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rapidly down upon the north side of the only six miles below, near which point it river, with all his disposable cavalry, using was said he halted for breakfast. every exertion to get upon the trail of the Gen. Pleasonton ascertained, after his enemy, and follow it up vigorously. I arrival at Mechanicsville, that the enemy
Gen. Pleasonton, with the remaining were only about an hour ahead of him, ca valry force, was ordered to take the beating a basty retreat towards the mouth road by Cavetown, Harmon's gap, and of the Monocacy. He pushed on vigorMechanicsville, and cut off the retreat of ously, and, near its mouth, overtook them the enemy should he make for any of the with a part of his force, having marched fords below the position of the main army, seventy-eight miles in twenty-four hours, His orders were to pursue them with the and having left many of his horses broken utmost rapidity, not to spare his men or | down upon the road. He at once attacked horses, and to destroy or capture them if with his artillery, and the firing continued possible. ii.
for several hours, during which time he Gen. Crook, at that time commanding states that he received the support of a Cox's division, at Hancock, en route for small portion of Gen. Stoneman's comWestern Virginia, was ordered to halt, mand, not sufficient to inflict any material place his men in cars, and remain in damage upon the enemy, readiness to move to any point above Gen. Stoneman reports that, in accord. should'the enemy return in that direction, ance with his instructions, he gave all keeping his scouts well out on all the roads necessary orders for intercepting the return leading from the direction of Chambers of the rebels, and Col. Staples, commandsburg to the upper Potomac.
ing one of his brigades, states that he sent . The other commanders between Hancock two regiments of infantry to the mouth of and Harper's Ferry were instructed to the Monocacy, and one regiment to White's keep a vigilant watch upon all the roads ford; that on the morning of the 12th, and fords, so as to prevent the escape of about ten o'clock. he, by Gen. Stoneman's the rebels within these limits,
order, marched the remaining three regi. (Gen. Burnside was ordered to send two nents of his command from Poolşville brigades to the Monocacy crossing, there towards the mouth of the Monocacy; that to remain in cars, with steam up, ready to before geiting into action he was relieved .move to any point on the railroad to which by Gen. Ward, who states that he reported Stuart might be aiming, while Col. Rush. i to Gen. Pleasontou with his command, at Frederick, was directed to keep his while the enemy was crossing the river, dancers scouting on the approaches from and was iuformed by him (Gen. PleasonChambersburg, so as to give timely notice ton) that he was too late, and that nothing to the commander of the two brigades at could be done then. the Monocacy crossing. :
| Gen. Pleasonton, in his report of this Gen. Stoneman, whose headquarters affair, says : “ It was at this time that Col. were then at Poolsville, occupying with Ward reported to me from Gen. Stonehis division the different fords on the river man's division, with a brigade of infantry, below the mouth of the Monocacy, was a regiment of cavalry, and a section of directed to keep his cavalry well out on artillery, I told him that his command "the approaches from the direction of could be of no use, as the enemy had then Frederick, so as to give him time to mass crossed the river. These are the only his troops at any point where the enemy troops, that I know of, that were in that might attempt to cross the Potomac in his vicinity, and this was the first intimation I vicinity. He was informed of Gen. Plea- received that any troops were endeavoring sonton's movements.
to assist me in capturing the rebels. I After the orders were given for covering succeeded in preventing the enemy from all the fords upon the river, I did not think crossing at the mouth of the Monocacy, it possible for Stuart to recross, and I and drove him to White's ford, three miles believe that the capture or destruction of below. Had White's ford been occupied his entire force was perfectly certain; but by any force of ours previous to the time owing to the fact that my orders were not of the occupation by the enemy, the cap. in all cases carried'out as I expected, he ture of Stuart's whole force would have effected his escape into Virginia without been certain and inevitable. With my much loss.
small force, which did not exceed one"The troops sent by Gen. Burnside to the fourth of the enemy's, it was not practi. Monocacy, owing to some neglect in not cable for me to occupy that ford while the giving the necessary orders to the com- enemy was in front." mander, instead of remaining at the rail. It would seem from the report of Gen. Toad crossing, as I directed, marched four Stoneman, that the disposition he made miles into Frederick, and there remained of his troops, previous to the arrival of until after Stuart had passed the railroad, Stuart, was a good one. He stationed two
regiments at the mouth of Monocacy, and ( But they did not come to us, and of course two regiments at White's ford, the latter were inaccessible to the army. I did not in the very place where the crossing was fail to make frequent representation of made, and the former only three miles off, this condition of things to the general-inwith & reserve of three regiments at Pools-chief, and it appears that he referred the ville, some six miles distant. Gen. Plea- matter to the Quartermaster Gen. who sonton's report shows that from the time constantly replied that the supplies had the firing commenced until the enemy were been promptly ordered. Notwithstanding across the river was about four and a half this, they did not reach our depots. hours. Gen, Stoneman states that he The following extracts are from telo started the reserve from Poolsville at grams upon this subject; about nine o'clock, but it appears, from the report of Gen. Pleasonton, that it did | “HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMÁC, not reach him until half past one.
“Oct. 11, 1862–9 A. X. At the time I received the order of * October 6, to cross the river, and attack “We have been making every effort to the enemy, the army was wholly deficient get supplies of clothing for this army, and in cavalry, and a large part of our troops Col. Ingalls has received advices that it were in want of shoes, blankets, and other has been forwarded by railroad; but, owing indispensable articles of clothing, notwith- to bad management on the roads, or from standing all the efforts that had been made some other cause, it comes in very slowly, since the battle of Antietam, and even and it will take a much longer time thanı prior to that date, to refit the ariny with was anticipated to get articles that are clothing, as well as horses, I at once con absolutely indispensable to the army, un. sulted with Col. Ingalls, the chief quarter- less the railroad managers forward sup. master, who believed that the necessary plies more rapidly. articles could be supplied in about three
"G. B. MCCLELLAN, days. Orders were immediately issued to
“ Maj. Gen. the different commanders who had not al | “Maj. Gen. H. W. HAL.LECK, ready sent in their requisitions, to do so at "Gen.-in-Chief, Washington. once, and all the necessary steps were forthwith taken by me to insure a prompt
“ HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE Potomac, delivery of the supplies. The requisitions
“Oct. 11, 1862. were forwarded to the proper department! "I am compelled again to call your at Washington, and I expected that the attention to the great deficiency of shoes, articles would reach our depots during the and other indispensable articles of clothing, three days specified; but day after day that still exists in some of the corps in elapsed, and only a small portion of the this army. Upon the assurance of the clothing arrived. Corps commanders, upon chief quartermaster, who based his calcu. receiving notice from the quartermasters lation upon information received from that they might expect to receive their Washington, that clothing would be forsupplies at certain dates, sent the trains warded at certain times, corps commandfor them, which, after waiting, were com- ers sent their wagons to Hagerstown and pelled to return empty. Several instances Harper's Ferry for it. It did not arrive occurred where these trains went back and as promised, and has not yet arrived. forth from the camps to the depots, as Unless some measures are taken to insure often as four or five different times, without the prompt forwarding of these supplies, receiving their supplies, and I was informed there will necessarily be a corresponding by one corps commander that his wagon delay in getting the army ready to move, train had travelled over 150 miles, to and as the men cannot march without shoes. from the depots, before he surceeded in Every thing has been done that can be obtaining his clothing.
done at these headquarters to accomplish The corps of Gen. Franklin did not get the desired result, its clothing until after it had crossed the
“GEO. B. MCCLELLAN, Potomac, and was moving into Virginia.
i “Maj.-Gen. Comd'g. Gen. Reynolds's corps was delayed a day "Maj. Gen. H. W. HALLECK,' at Berlin, to complete its supplies, and “ Commander-in-Chief, Washington." Gen. Porter only completed his on reaching the vicinity of Harper's Ferry.
"HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC. · I made every exertion in my power, and
“Oct. 15, 1862–7 P. M. my quartermasters did the same, to have these supplies hurried forward rapidly; "I am using every possible exertion to and I was repeatedly told that they had get this army ready to move. It was only filed the requisitions at Washington, and yesterday that a part of our shoes and that the supplies had been forwarded. I clothing arrived at Hagerstown. It is
being issued to the troops as rapidly as ing at Harrisburg ? Send an agent over possible.
the road to obtain information, and hurry "GEO. B. MCCLELLAN, ! up the supplies, Reply at once. , L? “Maj.-Gen. 1
"RUFUS INGALLS, Maj. Gen. H. W, A ALLACK,
“Lieut. Col. and A. D. C., Chief Qr. M. Bi. “Gen.-in-Chief."
" GEORGE H. WERKS, " HRADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC.
." Depot Quartermaster, Hagerstown." "Oct, 15, 1862—7.30 P. M.
3. "" SHARPSBURG, Oct. 15, 1862. “Gen. Franklin reports that there is by
"I have just returned from Hagerstown," no means as much clothing as was called where I have been for the clothing for the for at Hagerstown. I think, therefore, corps.' There was pothing there but two you had better have some additional sup-overcoats, trowsers, and a few uniforma plics, especially of shoes, forwarded to coats and socks. There was not any shoes, Harper's Ferry as soon as possible. | blankets, shirts, or shelter tents. Will
“R. B. MARCY, Chief of Staff. I you please tell me where and when the " Col. R INGALLS,
balance can be had? Shall I send to Har.' “Care of Col. Rucker, Q. M. Washington." per's Ferry for them to-morrow? The
corps surgeon has just made a requisition'
Cfor 45 hospital tents. There are none at .." Gen. J. F. Reynolds just telegraphs me if I can get them at Hurper's Ferry ?
Oct. 16, 1862. | Hagerstown. Will you please to inform as follows; My quartermaster reports
*FIELDING LOWRY, that there are no shoes, tonts, blankets,
" Capt. and Quartermaster. or knapsacks at Hagerstown. He was
"Gen. INGALLS." able to procure only a complete supply of overcoats and pants, with a few socks,
“Hagerstown Oct. 15, 1862. drawers, and coats. This leaves many of "I want at least ten thousand (10,000) the men yet without a shoe. My requisi- enits of clothing in addition to what I have tions call for 5,255 pairs of shoes. " received. It should be here now. "Please push the shoes and stockings
. “G. W. WEEKS, up to Harper's Ferry as fast as possible.
. ' ;Assistant Quartermaster. *' “R. B. MARCY, Chief of Staff. 1 “Col. IXGALLS, Quartermaster."
"Col. R. Ingalls, *Care of Col. Rucker, Q. M. Washington." | we
“Harper's FERRY, Oct. 22, 1862,
" We have bootecs, 12,000; greatcoats, "HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC, 4,000; drawers and shirts are gone; blan. “Camp near Knoxville, Md., Oct. I. 1862. kcts and stockings nearly so; 15,000 each
“You did right in sending clothing to of these four articles are wanted. Harper's Ferry. You will not be able to
“ALEX. BLISS, send too much or too quickly. We want “Capt. and Assistant 'Quartermaster. blankets, shoes, canteens, &c., very much. “Gen. INGALLA, Chief Quartermaster, &c.".
“RUFUS INGALLS, “ Lieut. Col. and A. D, C., Chief Qr. M.
I "MCCLELLAN'S HEADQUARTERE, : á Col, C. G, SAVTELLE,
. .. "Oct. 24, 1862-11 A. N.
- " Please send to Capt. Bliss, at Har ; “Depot Quartermaster, Washington.”,
per's Ferry, 10,000 blankets, 12,000 cáps, * HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF TUE Potomac, 5.000 overcoats,' 10,000 pairs bootees, • Camp near Knoxville, Md.. Oct. 10, 1862. 2.000 pairs artillery and cavalry boots,
“Shipments to Hagerstown must be 15,000 pairs stockings, 15,000, drawers, made direct through, to avoid the con- and 15,000 pants. The clothing arrives temptible delays at Harrisburg. If Col. slowly. Can it not be hurried along Crosman was ordered to send clothing, I faster! May I ask you to obtain authority hope he has sent it, for the suffering and for this shipment ? impatience are excessive. .. .,
“RUFUS INGALLS. “RUFUS INGALLS. “ Lieut. Col. and A. D. C., Chief Dr. M. "Lieut. Col. and A. D. C., Chief Qr. M. Capt. D. G. THONAS, “ Capt. AUGUSTUS BOYD,
"Military Storekeeper, Washington." “Quartermaster, Philadelphia.",
“HAGERSTOwx, Oct. 30, « HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC, Clothing has arrived this morning.
." Camp near Knoxville, Oct. 13, 1862. None taken by rebels. Shall I supply “Has the clothing arrived yet? If not, Franklin, and retain portions for Porter do you know where it is? What clothing and Reynolds until called for ? was taken by the rebels at Chambersburg ?
“G. W. WEEKS, Did they capture any property that was "Capt. and Assistant Quartermaster. en route to you? Have we not got cloth- 1 “Col. Ingalls."
• The following statement, taken from a ling the Potomac on the 31st of October, report of the chief quartermaster with the and that a greater part of the clothing army, will show what progress was made did not reach our depots until after the in supplying the army with clothing from 14th of October : the 1st of September to the date of crossStatement of clothing and equipage received at the different depots of the army of
the Potomac from September 1, 1862, to October 31, 1862.
Prom Sept. I to Oct. 6......
10,700 4,000 6,200 1,190 3,0:10) 6,000 6,200 6,000 4,2001 4,200/ 11,100 From Oct. 6 to Oct. 15.
17,000 11,000 22,025
500 10,221 18,325 12,989 1.000 6,000 3.000 Prou Oct. 15 to Oct. 25.
1,250 9.000 18.876 5,000 2,500 3,600 9,000 Prom Oct. 25 to Oct. 31.
30,000 .....1,000 8,008 2,200 9,900 5,000 20,040 • Total................
97,700 34,500 123,425 4,1900,250 28,229 15,301 33,889 12,700 33,840 23,100 Stutement of clothing and equipage received, gc.—Continued.
Yrom Bept. I to Oct. 6.......
799 2,030 3,500 1.2001
1,200 2,200 2,000 2,000 2,000 Prom Oct. O'to Oct. 15...
1,302 2,100! 12.000 300) .... 875 7,000 12,070 9,3091 7,000 2,653 From Oct 15 to Oct. 25...
1,804 4,600 14,770 1,750 6,500 3,500 22.500 39.. 20 52,900 2,424 Prom Oct 23 to Oct. 31.
1,000 4,384 2,015
7,300 25,000 .......
............./ 3,993 8,-30 30,2701 4,350 10,904 7,590 9,200 44,000 7 ,120' 61,900 16,674 Col. Ingalls, chief quartermaster, in his hundred and fifty per week for the entire report upon this subject, says:
army here and in front of Washington. * There was great delay in receiving our | From this vumber the artillery draw for clothing. The order's wore promptly given their batteries. "G. B. MCCLELLAN, by me, and approved by Gen. Meigs, but
“Maj. Gen. Com. the roads were slow to transport, particu- “Maj.-Gen, H. W. HALLECK, larly the Cuinberland Valley road.
"General-in-Chief." "For instance, clothing ordered to Ha
The general-in-chief, in 'a letter to me gerstown on the 7th of October, for the
dated Washington, D. C., October 14, corps of Franklin, Porter and Reynolds,
| 1862, replies to this despatch in the foldid not arrive there until about the 18th, and' by that time, of course, there were
lowing language :
"I have caused the matters complained increased wants and changes in the position of troops. The clothing of Sumner |
of in your telegrams of the 11th and 12th
to be investigated. .. arrived in great quantities near the last of October, almost too late for issue, as the
"In regard to horses, you say that the army was crossing into Virginia. We
present rate of supply is only 150 per finally left 5:9,000 suits at Harper's Ferry,
week for the entire army here and in front partly on the cars just arrived, and partly
of Washington. I find from the records in store."
that the issues for the last six weeks have "The causes of the reduction of our çar
been 8,754, making an"average per week alry force have already been recited. The
of 1.459.", . . difficulty in getting uew supplies from the
One thousand and fifty (1,050) is the usual sources led me to apply for and obtain authority for the cavalry and artillery
number stated in the original despatch, officers to purchase their own borses. The
now in my possession, and as not only
figures were used, but the number was following are the telegrams and letters on
written out in full, I can hardly see how it the subject:
is possible for the telegraphic operator 'to " HEADQUARTERS ARXY OF TAK POTOMAC, have made a mistake in the transmission "October 12, 1862-12.45 P. M.
of the message. "It is absolutely necessary that some "HBADQUARTERS ARMY OF THB Potovac, energetic means be taken to supply the
# “Oct. 14, 1862—7 P. x. cavalry of this army with remount horses. The present rate of supply is (1050) ten! “With my small cavalry force it is im
5 4 201
possible for me to watch the line of the curate information, force upon my mind Potomac properly, or even make the re- the conclusion that the Quartermaster connoisances that are necessary for our General was in error: movements. This makes it necessary for
"HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC, me to weaken my line very much by ex
"Chiel Quartermaster's Ofice, Oct, 31, .862. tending the infantry to guard the innu. “Horses purchased since September 6, 1862, by merable fords. This will continue until Col. Ingalls, Chier Quartermaster, and issued the river rises, and it will be next to im
to the forces under the immediate command
of Maj.-fien. George B. McClellan.................. 1.200
" Issued and turned over to the above force by My cavalry force, as I urged this morn Capt. J. J. Dana, Assistant Quartermaster,
(in Washington )....................
2,261 ing, should be largely and immediately in
| “Issued to forces at and near Washington, creased, under any hypothesis, whether to which have since joined the com inand...
332 guard the river, or advance on the enemy,
1 Total purchased by Col. Ingalls and issued and or both.
tnrned over by Capt. Dana to the forces in “G. B. MCCLELLAN,
this immediato command.........................
“Issued by Capt. J. J. Dana, Assistant Quarter“Maj. Gen.
master, to the foroes in the vicinity of Wash. “Maj.-Gen. H, W. HALLECK,
"Grand total purchased by Col. R. Ingalla,
Chief Quartermaster, and issued and turned
over by Capt. J. J. Dana, Assistant Quarterofficial report of Col. Ingalls:
Inaster, to the entire army of the Potomac
and the forces around Washington............... “Immediately after the battle of Antietam efforts were made to supply the defi
About 3,000 horses have been turned ciencies in clothing and horses. Large ! over to the quartermaster's department requisitions were prepared and sent in by othcers as unfit for service; nearly The artillery and cavalry reared large | 1,500 should now be turned over also, being
" numbers to cover losses sustained in bat. worn out and diseased. tle, on the march, and by diseases. Both
Respectfully submitted. of these arms were deficient when they left
“FRED. MYERS, Washington, A most violent and de
“Lieut. Col. and Quartermaster.” structive disease made its appearance at This official statement, made up from this time, which put nearly 4,000 animals the reports of the quartermasters who reout of service. Horses reported perfectly ceived and distributed the horses, exhibits well one day would be dead lame the next, the true state of the case, and gives the and it was difficult to foresee, where it total number of horses received by the would end, or what number would cover army of the Potomac, and the troops the loss. They were attacked in the hoof around Washington, during a period of and tongue. No one seemed able to ac- eight weeks as (7,176) seven thousand one count for the appearance of this disease. hundred and seventy-six, or (2,078) two Animals kept at rest would recover in time, thousand and seventy-eight loss than the but could not be worked. I made appli- number stated by the Quartermaster Gen. cation to send west and purchase horses at eral, once, but it was refused, on the ground Supposing that (1,500) fifteen hundred that the outstanding contracts provided were issued to the army under Gen. Pope for enough, but they were not delivered previous to its return to Washington, as sufficiently fast, nor in sofficient numbers Gen. Meigs states, there would still reuntil late in October and early in Novem- main (578) five hundred and seventy-eight ber. I was authorized to buy 2,500 late in horses which he does not account for. October, but the delivery was not com- i The letter of the general-in-chief to the pleted until in November, after we had Secretary of War on the 28th of October, reached Warrenton."
and the letter of Gen. Meigs to the genIn a letter from Gen. Meigs, written on eral-in-chief on the 14th of October, conthe 14th of October, and addressed to the vey the impression that, upon my repeated general-in-chief, it is stated : “ There have applications for cavalry and artillery horses been issued, therefore, to the army of the for the army of the Potoinac, I had received Potomac, since the battles in front of a much greater number than was really the Washington, to replace losses, (9,254) | case. nine thousand two hundred and fifty-four It will be seen from Col. Myers's report horses."
that, of all the horses alluded to by Gen. What number of horses were sent to Meigs, only (3,813) three thousand eight Gen. Pope before his return to Washing, hundred and thirteen came to the army ton I have no means of determining; but with which I was ordered to follow and at. the following stateinent made upon my tack the enemy. Of course the remainder order, by the chief quartermaster with the did not in the slightest degree contribute army, and who had means for gaining ac- l to the efficiency of the cavalry or artillery