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as well as a more easy method of government*."

5. The bishop's concluding remark, on the substitution of laws in the place of subscriptions, appears solid and important. But should it still be thought expedient to retain the latter, it would seem not very difficult to devise some form of subscription much less exceptionable than those which are at present in use, and which would as effectually answer every good end proposed by such a measure. Why might not the following, or some equivalent form, be thought generally sufficient?

"I believe that the holy scriptures, as they are commonly received among protestants, contain all things necessary to salvation; so that, whatsoever is not read therein, nor proved thereby, is not to be required of any man, that it should be believed as an article of faith, or be thought requisite or necessary to salvation \.

* Bishop Burnet's conclusion to the History of his own Times.

t The words in italics are from the sixth article of And I declare my sincere intention, seriously to study the sacred scriptures, and to instruct the people in the same, according to my best abilities."

Should the question respect an admission to minister in the church of England in particular, why might not the following, or some similar declaration, be thought satisfactory ?" I am persuaded that the doctrine of the church of England is so pure and orthodox, that whosoever believes it, and lives according to it, shall be saved; and that there is no error in it, which may necessitate any man to disturb the peace, or renounce the communion of it*." When Bishop Sanderson, who was a good man, and a skilful casuist, was consulted upon this formula by some divines who proposed it, as one to which they were willing to agree, he answered, "I never subscribed in any other sense myself." Or why might not Chillingworth's form of subscription be admitted, as expressed in these words?" I do verily believe the church of England a peace and edification; since, after all that can be done, shades of difference will still remain, which can only be fully dissipated in that world of light, where we shall know even as we are known.

To require therefore a complete unity of sentiment in all the members of a church, is nugatory; and to pretend it is fallacious. To draw up a number of articles, some of them upon the most abstruse points in divinity, with a declared design to prevent diversity of opinion, and to establish consent touching true religion, is the most Utopian of all projects; if such a declaration be meant so rigorously as to exclude the least variety of apprehension. Far less extravagant was the fancy of the emperor Charles the Fifth, when he proposed to bring a multitude of clocks and watches to keep exact time with one another. To have brought these machines so near to perfection as to answer all the useful purposes of life, would have been laudable; an attempt to bring them nearer was a point of vain and fruitless curiosity. In like manner to true religion as is necessary to present pea and final salvation, is an object of much importance, and we hope not totally impracticable; more than this may justly be considered as neither practicable, nor, if attained, of any great moment or advantage *.

2. Hence it may appear, that all which can reasonably be proposed by such a formulary of doctrine as we have above described, is, not absolutely to preclude every diversity of opinion, which, as we have observed, is impossible, but to confine this diversity within certain limits; not to fix one precise and indivisible sense to the arti

* " Il y a de certaines idées d'uniformité, qui saisissent quelquefois les grands esprits, mais qui frappent infailliblement les petits. Ils y trouvent un genre de perfection qu'ils reconnoissent, parce qu'il est impossible de ne le pas découvrir; les mêmes poids dans la police, les mêmes mesures dans la commerce, les mêmes loix dans l'etât, la même religion dans toutes ses parties. Mais cela est-il toujours à propos sans exception ?—Et la grandeur du génie ne consisteroit-ellc mieux à scavoir, dans quels cas il faut de l'uniformité et dans quels cas il faut des differences?"

peace and edification; since, after all that can be done, shades of difference will still remain, which can only be fully dissipated in that world of light,, where we shall hnm even as we are knoivn.

To require therefore a complete unity of sentiment in all the members of a church, is nugatory; and to pretend it is fallacious. To draw up a number of articles, some of them upon the most abstruse points in divinity, with a declared design to prevent diversity of opinion, and to establish consent touching true religion, is the most Utopian of all projects; if such a declaration be meant so rigorously as to exclude the least variety of apprehension. Far less extravagant was the fancy of the emperor Charles the Fifth, when he proposed to bring a multitude of clocks and watches to keep exact time with one another. To have brought these machines so near to perfection as to answer all the useful purposes of life, would have been laudable; an attempt to bring them nearer was a point of vain and fruitless curiosity. In like manner to

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