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OR

THE SECRETARY OF WAR.

TRANSMITTING REPORT ON THE

ORGANIZATION OF THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC

AND OF

ITS CAMPAIGNS IN VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND,

UNDER THE COMMAND OF

MAJ.-Gen. GEORGE B. MCCLELLAN,

FROM

JULY 26, 1861, TO NOVEMBER 7, 1862.

WASHINGTON:
CONSTITUTIONAL UNION OFFICE.

1864.

LETTER

FROM

THE SECRETARY OF WAR.

TRANSMITTING

The Report of Major-General George B. McClellan upon the organization of the

Army of the Potomac, and its campaigns in Virginia iind Maryland, fron July 26, 1861, to November 7, 1862.

DECEMBER 23, 1863.-Laid on the table and ordered to be printed.

WAR DEPARTMENT,

Washington City, D. C., December 22, 1863. Sir:-In compliance with the resolution dated December 15, 1863, I bave the honor to communicate herewith “the report made by Major-General George B. McClellan, concerning the organization and operations of the army of the Potomac while under his command, and of all army operations while he was commander-in-chief." I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

EDWIN M. STANTON,

Secretary of War. Hon. Schuyler Colfax,

Speaker of the House of Representatives.

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED States, January 20, 1864. Resolved, That five thousand copies of the report of General George B. McClellan upon the operatious of the army of the Potomac, recently communicated by the Secretary of War to the House of Representatives, be printed for the use of the Senate, without the accompanying documents and maps.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, January 13, 1864. Resolved, That ten thousand copies of the official report of Major-General McClel. lan (not including the accompanying documents,) be printed for the use of the members of the present House.

REPORT OF GENERAL GEORGE B. M’CLELLAN.

FIRST PERIOD.

CHAPTER 1,

| road, near Elkwater, and at Red House, NEW YORK, August 4, 1863.

near the main road from Romney to GrafSir: I have the honor to submit herein

ton. During the afternoon and at night

of the 22d I gave the final instructions for the official report of the operations of the

the construction of these works, turned army of the Potomac while under my

over the command to Brig.-Gen. Rosecrans, charge. Accompanying it are the reports

and started, on the morning of the 23d, for of the corps, division, and subordinate

Washington, arriving there on the aftercommanders, pertaining to the various en

noon of the 26th. On the 27th, I assumed gagements, battles, and occurrences of the

command of the division of the Potomac, campaigns, and important documents con

comprising the troops in and around Washnected with its organization, supply, and

ington, on both banks of the river. movements. These, with lists of maps and

With this brief statement of the events memoranda submitted, will be found ap

- which immediately preceeded my being pended, duly arranged, and marked for!

called to the command of the troops at convenient reference.

Washington, I proceed to an account, from Charged, in the spring of 1861, with the

such authentic data as are at hand, of my operations in the department of the Ohio,

military operations while commander of which included the States of Illinois, In

the army of the Potomac. diana, Ohio, and latterly Western Virginia,

The subjects to be considered naturally it had become my duty to counteract the

arrange themselves as follows: hostile designs of the enemy in Western

.

The organization of the army of the Virginia, which were immediately directed

Potomac. The military events connected to the destruction of the Baltiinore and

with the defences of Washington, from Ohio Railroad and the possession of the

July, 1861, to March, 1862. Kanawha valley, with the ultimate object uly

The cam

paign on the Peninsula, and that iu Mary-, of gaining Wheeling and the control of .. the Ohio river. The successful affairs of Phillippi, Rich!

The great resources and capacity for

powerful resistance of the south at the Mountain, Carrick's Ford, &c., had been

breaking out of the rebellion, and the full fought, and I had acquired possession of all Western Virginia north of the Kana

proportions of the great conflict about to

take place, were sought to be carefully wha valley, as well as the lower portion of that valley.

measured; and I had also endeavored, by

every means in my power, to impress upon I had determined to proceed to the re

the authorities the necessity for such imlief of the upper Kanawha valley, as soon

mediate and full preparation as alone would as provision was made for the permanent

enable the government to prosecute the defence of the mountain passes leading

war on a scale commensurate with the from the east into the region under control, when I received at Beverley, in Randolph

resistance to be offered.

On the fourth of August, 1861, I adcounty, on the 21st of July, 1861, intelli

dressed to the President the following ! gence of the unfortunate result of the battle of Manassas, fought on that day.

memorandum, prepared at bis request. On the 22d I received an order by tele

MEMORANDUM. graph, directing me to turn over my com The object of this present war differs mand to Brig.-Gen. Rosecrans, and repair from those in which nations are engaged, at once to Washington.

mainly in this : that the purpose of ordi. I had already caused reconnoissances to nary war is to conquer a peace, and make be made for intrenchments at the Cheat a treaty on advantageous terms: in this Mountain pass; also on the Hunterville contest it has become necessary to crush

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