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—O-I. CONDITION AND PROSPECTS OF THE CITY IN which RE- Page BEI,LION BEGAN . - s - o - - e * - l II. MANNERS AND CUSTOMS IN THE INTERIOR OF SOUTH CARO- **. LINA s & so * g o to to e e . 2. 11 III. o THE SITUATION WITH RESPECT TO THE NEGRO . * . 21 IV. SCENES IN THE TRACK OF SHERMAN's ARMY o s . 28 V. ORGANIZATION OF THE SOUTH CAROLINA ConvenTION . 38 VI. THE LEAX,ERS OF THE CONVENTION AND THE REPEAL of . .” Txe SECESSION ORDINANCE . g - t o . 47 _2~ - _- r VII.

ACTION OF THE CONVENTION ON THE SLAVERY QUESTION. 56

VIII.

THE BASIS OF REPRESENTATION . o o • . * . 68

IX.
THE GREAT CONTEST BETweeN THE UPPER AND Low ER
SECTIONS OF SouTH CAROLINA

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AFFAIRS IN WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA to so &
XIV.
"S" CAROLINA FREEDMEN’s CoNVENTION § g

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THE ORGANIZATION AND PERSONNEL of THE NORTH CARO-
LINA STATE CONVENTION . g wo g †

XVI.
DEBATE AND ACTION IN RESPECT TO THE ORDINANCE OF
SECESSION . § * * go t s g g te
XVII.

ACTION IN REGARD TO SLAveRY AND THE FREEDMEN.

XVIII.
THE WAR-DEBT QUESTION AND THE MINOR WORK OF THE
CONVENTION e to * e g to g & &
XIX.

AFFAIRS IN CENTRAL NoFTH CAROLINA g $ go

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XX. SUMMARY OF THREE WEEKs’ OBSERVATIONS IN NoFTH CAROLINA . - * e o # • - is . I 80 XXI. THE GREAT MILITARY PRISON OF SOUTH CAROLINA . . 191 XXII.

LIFE AND LABOR IN THE SOUTH CAROLINA Low-Country 201

XXIII. LIFE AND LABOR IN THE SOUTH CAROLINA UP-Count RY 214 XXIV. SocIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SOUTH-CAROLINIANs . 222 XXV. FIRST GLIMPSES OF GEORGIA . o so o o g . 230 ORGANIZATION AND PERSONNEL OF THE GEORGIA STATE CoNVENTION o - o - e g e e . 237 XXVII. SECESSION AND SLAVERY o - $ - o e . 243 XXVIII. AsKING PARDON FOR JEFF DAVIS e - - o . 247 XXIX. AMENDING THE STATE CONSTITUTION . o - o . 253 XXX. THE MINOR WORK OF THE CONVENTION . 256 XXXI. 260

How REPUDIATION WAS ACCOMPLISHED g o t

XXXII.

REVIEW OF THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE STATE CONVENTION 281

XXXIII. A VISIT TO THE HOME OF JUDGE LYNCH . o e . 288 XXXIV. THE GREAT MILITARY PRISON OF GEORGIA . te - . 301 XXXV. * MATTERS IN SOUTHWESTERN GEORGIA . - - o . 318 XXXVI. THE STATE ELECTIONS . e & o - o o . 325 XXXVII. MATTERS IN WESTERN GEORGIA . . . - e s . 331 XXXVIII. MATTERS IN NoFTHwBSTERN GEORGIA . © e & . .338 XXXIX. MATTERS IN CENTRAL GEORGIA . © o © * . 344 XL. MATTERS IN EASTERN GEORGIA . o d o * . 353 XLI. MATTERS IN SOUTHEASTERN GEORGIA . - • * . 365 XLII. * SUMMARY OF FIVE WEEKs’ OBSERVATIONS IN GEORGIA . 374 XLIII.

SoME GENERAL CONCLUSIONS ON THE SITUATION IN GEOR-
GIA AND THE CAROLINAS . o to o * to . 383

THE SOUTH SINCE THE WAR.

CONDITION AND PROSPECTS OF THE CITY IN WHICH REBELLION BEGAN.

CHARLESTON, September 4, 1865. CITY of ruins, of desolation, of vacant houses, of widowed women, of rotting wharves, of deserted warehouses, of weed-wild gardens, of miles of grass-grown streets, of acres of pitiful and voiceful barrenness, – that is Charleston, wherein Rebellion loftily reared its head five years ago, on whose beautiful promenade the fairest of cultured women gathered with passionate hearts to applaud the assault of ten thousand upon the little garrison of Fort Sumter “The mills of the gods grind slow, but they grind exceeding small.” Be sure Charleston knows what these words mean. Be sure the pride of the eyes of these men and women has been laid low. Be sure they have eaten wormwood, and their souls have worn sackcloth. “God’s ways seem dark, but soon or late they touch the shining hills of day.” Henceforth let us rest content in this faith; for here is enough of woe and want and ruin and ravage to satisfy the most insatiate heart, — enough of sore humiliation and bitter overthrow to appease the desire of the most vengeful spirit. Who kindled the greedy fire of December, 1861, whereby a third of the city was destroyed? No one yet knows. “It was de good Jesus hisself,” said an old negro to me when I asked him the question,-"it was de Almighty Hand workin'

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