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flow; and on this bank were erected a number of houses, which formed a large village. Of this place, however, an earlier notice appears on record; for Morcar de Bruen, a valiant soldier in the time of the Saxons, gave to the abbey of Croyland the manor of Deeping, “ cum 200 mansionibus et cotagiis 400, et 2 ecclesis".” This grant was confirmed by Beorred, King of Mercia, in a charter dated the eighth of the Kalends of August, A. D. 860. About ten years afterwards, Beorred seized the manor, with its appurtenances, and bestowed them on a person named Langfar, who was denominated, from the office he held, “Panetarius Regis.” The town has a weekly market on Thursdays, and five annual fairs. The number of inhabitants returned under the late act was 803, occupying 172 houses. At this place was born Dr. Robert Tighe, who was educated in the university of Oxford, was preferred to the living of All-Hallows, Barking, in London, and afterwards appointed Archdeacon of Middlesex. Being deemed an excellent linguist and divine, he was one of the persons employed to revise and correct the translation of the Bible. His name, however, is not in Fuller's Cataiogue of Translators.

At DEEPING St. JAMEs was a small chapel, erected by the monks of Croyland Abbey, for disseminating the gospel: Richard de Rulos converted it into a parish church. Here was founded a priory of Benedictine monks by Baldwin Wac, or Wake, in the year 1139, and given to the church and abbey of Thorney by his grandson, Baldwin, to be held free from all secular service, with the reservation of only two marks per annum, payable to the church of St. Guthlac, out of the lands belonging to the

prior of St. James, in Deeping. To the east of this village extends a large tract of marsh land, called Deeping Fen, which is described in the following terms by Mr. Ward, who was clerk to the trustees for inclosing this district.

* Ingulph. Hist. p. 4.91,

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district. It belonged “to several parishes, and is partly holden by persons who are free from drainage expences, by the nature of their buildings; and all the land is free from every other

charge of assessment, and from land-taxes and ecclesiastical demands. But though there is no poor assessment, relief is granted

by the adventurers to some poor persons who do properly belong to the district of taxable laud, which expence is mixed with the account of monies expended in supporting the works. But as to the free lands, which are about one-third part of the whole, every separate farmer maintains his own poor, without any connection with others. I suppose there are not a great number settled upon them, for being aware of the peculiar burden, I believe they make such contracts for hiring, as to avoid, as much as possible, having people settled on then. I have sent below a copy of the clause in the act of parliament, relative to the maintenance of our poor, which will shew the foundation of that business, and is all, I believe, in any part of the acts respecting it, viz. 16° and 17° Charles II". p. 37. “But all and every the inhabitants that may hereafter be upon any part of the said third part, or upon any part of the said 5000 acres, and are not able to maintain themselves, shall be maintained and kept by the said trustees, their heirs, and assigns, and the survivor of them, and never become chargeable in any kind, to all, or any of the respective parishes wherein such inhabitant, or inhabitants, shall reside or dwell; any statute or law to the contrary, whereof in any wise, notwithstanding. The qualification is, being holder of 200 acres, or upwards. The inclosed fen was formerly part of the common belonging to several parishes adjoining. There is no church in the district; the inhabitants go to the neighbouring towns to church.”

STAMFORD, or STANIFORD,

Is an ancient borough and market town, seated on the northern bank of the river Welland, in the south-west corner of the county, " VOL. IX. 3 E on

on the verge of Northamptonshire and Rutlandshire, The name is derived from the Saxon staen, and ford: that is, Stony, or Stone-ford. Some writers have attempted to carry the history of this place, like that of many others, up to a period, where, from the darkness of the times, all is obscurity; and from the scantiness of records, opinions respecting its state, however plausible, can be little more than conjectural fictions. Stamford is said to have been a place of note in the time of Bladud, a British king, who reigned eight hundred and sixty-three years anterior to the Christian aera. And Stow observes, that this Bladud, who was the son of Rudhudibras, built Stamford, and founded in it an university; which was suppressed by the Bishop of Rome, in the time of St. Austin. But this is evidently erroneous, for there is no mention of such a British town in the catalogue of Nennius; and the Roman geographer Ptolomy, only marks two cities of the Coritani, Lindum, Lincoln, and Ratae, Leicester. The village of Bridge-Casterton, two miles distant, through which the Ermin Street passes, is generally believed to have been a Roman station; and there Camden and some other topographers have agreed to fix the CAUSENNE of Antonine's Itinerary. Out of that, after the departure of the Romans, when many of these stations became dilapidated, probably arose the present town. The first authentic account of this place is by Henry of Huntingdon, who informs us, that the Picts and Scots, having ravaged the country as far as Stamford, were met at this place and defeated by the Saxon auxilliaries, under the command of Hengist; for which service the British king Wortigern bestowed on the Saxon chief certain lands in Lincolnshire.-In a charter of Wulphere, king of the Mercians, Stamford is mentioned as one of the bounds of lands which he gave to his monastery of Medeshampstede: but Mr. Peck considered this charter to be spurious". By another charter of Edgar, A. D. 972, Stamford appears at that time to have been a market town, and a more con-- siderable o o -* Antiquarian Annals of the Town of Stamford, Lib. II, p. 21.

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