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abundance Adam Smith additional advantage afford agriculture alteration amount annual appears Bank bounty capital cause cent circulation circumstances cloth commodities comparative consequence consumer continue cost cultivation demand depend difficulty diminished duce effect employed employment enable England equal exchange expense exportation fall farmer fertile fixed follow foreign funds give given gold Government greater importation improvement income increased interest land landlord less limited lower machinery manufacturer means measure metals millions natural price necessarily necessary never obliged observed obtain occasion paid poor population portion precisely prevent price of corn principle probably proportion purchase quantity of labour quarters raise the price rate of profits raw produce receive reduced regulated relative value remain rent rich rise says sell shillings silver society supply suppose things tion trade value of money variation vary wages wealth whole wine yield
第 344 頁 - What is prudence in the conduct of every private family, can scarce be folly in that of a great kingdom. If a foreign country can supply us with a commodity cheaper than we ourselves can make it, better buy it of them with some part of the produce of our own industry, employed in a way in which we have some advantage.
第 95 頁 - The friends of humanity cannot but wish that in all countries the labouring classes should have a taste for comforts and enjoyments, and that they should be stimulated by all legal means in their exertions to procure them. There cannot be a better security against a superabundant population.
第 200 頁 - The tax which each individual is bound to pay ought to be certain, and not arbitrary. The time of payment, the manner of payment, the quantity to be paid, ought all to be clear and plain to the contributor, and to every other person.
第 57 頁 - It is only, then, because land is not unlimited in quantity and uniform in quality, and because, in the progress of population, land of an inferior quality, or less advantageously situated, is called into cultivation, that rent is ever paid for the use of it.
第 141 頁 - Gold and silver having been chosen for the general medium of circulation, they are, by the competition of commerce, distributed in such proportions amongst the different countries of the world, as to accommodate themselves to the natural traffic which would take place if no such metals existed, and the trade between countries were purely a trade of barter.
第 458 頁 - The chapter opens by reaffirming that it is the cost of production which must ultimately regulate the price of commodities, and not, as has been often said, the proportion between the supply and demand: the proportion between supply and demand may, indeed, for a time, affect the market value of a commodity, until it is supplied in greater or less abundance, according as the demand may have increased or diminished, but this effect will be only of temporary duration.
第 1 頁 - The things which have the greatest value in use have frequently little or no value in exchange; and, on the contrary, those which have the greatest value in exchange have frequently little or no value in use.
第 325 頁 - Capital is that part of the wealth of a country which is employed in production, and consists of food, clothing, tools, raw materials, machinery, etc., necessary to give effect to labour.