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which are to be found in this inimitable Book ; of svbich may be affirm’d, what cannot be said of any other Book in the World beside, that is, it never has been read and rightly undersiood by any, who have not given it the highest Encomiums. Therefore, that all English Readers may have the like Pleasure, the following Work was taken in Hand; and to belp Foreigners, whose small Acquaintance with our Langaage, might otherwise prevent their Intelligence of the finest Poem that ever was wrote. It was not thought suficient to pick out Lines here and there, and explain thein only, for it is imposible to know which Part may be difficult to eachReader ; for which Reason, the whole is render'd into plain and intelligible Profe, the Sense preserv'd, and nothing omitted that may make it clear to all Readers ; Care being taken not to let any Word pass, whether proper Names of Men or Places, or technical Words, without a Note, to make them appear plain, and doing the same by all the Mythology or Fables of the Antients. It muft certainly be a great Ease, to have Recourse to such A Transcript in Prose, and the Help of such a Number of explicit Notes: For this work is not done to infinuate, that it is superior or any Way equal to the Poetry of PARADISE LOST; but, on the contrary, design'd only to make it more universally intelligible, being fully cjsured, that it will then be always held in Admiration; and if through my Means this should happen, I shall think I have been of general Service; which is a Consideration that would be my Reward, if no other hould arise from it, for then my chief End would
End would be answered.
ROPOSE'S the whole Subject, Man's Disobedience, and the Loss thereupon of Paradise wherein he was plac'd. Then touches
the prime Cause of his Fall, which was Satan in the Serpent; who revolting from God, and drawing to his Side many Legions of Angels, was by the Command of God, driven out of Heaven with all his Crew into the great Deep. Which Action pass’d over, the Author hastes into the midst of Things, presenting Satan with his Angels now fallen into Hell
, describ'd, not in the Centre (for Heaven and Earth may be suppos’d as not yet made, certainly not get accurs’d) but in a Place of utter Darkness, most fitly call’d Chaos : Here Satan with bis Angels lying on the burning Lake, thunder-struck and astonisd, after a certain Space recovers, as from Confufon, calls up B
him who next in Order and Dignity lay by him ; they confer of their miserable Fall. Satan awakens all bis Legions, who lay till then confounded; they rise, their Numbers, Array of Battle, their chief Leaders nam’d, according to the Idols afterwards known in Canaan, and the Countries adjoining. Satan though sensible of the Diminution of his Glory directs his Speech to the Fallen Angels, comforts them with Hope yet of regaining Heaven, buť tells them of a new World, and new Kind of Creature to be created; according to an antient Prophecy or Report in Heaven, and threatens the Deity, which the rebellious Angels all assent to. The Associates of Satan build Pandæmonium, and the Infernal Peers fit there in Council.
and the Lofs thereupon of Paradise wherein be
. Satan with his Angels now fallen into Hell describid, lying on the burning Lake. After a certain Space Satan calls to him who next lay by him. They confer of their miserable Fall.
EAVENLY Spirit of Truth
of Man's first Disobedience, and
Tree, the Tasting of which
the Loss of Paradise, till JESUS Christ, a Man far greater than Adam, restore and redeem, and once more regain a Paradise for us.
Thou, who from the thick Clouds on the secret Top of Mount Oreb, (a) or, perhaps of Sinai (6), didît inspire Moses when a Shepherd there, who first taught the Children of ISRAEL, how Heaven and Earth were created from the Elements, which were till then nothing but a mix'd and confus'd Heap, and without Form. Or if thy Presence be more reveal'd on Mount Sion, (c) or by the Brook of Siloa, )
(a) Oreb, Horeb, or Choreb, appeared thereon frequently to Hebrew, i. e. Dryness; for it Mofes, and delivered his Law was a Desart or Dry Mountain in there; by the Turks, Gibol Moun, Arabia the Stony, where there fa, i.e. the Mount of Moses ; by, was little or no Water, Deut. the Arabians, Tor, i. é. The viü. 15. Horeb is a Part of Mountain. Very much Venera. Mount Sinai on the West Side ; tion is still paid to this Mountain, and Sinai lies on the East Side of on Account of that antient and it. There Mofes fed the Flock extraordinary Holiness, when the of Jethro, and there God ap- Almighty appeared upon it to pear'd to him first in a burning Mofes. Bus, Exod, iii. .
(c) Sion, Zion, or Tzion, Heb, ib) Sinai, Heb. from Seneh, i. e. A Watch Tower ; because i, e. A Bus, or Thorn; because it is the highest Hill thereabout, these Bushes grew thereon in A. and from it one might see the bundance. It is a very steep and Holy Land far and near. A high Mountain in Arabia' the Mountain on the North Side, and Stony, about 156 Miles from Je. some part of it within the City rufalem to the South. There of Jerusalem, surrounded with are not two distinct Mountains steep Sides, high Rocks, and but one, which is parted into deep Ditches,
except on the two Tops, like Parnasus, &c. North Side ; therefore it was ve, of which Sinai is the highest ; sy strong. Some of the Jebusites having a fair and spacious Plain (Part of the old Canaanites) de. between them : That Top to- fended it against all the Force of wards the West is call'a Horeb, the Israelites, Fosh. xv. 63. 'uill and that to the East Sinai. The the valiant King David took it) Mountain is_round, takes 7000 from them ; chere he fortified the Steps to the Top, has some Olive Old Castle, built the Upper Town;. Trees, Fig Trees, Date Trees, &c. surrounded it with new Walls, and several Chapels, Monasteries, and called it the City of David; Cells, and Mosques, &c. It is there he kept his Court and Recalled the Mount of God, because tinue, 2 Sam. 5. 6. There were, is is a great one ; or because God many fair Buildings and Houses
Book I. (d) which runs down from thence to the Temple where thy Oracle is plac'd, I' intreat the Influence of thy Spirit from thence, to aid me in treating of this difficult Subject, seeing I must elevate my Stile, above the best Poets, and discourse of such high, and sacred Things, as have never been attempted before, either in Prose or Rhime. Instruct me for thou knowest, thou, who preferrest an upright and pure Heart before all Temples : Thou wast present from all Eternity, and moving on the great Deep didst infuse vital Heat, and as the Dove when she warms Eggs into Life make Nature prolific. What is dark in me do thou enlighten, and raise, and support me, where I am too low and weak, that I may affert the Wisdom and Justice of Eternal Providence, in a Manner worthy the Subject I have undertook to write on, and so justify thy Ways to Men.
of his Officers, especially his is without the Walls upon the House of Cedar-Wood, which he South Side, and Mount Calvary called the Castle of Sion, and the almost in the Middle of it. Sepulchre of King David, Solo- (d) Siloe, Siloab, Siloam, Sbimon, &c. within a Rock : Some loach, Heb. i. e. Sunt; for it was of their Ruins are to be seen fill. a Brook or Spring of Water gliIt is elegantly described Psalm 48. ding softly down Mount Sion, on by Jofephus, Sands, &c. Sion the East Side of the Temple of was also called the Mount of the Jerusalem, and at the Bottom of House of the Sanktuary, and Mil- it made a Pool, which was Sent to, i. e. Plenty ; because there from God, at the Prayer of Ifai. was Abundance of all good as, a little before his Death, and Things for David's Family, and when the City was closely besiethose of his Nobles. Sion was ged ; as a Blessing or Gift, to also a Type or Figure of the cure many Diseases among his Church of Christ, Heb. 12. 22. People. Herein a Blind Man
Oss. Mount Moriah and washed his Eyes at Christ's ComMount Sion stood direaly in the mand, and received his EyeCenter, and Mount Calvarywith- Sight, John 9.7. There a Tow
Tów. out the North Gate, in the Old er was built over it, by the Fall Jerusalem, and at a considerable of which 18 Men were killed, Distance : But now Mount Sion
Luke 13. 4.