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" the Cup is to be given to all, and to be drank by all. What a Contempt then do they shew, which alter this, Ordinance of God. Certainly our blessed Saviour pronounced, and the holy Spirit recorded this Note of Universality in delivering the Cup, “ Drink ye all of this," and did not fo in giving the Bread, to prevent that abuse which the Romil Church hath of late brought in, by taking it away.

We have the Teftimonies of (a) St. Matthew, (b) St. Mark, and (c) St. Luke, for this Ordinance: And St. Paul exprefly declares, that (d) “ The Lord Jesus the same

Night in which he was betray'd, &c. Atter the same “ Manner also he took the Cup, when he had suppd,

laying, This Cup is the New Testament in my Blood, “ this do, as often as ye shall drink is, in Remembrance “ of me.” So that, if we may believe this Apostle, our Saviour enjoin'd us, to receive the Cup as well as the Bread, in Remembrance of him : And, speaking of the Action, without taking any notice of the Circumftances of it, fays, (e) “ The Cup of Blefling which we blets, « is it not the Communion of the B:ood of Ciriit, vc? (f) “ For as often as you eat, enc. and drink this Cup,

ye do shew the Lord's Death until he come; wherefore “ whosuever shall drink this Cup, unworthily, c. Let “ a Man examine himself, donc. and drink of this Cup; “ for he that eateth and drinketh, ec." From whence it plainly follows, tharall those Persons, for the Remislion of whose Sins our Saviour's Blood was fhed, ought to drink of the Cup; that they may be Partakers of the Benefit of his Sufferings.

Among many of the late Popish Writers on this Sub. ject, Ruds Tapper, Dean of Lovaine, is very particular, (g) “ Consideration had unto the Sacrament, says

(a) Matt. 26. (b) Mark 14. (c) luke 22. (d) 1 Cor. 1'1. 23, QC. (e) 1 Cor. 10. 16. (f) 1 Cor. v. 26, &c. (g) Caff ander de utraq; Specse, p. 29.

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he, and to the Perfection of the fame, it were more " Convenient that the Communiqp were adminiftred un“ der bath Kinds, than under one alone: For this were

agreeable to the Institution and Fulnefs thereof, and to the outward Perfection of the Body, yea, and to the

Examples of Christ, and also the Fathers of the price “ mitive Church."

But the Romish Church Representative assembled in Council at Conftance, (a) thought it convenient to take away the Euchariftical Cup, and to establife it as an Article of Faith, in a Canon, the chief Articles wbercof are thele: «

Seeing that in divers Parts of the World there are some who rashly prefume to say, that Christian

People ought to partake of the Sacrament of the Eu“ charift under both Species of Bread and Wine, and do “ give the Communion to Lay-people, not only " under the Species of the Bread, but also under the

Species of the Winc, this present 'holy general “ Council of Constance, lawfully assembled in the Name “ of the Holy Ghost, being desirous to provide for the

Safety of the Faithful, against this Error; doth there« fore declare, decree, and determine, that altho? Jefus * Chrift did administer this venerable Sacrament to his " Disciples under both Species of Bread and Wine; and “ altho' in the primitive Church the Faithful did receive " this Sacrament under both Species; yet, notwithstand

ing that, tor avoiding certain Dangers and Scandals, “ this Custom which was introduc'd with Reason, ought " to be kept, (viz.) the Priests that fay Mals, fhall coin“ municate uoder both Species of Bread and Wine; but * Lay-perfons fhall communicate under the Species of “ Bread only; and they that say the contrary, ought to be “ expelled as Hereticks, and grievoufly punifhed by the

Bishop, or their Officials.

This Canon was confirm'd by the succeeding Romith Councils, and particularly by the Conventicle of Trent, held under Pins the 4th. on the 16th. of July, 1962. in which, their Resolutions being somewhat more than ore

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(a) Anno 1415.se. 13.

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dinarily remarkable; we shall here give you them in their own Words, impartially tranflated,

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Sell. 21. Canones 1, 2, & 3.

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(a) “ If any one (ball maintain, that by the Command “ of God, all and every the faithful Disciples of Christ, “ ought to receive both Species of the holy Sacrament of “ the Eucharift, or that it is neceflary to Salvation fo to« do, let him be accursed.

(6) “ If any one shall say, that the holy Catholick " Church was not induced by good Reafons, to ordain' " that Lay-men, and also Clerks oot Conficient (that is, “ not actually faying Mals at the same time) mou'd com“ municate but under one Species, or that the faid Church " harh err'd therein, let him be accursed.

(c) “ If any one Tall deny, that whole and entire “ Christ, the Fountain and Author of all Graces, is not 6 received under the one Species of Bread; because as “ fonie felly affert it is not received according to Christ's - Institution, let him be accursed.".

Now, let any rational'unbiass'd Christian judge, whes ther it be not the height of impious and Antichriftian Infolecce, when they own Chrift to have instituted the Sacrament to be administred in both Kinds to all the Faithful, and that actually he did distribute to all his Disciples; at the same time, in despite of Christ's Ordinance and Example to pronounce all those to be accurfed Hereticks, who piously obey, and imitate him.

In every Feast, the Cup is to be given to the Guests; that they may drink as well as eat; and sure there can be no greater Feast, than the Lord's Supper, yet these Felons of the holy Cup, have robb’d the People of that Heaven

(a) Can. 1. (b) Can. 2. (c) Can. 3,

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ly Liquor contained in it; wbich, as we fay, is facramentally (but as they relieve, substantially) the Blood of our Saviour; the invaluable Price of Mens Redemption, which is the Drink at this heavenly Entertainment; and it is doubtful, whether they more impioudy or ridiculously, in all their Maffes repeat these Words, “ Drink ye all of “ this;" which in their Sense and Practice must signify, Drink ye none of this, but I only, the Priest.

But it is a most consummate Piece of Afsurance, of the Romih Church to boast to much Antiquity, and of the Conformiry of their Creed to that of the primitive Church; when they renounce both the one and the other, in this great and important Point of Doctrine.

Since then they have rendred it thus capital to deny, that their Church had good Reasons thus to change our Saviour's Institution, we would gladly know from whence the Church of Rome had this Institution of their bait Communion? who ordained it! what Apoftle, what antient Doctor, what holy Father ever used it? 'Tis ma. nifest that none of these ever had it in their Thoughts, it was not their Faith. But Pope Leo informs us, (a) That the old Hereticks, called the Manichees, were the firit known Devisers, and Authors of this Heretical Sacrilege, or Sacrilegious Heresy.

We now see the Institution and Antiquity of this their Doctrine ; tbar it sprung first of Heresy, and was found. ed by Herecicks. And now we leave you to determine, whether we ought to follow these false Teachers, or Jesus Christ and his Apostles.

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CH A P. VII.

Against the Errors of the present

Church of Rome, in Relation to the Sacraments, wherein her darLing Doctrine of Transubstantiarion is particularly considered and refuted.

A

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Sacrament, according to the Nature thereof, is a

Covenant of God's Favour to Man, confirm'd by some outward Siga or Seal, insticuted by himself; which" also hath been sometimes special either to some Men, and that extraordinarily by Things natural, as the (a) “ Tree “ of Life was to Adam," and the (b) “ Rain-bow to" “ Noah:And sometimes by Things supernatural, as

Smoaking Furnace was to Abraham, (d) “ The Fleece of Wool to Gideon," and, (e) “ The “ Dial to Hezekiah;Or, to some Nations, as the Sacrifices, (f).“ Circumcision, and the Paschal Lamb, was to the Jews,

the (c)

(a) Gen. 3. 3. (b) Gen. 9. 9, 13.

(c) Gen. 15. () Fudg. 6. 37. (e) 2 Kings 20. 7; 11. (f.) Ifai. 38. 8.

Anal

17, 18.

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