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TABLE XXVII.-Showing improvements in school-furniture, apparatus, ventilation, ge, pe
ented in the United States for the year ended June 30, 1873.
Improvement in school-desks and sets Improvement in school-desks Improvement in sehool-desks Improvement in joint scbool-seats al
desks. Improvement in guide and blestar i
Improvement in school-chairs.
Improvement in school-desks.
Improvement in musical blackboards
INDEX TO REPORT FOR 1873.
[The report proper of the Commissioner has been indexed with minuteness; tbe appendis has been
indexed by general topics. Plentiful cross-references have been inserted.
Education, teaching, instruction, school, and a few other words of like character, will not be found
among the topics ; e. g., instead of "Instruction in music," look for Music, instruction in."
In indexing the abstracts of State-school-reports (pp. 3-468), the schedule on p. 2 has been followed
for the arrangement as nearly as possible.)
Absenteeism and truancy :
In California, 20 : in New Haven, Connecticut, 39; in Illinois, 83: in Kansas, 115; in Maryland. 154 :
in Massachusetts, 174, 175; in Minnesota, 204 ; in Mississippi, 213; in Nevada, 245 ; in New Hamp-
shire, 250 ; in Ohio, 311; in Montana, 453; in New Mexico, 458. (See, also, Attendance.)
In Massachusetts, 177; in Michigan, 196; in Missouri, 226; in New Hampshire, 251 ; in New Jersey,
264 ; special appropriation for, 284 ; musical academies, 161 ; normal instruction in, xxxiii; pre-
paratory students in, xlviii, xlix; endowments of, 1, li. (See, also, Secondary instruction and Prepara-
Academy, Military: (see Military Academy.)
Academy, Naval : (see Naval Academy.)
Agassiz, Prof. Louis J. R.: (obituary notice, 188-190.)
Age of the scholastic population ;
In Alabama, 3; in Arkansas, 11 ; in California, 19; in Connecticut, 36; in Florida, 65; in Georgia, 69;
in Indiana, 94; in Iowa, 107; in Kansas, 115 ; in Louisiana, 134 ; in Maine, 145; in Maryland, 151;
in Massachusetts, 166; in Michigan, 192; in Minnesota, 202; in Missouri, 220; in Nebraska, 233;
in New Jersey, 256 ; in New York, 270 ; in North Carolina, 298; in Rhode Island, 353; in South
Carolina, 360 ; in Virginia, 393; in West Virginia, 407; in Wisconsin, 414; in Arizona, 45 ; ia Colo-
rado, 429; in Dakota, 433; in Idaho, 451; in Montana, 453; in Utah, 460, in Wyoming, 403. (See,
also, Table I, Part 1, p. 510.)
Diversity of, in the enumeration, x; table of ages in the school-censuses, x.
Agriculture, College of:
In Arkansas, 16 proposed in Florida, 68; in Kansas, 119; the Agricultural College grant for, in Lou-
isiana. 140 : in Massachusetts, 182 ; in Michigan, 198; in New York, 290; in Ohio, 327; in Tennessee,
376 ; in Virginia, 400 ; statistics of, (see Table IX;) summary of, lxi
Alabama, State of:
Elementary instruction--school-finances, school population, and attendance, 3; average attendance,
teachers, schools, financial difficulties, proposed law relative to the duties of connty-superintend.
ents and to the employment and pay of teachers, 4; powers of the State-board of education, 5;
school-statistics of Montgomery, Opelika, and Selma, 5; general statistics, (see Table I.)
Secondary instruction-number of high schools, 5; private secondary schools, 6; statistics, (see
Tables V and VI.)
Normal traiving-institutions and students, 6; statistics of, (see Table III.)
Superior instruction-University of Alabama, 6, 7; Howard College, 7; Spring Hill College, 7; Tal-
ladega College, 7'; colleges fov women, 7; statistical summary of universities and colleges, 7; sta-
tistics of, (see Tables VII and VIII.)
Professional instruction-Agricultural and Mechanical College of Alabama, 8; statistical summary
of schools for, 8: statistics of, (see Tables IX, X, XI, and XII.)
Special instruction-Alabama Institution for Deaf, Dumb, and Blind, 8; asylums and industrial
homes, 9; statistics of, (see Tables XIX et seq.)
School-officials-the State-board of education, 9; county- and city-superintendents, 9, 10.
Summary of educational condition of, xiii.
Alaska, Territory of: View of school interests in, 424.
Argentine Republic: Recent educational statistics of, clxxi.
Arizona, Territory of:
Elementary instruction---school-population and attendance, 425; abstracts of county-reports, 425,
426 : educational progress, 426, 427; text-books, 428; schools anong the Indians, 428; statistics of,
(see Table I.)
Arkansas, State of:
Elementary instruction-school-finances, scholastic population, school-attendance, and school-teach-
ers, 11 ; number and value of school-houses, 12; want of funds, 12; depreciated State-scrip, 12, 13
14, 15; effect on the school revenue and fund, 13; misappropriation of schoolmoneys, 13; schoo.
supervision, 14; the Arkansas Journal of Education, 14; schools in cities, 14; present unfavorable
condition of the public-school-system, 14, 15 ; diminution of distributable fund, 14; provisions of
the new school-law, 15; public opinion, 15; proposed amendment of the school-law, 17; statistics
of, (see Table I.)
Arkansas, State of-Conticued.
Normal training-in the Industrial University, 16; suggested for colored people, 17; statistics i
(see Tablo III.)
Superior instruction-statistical summary of institutions, 16; statistics of, (xe Tables VII a
Professional instruction-the Industrial University, 16, 17; statistics of (see Table IX.)
Special instruction-Institute for the Blind, 17; Deaf-Mute Institute, 17; statistics of (ar TL
XIX and XX.)
Benefactions--the Peabody fund, 13.
School-ofiicials-State- and county-superintendents, 18.
Summary of educational condition of, xiii.
Art-education, Article on, 495-498:
Scheme of instruction in drawing for graded public schools in Massachusetts, subjects fangbt, si
order of lessons for each week, 495, 496 ; eroning-schools for adults, 496 ; general idea of art tres
lasses of pupils, 496; testimony to the need of art education, 496, 497 ; plan pursdel,
State Normal Árt-School, 498."
Art to education, Relation of, xcix-cvi:
Value of art-education, need of instruction in drawing in public schools, xcix; drawing easilstadt
in public schools, xcix, c; technical-art-schools in Great Britain, c; European nations conta
in establishment of art-schools, c; our facilities for art-training, c, d; why pablic scboolsebe
teach drawing, ci; drawing in the schools of Massachusetts, ci, cii; Massachusetts Norteal .
School, letter of Mr. Walter Smith, cii, ciii: exhibition of art work of free industrial classes c
industrial importance of a knowledge of drawing, ciii, civ; facilities for art-education Dow existing
in the United States, civ, cv.
Art, Museums of: Statistics of, 770–773.
India (British)-provinces of, clxvii; school-statistics, clxvii,clxviii; comparative statistics of
versity-examinations in 1870-'71, clxix.
Atlanta, Georgia : Schools of, noticed, 71.
Attendance in schools:
In Alabama, 3; in Arkansas, 11; in California, 19; in Connecticut, 36 ; in Georgia, 69; in Illinois
in Indiana, 96; in Iowa, 107; in Kansas, 115 ; in Louisiana, 134 ; in Maine, 145: in Maryland, 17:
in Massachusetts, 166: in Michigan, 192; in Minnesota, 202 ; in Mississippi, 211: in Visseri
in Nebraska, 233; in Nevada, 242; in New Hampshire, 247; in New Jersey, 256; in Yer Yokr.
in North Carolina, 298; in Ohio, 309; in Oregon, 332; in Pennsylvania, 337; in Rhode Island,
in South Carolina, 360, in Texas, 382; in Virginia, 393; in West Virginia, 407in Wisconsin 14
415; in Arizona, 425; in Colorado, 429; in District of Columbia, 435, 437; in Idabo, 451; in Vos
tana, 453; in Utah, 460; in Washington Territory, 464.
Compulsory, (nec Compulsory education.)
Method of improving, suggested, 168; increased, in New York, 274; decreased, in Ohio, 311; per cat
of, in Colorado. 430, and in District of Columbia, 435; irregularity of in New Jerses, 260.
Summary of, in 1871, 1872, 1873, xi.
Auburn, New York: Schools of, noticed, 282.
Augusta, Georgia : Schools of, noticed, 71.
Queensland-recent educational statistics, clxxii.
South Australia-recent educational statistics, clxxii.
Victoria-recent educational statistics, clxxii.
New South Wales-recent educational statistics, clxxiii.
Western Australia-recent educational statistica, clxxiii.
Tasmania-recent educational statistics, clxxiii.
New Zealand--recent educational statistics, clxxiii.
Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, cliii-elv:
Austria-supervision of education, cliii; statistics of primary instruction, cliil, clir; statisties de
ondary instruction and of superior instruction, cliv; of technical instruction, clir; of speciel is
Hungary-school-legislation, statistics of primary, secondary, superior, and special instractice in
total expenditure for public instruction, clv.
Baird, Prof. Thomas D., obituary notice, 165.
Barnes, Samuel C., obituary notice, 295, 296.
Belgium, Kingdom of:
Supervision of education, clv; statistics of primary, secondary, superior, and special instructie
Belknap, Miss Laura E., obituary notice, 331.
To the Bulkley Scbool, Connecticut, 46; of Johns Hopkins 164, 165 ; to Harvard Unirersity, 180, TO
the Collere of New Jersey, 265 ; to several colleges in New York, 238, 239; to Newport Hiet se
Rhode Island, 356; to colleges, Isiv, Isv; table of educational, 806-823; statistical summary :
institutions, cxi; statistical summary of, by States, cxii, cxiii.
Blind, Instruction of the:
In Alabama, 8; in Arkansas, 17; in California, 26; in Illinois, 90; in Kansas, 120 : in Keptackt,
in Maryland, 160; in Michigan, 200; in Minnesota, 208; in Mississippi, 219; in Vissoni, 3:2
New York, 293 ; in Pennsylvania, 349; in Sonth Carolina, 367; in Tennessee, 377; in Virginia,
in Wisconsin, 421; statistics of institutions for, 778, 779; summary of, cvi.
Board of education :
Power of, in Alabama, 5; law providing for, in Arkansas, 15; pay of, in Indiana, 98; mpem lets of
Kentucky. 124 : powers and duties of, in Massachusetts, 167; rules adopted by, in Nerth Carolina
Brazil: Recent educational statistics, clxxi.
Bristol, Rhode Island : Schools of, noticed, 355.
Buffalo, New York: Schools of, noticed, 279, 280.
Buildings for schools:
In Arkansas, 12; in Connecticut, 37; in Indiana, 96, 97; in Iowa, 107; in Louisiana, 134, 135; in Maine,
145; in Michigan, 193; in Minnesota, 202; in Mississippi, 211; in Missouri, 220 ; in Nebraska, 233;
in Nevada, 243; in New Jersey, 258, 264 ; in New York, 272; in Ohio, 310, 315 ; in Oregon, 333 ; in
Pennsylvania, 338: in South Carolina, 361 ; in Virginia, 394 ; in West Virginia, 407; in Wisconsin,
415 ; in District of Columbia, 435, 437 ; in Montana, 453; in Utah, 461.
Bushnell, Prof. J.J., obituary notice, 423.
In California, 29 ; in Illinois, 88; in Indiaca, 104; in Iowa, 111; in Kansas, 119; in Kentucky, 130 ; in
Louisiana, 138; in Michigan, 199; in Minnesota, 207; in Missouri, 229; in New Hampshire 253 ; in
New Jersey, 267 ; in Now York, 291 ; in Ohio, 327; in Oregon, 336; in Pennsylvania, 347 ; in Rhode
Island, 358; in Tennessee, 376 ; in Texas, 387; in Virginia, 401; in District of Columbia, 440; sta.
tistics of, 581-585; comparative summary for four years, xxxiv; summary of statistics, xxxv.
California, State of:
Elementary instruction--school-finances, scholastic population, school-attendance, and school-teach-
ers, 19; number of schools, 20; necessity of compulsory attendance, in view of the increase of
truancy, urged, 20; decrease of private schools, 20; teachers' certificates, 20; inequality in length
of school-terms deplored, 21 ; defects of the present system, 21; proposed new method of appor.
tioning school-funds, 21; San Francisco statistics and course of instruction, 22–25; Sacramento
schools, 25; Oakland schools, 25; statistics of, (see Table I.)
Secondary instruction-notes on certain institutions, 25, 26; preparatory schools, 26; statistics of,
(see Tables V and VI.)
Normal training-the State Normal School, 21 ; Evening Normal School of San Francisco, 23 ; statis-
tics of, (see Table III.)
Superior instruction-the University of California, 26, 27; President D. C. Gilman, 27, 28; Santa
Barbara College, Franciscan College, College of Saint Augustine, College of Notre Dame, Pacific
Methodist College, 28; statistical summary of institutions for superior instruction, 28; statistics of,
(see Tables VII and VIII.)
Professional instruction-Pacific Theological Seminary, medical colleges, business-colleges, and sta-
tistical summary, 29; statistics of, (see Tables IX, X, XI, and XII.)
Special instruction-Institution for the Deaf, Dumb, and Blind, 26; California Academy of Sciences,
29, 30: San Francisco Art-Association, 30, 31 : School of Mechanic Arts in San Francisco, 31; Han-
del and Haydn Society, 31; education of the Chinese neglected by the Stato, 31 ; mission-schools
for Chinese, 31, 32; post-schools for soldiers, 32; labor-schools and training-ships, 32; orphan-asy.
lums, 32, 33; San Francisco Industrial School, 33; libraries, 33, 34; statistics of special instruction,
(see Tables XIX, XX, XXI, and XXII.)
School-officials-State- and county-superintendents, 35; summary of educational condition of, xix.
Benefactions, (see Table XXIV.)
Cambridge, Massachusetts: Schools of, noticed, 173. .
Canada, Dominion of:
British Columbia-recent educational statistics of, clxxi.
New Brunswick-statistics of common, superior, and grammar schools, clxx.
Nova Scotia-statistics of primary, secondary, and superior instruction, clxx.
Ontario-recent educational statistics. clxx.
Quebec-Statistics of primary, secondary, superior, and special instruction, clxx.
Chattanooga, Tennessee : Schools of, noticed, 374.
Chesebro, Miss Caroline : Obituary notice, 295.
Chicago, Illinois: Schools of, noticed, 83-85.
Chinese, Education of: In California, 32, 33 ; in Oregon, 334.
Circulars of information, 1873: Number and subjects of, clxxvi.
Cincinnati, Ohio : Schools of, noticed, 315-317.
Statistics of school-systems of, 514-572; general summary of public schools and of private schools, xxi;
statistical summary of school-systems of, xxii, xxiii.
School-statistics of fifty princpal cities, xxiv-xxx; enrollment in public schools, pupily in private and
parochial schools, number of preparatory students in high schools, xxix; school-cxpenditure, XXX.
Clark, Prof. Henry James, obituary notice, 188.
Clark, William W., obituary notice, 296.
Cleveland, Ohio: Schools of, poticed, 317.
Cleveland, Prof. William C., obituary notice, 295.
Cobleigh, Rev. N. E., obituary notice, 75.
Co-education of the sexes:
In the University of Michigan, 196; in the University of Wisconsin, 418; provision for, in univer.
sities, colleges, and schools of science, lvii, lviii, lxv.
Colleges and universities :
Notices of, in Alabama, 6,7; in Arkansas, 15, 16; in California, 26-28; in Connecticut, 42, 43; in Dela-
ware, 63; in Georgia, 72-74; in Illinois, 87, 88; in Indiana, 102, 103; in Iowa, 111 ; in Kansas, 118; in
Kentucky, 127, 128; in Louisiana, 138; in Maine, 149: in Maryland, 155, 156 ; in Massachusetts, 179-
182; in Michigan, 196 ; in Minnesota, 205, 206; in Mississippi, 216, 217, 218; in Missouri, 226, 227; in
Nebraska, 238 ; in Nevada, 245; in New Hampshire, 252 ; in New Jerser, 265 ; in New York, 288, 289;
in North Carolina, 303 ; in Ohio, 323–326 ; in Oregon, 335, 336; in Pennsylvania, 314, 345; in Rhode
Island, 358; in South Carolina, 365 ; in Tennessee, 375, 376; in Texas, 386 ; in Vermont, 388, 389; in
Virginia, 398, 399; in West Virginia, 410, 411; in Wisconsin, 418-420; in District of Columbia, 439.
(See, also, Statistical summaries of professional instruction in the several States.)
Colleges and universities Continued.
Table of statistics of, 663-683; statistical summary of, lix-lxv; relations of secondary schools te
xlviii-liv; co-education in, lxv ; rise of, for colored people, lxvi; elevation of standard, ITIL SE
also, Schools of science, Female colleges, &c.)
Colleges of Agriculture and the Mechanic arts : (see Scientific schools ; see, also, Agriculture Colleg
Colombia, Republic of: Recent educational statistics, clxxi, clxxi.
Colorado, Territory of:
Elementary instruction--school-finances, school-population and attendance, 429; teacbers and their
pay, 429, 430 ; school-property, school districts, 429; number of schools and school-house, 430 ; eta
cational progress, 430 ; per cent. of attendance, 430; subdivision of school-districts to te arde.
431; corporal punishment, 131 : general statistics, (see Table I.)
Secondary instruction-institutions noticed, 431.
Superior instruction-universities of the fotore, 431.
Professional instruction-Divinity School of Jarvis Hall and the School of Mines, 431, 132.
Obituary Rt. Rev. Geo. M. Randall, D.D., 432.
School-officials-State- and county-superintendents, 432.
Educational condition of-noticed, xx.
Colored children, schools for :
In Alabama, 4; in Arkansas, 11; law providing for, in Delaware, 51, 52; in Florida, 67; in Indian
100; in Kentucky, 125, 197; in Maryland, 152, 153 ; law providing for, in Maryland, 154 ; in lise
sippi, 212, 214-216 ; in Missouri, 220 ; in Nevada, 245 ; in North Carolina, 298; in Ohio, 313, in Pes
sylvania, 338; in South Carolina, 360; in Virginia, 393; in District of Colambia, 431, ir ,
in Montana, 453.
Columbus, Georgia : Schools of, noticed, 71.
Columbus, Ohio: Schools of, noticed, 318.
Commissioner of Education, Report of:
Progress of education during the year, v.
Importance of a general summary of education, v, vi.
General view of the proper work of the oflice, vi, vii.
Sources of material, vii.
Comparative summary of institutions, instructors, and students for four years, viii.
Improvement in educational statistics, viii, ix.
Remarks on State-systems of public instruction-comparative statement for 1871-72-7), ix, x; tabe
of school-ages, x; statistical summary, showing school-popnlation, &c., for three years, as collected
by the Bureau of Education, xi; summary of public-school-expenditure per capita, xii: Boty
compensation of teachers, xiii ; summary of educational condition for 1873— in the Southern Star
xiii-Xv; in the Middle and Northern States, Xv-xvii; in tbe Great Lake and Mississippi State
xvii, xviii; in the Missouri River States, xviii, xix; in the States on the Pacific slopo, ris; in L
Territories, xix, xx; confirmation of public high schools, xx, xxi.
School-statistics of cities-general summary, xxi ; summary of population, enrollment, and attad
ance, xxii, xxiii; statistics of fifty principal cities, XXV-XXX.
Normal schools-comparative exbibit for four years, xxx ; statistical summary, xxxi, xxii; teacher
required, xxxii ; normal instruction in academies, xxxiii; table showing per-capita-appropriate
for State-normal schools, xxxiv.
Commercial and business colleges-comparative exhibit for four years, xxxir; statistical sumIS
XXXV; extracts from address of General RD. Mussey, xxx-xxxvi.
Secondary instruction-comparative exhibit for four years, Xxxvi ; statistical saomary of scan's
for, xxxvii-xlii; statistical summary of city-high schools, xliii ; table showing proportion of eam
ment in high schools, xliv; preparatory schools, xlv-xlviii; relation of secoadary schools to al
leges and schools of science, xlviii-liv.
Superior instruction of women-comparative exhibit for four years of institutions for, lir; statati
cal summary of institutions, lv, lvi; degrees conferred, ivii; co-education, Irii, lviii; Harrard es
aminations for women, lviii, lix.
Universities and colleges-comparative exhibit for four years, lix; statistical summaries, li-
benesactions, Isiv; colleges for colored people, Ixvi; Harvard entrance-examinations, Invi, liri
table showing number of students, &c., in institutions for superior instruction, lxviii.
Schools of science-comparative exhibit for four years, Ixviii; statistical summaries, Isix-mi; ptr.
paratory training, lxxii, lxxiii; standard of admission in several colleges, lxxiii: the Law of U
gress, lxxiii, lxxiv; instruction in agriculture and mechanic ar's considered, lxxiv: gifts, ecdes
ments, proceeds of land-scrip, &c., Ixxv, Isxvi; occupations of graduates and former students
Schools of theology-comparative exhibit for four years, lxxvii; statistical summaries, Isiviil, LTL
Schools of law-comparative exhibit for foor years, lxxix; statistical summary, Ixxx.
Schools of medicine-comparative exhibit for four years, lxxx; statistical summary. Ixxxi, lut
Degrees-classification of, lxxxii; number conferred by each class, lxxxiii; statistical summary:
Military and naval academies, lack of thoroughness in preparation for, lxxxvii.
Libraries-statistical summary of additional libraries, lxxxviii; statistical summary of increase
libraries in 1873, lxxxix, xo; Concord (Mass.) Free Library, dedication of, xci, xcii; Cipcion
Public Library,xcii-xciv; need of new building for Library of Congress, xcir.
Museums of natural history-difficulty in classifying collections, XCV-scrii; importance of elass
tion, xcvii, xcix; letter of Prof. Agassiz, xciv, xcv, (note:) schedule of inquiries, XCT-erit
Art to education, relation of-value of industrial-art-training, xcix, o; technical-art-schools in Gma
Britain, c: establishment of art-schools in Europe, c; why public schools should teach drawioz
drawing in schools of Massachusetts, ci, cii; Massachusetts Normal Art School, cii, ciii: exhibit
of art work in Massachusetts, ciii: industrial importance of a knowledge of drawing, cili: face
for art-education now existing in the United States, civ, cv.
Schools for the deaf and dumb-statistical summary of, cv.
Schools for the blind-statistical summary of, cvi.
Asylums for orphans—statistical summary of, cvii; roview of the educational and reformatory vec
of, cvii, cx.
Reform-schools-statistical summary of, cx.
Schools for feeble-minded-statistical summary of, cxi.
Benefactions--summary of, by institutions, csi; summary of, by States, cxii, cxiii.
Publications, educational-summary of, for 1873, cxiv.