape
Girardeau – McNeil repels hins - Coffey assails
Fort Blunt Standwatie repulsed at Cabin Creek
-Coffey repulsed by Catherwood, at Pineville,
Mo. - Quantrell's Arson and Butchery at Law-
rence, Kansag—Gen. Steele moves on Little Rock
-Fight at Bayou Metea-Davidson defeats Mar-
maduke at Bayou Fourche-Price abandons Little
Rock to Steele--Blunt's Escort destroyed by Quan-
trell-Col. Clayton defeats Marmaduke at Pine
Bluff-Gen, E. B. Brown defeats Cabell and Coffey
at Arrow Rock-McNeil chases them to Clarks-
ville-Standwatie and Quantrell repulsed by Col.
Phillips at Fort Gibson-Sioux Butcheries in Min-
nesota-Gen. Sibley routs Little Crow at Wood
Lake-500 Indians captured and tried for murder
-Gen. Pope in command-Sibley and Sully pur-
sue and drive the Savages-Gen. Conner in Utah
-- Defeats Shoshopees on Bear River - Enemies

XX. The Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida

Position and importance of Vicksburg - Grant
moves against it from Lagrange-Advances to Ox-
ford, Miss.--Van Dorn captures Holly Springs-
Murphy's Cowardice-Grant compelled to fall
back-Hovey and Washburn on the Coldwater--
Gen. Wm. T. Sherman embarks 30,000 men at
Meinpbis-Debarks on the Yazoo, north of Mem-
pbis-Com. Porter's Gunboats-Sherman storms
the Yazoo Bluffs—Repulsed at all points with
heavy loss--Attempts to flank by Drumgould's
Bluff-Is baffled-Superseded by Gen.McClernand

Who invests and captures the Post of Arkansas
Gen, Grant assumes command-Debarks--Digging
the Canal-Proves an Abortion-Yazoo Pass Ex-
pedition-Stopped at Greenwood-Compelled to
return-Grant tries the Sunflower route-Baffled
again-The Queen of the West raids up Red River
- Disabled and abandoned-The Indianola cap-
tured by the Webb and Queen of the West-The
Indianola blown up in a panic-The Webb flees up
Red River-Grant moves down the Mississippi-
Com. Porter runs the Vicksburg Batteries-Grier-
son's Raid to Baton Rouge-Porter attacks the Bat-
teries at Grand Gulf-Grant crosses at Bruinsburg
-Sherman feints on Haines's Bluff-Crosses the
Mississippi at Hankinson's Ferry-Fight at Port
Gibson-Fight at Raymond Fight at and capture
of Jackson - Battle of Champion Hills-Fight at
the Big Black-Haines's Bluff abandoned-Vicks.
burg invested --General Assault repulsed—The
Siege vigorously pressed--Pemberton calls a par-
ley-Surrenders-Grant drives Jo. Johnston froin
Jackson-Fight at Milliken's Bend-Holmes as-

sails Heleva, and is routed.
XV. Texas and Louisiana in 1863—Cap-

ture of Port Hudson...........322
Galveston - Rëtaken by Com. Renshaw -Sur-
prised by Magruder, and carried-Our Fleet dis-
abled and beaten-Disaster at Sabine Pass-The
Alabama captures the Hatteras-Gen, Banks in
command at New Orleans-Clearing the Atchafa-
laya-Fight at Carney's Bridge-Farragut passes
the Batteries at Port Hudson-Banks returns to
Berwick's Bay— Advances to Opelousas and Alex-
andria, La.-Moves thence to Bayou Sara, and
crosses the Mississippi-Invests Port Hudson-
Combined Attack on its Defenses-Repulsed with
a loss of 2,000 Banks presses the Siege-Second
Attack-The Rebel supplies exhausted-Gardner
surrenders-Dick Taylor surprises Brashear City
-Fighting at Donaldsonville-Franklin attacks
Sabine Pass, and is beaten off-Dann surprised at
Morganzia---Burbridge surprised near Opelousas
-Gen. Banks embarks for the Rio Grande-De-
barks at Brazos Santiago, and takes Brownsville

Capture of Aransas Pass and Pass Cavallo--Fort
Esperanza abandoned-Indianola in our hands-

Banks returns to New Orleans
XVI. Army of the Potomac under Burn-

side and Hooker--Fredericksburg
-Chancellorsville .............342
Gen. Burnside in command in Virginia-Crosses
the Rappabannock--Attacks Lee's Army, strongly
posted on the Southern Heights -Is repulsed with
heavy loss--Rëcrosses the River-A fresh Ad-
vance arrested by the President-The Mud March

Rebel Raids in Virginia-Burnside gives place
to Hooker - Stoneman's Raid on Lee's rear-
Hooker crosses the Rappahannock, and advances
to Chancellorsville-His right wing turned and
shattered by Jackson — Pleasanton checks the
Enemy-Jackson mortally wounded-Desperate
fighting around Chancellorsville-Hooker stunned

Our Army recoils-Sedgwick storms Marye's
Heights Strikes Lee's Rear-18 driven across the
River-Hooker rëcrosses also-Stoneman's Raid a
Failure-Longstreet assails Peck at Suffolk-Is

beaten off with loss.
XVII. Lee's Army on Free Soil—Gettys-
burg ........

Lee silently flanks Hooker's right, and moves
northward-Cavalry Figbt near Fairfax-Milror,
at Winchester, surprised and driven over the
Potomac, with heavy loss-Cavalry encounters
along the Blue Ridge--Jenkins raids to Cham-
bersburg-Lee crosses the Potomac--Hooker and
Halleck at odds ---- Hooker relieved - Meade in
command - Ewell at York - Collision of van.
guards at Gettysburg-Reynolds killed-Union-
ists outnumbered and driven-Howard halts on
Cemetery Hill-Sickles comes up-Hancock takes
cominand-Meade arrives-Both Armies coucen-

in 1862-3-Siege of Charleston. .455
Siege and Capture of Fort Pulaski by Gillmore
Sinking of Stone Fleet in Charleston Harbor -
Com, Dupont sweeps down the Coast to St. Au-
gustine-Union Movement at Jacksonville-Pen-
Sacola and Jacksonville abandoned-Edisto Island
relinquished-Gen. Hunter attacks Secessionville,
and is repulsed-Gen. Brannan threatens the Sa-
vannah Railroad-Fight at Coosaw hatchie-De-
struction of the Nasliville- Dupont repulsed at
Fort McAllister--The Isaac Smith lost near Le-
garéville-Iron-clad Raid from Charleston-The
Mercedita and Keystone State disabled -- Beau-
regard and Ingraham proclaim tbe Blockade of
Charleston raised-Dupont with his Iron-clads at-
tacks Fort Sumter, and is repulsed-Col. Montgom-
ery's Raid up the Combahee-The Atlanta comes
out from Savannah - Capt. Rogers, in the Wee-
hawken, disables and captures hero-Gen. Gillmore
seizes half of Morris Island—Gen. Strong assaults
Fort Wagner, and is bloodily repulsed-Gillmore
opens Trenches - The 'Swamp Angel' talks to
Charleston-The Rebels driven out of Fort Wagner
-Com. Stephens assaults Fort Sumter-Charles-
ton bombarded from Wagner-Foundering of the
Weehawken-D, H. Hill repelled at Newbern-
Attacks Washington, N. C. - Is driven off by
Foster--Fight at Gun Swamp.





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