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army of thé Potomac into four army | divisions, Richardson, Blenker. ard Sedg corps, and the formation of a fifth corps wick. Third corps, Brig. Gen. S. P. from the division of Banks and Shields. Heintzelman; divisions, F. J. Porter,
The following is the text of the Presi- Hooker, and Hamilton. Fourth corps, dent's order:
Brig. Gen. E. D. Keyes; divisions, Couch, “[President's General War Order No.2.]
iSmith, and Casey. Fifth corps, Major
Gen. N. P. Banks; divisions, Williams, “ EXECUTIVE Mansion,
and Shields. “Washington, March 8, 1862. “ The cavalry regiments attached to “Ordered, 1st. That the major-general divisions will, for the present remain so. commanding the army of the Potomac Subsequent orders will provide for these proceed forth with to organize that part regiments, as well as for the reserve artilof the said army destined to enter upon lery. Regular infantry and regular cavactive operations, (including the reserve, alry arrangements will be made to unite but excluding the troops to be left in the the divisions of each army corps as fortifications about Washington,) into four promptly as possible. army corps, to be commanded according | “The commanders of divisions will at to seniority of rank, as follows:
once report in person, or where that it “First corps to consist of four divisions, is impossible, by letter, to the commander and to be commanded by Major Gen. I. of their army corpe. McDowell. Second corps to consist of " By command of Major Gen. McClellan. three divisions, and to be commanded by
“A. V. COLBURN, Brig. Gen. E. V. Sumner. Third corps to
Assist. Adj. Gen. consist of three divisions, and to be com
I add a statement of the organization manded by Brig. Gen. S. P. Heintzelman. and composition of the troops on April 1, Fourth corps to consist of three divisions,
commencing with the portion of the army and to be commanded by Brig. Gen. E. D. of the Potomac which went to the Penin
sula, giving afterwards the regiments and "2. That the divisions now commanded batteries left on the Potomac, and in by the officers above assigned to the com- | Maryland and Virginia after April 1, mands of army corps shall be embraced | 1862. in and form part of their respective corps. 17 "3. The forces left for the defence of
Troops of the army of the Potomac sent
to the Peninsula in March and early Washington will be placed in command of Brig. Gen. James Wadsworth, who shall
in April, 1862. also be military governor of the District |
1st. Cavalry reserve, Brig. Gen. P. St. of Columbia.
G. Cooke.-Emery's brigade: 5th United “4. That this order be executed with States cavalry; 6th United States cavalry ; such promptness and despatch as not to
| 6th Pennsylvania cavalry. Blake's brigdelay the commencement of the operations ade: 1st United States cavalry; 8th Pennalready directed to be undertaken by the sylvania cavalry; Barker's squadron Hiliarmy of the Potomac.
nois cavalry. “5. A fifth army corps, to be com- | 2d. Artillery reserve, Colonel Henry J. manded by Major Gen. N. P. Banks, will Hunt: Graham's battery K and G, 1st be formed from his own and Gen. Shields's |
United States, 6 Napoleon guns; Ran. (late Gen. Lander's) division.
dall's battery E, 1st United States. 6
Napoleon guns; Carlisle's battery E, 2d “ABRAHAM LINCOLN.”
United States, 6 20-pounder Parrott guns ; The following order, which was made as Robertson's battery, 2d United States, 6 soon as circumstances permitted, exhibits / 3-inch ordnance güns: Benson's battery the steps taken to carry out the require- | M, 2d United States, 6 3-inch ordnance ments of the President's war order No. 2: guns; Tidball's battery A, 2d United “ARMY CORPS.
States, 6 3-inch ordnance guns; Edward's
battery L and M, 3d United States, 6 10. “HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE Potomac,
pounder Parrott guns ; Gibson's battery ( "Fairfax C. H., Va., March 13, 1862.
and G, 3d United States, 6 3-inch ord(GENERAL ORDERS No. 151.]
nace guns; Livingston's battery F and K, "In compliance with the President's 3d United States, 4 10-pounder Parrott war order No. 2, of March 8, 1862, the guns; Howe's battery G, 4th United States, active portion of the army of the Potomac 6 Napoléon guns; De Russey's battery K, is formed into army corps, as follows: 4th United States, 6 Napoleon guns;
"First corps, Major Gen. Irwin Mc-Weed's battery I, 5th United States, 6 Dowell, to consist for the present of the 3-inch ordnance guns; Smead's battery K, divisions of Franklin, McCall, and King. 5th United States, 4 Napoleon guns ; Second corps, Brig. Gen. E. V. Sumner; | Ames's battery A, 5th United States, 644 10-pounder Parrott and 2 Napoleon , chusetts, 7th Michigan, and 42d New York guns; Diedrick's battery A, New York volunteers. artillery and battalion, 6 20-pounder Par- ! NOTE.—Blenker's division detached and rott guns; Vogelie's battery B, New assigned to the mountain department. York artillery and battalion, 4 20-pounder
THIRD CORPS, GEN. HEINTZEL. Parrott guns; Knierim's battery C, New
MAN. York artillery and battalion, 4 20-ponnder Parrott guns; Grimm's battery D, New Cavalry.-3d Pennsylvania cavalry, Col York artillery and battalion, 6 32-pounder | Averill. howitzer guns. Total, 100 gans.
Porter's Division. 3 3d. Volunteer engineer troops, Gen. Artillery.-Griffin's battery K, 5th Woodbury: 15th New York volunteers ; United States, 6 10-pounder Parrott guns : 50th New York volunteers.
Weeden's battery C, Rhode Island ; MarRegular engineer troops, Captain Du-tin's battery C, Massachusetts, 6 Napoleon ane: Companies A, B, and C, United guns ; Allen's battery E, Massachusetts, 6 States engineers.
3-inch ordnance guns. Artillery troops, with siege trains : 1st Infantry.-Martindale's brigade: 2d Connecticut heavy artillery, Col. Tyler. Maine, 18th and 22d Massachusetts, and
4th. Infantry reserve, (regular brigade,) | 25th and 13th New York volunteers. Gen. Sykes : 9 companies 2d United States Morell's brigade: 14th New York, 4th infantry, 7 companies 3d United States | Michigan, 9th Massachusetts, and 620 infantry, 10 companies 4th United States Pennsylvania volunteers. Butterfield's infantry, 10 companies 6th United States brigade : 17th, 44th, and 12th New York, infantry, 8 companies 10th and 17th United 83d Pennsylvania, and Stockton's MichiStates infantry, 6 companies 11th United gan volunteers. States infantry, 8 companies 12th United 1° First Berdan sharpshooters. States infantry, 9 companies 14th United States infantry, and 5th New York volun
HOOKER'S DIVISION. A teers, Col. Warren.
Artillery.-Hall's battery H, 1st United
| States, 6 4 10-pounder Parrott and 2 SECOND CORPS, GEN. SUMNER.
| 12-pounder howitzer guns; Smith's batCavalry.--8th Illinois cavalry, Col. tery, 4th New York, 6 10-pounder ParFarnsworth, and one squadron 6th New rott guns ; Barmhall's battery, 6th New York cavalry.
York, 6 3-inch ordnance guns; Osborn's RICHARDSON'S DIVISION. 1 battery D, 1st New York artillery, 4 3-inch Artillery.-Clark's battery A and G, ordnance guns 4th United States, 6 Napoleon guns ;
Infantry.-Sickle's brigade : 1st, 2d, 3d, Frank's battery G, 1st New York, 6 10
| 4th, and 5th Excelsior, New York. Na pounder Parrott guns; Petitt's battery B,
glee's brigade : 1st and Ilth Massachusetts, 1st New York: 6 10-pounder Parrott 26th Pennsylvania, and 2d New Hampgans: Hogan's battery À. 2d New York. ! shire volunteers. Col. Starr's brigade : 6 10-pounder Parrott guns.
" ! 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th New Jersey volunInfantry.--Howard's brigade : 5th New / teers. Hampshire, 81st Pennsylvania, and 61st
HAMILTON'S DIVISION.S and 64th New York volunteers. Meagh- Artillery.- Thompson's battery G, 2d er's brigade: 69th, 63d, and 88th New United States, 6 Napoleon guns; Beam's York volunteers. French's brigade : 520, / battery B, New Jersey, 6 4 10-pounder 57th, and 66th New York, and 53d Penn- | Parrott and 2 Napoleon guns; Ran. sylvania volunteers.
i dolph's battery E, Rhode Island, 6 4
| 10-pounder Parrott and 2 Napoleon SEDGWICK'S DIVISION.
guns. Artillery.-Kirby's battery I, 1st United Infantry.-Jameson's brigade: 105th, States, 6 Napoleon guns; Tompkin's bat 63d, and 57th Pennsylvania, and 87th tery A, 1st Rhode Island, 6 4 10-pounder New York volunteers. Birney's brigade : Parrott and 2 12-pounder howitzer guns ; 38th and 40th New York, and 3d and 4th Bartlett's battery B, 1st Rhode Island, 6 Maine volunteers. - brigade : 2d, 4 10-pounder Parrott and 2 12-pounder 3d, and 5th Michigan, and 37th New York howitzer guns; Owen's battery G, 63-inch volunteers. ordnance guns.
Infantru.-_Gorman's brigade: 20 New | FOURTI CORPS, GEN. KEYES. York State militia, and 15th Massa
couch's DIVISION. 6 chusetts, 34th New York, and Ist Maine Artillery.--McCarthy's battery C, Ist volunteers. Burns's brigade : 69th, 71st, Pennsylvania, 4 10-pounder Parrott guns ; 72d, and 106th Pennsylvania volunteers. Flood's battery D, lst Pennsylvania, 4 Dana's brigade: 19th and 20th Massa 10-pounder Parrott guns; Miller's battery
E, 1st Pennsylvania, 4 Napoleon guns; 1
FRANKLIN'S DIVISION. 4 Brady's battery F, 1st Pennsylvania, 4 Artillery.-Platt's battery D. 2d United 10-pounder Parrott guns.
States, 6 Napoleon guns; Porter's battery İnfantry.-Graham's brigade : 67th (1st
A, Massachusetts, 6–4 10-pounder Parrott Long Island) and 65th (1st United States
and 2 12-pounder howitzer-guns; Hex. chasseurs) New York, 23d, 31st, and 61st
amer's battery A, New Jersey, 6-4 10. Pennsylvania volunteers. Peck's brigade:
pounder Parrott and 2 12-pounder howit98th, 102d, and 93d Pennsylvania, and 620
zer-guns ; Wilson's battery F, Ist New and 55th New York volunteers.
York artillery, 4 3-inch ordnance guns. brigade : 2d Rhode Island, 7th and 10th
Infantry.-Kearney's brigade : 1st, 2d, Massachusetts, and 36th New York volun- | 3d, and 4th New Jersey volunteers. Sloteers.
cum's brigade : 16th and 27th New York, SMITH'S DIVISION.
5th Maine, and 96th Pennsylvania volun. Artillery. -Ayre's battery F, 5th United
teers. Newton's brigade : 18th, 31st, and States, 6 4 10-pounder Parrott and 2
32d New York, and 95th Pennsylvania Napoleon guns; Mott's battery, 3d New
volunteers. York, 6 4 10-pounder Parrott and 2 Na
M'CALL'S DIVISION. 1) poleon guns; Wheeler's battery E, 1st
Artillery.-Seymour's battery C, 5th New York, 4 3-inch ordnance guns; Ken- United States, 6 Napoleon guns; Easton's nedy's battery, 1st New York, 6 3-inch
battery A, 1st Pennsylvania, 4 Napoleon ordnance guns.
guns ; Cooper's battery B, 1st Pennsyl. Infantry. -Hancock's brigade: 4th Wis
vania, 6–2 10-pounder and 4 12-pounder consin, 49th Pennsylvania, 43d New York,
Parrott-guns. and 6th Maine volunteers. Brook's bri
Infantry.—Reynold's brigade: 1st, 20, gade: 2d, 3d, 4th, 5th, and 6th Vermont
5th, and 8th Pennsylvania reserve regivolunteers. Davidson's brigade: 330, 77th,
ments. Meade's brigade : 3d, 4th, 7th, and and 49th New York, and 7th Maine volun- 11th Pennsylvania reserve regiments. teers. . .
Ord's brigado : 6th, 9th, 10th, and 12th CASEY'S DIVISION. >
Pennsylvania reserve regiments. Artillery.--Regan's battery, 7th New
Ist Pennsylvania reserve rifles. York, 6 3-inch ordnance guns; Fitch's 8th New York, 6 3-inch ordnance guns;
KING'S DIVISION. Bates's battery A, lst New York, 6 Na
Artillery. -- Gibbon's battery B, 4th poleon guns ; Spratt's battery H, 1st New
United States, 6 Napoleon guns; MonYork, 4 3-inch ordnance guns.
roe's battery D, 1st Rhode Island, 6. 10. Infantry.-Keim's brigade : 85th, 101st,
pounder Parrott guns; Gerrish's battery and' 103d Pennsylvania, and 96th New
A, New Hampshire, 6 Napoleon gius; York volunteers. 'Palmer's brigade : 85th,
| Durrell's battery, Pennsylvania, 6 10-poun. 98th, 920, 81st, and 93d New York volun
der Parrott guns. teers. brigade: 104th, and 52d | _Infantry.me
1 Infantry.- - brigade: 2d, 6th, and Pennsylvania, 56th and 100th New York,
7th Wisconsin, and 19th Indiana volun. and 11th Maine volunteers.
teers. Patrick's brigade : 20th, 21st, 23d, 5th. Provost vuard : 2d United States and 25th New York State militia. Augur's cavalry; battalions 8th and 17th United
brigade: 14th New York State militia, States infantry.
and 22d, 24th, and 30th New York volun. At general headquarters: 2 companies
teers. 4th United States cavalry; 1 company
FIFTH CORPS, GEN. BANKS. Oneida cavalry, (New York Volunteers ;) Cavalry.-1st Maine, Ist Vermont, 1st and 1 company Sturges's rifles, (Illinois Michigan, Ist Rhode Island, 5th and 8th volunteers.)
New York, Keyes battalion of Pennsyl. The following troops of the army of the vania, 18 companies of Maryland, 1 squadPotomac were left behind, or detached on ron of Virginia.. and in front of the Potomac for the de- Unattached.-28th Pennsylvania volun. fence of that line, A prill, 1862. Frank-teers, and 4th regiment Potomac home lin's and McCall's divisions, at subsequent | brigade, (Maryland volunteers.) and different dates, joined the active portion of the army on the Peninsula. 'I'wo
WILLIAMS'S DIVISION. MY hrigades of Shield's division joined at
Artillery.-Best's battery F, 4th United Harrison's landing :
States, 6 Napoleon guns ; Hampton's
battery, Maryland, 4 10-pounder Parrott FIRST CORPS, GEN. MCDOWELL. guns ; Thompson's battery, Maryland, 4
Cavalry.-1st, 2d, and 4th New York, 10-pounder Parrott guns; Mathew's battery and 1st Pennsylvania.
F, Pennsylvania, 6 3-inch ordnance guns; Sharpshooters.-2d regiment Berdan's - battery M, 1st New York, 6 10 sharpshooters.
pounder Parrott gung ; Knapp's battery, DIVISION. 13
Pennsylvania, 6 10-pounder Parrott guns ; ( nia volunteers, Kendall Green ; Dicker. McMahon's battery, New York, 6 3-inch son's light artillery, 86th New York, and orduance guns.
detachinent of 88th Pennsylvania volunInfantry.-Abercrombie's brigade :12th teers, east of the Capitol; 14th Massachuand 2d Massachusetts, and 16th Indiana, setts (volunteers) heavy artillery and 56th 1st Potomac home brigade, (Maryland, Pennsylvania volunteers, Forts Albany, I company Zouaves D’Afrique, (Pennsyl Tillinghast, Richardson, Runyon, Jackvania) volunteers.
brigade: 9th son, Barnard, Craig, and Scott; detachNew York State militia, and 29th Penn-ments of 4th United States artillery and sylvania, 29th Indiana, and 3d Wisconsin 37th New York volunteers, Fort Washvolunteers. - - brigade : 28th New | ington; 97th, 101st, and 91st New York, York, 5th Connecticut, 46th Pennsylvania, and 12th Virginia volunteers, Fort Cor1st Maryland, 12th Indiana, and 13th coran. Massachusetts volunteers.
In camp near Washington.-6th and
10th New York, Swain's New York, and SHIELD'S DIVISION.
2d Pennsylvania cavalry, all dismounted. Artillery.-Clark's battery E, 4th United
These troops (3,359 men) were ordered
These troops (3.3 States, 6 10-pounder Parrott guns; Jenk's to report to Col. Miles, commanding the battery A, 1st Virginia, 4 10-pounder railroad guard, to relieve 3.306 older troops Parrott and 2 6-pounder guns; Davy's ordered to be sent to Manassas to report battery B, 1st Virginia, 2 10-pounder to Gen. Abercrombie. Parrott guns; Huntington's battery A, 1st Ohio, 6 13-pounder James's guns ;
GEN. Dix's COMMAND, BALTIMORE. Robinson's battery I, 1st Ohio, Z 12- Cavalry.-1st Maryland cavalry and depounder howitzers and 4 6-pounder guns ; | tachment of Purnell legion cavalry. and
battery, 4th Ohio Artillery. Artillery.--Battery 1, 2d United States ; Infantry -
brigade: 14th battery -, Maryland; battery L, 1st New Indiana, 4th, 8th, and 67th Ohio, 7th York, and two independent batteries of Virginia, and 84th Pennsylvania volun- | Pennsylvania artillery. teers. - - brigade: 5th, 62d, and! Infantry.—3d and 4th New York, 11th, 66th Ohio, 13th Indiana, and 39th Illinois 87th, and illth Pennsylvania, detachment volunteers. - brigade : 7th and 21st Massachusetts, 2d Delaware, 2d Mary29th Ohio, 7th Indiana, Ist Virginia, land, 1st and 2d Eartern Shore (Maryland) and ilth Pennsylvania volunteers. Au-home guards, and Purnell legion (two batdrew sharpshooters.
talions) Maryland volunteers,
In a staff charged with labors so various GEN. WADSWORTH'S COMMAND.
and important as that of the army of the Cavalry.-1st New Jersey cavalry, at | Potomac, a chief was indispensable to Alexandria, and 4th Pennsylvania cavalry, supervise the various departments and to east of tlie Capitol.
relieve the commanding general of details. Artillery and Infantry.-- 10th New The officer of chief of staff, well known in Jersey volunteers, Bladeusburg road; European armies, had not been considered 104th New York volunteers, Kalorama necessary in our small peace establishment. heights; lst. Wisconsin heavy artillery, The functions of the office were not defined. Fort Cass. Virginia ; 3 batteries of New and, so far as exercised, had been included York artillery, Forts Ethan Allen and in the Adj. General's department. The Marcy; depot of New York light artillery, small number of officers in this department, Camp Barry; 2d District of Columbia and the necessity for their employment in volunteers. Washington city; 26th Penu- other duties, have obliged commanding sylvania volunteers, G street wharf; 26th generals, during this war, to resort to New York volunteers, Fort Lyon ; 95th other branches of the service to furnish New York volunteers, Camp Thomas ; suitable chiefs of staff. 94th New York and detachment of 88th On the 4th of September, 1861, I apPennsylvania volunteers, Alexandria: 91st pointed Col. R. B. Marcy, of the inspector Pennsylvania volunteers, Franklin Square general's department, chief of staff, and he barracks; 4th New York artillery, Forts i entered upon service immediately, dischargCarrol and Greble; 112th Pennsylvania ing the various and important duties with volunteers, Fort Saratoga; 76th New great fidelity, industry, and ability, from York volunteers, Fort Massachusetts; this period until I was removed from com. 59th New York volunteers, Fort Pennsyl- mand at Rectortown. Many improvements vania; detachment of 88th Pennsylvania have been made during the war in our volunteers, Fort Good II ope; 99th Penn- system of staff administration, but much sylvania volunteers, Fort Mahon; 2d New remains to be done. York light artillery, Forts Ward, Worth, Our own experience, and that of other and Blenker; 107th and 54th Pennsylva- armics, agrec in dotermining the necessity for an efficient and able staff. To obtain / mained with me until I was relieved from this, our staff establishment should be the command of the army of the Potomac. based on correct principles, and extended | All of these officers served me with great to be adequate to the necessities of the gallantry and devotion; they were ever service, and should include a system of ready to execute any service, no matter staff and line education.
how dangerous, difficult, or fatiguing. The affairs of the Adj. General's department, while I commanded the army of the
voor ENGINEERS. Potomac, were conducted by Brig.-Gen.! When I assumed command of the army S. Williams, assisted by Lieut.-Col. James of the Potomac I found Maj. J. G. Bar. A. Hardie, aide-de-camp. Their manage nard, United States engineers, subsequently ment of the department during the organi- brigadier general of volunteers, occuyping zation of the army in the fall and winter | the position of chief engineer of that army. of 1861, and during its subsequent opera- I continued him in the same office, and at tions in the field, was excellent.
once gave the necessary instructions for They were, during the entire period, the completion of the defences of the car assisted by Capt. Richard B. Irwin, aide- pital, and for the entire reorganization of de-camp, and during the organization of the department. the army by the following-named officers : Under his direction the entire system of Capts. Joseph Kirkland, Arthur McClellan, defences was carried into execution. This M. T. McMahon, William P. Mason, and was completed before the army departed William F. Biddle, aides-de-camp.
for Fort Monroe, and is a sufficient evi. My personal staff, when we embarked dence of the skill of the engineers and the for the Peninsula, consisted of Col. Tho- | diligent labor of the troops. mas M. Key, additional aide-de-camp; Col. For some months after the organization E. H. Wright, additionai aide-de-camp and of the army of the Potomac was commenced major, 6th United States cavalry ; Col. there were no engineer troops with it. At T. T. Gantt, additional aide-de-camp; Col.length, however, three companies were J. J. Astor, jr., volunteer aide-de-camp ; assigned. Under the skilful management Lieut.-Col. A. V. Colburn, additional aide- of Capt. J. C. Duane, United States ende-camp and captain, Adj. General's de- gineers, these new companies rapidly bepartment; Lieut.-Col. N. B. Sweitzer, ad. came efficient, and, as will be seen, renditional aide-de-camp and captain, 1st dered most valuable service during the enUnited States cavalry; Lieut.-Col. Edward suing campaigns McK. Hudson, additional aide-de-camp and The Dumber of engineer troops being captain 14th United States infantry; Lieut. entirely inadequate to the necessities of Col. Paul Von Radowitz, additional aide- the army, an effort was made to partially de-camp; Major H. Von Hammerstein, remedy this defect by detailing the 15th additional aide-de-camp; Major W. W. and 50th New York volunteers, which conRussell, United States marine corps; Ma- tained mauy sailors and mechanics, as jor F. LeCompte, of the Swiss army, volun- engineer troops. They were first placed teer aide-de-camp; Capts. Jeseph Kirk- under the immediate superintendence of land, Arthur McClellan, L. P. D’Orleans, Lieut.-Col. B. S. Alexander, United States R. D’Orleans M. T. McMahon, William engineers, by whom they were instructed P. Mason, jr., William F. Biddle, and E. in the duties of pontoniers, and became A. Raymond, additional aides-de-camp. somewhat familiar with those of sappers
To this number I am tempted to adil the and miners. Previous to the movement of Prince de Joinville, who constantly ac- the army for the Peninsula this brigade companied me through the trying cam. was placed under the command of Brig.. paign of the Peninsula, and frequently Gen. D. P. Woodbury, major United States rendered important services. Of these offi- engineers. cers Capt. McMahon was assigned to the The labor of preparing the engineer and personal staff of Brig.-Gen. Franklin, and bridge trains devolved chiefly upon Capt. Capts. Kirkland and Mason to that of Duane, who was instructed to procure the Brig.-Gen. F. J. Porter during the siege new model French bridge train, as I was of Yorktown. They remained subsequently satisfied that the India-rubber pontoon with those general officers. Major Le- was entirely useless for the general purCompte left the army during the siege of poses of a campaign. Yorktown; Cols. Gantt and Astor, Major | The engineer department presented the Russell, Caits. L. P. D'Orleans, R. D'Or- following complete organization when the Jeans, and Raymond at the close of the army moved for the Peninsula : Peninsula campaign. Before its terminal Brig.-Gen J. G. Barnard, chief engineer ; tion Capts. W. S. Abert and Charles R. First Lieut. H. C. Abbott, topographical Lowell, of the 6th United States cavalry, engineers, aide-de-camp, Brigade volunjoined my staff as aides-de-camp, and re. I teer engineers, Brig.-Gen. Woodbury com