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two volumes, octavo, entitled “Bibliotheca Chethamensis,” with an engraved portrait of the founder. The books, in this collection, how amount to upwards of fifteen thousand volumes. Among other curious MSS. are a ‘Visitation of Lancashire in 1580,' by Flower and Glover; ‘Smith's ditto, in 1599;’ “ Holinsworth's Mancuniensis;’ “ Kuerdon's Collection for a History of Lanca

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which has been kindly communicated by the Rev. John Greswell, author of

Angelus Politianus. * Humphrey Coteth AM, the third son of Henry Chetham, of Crumpsal, near Manchester, esquire, was born July 10th, 1580. Fuller informs us that “this family is thought (on just ground) to descend from Sir Jeffery Chetham, of Chetham, (a man of much remark in former days) and some old writings in the hands of worshipful persons, not far remote from the place, (he adds) do evidence as much." It appears that Sir Jeffery, “in troublesome times,” had incurred the king's displeasure, by which the fortunes of his family were materially injured. His posterity, however, still continued to reside near the place where the family had so long been settled, and upon the death of Henry Chetham abovementioned, James, his eldest son, succeeded to the Crumpsal estate, while George, Humphrey, and Ralph, the younger sons, embarked in the trade for which Manchester had for some time been distinguished; the chief branch of which was the manufacture of cottons. At this period Borton was no less the principal market for fastians, which were brought thither from all parts of the surrounding country. Of these last especially, the Chethams, were the principal buyers, and the London market was chiefly supplied by them with these materials of appares, them in almost general use thoughout the nation”. By this commerce, which was probably conducted on an extensive scale, Mr. Chetham acquired opulence, white his strict integrity, his piety, his works of charity and benevolence, secured him the respect and esteem of those around him. His chief residence was Clayton-Hall, near Manchester, at that time surrounded by a moat, the traces

* So early as the days of Chaucer, Fustians appear to have been worn, even by persons of consideration, since he clothes his “ Knight" in a fustian gipon or doublet. “Of fustian he werid a gipen Alie besmottrid with his haburgeon.”


shire *; Knyvett's Project for the Defence of England. At a short distance south of the college is the Colleg IATE CHURCH, a large pile of building, which occupies the site of the old parish church of Manchester, and is described in the following terms by suffered extremely from the operations of fire and smoke. The church-yard, from the multitude of interments, its exposure to every annoyance of a crowded town, and the neglect of railing off

the Rev. Dr. Whitaker, in a communication to this work.
The outside being constructed of red crumbling stone, has

traces of which are still easily perceived. George, his elder brother, resided
at Turton, near Bolton, at the house called Turton-Tower t.
Fuller briefly mentions Mr. Humphrey Chetham among his “Worthies of
England,” (and assuredly he deserves to rank high among them) having re-
ceived his information from Mr. Johnson, preacher of the Temple, and one
of the feoffees named in Mr. Chetham's will. From this authority we are
told that he was “a diligent reader of the scriptures, and of the works of
sound divines, a respecter of such ministers as he accounted truly godly, up-
right, sober, discreet, and sincere. He was High Sheriff of the county of
Lancaster, A. D. 1635, discharging that office with great honour, insomuch
that very good gentlemen of birth and estate did wear his cloth at the assize,
to testify their unfeigned affection to him, and two of them (John Hartley, of
Strangeways-Hall, and H. Wrigley, esquires), of the same profession with
himself, were afterwards sheriffs of the county.”
The charity of Mr. Chetham was not to appear only after his death; the
chief institution provided for in his will was but a completion of one which
he had formed long before. The unassuming manner in which this is alluded
to in his will shews him to have been free from all pride and ostentation.
During his life he had “taken up and maintained fourteen poor boys of the
town of Manchester, six of the town of Salford, and two of the town of
Droylsden; in all twenty-two.” Having never married, he thus became a
father to the fatherless and destitute; and doubtless many were the children
of adversity, that, during the life-time of this good man, successively found
protection in his fostering and paternal benevolence. Were it not superflous
here, it might perhaps with confidence be asserted, that of all the channels in

* In Whitaker's History of Manchester is some account of these MSS.
* Camden says that he saw (about 1603,) “Turton-Tower, and Entwissel,
neat and elegant houses, the former once the seat of the famous family of the
Orrells, then of the Chethams.”
Britannia Illustrat. Vol. II. p. 143. Fol. 1772.



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which charity delights to pour its streams, in none do they flow so extensively, and as it were vitally efficacious, as in that in which Mr. Chetham chose to direct these the more public overflowings of his benevolence; though at the same time it is very probable that the charity of such a man, while he lived, was not confined to this alone. By his will, bearing date December 16th, 1651, he directs that the before-mentioned number of twenty-two boys be increased to forty, by the election of another boy from the township of Droylsden, ten from Bolton-in-the-Moors, and five from Turton: bequeathing the sum of 7,000l. for the purchase of a fee-simple estate, the profits of which are to be applied to the support of this institution. The boys are to be elected, in the proportion specified, and from the six townships mentioned in the will, the children of poor, but honest parents, not illegitimate, nor diseased, lame, or blind when ehosen. They are to be cloathed, fed, and instructed from the age of about six to fourteen (since limited to thirteen) when they are to be bound out at the expense of the institution to some honest and useful trade. Nearly one fourth of the boys are annually discharged at Easter, and others elected in their stead, by the feoffees, twenty-four in number, and who have invariably been gentlemen of the first respectability in the neighbourhood. The feoffees are a body corporate by charter, dated November 20th, 17th of Charles II. (A. D. 1665.) Perhaps no institution of the kind has been more indebted to its guardians for their judicious management of its resources, and attention to its interests, than this; and they have found an ample reward for the anxiety which they have evinced for these objects, by having been enabled to enlarge the sphere of this benevolent institution, and to augment the number of boys upon the foundation to eighty. Mr. Chetham, by his will, bequeathed also the sums of 1,000l. for the pur. chase of books; and 100l. for a building, as the foundation of a public library; for the augmentation of which he devises the residue of his personal estate, after the payment of certain legacies, and this is said to have amounted to more than 2,000l. He further bequeathed the sum of 200l. to purchase godly English books, to be chained upon desks in the churches of Manchester and Bolton, and the chapels of Turton, Walmsley, and Gorton. * The founder departed this life October 12th, in the 74th year of his age.

the different footpaths and projections of the building, is in a very disgusting and offensive state. Within, and on the south side, are several large chantries, one of which is the property and burial. place of the Traffords of Trafford. At the east end, and behind the altar, is the chapel of the Chethams, where the munificent founder of the hospital has a tomb. There are also some later monuments of the family, of which the marble retains very little either of its original whiteness or polish, incessant showers of corrosive soot penetrating every chink and cranny. On the north side of the north aile is a very spacious chapel, built by Bishop Stanley, and now the property of the Earl of Derby, which, being let out for interments at a stated price, is become little better than

a charnel. Beyond this is a small projecting chantry, under the

founder's arch of which, and within a plain altar tomb, lies the same JAMES STANLEY, Bishop of Ely and Warden of Manchester, who died in the college. There is a small figure of him in brass, and an inscription in old Euglish, which has been given by Mr. Bentham in his History of Ely. But the great ornaments of this church are the stalls, screens, and lattice work of the choir, finished in a great measure at the expence of this prelate", who, though little of a scholar or an ecclesiastic, seems to have had a munificent spirit not unworthy of his birth. His family connexion induced him to reside much at Manchester, to which he seems to have been greatly attached; for nothing less than the powerful influence of the Stanleys could have obtained for him peohission to hold a commendam with the rich See of Ely, and the value of the wardenship must have been a very inconsiderable addition to his income. In richness and delicacy of execution, the canopies of these slalls exceed any thing I have seen, though perhaps in point of lightness, they lose something from the want of those tail spiring


* The annexed view, from a drawing by George Ormerod, Esq. who kindly presents the plate to this work, displays some of these stalls, the character of the arches and upper windows on the north side of the choir, also the flattened eastern window, with the flat wooden roof, &c.

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