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TABLE II.-SUMMARY OF TOWNS, CITIES, BOROUGHS, SOCIETIES AND DISTRICTS
WITH THE DISTRIBUTION OF CHILDREN.
STATEMENT OF AMOUNT OF REVENUE OF SCHOOL FUND,
THE AMOUNT OF SURPLUS REMAINING AT THE CLOSE OF THE FISCAL YEAR-THE NUMBER OF CHILDREN RETURNED, THE RATE OF DIVIDEND
Balance on hand, No. of children Rate of Amount of divi- Increase of
For year ending March 31, 1825,
do. do. 1826,
do. 1839, do. do. 1840,
176 840|| 991 197|a2031 al,081|| a1,339 : a Including thirty pupils in the Yalc School of the Fine Arts, whose residence is not given. THE FREE KINDERGARTEN IN CHURCH WORK.
BY REV. R. HEBER NEWTON, D. D.,
CHURCH WORK-EDUCATION. Church work is slowly coming to be read, I think, in the light of those great words of the Church's Head, which illumine his personal mission. “ And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day and stood up for to read. And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esaias. And when he had opened the book he found the place where it was written— The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because He hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; He hath sent me to heal the broken hearted, to preach deliverance to the captives and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, to preach the acceptable year of the Lord.” “Now when John had heard in the prison the works of Christ, he sent two of his disciples and said unto him-Art thou he that should come, or do we look for another? Jesus answered and said unto them, Go and shew John again those things which ye do hear and see: the blind receive their sight, and the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up and the poor have the gospel preached unto them.”
The Master's mission was to beal the sickness and sorrow and suffering and sin of earth, in the power of that Holy Spirit which was to continue his work, slowly developing “ the regeneration ” of all things, in a new heavens and a new earth. His credentials were the signs of his power to effect this herculean labor. The Church's work must then be the carrying on of his task of social regeneration; a labor of practical philanthropy led up into the heights of spiritual re-formation ; and the “notes” of a true church will lie in its possession of the Master's power to further the slow evolution of the better order. If only to make earth the nursery for the heavens it must be put into order, the frightful ills of civilization be healed, the dreadful disorders of society be righted, and man be breathed out into the son of God. The magnificent aspiration of St. Paul is the ideal unto which all church work yearns—“Till we all come, (beggarly, diseased, vicious, malformed runts of humanity) in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the son of God, unto a perfect man (manhood); to the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ.”
Such a church work must plainly be a task of education. And unto this form of philanthropy every labor of love for suffering humanity is coming round. The experience of all who grapple with the legion forms of social ill results in one conclusion. Prevention is better than cure; and prevention is-education. Sanitarians, prison reformers, temperance advocates, charity administrators, pastors, all alike are joining in one cry-educate. We grow hopeless of making over again the wrongly made up, misshapen monstrosities charitably called men and women, and feel that the one hopeful work is in seeing that the unspoiled raw material, ever coming on, is better made up in the start. Given a true education and we may hope for a true manhood and womanhood, a true society growing steadily towards St. Paul's far off ideal. The Church's work would then seem to be that which the Master outlined in his parting word—“Go ye, disciple all nations ;” teach men in the life of the perfect man, train them towards the ideal manhood;—a charge of education.
1. Defects of the People's Schools. Education of one sort and another we have no lack of, but thoughtful people are coming to see, that which the wisest educators have known for no little time, that it is mostly very crude and raw. Along with the conviction that education is the solvent of the social problems, there is spreading fast and far the conviction that we have not yet educated the true education; that our present systems are viciously unsound and so are building up the old diseased body social instead of the new and healthy organism of the Coming Man. With all that is good in our People's Schools they seem lacking in certain vital elements. They fail to provide for a true physical culture, which, since health is the capital of life, is the prime endowment for every human being. They fail also to provide for any industrial training. Nearly all men and a large minority of women must earn their daily bread, and the majority of women must care for the bread their husbands earn. The great mass of men and women must be chiefly busied with manual work in the field, the factory or the house. To prepare this mass of men and women to do this necessary work successfully and happily, finding their bread in it honorably, and that bread of thought and sentiment on which the finer part of their beings live in the interest it calis forth-this would seem to be an essential part of a rational education for the common necessities of the common people; all the more imperative since the old time apprenticeships have disappeared. In the absence of this practical training all ranks of labor are crowded with incompetent “hands,” and domestic economy is caricatured in most homes; a restless discontent with manual employments is pushing a superficially educated mass of men and women into the over full vocations supposed to be genteel, and storing up slumberons forces of anarchy among the workingmen; thus sapping health and wealth in the homes of the poor who must need both.
Then, to pass by other grave defects best behooving professional educators to speak of, there is a still more serious lack in our Common School system which the churches are naturally quick to feel. The