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another. It is common to attach particular reproach to this town for engaging so largely in this business, but the discredit more particularly belongs to the legislative councils, for tolerating and encouraging it. To correct long nurtured evils, and to annihilate a profitable branch of trade in an actively commercial country, require much patriotic courage and patriotic perseverance. It is, therefore, with glowing pleasure that we hail the ascendancy of reason and jus ice over obstinate folly and mercenary cupidity; for the noble maxim of Papinian is then nobly exemplified, “To suppress wrong is wise, to do right is politic.” “Much illiberal and ungenerous reflection,” says the editor of the Picture of Liverpool, “has indiscriminately been cast upon the inhabitants of Liverpool, on account of this trade. It is too commonly supposed that it has the unqualified sanction of all who take up their residence in this town, and it has been hence emphatically called the “the metropolis of slavery;” yet nothing can be more unfounded, not to say illiberal, than such an imputation. The trade is limited to a very few of the merchants of Liverpool, chiefly to three or four houses; and many ships are fitted out in that trade from this port, belonging to owners and merchants who reside in different parts of the kingdom, but who give the preference to Liverpool, solely on account of the superior accommodations it possesses. The friends of the hapless Africans, and many such are to be found even here, have not been passive and unconcerned in the struggle which has been raised for putting a stop to the trade. Their talents have been consecrated to the service. They have remonstrated in public and in private, through the medium of the pulpit and the press. They have called to their aid the powers of argument, the charms of poetry, and the graces of oratory; in doing which they have acquitted themselves of what they conceived to be an imperious duty to their own consciences, their country, and their God.” In the year 1709, Liverpool began to have a share of the slave trade, and has long been the principal English port in that branch of traffic. The following is a statement of the number of vessels,

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and freightage, with a view of the progressive augmentation of the trade, down to the commencement of the present war:

Years. Vessels. Tons. Years. Vessels. Tons.

1709 1 30 1775 81 9,200

1730 15 , 1,111 1776 57 7,078

1737 33 2,756 1777 31 4,060

1753 72 7,547 1778 26 3,651

1755 41 4,052 1779 11 1,205
1760 74 8,178 1780 32 4,275

1761 69 7,309 1781 43 5,720

1762 61 6,752 1782 47 6,200

1763 65 6,650 1783 85 12,294
1764 74 7,978 1784 67 9,568

1765 83 9,382 1785 79 10,982
1766 65 6,650 1786 92 13,971

1767 83 8,345 1787 81 14,012

1768 81 8,302 1788 73 13,394

1769 90 9,852 1789 66 11,564

1770 96 9,818 1790 91 17,917

1771 105 10,929 1701 102 19,610

1772 100 10,150 1792 132 22,402

1773 105 11,056 1793 52 10,544
1774 92 9,859

The public structures, connected with the trade and commerce of the town, are the Exchange-buildings, Town-Hall and Mansion-House, Custom-House, Corn-Exchange, Tobacco-Warehouse, and other warehouses. Of these, that called the LIVERPool Exchang E is the most spacious in plan, and Örnamental in architectural elevation. It has been erected by a subscription of £.80,000, raised from 800 transferable shares of £.100 each”. The buildings occupy three sides of a quadrangle, having N 4 the the north front of the Town-Hall, for the fourth side, and together include an area of 194 feet by 180. The architecture was designed to harmonize and correspond with the north elevation of the Town-hall, and thus constitute an uniform quadrangle. The new building consists of a rusticated basement, with a piazza extending round the whole, and opening to the area by a series of rustic arches, between strong piers. Above this are two stories, ornamented with Corinthian pilasters, and surmounted with an enriched bold cornice and parapet. In the centre of the north side, resting on the basement, is a grand recessed portico, with eight handsome Corinthian columns”. This building is intended to accommodate the merchants, brokers, underwriters, and others of the town, who are devoted to mercantile pursuits. In the east

* The present Royal Exchange of London, according to Northouck's statement, cost 80,000l. Its area is 144 feet by 117 feet. ,

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wing is a coffee-room, ninety-four feet by fifty-two, supported on

large columns. Above this is another spacious room, seventy-two feet by thirty-six, intended to be appropriated to the underwriters, &c. on the principle of that of Lloyd's in London. This magni

ficent and commodious range of buildings is an honourable memo

rial of the commercial spirit and noble views of the Liverpool merchants; and, whilst it affords them comfortable accommodations, it will be a great ornament to the town. At the time this account is penning, a committee is deliberating on the choice of a group of statuary, to adorn and dignify the centre of the area. It is intended to have a subject in commemoration of the heroic bravery and skill of Lord Nelson: and as such a subject, in the fine arts, will be either appropriate and praise-worthy, by its tasteful design and skilful execution, or unpleasant and reprehensible, by the want of these essentials, it is hoped that the committee will manifest a critical and liberal discrimination in choos

ing

* The annexed print represents the west wing, and principal front of this building, which has been erected by John Foster, Esq. (the Corporation Architect, Engineer, and Dock-Master,) from the designs of James Wyatt, Esq. To the former gentleman I feel gratefully indebted, for procuring the drawings of this building and the Town-Hall; and to the Corporation for their liberality, in presenting the plates to this work. 5

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