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From biennial report of Hon. Robert L. Campbell, territorial superintendent of common schools, for
the teru ended October 31, 1873.)
$44,5-2 29 Amount of taxes appropriated to the use of schools
.. 12, 835 41
TEACHERS AND THEIR PAY. Number of teachers-males, 177 ; females, 178....
Amount paid to male teachers.........
$35, 092 41 27, 803 50
Total paid to teachers...
82, 895 91
ENROLLMENT AND ATTENDANCE.
57.9 11, 2+2
verage daily allerdanice...............................................
SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL-DISTRICTS.
202 163 251 6.7
The foregoing statement does not include the amount of school-enrollment in all the couties, the returns from some being, for various reasons, too imperfect to be tabolated. The present condition of suhool-buildings is reported “good” in eleven counties, in three it is "medium,"aud in one “ fair.”
SCHOOLS OF SALT LAKE COUNTY. In his last report the county-superintendent of Salt Lake makes the following statement:
“The percentage of pupils enrolled is exceedingly low, and for the last few years has gradually become less; not that there is really less school-attendance in this county, but for the following reasons: the Deseret University in 1869 commenced a model school, which received primary and intermediate pupils; this institution has grown in public favor until, during the last year, it has had over 300 papils enrolled in these departments. The St. Mark's school, (Protestant-Episcopal,) established in 1867, has received public patronage to the same extent as the university, and has enrolled during the last year upwards of 300 primary and intermediate pupils.* The Rocky Mountain Conference Seminary bas enrolled during the same period about 220 pupils and tbe Morgan College bad enrolled in March, 1873, 290 pupils. These popular institutions, all clustering around the heart of the city, have drawn largely froni the public schools.
" In 1865, the percentage of enrollment for Salt Lake County was 69, wbile the percentage of actual attendance exceeded 50. In 1866 it was nearly the same, whilo schools were kept open on an average throughout the county during each of these years eight months. Were the enrollment of the primary and intermediate departments
* This church bas also two other schools in the Territory: that of the Good Shepherds, at Ogden, with 55 male and 70 female pupils, and St. John's, Logan, numbering 29 boys and 20 girls.
The Rev. Mr. Turner, from whom this information is derived, says that there are no free schools in Salt Lake City. There are many Mormon schools, but not good ones.
of these institutions added to the enrollment in the district-schools, the present year's statistical table would show a percentage of about 62 and an actual attendance of upwards of 50 per cent."
"Amid the many discouragements attendant upon our efforts to elevate the school. interests of this county, it is gratifying to observe that the trustees have been able to keep schools open upou an average of seven months.”
Utah has improvised and sustained the present school-system without a dollar or an available acre of land from the General Government. The superintendent of Salt Lake County, in his report to the territorial superinteudent, presents some data obtained from the report of the Bureau of Education for 1872, showing that the average time schools are kept open in the thirty-nine States and Territories noted is a little more than six months in the year. Utah Territory keeps schools open longer during the year than some States which have a school-fund amounting to millions of dollars.
"RELIGIOUS TEACHING. “The common school-code of Utah does not require nor authorize educators to incul. cate religious tenets, but all teachers are advised to open their schools by prayer and to inculcate the 'fear of God,' and morality, both by precept and example.
"SCHOOL-HOL'SES. “The erection of so many new school-houses throughout the Territory is a matter of congratulation and reflects much credit on the trustees in the respective districts which have stepped forward in this direction. Most of the buildings are very substantial, and though little undecessary expense has been lavished to put on style and ornament, yet some of those recently erected in Salt Lake County are bandsome edifices.
The subject of properly heating and ventilating school-rooms should receive moro attention.
“NO-SCHOOL' SYSTEM. “It may sound strange to those who have inveighed so much against our 'do-school system' to state that little more is needed on our statutes other than that which is already enacted, until means become available or until the school-lands and the munificent grants given by Congress to States may be accorded to Utah, when she shall be clothed with the robes of State-sovereignty. Perhaps there are few States in the Union-the superintendent does not know of any, where so h ghi a percentage is collectable by statuto, as there is in Utah Territory, for school-purposes.
“It is the opinion of the superintendent that Salt Lake, and perhaps other cities, should have a city-school-system. Since 1872 there are statutory provisions which give the right to certain cities to regulate aud control public schools.
“ LABORS OF THE SUPERINTENDENT. “The superintendent in 1872 visited many of the counties, and during the year 1873 nearly all the counties, in the Territory, and counseled with the county-superintendents, school-trusttes, and teachers, in relation to the educational interesis of their respective districts, and delivered addresses, wherever opportunity presented, on educational and kindred subjects. In his intercourse with the county-courts, the superintendent found that many members thereof were in favor of appropriating a certain percentage of their yearly revevue to aid the common schools of their county. A few of the probate-judges signified their willingness to join in petitioning the legislative assembly to desiguate the amount of percentage to be thus applied. Some were in favor of 15, others of 25, per cent.
“RECOMMENDATIONS. “Drawing, sewing, and vocal inusic should be taught in common schools. The coun' y-superintendents shonld be authorized to collect statistics of private aud nightschools and allowed a small amount to procure them where not obtainable gratuitously.
“NORMAL SCHOOLS. "A few years ago there were presented in the house of representatives, simultaneonsly, two bills looking to the establishment of a rormal school, wherein advarced pupils who proposed to become tea hers might receive special training for the profession. Neither of the bills was passed, but in lieu thereof it was proposed to ingraft upon the university a normal course ; but no appropriation at that session was made to aid the university financially, and, as might have been expected, the executive committee, to whose hands its financial interests were committed, were embarrassed, and labored under difficulties which they found themselves impotent to remove.
“In the absence of a normal school, the superintendent believes it necessary to pro
ride for institutes, to be held in all the counties, where the teachers and adrade pupils can meet, and, under the superintendence and instruction of a compete instructor, be qualified to do better and more efficient work in the school-room, li in States where normal schools are sustained this work is deemed necessary, box mari more needful in our Territory, where normal training has not been extensive. I these institutes the inportance of moral training should receive special attention.
“FIRST NORMAL SCHOOL OR INSTITUTE IN UTAH, “In July last the superintendent called together tbe teachers throughout the Terr:tory for the purpose of instruction and improvement. Some of those called to xia teachers in Utah have had but limited opportunities of becoming acquainted wit: modern improved methods of instruction. The institute continued a month and ta enrolled over one hundred advanced students and pupil teachers. The occasion wa one of great benefit and was a season of rejoicing to the teachers. The superintendcat was petitioned by all present to continue the same yearly.
“Although there was no appropriation for the purpose, yet the superintendent me cured the means and hired Profs. John R. Park, Karl G. Maeser, W. S. Dosenberry, aud Mary E. Cook, four of the most experienced instructors accessible, to teach in the institute, giving the conduct of the same to Dr. Park.”
SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the governor and legislative assembly of the Territory of Tiah, That $15,000 yearly, for the next two years, be, and the same is hereby, apa propriated, out of any moneys not otherwise appropriated, for the use and benefit of common schools of this Territory, to be drawn and disbursed as provided in tue tot lowing sections of this act.
SEC. 2. It shall be the duty of each county-superintendent of this Territory to it port yearly, in the tirst week of November, to the territorial superintendent of schools, the number of all children between the ages of 4 and 16 years, in each distrat of his county, in accordance with the blauk form in Section 18 of "An act providing in the establishment and support of common schools," approved January 18, 1866.
SEC. 3. It shall be the duty of the territorial superintendent, on receipt of CODDITlists, in the first week of December of eacb year, to make a pro-rata dividend of the school-money to the various school-districts of the Territory, according to the number of all the children in the districts between the ages of 4 and 16 years, and for ward one certified document to each county-superintendent, setting forth the ancat allotted to each county, and one copy of each document to the territorial audita. whose duty it shall be to issue a warrant to each county-treasurer on applicaties tberefor, setting forth the amount allotted to his county.
SEC. 4. It shall be the duty of the trustees of each school-clistrict in this Territory, to cause be be kept in their respective districts a good school at least three months in each year; a failure to do so shall disqualify thern from drawing their share of the public moneys, and said moneys shall revert to other districts of the county.
SEC. 5. On presentation of the auditor's warrant, the territorial treasurer shall par over to the county-treasurer such money as shall have been placed to the credit of the county of which he is treasurer, as per list filed in his office, taking receipt therefor. County-treasurers shall hold such money in their treasury subject to the order of county-superiutendents, for payment to district-trustees, who shall, on presentation of the superintendent's order, receive the same from county-treasurers, giving recipe therefor, and such money sball only be used in payment of teachers.
SEC. 6. County-treasurers shall keep a separate account of the territorial school moneys and make a report to their respective county-courts once in each year.
Sec. 7. Any person having the care or management of the public moneys herein contemplated, and failing to comply with the requirements of this act, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction thereof in any court having competent jurisdiction, may be fined in any sum not exceeding $1,000 for each otease Such fine shall revert to the school-fund of the county where such cause shall have originated, and no property shall be exempt from the payment of such fine.
LIST OF SCHOOL-OFFICIALS IN UTAH.
Hon. ROBERT L. CAMPBELL, territorial superintendent of common sohools, Salt Lake City.
• County abandoned in consequence of Indian hostilities : population returning.
(From biennial report of Hon. N. Rounds, territorial superintendent of pablic instruction, for the year
ended September 30, 1873.)
ATTENDANCE. In noticing the large gain in attendance during 1872, the superintendent says: “ This is attributable, in a great measure, no doubt, to the effect of the compulsory law."
LENGTH OF SCHOOL-TERM. The average period during which the schools are maintained is encouraging. In Jefferson County it is nine months; in King, six months; in four counties it is five months; in five counties, four months; and in the remaining counties, three months
TEXT-BOOKS. The text-books recommended by the superintendent in the last report have been unanimously approved by the county-superintendents, all of whom express their willingness to adopt them. It is therefore now recommended that uniformity of textbooks be secured by legislative action. The suggestion is that a law for this purp sa embrace the following points : (1) Require the selected series to be uniformly used for a term of four or five years. (2) Let no change of books be made subsequen ly but by statute. (3) Allow one year from the passage of the act in which to complete the introduction of the legal series. (4) Make it penal for any district to conticue the use of other books after that period.
The recommended books are now in use, to a greater or less extent, in one-half the counties.
EDUCATIONAL PROGRESS. There are encouraging signs of progress in education in Walla-Walla, Thurston, and King Counties and in the city of Vancouver. The superintendent of Cowlitz County says: “It is gratifying to note the increasing interest in schools and educational matters generally throughout the county. The people are moving in the right direction, and a much more favorable showing is anticipated at the close of the ensuing year than was ever before reported." At Colfax, in Whitman County, a tine school-house bas been built, costing $200.
The superintendent remarks: “The cause of education would be greatly benefited if by some means a more thorough visitation by tbe county-superintendents could be secured.”
Rev. George H, Atkinson writes, under date of July 11, 1873: “The school-sentiment is becoming stronger. Last week I was in Atalanai Valley, 200 miles northeast of Portland, and was glad to find that four school-districts bad been defined by the saperintendent of Yakima County and two of them organized ; two good school-bouses built, and schools in operation from three to six months in the year. This settlement is really but little more than three years old, though a few settlers were there in 1866–67."
The same gentleman, under date of January 20, 1874, writes: “The town- and eity. schools of Washington Territory flourish most in winter; those in the country are held chiefly in summer, on account of sparse settlements and bad roads.
“Olympia has two district-schools, partly graded, with four or five teacbers, and one seminary, first designed for girls, but now for boys also, with three teachers. "Tacoma has one school, not yet graded. Seattle has one district, two school-buildings, and
* Information has been received that the school-law has been revised somewhat in accordance with the action of the territorial association, and that Mr. J. P. Judson has been elected superintendent of Echools in place of Hon. Nelson Rounds, deceased.