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action, which a State might take to encourage the growth of forests. He ended by offering a resolution providing for the appointment of a committee to memorialize Congress and the several State-legislatures on this subject. The resolution went to the standing committee. Some discussion, bowever, took place on this subject, one speaker claiming tbat the amount of woodland in the West is constantly increasing, and that there is no need of laws to protect the forests in that quarter of the country.

Mr. L. H. Morgan read an article on the “ Architecture of the American aborigines," describing that of the Village Indians of New Mexico and Central America, stating that they lived, on the principles of communism, in immense houses, accojumodating sometimes alont 2,000 people in one building, and that these large buildings could not have been, as has been thought, palaces of chieftains.

On the third day came a paper from Prof. G. C. Swallow, of Missouri, on “ The origin of species,” taking ground against the Darwinian theory. The reading of the paper was followed by a warm discussion,

Next followed the address of J. Lawrence Smith, the retiring president of the association, which was read by Prof. Putnam, the secretary, the president being absent in Vienna. . On the fourth day C. H. Hitchcock communicated a paper from George Washburn, of the American College at Constantinople, on “ Calvert's supposed relics of man in tbe Miocenes of the Dardanelles.” The supposed finding of human traces and relics of barbarous men in the above-named locality was controverted.

On the sixth day the following papers, with others, were read: “The need of a uniform position for anatomical figures, with a recommendation that the head be always turned toward the left," by B. G. Wilder; “Means of determining the stratigrapbical order of seams of coal in Ohio, Kentucky," &c., by E. B. Andrews; “On the origin of mountain-chains,” by Charles Whittlesey; “ The Devonian limestone in Ohio," by 0. H. Winchell.

In the generai session the following officers were elected for the ensuing year: Dr. Lecomte, of Philadelphia, president, Prof. C. S. Lyman, of New Haven, vice-presi. dent; Dr. A. C. Hamlin, of Bangor, general secretary; W. S. Vaux, of Philadelphia, treasurer.

NEW ENGLAND ASSOCIATION OF SCHOOL-SUPERINTENDENTS. At a meeting of this association, held in Boston, October 17, 1873, papers were read on “ The relative number of male and female teachers desirable in our high, and granimar-schools," " Selection of teachers," and "The limits of public education." These papers were afterward discussed by the superintendents present. That on the relative number of inale and female teachers called forth special interest and was terininated by the unanimous adoption of the resolution that "an increase in the relative number of male teachers would increase the efficiency of our schools."

Mr. Philbrick, superintendent of the Boston schools, by request of the association, occupied an hour in some very interesting remarks on the Vienna Exposition, especially, the educational department, and the European system of education in general.

Programme of studies adopted by the New England Association of School Superintendents al their meeting at Boston, February 14, 1873.—The programme includes nine classes, the work of each class covering a period of one year.

The classes are numbered from one to nine, the lowest primary being the first and the highest grammar the ninth class.

The number of hours per week allotted to each study or exercise is indicated by the figure annexed, the whole number of school-hours per week being 25.

First class : Reading, 10; printing, (first half of the year,); -writing, (last half of the year,) 27; oral instruction, (including number, morals, and manners,)3; drawing, 1; spelling, 24; music, 1; physical exercises, 1}; and opening exercises and recesses, 31.

Second class : Reading, 8; writing, 2; oral instruction, (including morals and manpers,) 3; number, 2} ; drawing, 1; spelling, 21; music, 1; physical exercises, 13; and opening exercises and recesses, 31.

Third class : Reading, 8; writing, 2; oral instruction, (including morals and manners,) 21 ; arithmetic, 3; drawing, 1; spelling, 21; music, 1; physical exercises, 11 ; and opening exercises and recesses, 31.

Fourth class : Reading, 6; writing, 2; oral instruction, (including morals, and manners, and geography,) 3; arithmetic, 4; language, 2; drawing, 1; spelling, 21; music, 1; physical exercises, 1; and opening exercises and recesses, 24.

Fifth class : Reading, 6; writing, 2; oral instruction, (including morals, and manners, and geography,) 3; arithmetic, 4; language, 2; drawing, 1 ; spelling, 23; music, 1; physical exercises, 1; and opening exercises and recesses, 21.

Sixth class: Reading, 4; writing, 2; oral instruction, (including morals and manpers,) 21; geography, 3; arithmetic, 4; language, 2; drawing, 1}; spelling, 11 ; music, 1; physical exercises, 1; and opening exercises and recesses, 21.

Seventh class: Reading, 4; writing, 2; oral instruction, (including morals and man

pers,) 2; geography, 3; arithmetic, 4; language, (including grammar,)3; drawing, 14; spelling, 1; music, 1; physical exercises, 1; and opening exercises and recesses, 21.

Eighth class: Reading, 4; writing, 11; history and review of geography, 3; oral instruction, (including morals and manners,) 1}; arithmetic, 4; language, (including grammar,) 4; drawing, 13; spelling, 1; music, 1; physical exercises, 1; and opening exercises and recesses, 21.

Ninth class: Reading, 4; writing and book-keeping, 14; history and review of geography, 4; oral instruction, (including morals and manners,) 1); arithmetic, 3; language, (including grammar,) 4; drawing, 11; spelling, 1 ; music, 1; physical exercises, 1; and opening exercises and recesses, 2.

INTERNATIONAL ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES. The opening exercises of this association were held in the city of New York, November 3, 1873. The inaugural address was by Dr. Howard Crosby, chancellor of the University of the City of New York. He stated that the airns of the institntion were to have a double organization, one in Boston, one in New York; to give its students a thorough scientific training under the best instructors, both American and European ; to organize, after a preparatory course of lecture-room- and school-instruction, a system of travel, under competent professorial charge, and thus to establish a system of objective teaching,

A communication on the claims of science in systems of education for females was presented by Dr. West of the Brooklyn Female Seminary. Other matters connected with the idea of the academy were brought forward, as follows: by Prof. George N. Bigelow, A. M., “ Travel as a means of teaching ;” by Rev. John T. Bigelow, D. D., * Metbods of teaching;” by Prof. R. M. Labberton, LL.D., “The history of nations as a branch of natural science;" by William Henry Goodyear, “ Art and esthetic culture;": and by Dr. A. Leue, of Rostock University, Germany, “ The peculiarities of German schools."

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