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Heart or take place in God's Religion; because it is our
Faith that applies the Death and Cross of Christ to our - Benefit, and not the Act of the masling Priests: Neither
is the Favour of God to be purchased by Mony, as the Word of God amply testifies.
St. Paul pronounces, that (a) “ He that eateth and s drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh Damnation (not uoto others, but) unto him felt.” And God bath set it down in his Law exprelly, that, (b) “ As the " Sin of the Sinner, so the Righteousness of the Righ“ teous shall be upon him felf.
St. Peter fays, (c)." Forasmuch as ye know that ye
were not redeemed with corruptible Things, as Silver “ and Gold, from your vain Conversation received by « Tradition from your Fathers; but with the precious a Plood of Christ, as of a Lamb without Blemish and.. 4. without Spot, God gave him Glory, that your Faith " and Hope might be in God”
It is not therefore the Faith or the Doings of the Priest, but our own Doings, and our own Faich, that applieth unto us the Virtue and Merit of Christ's Death ; for without Faith, the Sacraments of Chrift do not profit those that are alive, much lefs do they profit those that are dead.
Pa) 1 Cor. If. 29. (b). Ezek. 18. 20. () 1 PetLie 1.8, 19, 21.
© H A P:
Against the Adoration or Worship
ing of the Hoft.
ΤΗ 'HE Church of Rome has decreed, (a) “ That the
“ Elements of the Lord's Supper are to be ador'd “ with Latria; ” which is the bighest Worship of the supreme God. This is a Thing of great Confequence, and of very great Danger; becaule it is an Honour belonging only to God, and yet made an Article of Faith, wichout any Warrant of God's Word; for Christ, that beft knows what ought to be done herein, when he ordained and delivered the Sacrament of his Body and Blood, gave no Command that any Man shou'd fall down to it or Worshipit. (b) St. Paul, who has deliver'd the Doctrine of the Sacraments very copiously and distinctly, never directed Adoration, or Godly Honour to be given to it. The old Doctors and holy Fathers of the Church, St.Cyprian, St. Chrysostom, St. Ambrose, St. Hierom, St, Austin, and others, never make mention in any of their Books, of adoring and worshiping the Elements of the Lord's Sup. per ; neither was it ever known or practised in the primitive Church. But about four hundred Years ago, Honorius, being then Bishop of Rome, commanded the Saerament to be lifted up, and the People reverendly to fall down to it. After him Pope Urbanus. the 4th, appoint
(a) Concil. Trident. Seff. 3. Can. 5. Bo Sell. 13. Can.. C. de Eucbarift. (b) 1 Cor. 11. 23, 06.
'ed a holy Day of Corpus Chrifti, and granted out large Pardons to those who kept it holy.
This is the greatest Antiquity of the whole Matter; about four hundred Years ago, in a most iniquitous - Age, this new invented Doctrine was found out, and put in Practice; but Christ and his Apostles, the holy Fathers in the primitive Church, and the other learned and godly Men that followed them, for the Space of twelve huudred Years and upwards, never heard of it: No, not for the Space of twelve hundred Years after Christ's Ascenfion into Heaven, was this Worshiping of the Sacrament ever known or practised, in any place within the whole Catholick Church of Christ throughout the World.
The better therefore to confute an Opinion so dange. Tous and fo palpably false, we shall evidently_prove, that there can be no certainty, according to the Tenets of the Roman Church, that there is such a Transubstantiation as is pretended to be in the Host ; and con!equently, those that worship the Elements of the Eucharist with external Adoration, must be in great danger of Idolatry.
The Romanists can never be assur'd, that the Host which they worship is the true God, but they have undoubted Reason to fuspect, that they worship a Morsel of Bread, instead of the Redeemer of the World, and consequently, are guilty of grofs Idolatry; because, according to their own Tenets, the real Presence of Christ's Body in the Hoft, depends on lawtui Consecration, and lawful Consecration depends upon the Quality of the Priest : And, what if the Prieft shou'd happen not to consecrate! or, what if he shou'd leave out the Words of Consecration, and never speak them ? (as it is known Priests have done for many Years together)Or, what if the Priest bath no Intention or Mind to consecrate? For, there is no Consecration they confess, when either he that celebrates Mass is no Prielt, or doth not pronounce the Words that are essentially necessary to Consecration, or doth not pronounce them with Intention to consecrate; and consequently, in these Cafes, the Host remains meer Brcad. Now, it is impossible to know these Things
with any. Certainty: For as for the Qualification of the Priest, he mut have been baptised : And he that baptised him, must have observed the essential Form of Baptism, and have had Intention to baptise him; he muft likewife have received Ordination from a true Bishop, and the Bifhop must have observed the essencial Form of Ordination, and have had Intention to make him a Priest: And to make the Bishop a true Bishop, he must have been baptised in due Form, and with the requisite Intention, and muft save received Ordination in due Form, and with the like laten tion from other Bishops: And they again for the making them true Bishops must also have received Baptism and Ordination in due Form, and with the requisite Intention from other Bishops: And these from others and fo back to the Apostles.
As for pronouncing the Words requisite to Consecration, none but the Priest can poflibly know whether be hath pronounced them or not; because in the Celebration of the Mals, those words are pronounced in so low a Tone, that no Person present can hear them; and as for the Intention, it is evideot, no Man but the Psielt himself can know with what Intention or Mind he goech to Mass.
Since then it is imposible for the People to know these Things, how can they be assurd, that that is the Body of Christ which the Prieft holds up, and to which they fall down, and give Godly Honour. Besides, it is known that some Priests are Jews, others Magicians, as Lewis Godfrey, and other wicked Priests, who do neither consecrate in due Form, nor with the requisite latention, especially, such as believe nothing of what they profess: Now, it is impossible that the People can know what the Priest willeth or intendeth, when he consecrates in the Mass, because his Will may be to work Necromancy, or Sorcery, as it is reported of Pope Hildebrand : Or, because his Will may be to poison somebody, as the Emperor Henry the feventh was poison'd in the confecrated Host, or as Pope Victor was in the Chalice; or, because his Will may be to work feigned Miracles, as Lyra faith,
(a) “ That many were wrought in the open Church by " the Priest to mock the People.” Judge then if any luch Persons as these had any intention to confecrate in the Celebration of the Mass.
John Duns, William Durand, and some others of the late Doctors, who were the greatest Maintainers of this Doctrine, confeffed, That if the Substance of Bread remained after Confecration, and the People gave Godly Worship to the Bread instead of Christ's Body, they must be guilty of Idolatry. They also confess, that Idolatry may be done to the Sacrament, ifa Man happens to worship the Accidents of the Bread, that is, the Whiteness, or Roundness, or such other outward Forms and Shows of Bread as he secs with his Eyes, and give the Honour to that, instead of Christ's Body; and thus, these miserable People may be juftly reproach'd, as Jesus Chrif reproached the Woman
of Samaria, “ Ye wor" ship ye know not what. Or, at the bet, according to their own Doctrine, we lee this is but a very doubtful Affair, and requires Consideration; and indeed the late Romith Doctors have fought all the Remedies imaginable, to palliate and soften thefe Doubts, and otber ill Consequences, that naturally attend this new iavented Doctrine. Alexander, a Bishop of Rome, writing upon the Master of the Sentences, speaks thus; “ Fora much as the “Priests Purpose, and his private Doings about the Con“ secration cannot be known; that therefore no Maa
ought to worship the Sacrament when it is beld up, " but with this Condition: If the Priest have confecra"sted.” Pope Adrian, Queft. 3. writes thus, “ In the "Adoration of the Eucharist, there is always a tacit Con“ dition; that is, if the Consecration be duly made, (as hath been decided at the Council of Constance) other" wife, they cou'd not be excused from Idolatry, that
worship the Holt wh:o the Priest pretends to "' celebrate, but celebrates not, or pretends to cele
brate, and is no Priest, as it many Times happens.“ Thus lays Pope Adrian, “ It many Times happens." But,
(1) Nico Lyra in 14 Cap. Danieli.