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ment by the President, and his compensation to be fixed and paid as in the case of other Federal appointees for the Territories.

Fifthly. In view of the appalling number of children growing up in ignorance on account of the impoverished condition of portions of the country in which slavery has been lately abolished, and in view of the special difficulties in the way of establishing and maintaining therein schools for universal education, and in consideration of the imperative need of immediate action in this regard, I recommend that the whole or a portion of the net proceeds arising from the sale of public lands shall be set aside as a special fund, and its interest be divided annually, pro rata, between the people of the several States and Territories and the District of Columbia, under such provisions, in regard to amount, allotment, expenditure, and supervision, as Congress in its wisdom may deem fit and proper.

Sixthly. I respectfully recommend that such provision as may be seen best in the wisdom of Congress be made for the publication of ten thousand copies of the annual report of this Bureau, immediately on its completion, to be put at the control of the Bureau for distribution among its correspondents and the educators of the country, however many may be ordered for distribution by members of the Senate and House.

CONCLUSION.

The chief clerk, Dr. Charles Warren, is especially deserving of my commendation for his faithful conduct of the Office in my absence.

It is always a great pleasure to acknowledge the efficient services of my several assistants in the Office. This year especially, they bave relieved me of much work that probably would bave been left undone, on account of my health becoming seriously impaired. Indeed, during po year of my duties here has the organization of the Office been able to accomplish so much in itself; and this is largely due to the fact that the members of the force bave become more familiar with the principles upon which the Office is conducted and with the educational details of the country and the wants of the people.

I am greatly indebted for valuable aid to many whom it is impossible to mention in each case, also to the Commissioner of Patents, the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, the Congressional Printer, and the Chief of the Bureau of Statistics.

Among the most gratifying experiences in this Office is the fact that each year adds to my obligations to your Assistant Secretary, yourself, and to the President, for wise direction and hearty co-operation in the performance of its duties. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

JOHN EATON,

Commissioner. Hon. C. DELANO,

Secretary of the Interior.

ANNUAL STATEMENT

OF THE

PROGRESS OF EDUCATION IN THE UNITED STATES.

1 E

NOTE.

The following abstracts, from the reports of the several State-superintendents and other authoritative sources, designed to show the condition of educational matters in the different States and Territories, are prepared substantially, as far as may be, in accordance with the schedule given below:

GENERAL PLAN OF ABSTRACT. 1. ELEMENTARY INSTRUCTION........... (a) Statistics.

(6) Public-school-systems, marking specially anything new and

noteworthy.

(c) City systems and their peculiarities. 2. SECONDARY INSTRUCTION ......... .(a) Academies.

(6) High schools.

(c) Preparatory schools. 3. TRAINING OF TEACHERS....

(a) Normal schools and normal departments. 4. SUPERIOR INSTRUCTION ........... -(a) Colleges for males, with universities.

(6) Colleges for females.

(c) Resident graduate courses. 5. PROFESSIONAL INSTRUCTION... .(a) Theological training.

(6) Legal training.
(c) Medical training.

(d) Training of engineers and agriculturists. 6. SPECIAL INSTRUCTION.....

.(a) Deaf, dumb, and blind.
(b) Musical conservatories.

(c) Art-training, beyond that in the schools. 7. EDUCATIONAL CONVENTIONS..........(a) Meetings of State-associations.

(6) Teachers' institutes. 8. SPECIAL NOTEWORTHY BENEFACTIONS. 9. OBITUARY RECORD ...................(a) Brief memorials of educators deceased during the year. 10. List Of SCHOOL-OFFICIALS...........(a) Boards of education, or State-superintendents.

(6) County. or town-superintendents.

*APPENDIX.

ABSTRACTS FROM THE OFFICIAL REPORTS OF THE SCHOOL-OFFICERS OF

STATES, TERRITORIES, AND CITIES, WITH ADDITIONAL INFORMATION FROM VARIOUS SOURCES.

ALABAMA.

[From report of Hon. Joseph Hodgson, State-superintendent of public instruction, for the scholastic

year which ended September 30, 1872.)

18,

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........................

RECEIPTS. Annual interest on $1,729,817.04, (sixteenth-section-fund,) at 8 per cent.. $138, 385 36 Annual interest on $97,091.21, (valueless sixteenth-section-fund) ........ 7,767 30 Annual interest on 8669, 086.80, (surplus-reventie-fund).

53,526 94 One-fifth annual aggregate revenue, (1871)..

235, 524 54 Special assessinent for schools, (poll-tax) ......

113, 505 00 Alabama Mutual-Aid Association.....

2,000 00 Amount appropriated under section 957, revised code..

54, 269 36 Unapportioned balance, (1871)...

2, 0R2 47 Total....

607,060 97 EXPENDITURES. Apportioned among counties......

$553, 067 65 Pay of county-superintendents..

35, 000 00 Pay of county-directors.....

4,000 00 Pay of clerk of department...

1,500 03 Contingent fund ..........

1,000 00 For normal schools......

12,000 00 Library-fund........

50 00

Total expenditures....

606, 517 65

SCHOOL-POPULATION.
Total number of children between ages of 5 and 21 years, (males, 204,416;

females, 199,319) .......

403, 735

SCHOOL-ATTENDANCE.
Number of white children enrolled, (males, 32,766 ; females, 29,176).....
Number of colored children enrolled, (males, 20,125; females, 21,548).....

61, 942 41, 673

Total enrollment

103, 615

* The statistics of city-schools, tabulated from returns made by the city-superintendents, and also the dames of the presidents and full statistics of the higher educational institutions of each State will bo found in their appropriate places among the statistical tables at the end of this volume. Lists of the universities, colleges, and professional schools in each State are also given in the abstracts of their respective States. The statistical tables of the schools, colleges, and public educational institutions em. body the information given, in response to the circulars of inquiry sent out from this Bureau, by those in charge of the institutions.

Owing to want of space reference is made in the text only to institutions from which the Bureau possesses printed or written information relating to matters of special interest.

Average number of white children attending, (males, 23,871; females,

21,650)..... Average number of colored children attending, (males, 14,371 ; females, 14,035).

Total average attendance.....

45,521 28, 406 73, 927

TEACHERS.
Number of teachers for white-schools, (males, 1,176; females, 644)........
Number of teachers for colored-schools, (males, 620; females, 210).....
Total number of teachers........

.........................

1, 820

$30

2,650

SCHOOLS.
Number of prinary schools, (for white children, 287 ; for colored, 547)..
Number of intermediate schools, (for white children, 563; for colored, 229)
Number of grammar-schools, (for white children, 732; for colored, 39)...
Number of high schools, (for white children, 162; for colored, 2)........

Total number of schools

2,561

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FINANCIAL In conseqnence of the failure of a number of counties to forward proper annual reports within the time required, a fair comparison of the statistics of the year with those of the year previous bas been iinpossible; yet, notwithstanding the fact that the failure of the treasury to cash school-warrants had a depressing effect upon all the township-schools, the number of cbildren in attendance-and the time during which the schools were open-does not vary materially, it is thought, from that of the preceding year.

It has been impossible for county-superintendents to balance their accounts with the department of education, from the fact that large amounts of warrants remain in their hands unpaid ; and, in the judgment of the retiring superintendent, Hon. Joseph Hodgson, the affairs of the departinent cannot be satisfactorily administered until the general assembly shall provide money to meet the annual educational apportionments; and to this end he advises that a sale of State-bonds be ordered sufficient to liquidate every cent of indebtedness to the public schools and that the school-revenues be henceforth kept separate and distinct from all other funds, in accordauce with that provision of the constitution which says that they “shall be inviolably appropriated to educational purposes, and no other purposes whatever." Notwithstanding this express command of the constitution, every dollar of the public-school-fund and of the university-fund given the State by the General Governinent has been either squandered or lost, so that the entire amount expended annually for the public schools and the State University has to be raised each year by direct taxation on people already groaning under beavy taxes and indebtedness. The new State superintendent, (Hon. Joseph H. Speed) in an address to the board of education, advises that all defaulting officers and all officers in arrears be sought out and compelled to account for every dollar of public-school-money that has gone into their hands or be made to suffer the severest penalties of the law.

COUNTY-SUPERINTENDENTS. Superintendent Speed advises, also, the enactment of a law requiring county-superintendents to reside at the county-seat of each county and keep their otfices open on certain days of each week, since their residence in remoto corners of counties having a large area compels teachers, trustees, and other school-officers having business with them to travel a great distance, at the risk, even then, of finding the county-soperintendent absent. He further recommends tbe enactment of a law providing for the removal of county-superintendents for grossly immoral conduct and drunkenness.

TEACHERS. A revision of the school-laws is considered necessary, so as to prohibit the employ. ment of teachers in the public schools until the money is in band to pay them. Such teachers are generally poor, and nine-tenths of them have to rely entirely upon their pay to support themselves and their families. To employ them, poor as they are, secure their time and services, and then compel them to wait six or twelve months for their pay, is not only unwise, but unjust and cruel, and entails much suffering on a worthy class of citizens, who, moreover, render more service for less compensation tban any otber public servants. There are hundreds of poor teachers throughout the State, who have served faithfully and laboriously, whose wives and children suffer for want of food and raiment because they have failed to receive the amounts due for work done many months ago.

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