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THE THREE HAT'S PUBIJC HOUSE, AND OTHER OLD HOUSES, AT ISLINGTON, MIDDLESEX.

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THE

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE:

AND

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.

FROM JULY TO DECEMBER, 1823.

VOLUME XCIII.

(BEING THE SIXTEENTH OF A NEW SERIES.)

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PRINTED BY JOHN NICHOLS AND SON, 25, PARLIAMENT-STREET;

WHERE LETTERS ARE PARTICULARLY REQUESTED TO BE SENT, POST-PAID;
AND SOLD BY JOHN HARRIS AND SON (SUCCESSORS TO MRS. NEWBERY),
AT THE CORNER OF ST. PAUL'S CHURCH YARD, LUDGATE STREET ;

AND BY PERTHES AND BESSER, HAMBURGH.

TO SYLVANUS URBAN, Gent.

ON COMPLETING HIS NINETY-THIRD VOLUME.

THE lark ascending to the azure skies,
With dulcet notes, the ravish'd ear supplies;
And Urban's pages numerous sweets dispense,
That charm the soul and captivate the sense.
Yes, fam'd Sylvanus ! far you stretch your flight
O'er Western climes to Eastern regions bright;
There all that's antient, curious, learn'd, or gay,
In Letters, Arts, or Science, you display:
You state what Fleets commercial make the shores,
Their golden treasures, and their costly stores:
Proclaim what blood-stain'd banners are unfurlid,
And every great event that wakes the world.

Whilom, Iberia's youth, thro' orange groves
And blooming maidens woo'd their tender loves;
Beneath the hazel shade, the shepherd swains
Tended their fleecy care on verdant plains.
What sad reverse ! how chang'd this charming scene!
The liquid red of slaughter stains the green ;
As Gallia's Duke leads on his hostile train,
Bent to destroy the liberties of Spain.

The turband hosts their gleaming sabres wield-
And Greece, by Freedom rous'd, disdains to yield.
The cry is Liberty-it spreads around, -
Their Valour strikes the Crescent to the ground.
Heroes like these what Sultan dares to sway?
Like Xerxes' hosts his power shall melt away.

The Muse departs froin such ensanguin'd fights
To India's soil, and views more pleasing sights :
She sees the happy and protected swains
Enjoy the pleasures of their native plains ;
And to their cultur'd fields and homes retire,
Tasting the sweets of Freedom's holy fire.
Say whence these sacred rights-say whence the cause ! -
The mighty soul of Hastings fram'd their laws.
He bade the horrid din of battle cease,
And gave the nations property and peace.
Ages to come shall hail his honour'd name,
And grave his deeds on brightest rolls of fame.

But hark! the car is struck by Joy's glad note,
What pleasing tidings thro' the welkin Hoat?
See ! on the bosom of Old Thames's ware!
His streains again the Arctic vessels lave.
Safe is bold Party, safe bis hardy train,
From the dread perils of the Icy main.
What tho' his great and enterprising soul !
Found not the North-west Passage to the Pole,
Yet shall bis toils Britannia's meed await,
And honours just receive from George's Regal State.

William Rawlins. Tcversul Rectory, Dec. 31, 1823.

151314

PRE FACE.

WE are now rapidly approaching the Centenary of our existence. This Volume terminates our NINETY-THIRD YEAR; and in each succeeding Address we have had the satisfaction of congratulating ourselves on the liberal support we continually experienced. Through every change of public taste and public opinion, the interests of the Gentleman's Magazine have remained firm and unshaken. Powerful rivals, stimulated by our success, have arisen at various intervals. Some of them, by great exertions, have struggled through a few years, and at length quietly departed this life. Others have entered the arena of Literature, with all the effrontery of aspiring coxcombs, and, after abusing and vilifying all contemporaries and existing institutions for a few months, have suddenly given up the ghost. One of them was even so unceremonious as to usurp our name; although with principles diametrically opposed ; but this ungentlemanly assumption of our coat, as the Heralds would say, received the contempt and neglect it merited.

What has so long conduced to our prosperity, through the evervarying tide of public opinion, may be an object of literary speculation. Journals, like nations, have their rise, their zenith, and their fall; and their existence is frequently protracted or curtailed by peculiar circumstances, over which individual talents or exertions may have little control. On examination, it will be found that periodical Works, the most violent in party spirit or calumnious vituperation, have the soonest fallen into disrepute; and although they might flourish for a season, their existence ceased, when the breath which fanned them into being was withdrawn. Their conductors have only consulted the ephemeral passions of the multitude ; and, as the popular effervescence has subsided, their “ froth and fury” has sunk into merited contempt. On the contrary, those Miscellanies, or Journals, which have promoted the more substantial interests of Literature, retain a permanent value; and being supported by the most respectable portion of the community, are not subject to continual Aluctuation or decay ; but long maintain a just and decided superiority. To this, we may venture to affirm, may be attributed our long and uniform prosperity,-unparalleled in the annals of English Literature. Amongst the political convulsions, foreign contests, and domestic struggles of the last ninety-three years, it has been our constant study to promote that species of Literature which ever retains a permanent and intrinsic value ; so that our Volumes might be a desirable acquisition to every respectable Library, and thus become valuable, as a reference, to posterity. We believe there is scarcely a subject, connected with the Arts and Sciences of the last century, of which useful information may not thence be derived. Few Publications of any consequence have passed unnoticed. Every deceased individual of eminence or rank in life has received, in our Biographical departinent, some tribute due to his memory. In Topography, although an ample field is still and perhaps ever will be open for research, our pages present an ample store ; as proof of this, we need only state that

PREFACE.

Mr. Bourn, in his valuable Gazetteer, has referred in almost every page to our Publication. In Genealogical lore none will dispute our claims. So valuable have our copious Indexes rendered this department, that pedigree-hunters generally consider it their first resource ; and we observed, in the report of a recent trial, respecting the charges of a late indefatigable Genealogist, that one of the chief items of his bill was for obtaining biographical information from the Gentleman's Magazine!

Thus, notwithstanding the menacing storms that have so long, with little intermission, hovered around our political horizon, the substantial interests of Knowledge, Learning, and Truth, have received our unremitting support. Foreign wars and intestine commotions, the natural enemies of Science, have at length happily subsided. England now presents the imposing spectacle of a powerful Nation, aggrandizing herself, not by aggression and spoliation, but by commercial enterprize. The increase in the Revenue, and the extraordinary rise of the Funds, afford flattering proofs of her present prosperity and success. With these national prospects, so favourable to intellectual pursuits, we may entertain sanguine expectations of long and steadily cultivating those valuable and useful branches of Literature which must flourish most when Peace and the Genius of domestic Repose smile on our native land. To effect this object no exertions on our parts shall be spared; and in soliciting the future support of our learned Correspondents, we beg to return our grateful acknowledgments for the many gems with which they have enriched our pages. In conclusion, we venture to refer our Readers with confidence to the contents of our present Volume, as classified under the respective Indexes.

Dec. 31, 1823.

INDEX to the EMBELLISHMENTS.

Those marked thus * are Vignettes printed with the Letter-press. * Alhstan, Bp. ring of 483

Raynton's Monument at Enfield 209 * Altar, Roman, found at Great Bough- Richard III. groat of 305 ton 388

Richmond, co. York, Grey Friers at 201 Bloomfield, Robert, residence in Pitcher's. Ring, found near Dorchester 305. *Bp. court 497

Albstan's 483 * Bocardo, Oxford, curious door in 387 *Ripon Church, Bas-relief and date Bossal House, co, York, Medal found from 445. *Angel holding a scroll near 305

and date 446 Bridge of Suspension, Durham 401 * Roman Altar, found at Great BoughCharlton King's Church, co. Gloucester ton 388 393

* St. George, bas. relief of, at Nuremberg Coins, miscellaneous 305

291 *Conyers, Sir J. faulchion of 612. Mo- St. Pancras Chapel, Plymouth 577 nument in Sockburn Church 613

Seals, iniscellaneous 305 * Door, ancient, in the Bocardo, Oxf. 387 * Sedgefield, Durham, skeleton on a * Dinsdale Church, monument in 611 brass at 592 Elwick Church, Durham 577

* Sepulchral Stone, in Dinsdale Church Enfield, Raynton's monument at 209

611 - Henry V., monogram of 257

* Sockburn Church, Monument of Sir J. House of Lords, old 489

Conyers at 613 Islington, Old Houses at 113

Stedham, Seal of Simon, rector of 305 Leasowes, in Shropshire, view of 145 Thatcher, Miss, Portrait of 9 Lilly, Wm. Portrait of 297

Three Hats Public House, Islington 113 Liverpool, Church for Welch Poor, at 199 *Thruxton, Roman Candelabrum found * Monogram of Henry V. 257

at 229 Navestock Church, Essex 17

Westminster, Royal Palace 489 Painted Chamber, Westminster 489 Winch Bridge, Durham 401

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