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doing, however, no damage. Major-General McLaws brought up two brigades some time afterward, placing one (Kershaw's) on the left of Arinistead's, on the same line, and the other (Barksdale's) on ny right. In this position we remained during the rest of the day, the ensuing night, and all day Thursday (the 18th). The enemy made no further attack, but there were several demonstrations, as if another advance was intended, and there were at least three lines of battle formed on the opposite side of the Hagerstown road, near the woods, with a heavy line of skirmishers extending nearly up to the road. I deem it proper to state that all the killed and wounded of my own brigade were inside of my lines, as I established them after the fight, and that the killed and wounded of the enemy on this part of the field were also within the same lines. All my killed were buried, and all my wounded were carried to the hospitals in the rear, though, by some mismanagement on the part of the surgeons or quartermasters, of which I was not aware until too late, some 10 or 15 of my wounded were left in a hospital on the Maryland side of the river when we recrossed. Late in the afternoon of the 17th I went to the rear to look after the other brigades of the division, and found Major Lowe, with about 100 men of Lawton's brigade, which he had collected together, and which I had moved up to where my brigade was and posted on the right of it. Early next morning General Hays, with about 90 men of his brigade, reported to me, and was placed on my left in the same line, and during the morning Captain [I. B.] Feagin [Fifteenth Alabama], with about 200 men of Trimble's brigade, reported to me, and was posted in my rear. Only Johnson's and D'Aquin's batteries accompanied the division across the Potomac, the former being attached to Trimble's brigade, and the latter to Hays' brigade. They were both engaged on the 17th, and suf. fered to some extent, but I am unable to give an account of their operations, as Johnson's battery was soon after detached from the division, and has since been amalgamated with another battery in some other cominand, and Captain D'Aquin was killed at Fredericksburg. The other batteries, which had been detained at Harper's Ferry, were brought over the river on the 18th, by my orders.
RECROSSING THE POTOMAC, AFFAIRS AT BOTELER's FORD AND SIIEF . HERDSTOWN, AND MARCH TO BUNKER HILL.
Having received the order from General Jackson after night on the 18th to move back as soon as my pickets were relieved by General Fitzhugh Lee's cavalry, which was between 10 and 11 o'clock, I moved the division back, carrying along Armistead's brigade, and I believe this was the last division to move. It recrossed the Potomac at Boteler's Ford shortly after sunrise on the morning of the 19th, and was formed in line of battle on the heights on the Virginia side, under the direction of General Longstreet. After remaining in position for two or three hours, the enemy having in the mean time opened an artillery fire from the opposite side of the Potomac, I was ordered to move toward Martinsburg and to leave Lawton's brigade, then increased to about 400 men, and under command of Colonel [J. H.] Lamar, of the Sixty first Georgia Itegiinent, in position on the height just below Boteler's Ford. I accordingly moved in the direction indicated until I was ordered to encamp for the night near a school-house, 5 or 6 miles from Shepherdsto W Il.
On the afternoon of the 19th the enemy commenced crossing a small force at Boteler's Ford, and Lawton's brigade gave way, abandoning its position. This brigade was very much reduced, having suffered ter. ribly on the 17th, and a considerable number of the men, being just returned from the hospitals, were without arms, and, without knowing the particulars of the affair, I am satisfied its conduct on this occasion was owing to the mismanagement of the officer in command of it.
Next morning I was ordered to move back to the vicinity of Boteler's Ford with the three brigades which were with me. On arriving there, by orders from General Jackson, these brigades were placed in line of battle in rear of General A. P. Hill's division, in the woods on the right and left of the road leading to the ford, my own and Hays' brigades being placed on the right and Trimble's brigade on the left. In this position they remained until late in the afternoon, while General Hill's division was engaged in front, being in range of the enemy's shells, by one of which Captain Feagin, in command of the Fifteenth Alabama Regiment, was seriously wounded, he being the only regimental com. mander of that brigade who had not been killed or wounded at Sharps. burg. Late in the afternoon I was ordered to move back, and on the way received orders to continue to move on, following Jackson's division, which preceded me, and did so until I was halted about 12 o'clock at night near the Opequon.
We remained at this position until the 24th, and then moved across the Opequon and camped on the Williamsport turnpike, 6 or 7 miles from Martinsburg.
On the next day my camp was moved to a place near the Tuscarora, about 3 miles from Martinsburg, and on the 27th we moved to Bunker Hill.
This embraces the whole of the operations of this division during the period designated in the order of the lieutenant-general commanding this corps, as far as I am able to give them, and I am sorry that I am not able to do more justice to Lawton's, Trimble's, and Hays' brigades in this report, but my difficulties in making it have already been explained, and it is owing to them, and not to any design on my part, that the report as to these brigades is not so complete as it is in regard to iny own.
} submit herewith lists" of killed, wounded, and missing. from which it will appear that in the period embraced this division has lost, in killed, 565; in wounded, 2,284, and missing, 70, making an aggregate of 2,919, showing the severity of the conflicts in which it has been engaged. Its loss at Sharpsburg alone was 199 killed, 1,115 wounded, and 38 missing, being an aggregate loss of 1,352 out of less than 3,500, with which it went into that action.
I hope I may be excused for referring to the record shown by my own brigade, which has never been broken or compelled to fall back or left one of its dead to be buried by the enemy, but has invariably driven the enemy when opposed to him, and slept upon the ground on which it has fought, in every action, with the solitary exception of the affair at Bristoe Station, when it retired under orders, covering the withdrawal of the other troops.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, J. A. EARLY, Brigadier-General, Commanding Division. Capt. A. S. PENDLETON, Assistant Adjutant-General.
* See addenda, following; see also Series I, Vol. XII, Part II, pp. 716, 717
Return oy casualties in Ewell's division at the battle of Sharpsburg, September 17, 1862.
Killed. Wounded Missing. # d d g * Command. B à 3 Remarks. - i - o: § i to: $ t § ! 3 # # # # # # # 5 -. £ E E TE to o c so c o < . ------ - - - - - - ---------------------- 2 -----. ~|~ 2 lawton's brigade: t 13th Georgia.......... t; 43 9 || 157 |...... 2 216 Col. M. Douglass and Lieuts | J. D. Hill, J. A. Adair, E S. Bass, and Edwin Dallas killed. 26th Georgia .......... 1 5 2 47 l.----- 6 61 Lieut. D. P. Rice killed. 31st Georgia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3 39 1 || 4 : 38th Georgia....... | 1. 17 6 46 l...... 1 71 Capt. W. H. Battey killed. 60th Geor-ia. . . . ...... ; 12 3. 45 --------. 60 61st Georgia. . . . . . . 2 14, 8 73 1 6, 104 Maj. A. P. MacRae and Capt - . J. Mathews killed. Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 97 33 407 2 19 567 Early's brigade: 13th Virginia. . . . . ....]. -----|------|...... 5 !------|------ 5 25th Virginia .......... 1 2 2 18 . . . ...... 23 lot.Chan- W. Delay lineu. 31st Virginia ......... 1 ---- 2 5 !------|----- 8 Capt. Allison D. Robinson killed. 44th Virginia ............ 2 2 30 . . . . [...... 34 49th Virginia ................ 8 5 64 1.----- 8 85 52d Virginia . . . . . 1. 3. 1 23 i...... 1 29 Lieut. Wm. F. Dold killed 58th Virginia. . . . . .-----|---...!..... | 10 l......l...... 10 Total ... - ------ 3 15 12 155 ------ 9 || 104 Trimble's brigade = | Staff .... ------------------------ 2 ------------------ 2 15th Alabama ........!...... 8 4 61 ...... 6 79 12th Georgia. . .----- 2 11 | 6 | 39 1 * 59 Capt. James G. Rodgers and . | Lieut. A. Henderson killed 21st Georgia. . . . . . ..... a 8 si - 67 . 21st North Carolina ...;...... | 2 || 2 || 14 ..... 1 18 Bedford Artillery" – 1 ------ | 10 |- 11 Total.... . .----- To TE TITIs: 8 237 Hays' brigade: t | | Staff ..... .......... t | - 1 ------------------ 1. 5th Louisiana. . . . . `i 2" | 7 || 3 | "sil..... [......! is Lieuta. N. A. Canfield and | | Robert Gerrold killed. 6th Louisiana . . . . . 5 6 8 33 1.----------- 52 Col. H. H. Strong, t'apts. A. | • | M. Callaway and H. Boiu t | Ritchie, and Lieuto M Lit t tle and . .ex. Lynn.- killed 7th Louisiana. ...... | 2 || 9 || 9 || 47 i...... | 2 69 Capt. E. McFarland and i | | | ieut. William P. Newman killed. 8th Louisiana 1, 1: ol...... ...... | 103 Lieut. B. F. Birdsall killed 14th Louisiana -----------. * 5 42 " . . ...--- 53 Lonisiana Guard Bat- 1 ------ | 8 ..... '.... 9. tery. | Total.... ........... is as “... * * 2 as t o recapitulation. * General staff ... ...... .... -------- i 2 'in'' ------ i 2 Lawton's brigade ...-- 9 97 33 407 2 19 567 Early's brigade ----------- 3 15 - 12 155 i ..... s is: Trimble's brigade ....--- 2 : 25 17 185 i...... 8 237 Hays' brigade ----------. 10 : 35 is 343 ..... 2 336 o o -Grand total ... 24 | 172, 110 900 2 | as 1,336 t : - i "John R. Johnson's (Virginia) battery.
Return of casualties in Ewell's division at Boteler's Ford, September 13, 1862
[Compiled from nominal list.]
. . To Command. : # # i - . . # & § & ! : # # ; # # # # - o g : $ 5 || 3 || 5 || 3 | # Lawton's brigade: 13th Georgia.-----...-------------------------------- 2 31st Georgia ... 1. 38th Georgia ............ ...--------------------...-. 1 61st Georgia .................------...--............. 8 Trimble's brigade: 15th Alabama-...-------------------------------------- 1 Total --------------------------------------------- g
Report of Maj. J. H. Lowe, Thirty-first Georgia Infantry, commanding Lawton's brigade, of the battle of Sharpsburg.
October 13, 1862.
[I have the honor to make the following] report of the part taken by Lawton's brigade in the engagement of September 17, at Sharpsburg, Md. : On the evening of September 16, the brigade, commanded by Col. M. Douglass, was ordered to march toward the enemy's line. After marching some distance, the brigade filed into a piece of woods, and there remained, with arms stacked, until about 10 p.m., at which time the brigade was ordered to relieve Brigadier-General Hood, whose command was in line of battle near the enemy's lines. The brigade marched up and formed line of battle, and the Thirty-first Georgia Regiment, in Lawton's brigade, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel [J. | Crowder, was ordered out as skirmishers, which order was promptly obeyed. During the night sharp skirmishing ensued. At dawn, when the enemy could be seen, heavy skirmishing commenced and continued for an hour. The skirmishers, after their ammunition was nearly exhausted, were ordered to retire or fall back with their brigade. At that time the enemy commenced advancing, and soon a general engagement ensued. While the brigade was engaged with the enemy's infantry, it was under a heavy fire from their batteries on our right, killing and wounding many of our men. After a severe engagement, the brigade was compelled to fall back a short distance. Re-enforcements then came, and with them we made a charge in the most gallant manner. During that time (before the charge) the brigade lost its commander, and nearly every regiment lost its regimental commander; also the greater portion of the different companies lost their company commanders. After the charge the brigade fell back, and, in taking off the wounded, a great many were lost for a short time from their regi. ments. Finding that I was senior officer present, I reformed the brigade and reported to Brigadier-General Early, and was ordered to take position on the right of the division in line of battle; there remained until the latter part of the night of the 18th.
I am requested to bring to notice the name of Corpl. Curtis A. Lowe, of Company F, Sixty first Georgia Regiment, who, after the color-bearer and four of the color-guard were shot down, seized the colors and pressed forward, calling to the men of the Sixty-first to follow their standard. Also, I will note the gallantry displayed by Private M. W. Hawes, of Company E, Thirty-first Georgia, who, after two of the color-bearers had been shot down, took the colors and carried them with his regiment, leading the way in the charge, and afterward carried them off the field with his regiment.
J. H. LOWE, Major Thirty-first Georgia.
P. S.—The brigade was engaged at least two hours.
Report of Col. James A. Walker, Thirteenth Virginia Infantry, commanding Trimble's brigade, of the battle of Sharpsburg.
October 11, 1862.
In obedience to orders from division headquarters, calling upon me for a report of the operations of Trimble's brigade on September 17 at the battle of Sharpsburg, I respectfully submit the following:
On the night of the 16th, about 11 o'clock, I was ordered by Brigadier-General Lawton, then in command of the division, to carry my command to the front, to relieve a portion of General Hood's troops, which I did, taking the place of a brigade commanded by Colonel Law. My pickets were posted in the edge of a wood, which was occupied but a short distance farther in by the enemy, and my inain body was placed in a plowed field, connecting with Lawton's brigade on my left and with Ripley's brigade, of D. H. Hill's division, on my right, the latter forming a right angle with my line, and facing the Antietam River. Twice during the night the enemy's pickets attacked mine, in force, and a desultory fire was kept up between them the greater part of the night.
At daylight heavy skirmishing cominenced between the pickets, and was kept up without intermission until about sunrise, when the enemy's line of battle was advanced, driving my pickets in. Soon after daylight the enemy opened fire from a battery which was posted on a hill across the Antietam, and which consequently enfiladed our position, and, as my command was exposed to full view of their gunners and had no shelter, this fire was very annoying, but less destructive than I at first apprehended it would be. About the time my skirmishers were driven in, the enemy also opened on us from the front with artillery. The line of infantry which they brought up first, advanced to the edge of the woods where iny skirmishers had been posted, and opened fire upon us, to which my men replied with spirit and effect, holding them in check. The whole force of the enemy opposed to my regiments occupied the shelter of the wood, except that portion which confronted the left of my line, where the Twelfth Georgia Regiment was posted. Observing that the cool and deliberate sire of this tried and veteran regiment was aunoying that portion of the enemy's line very greatly, I ordered the Twenty-first