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Ancestry of Abraham Lincoln—Their Residence in Pennsylvania and Virginia-

ns Grandfather Crosses the Alleghanies to join Boene and his Associates—

"The Dark and Bloody Ground "—His Violent Death—Hie Widow Settles in

Washington County—Thomas Lincoln, his Son, Marries and Locates near

n^dgonville—Uirth of Abraham Lincoln—LaRue County—Early Life and

Training in Kentucky— « ~ „ V


Rem oral from Kentucky—An Emigrant Journey—The Forests of Southern Indi-

ana—New Home—Indiana in 1816—Slavery and Free Labor—Young Lincoln at

Hi- Work—His Schools nnd Schoolmasters—Self-Education—A Characteristic-

Incident—Acquaintance with River Life—His First Trip to New Orleans an a

Flat boatman—Death of His Mother—His Father's Second Marriage—Recollec-

tions of an Early Settler —Close of an Eventful Period in Young Lincoln's

nistory „ ...... 21


The French Settlements—The North-West—The Advance of Emigration—Four

Great States Founded—North and South in Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois—Senti-

ments of Southern Emigrants—The First Emigrations—A Colncidonco of Dates—

Vordecal and Joaiah Lincoln—Removal to Illinois—Settlement on the San-

gamon, In Macon County—Locality Described—Abraham Lincoln Engaged in

Splitting Balls—Removal of His Father—He Settles in Coles County—Abraham

Lincoln i

ru—Post master at;


Breaking Out of the Black Hawk War—The Invasion of 1831—The Rock-river

Country Threatened—Prompt Action of Got. Reynolds—Retreat of Black

Hawk—Treaty of 1801—Bad Faith of the Indians—Invasion of 1832—Volun-

teers Called For—Abraham Lincoln one of a Company from Menard County-

He is chosen Captain—Rendezvous at Beardstown—Hard Marches across the

Country to Oquawka, Prophetstown, and Dixon—Expected Battlo Avoided by

the Enemy—Discontent among Volunteers—They are Disbanded—Captain Lin-

coln Remains, Volunteering for Another Term of Service—Skirmishing Fights—

Arrival of New Levies—Encounter at Kellogg's Grove—Black Hawk at Four

Lakes—He Retreats—Battle on the Wisconsin—Hastens Forward to the Mis-

sissippi—Battle of Bad-ax—End of Lincoln's First Campaign—Autobiographic

Note — « 31


A New Period in Mr. Lincoln's Life—nis Political Opinions—Clay and Jackson—

Mr. Lincoln a Candidate for Representative—Election in 1834—Illinois Strongly

Democratic—Mr. Lincoln as a Surveyor—Land Speculation Mania—Mr. Lin-

coln's First Appearance in the Legislature—Hanks and Internal Improve-

ments—Whig Measures Democratically Botched—First Meeting of Lincoln

with Douglas—The Latter Seeks an Office of the Legislature, and Gets it—Mr.

Lincoln Re-elected in 1836—Mr. Douglas also a Member of the House—Distin-

guished Associates—Internal Improvements Again—Mr. Lincoln's Views on

Slavery—The Capital Removed to Springfield—The New Metropolis—Revulsion

of 1837—Mr. Lincoln Chosen for a Third Term—John Calhoun, of Lecompton

Memory—Lincoln the Whig Leader, and Candidate for Speaker—Close Vote—


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First Session at Springfield—Lincoln He-elected in 1840— Partisan Remodeling

of tho Supreme Court—Lincoln Declines Further Servico in the Legislature—

His Position as a Statesman at tho Close of this Period—Tribune of the People, 41


Mr. Lincoln's Law Stndies—His rersovorance under Advorso Circumstances—

Licensed to Practice in 1836—His Progress in his Profession—His Quail tit* as

an Advocate—A Romantic and Exciting Incident in his Practice—Reminiscence

of his Early Life—Secures an Acquittal in a Murder Case, in Spite of a Strong
Popular Prejndice Against the Prisoner — Affecting Scene—Mr. Lincoln
Removes to Springfield in 1837—Devotes Himself to his Profession, Giving up.
Political Life—His Marriage—Family of Mrs. Lincoln—Fortunate Domestic
Relations—His Children and their Education—Denominational Tendencies—
Four Year's Retirement ». „___.—.. GS


Mr. Lincoln's Devotion to Henry Clay—Presidential Nominations of 1844—The

Campaign in Illinois—Mr. Lincoln makes an Active Canvass for Clay—John

Calhoun the Leading Polk Elector—Tho Tariff Issuo Thoroughly Discussed—

Me:hod of Conducting the Canvass—Whigs of Illinois in a Hopeless Minority—

Mr. Lincoln's Reputation as a Whig Champion—Renders Efficient Service in

Indiana—Mr. Clay's Defeat, and the Consequences—Mr. Lincoln a Candidate for

Congressman in 1846—President Polk's Administration—Condition of the Conn-

try—Toxas Annexation, the Mexican War, and the Tariff—Political Character

of the Springfield District—Lincoln Elected by an Unprecedented Majority—

His Personal Popularity Demonstrated 68


The Thirtieth Congress—Its Political Character—Tho Democracy in a Minority

in the House—Robert C. Winthrop Elected Speaker—Distinguished Members in

both Houses—Mr. Lincoln takes his Seat as a Member of the House, and Mr.

Douglas for the first time as a Member of the Senate, at the same Session—Mr.

Lincoln's Congressional Record that of a Clay and Webster Whig—The Mexi-

can War—Mr. Lincoln's Views on the Subject—Misrepresentations—Not an

Available Issue for Mr. Lincoln's Opponents—His Resolutions of Inquiry in

Regard to the Origin of the War—Mr. Richardson's Rcsolntions Indorsing

the Administration — Mr. Richardson's Resolutions for an Immediate Dis-

continuance of the War—Are Voted Against by Mr. Lincoln—Resolutions

of Thanks to Gen. Taylor—Mr. Henley's Amendment, and Mr. Ashman's Addi-

tion thereto—Resolutions Adopted without Amendment—Mr. Lincoln's First

Speech in Congress, on the Mexican War—Mr. Lincoln on Internal Improve-

ments—A Characteristic Campaign Speech—Mr. Lincoln on the Nomination of

Gen. Taylor; the Veto Power; National Issues; President and People; Wil-

mot Proviso; Platforms; Democratic Sympathy for Clay; Military Heroes and

Exploits; Cass a Progressive; Extra Pay; the Whigs and the Mexican War;

Democratic Divisions—Close of the Session—Mr. Lincoln on the Stump—Gen.

Taylor's Election—Second Session of tho Thirtieth Congress—Slavery in the

District of Columbia—The Public Lands—Mr. Lincoln as a Congressman—He

Retires to Private life 73


Mr. Lincoln in Retirement for Five Years—Gen. Taylor's Administration—The

Slavery Agitation of 1850—The Compromise of Clay and Fillmore—The "Final

Settlement" of 1852—How, and by Whom it was Disturbed—Violation of the

Most Positive Pledges—The Kansas-Nebraska Bill—Douglas^ the Agitator—

Popular Indignation and Excitement—Mr. Lincoln Takes part lu the Canvass

of 1864—Great Political Changes—The Anti-Nebraska Organization—Springfield

Resolutions of 1854—Results of the Election—A Majority of Congressmen and

of the Legislature Anti-Nebraska—Election of United States Senator to Suc-

ceed Gen. Shields—Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Trumbull—A Magnanimous Sacrifice—

Mr. Trumbull Elected ., 119


The Republican Party Organized—Their Platform Adopted at Rloomlngton—Tho

Canvass of 1856—Mr. Lincoln Sustains Fremont and Dayton—His Active Labors

on the Stump—Col. Bissell Elected Governor of Illinois—Mr. Buchanan lirnu-

Surated—His Kansas Policy—Mr. Douglas Committed to ft in June, 1857—.John
alhoun his Special Friend—The Springfield Speech of Douglas—Mr. Lincoln's

Reply 12"<

Th* Lecompton Straggle—The Policy of Douglas Changed—no Breaks with the

Administration and Losea Caste at the South—Republican Sympathies—Douglas
Falters, but Oppoeee the English Bill—Passage of that Measure—Democratic
State Convention of Illinois—Douglas Indorsed, and Efforts for his Re-election

• Democratic Bolt—Meeting of tho Republican State Conven-

tion In June—Mr. Lincoln Named as the First and Only Choice of the Bepubli-

cans for Senator—His Great Speech Before the Convention at Springfield—Dong-

la* and Lincoln at Chicago-—Speeches at B looming ton and Springfield—Unfair

ness of the Apportionment Pointed Out by Mr. Lincoln—He Analyzes the

Douglas Programme—Seven Joint Debates—Douglas Produces a Bogus Plat-

form, and Propounds Interrogatories — "Unfriendly Legislation "—Lincoln

Fully Defines hia Position on the Slavery Question—Result of tho Canvass—Tho

People for Lincoln; the Apportionment for Douglas—Public Opinion 141


Mr. Lincoln In Ohio—His Speech at Columbus—Denial of the Negro Suffrage

Charge—Troubles of Donglas with his "Great Principle "—Territories Dot

States—Doctrines of the Fathers—His Cincinnati Speech—"Shooting Over tho

Line "—What the Republicans Mean to Do—Plain Questions to the Democracy—

rhe People Above Courts and Congress—Uniting the Opposition—Kastern Tour—

rhe Cooper Institute Speech—Mr. Bryant's Introduction—What the Fathers

1—What Trill Satisfy the Southern Democracy—Counsels to the Republl-

. Lincoln Among the Children «.»....».».-...«.-.... 181


The Republican National Convention at Chicago—The Charleston Explosion—

"Constitutional Union" Nominations—Distinguished Candidates Among the

Republicans—The Platform—The Ballotings—Mr. Lincoln Nominated—Unpar-

alleled "Enthusiasm—The Ticket Completed with the Name of Senator Hamlin—

Its Reception by the Country—Mr. Lincoln's Letter of Acceptance—Result of the

r to Washington—SpeechesatSprlngfloIdandludianopolla. 190

'ttgrew.—The Constitutional Amendment prohibiting Slavery.—lis Defeat in
Ae House.—Repeal of the Fugitive Slave Laws.—New Bureans Established.—
Itther Important Legislation.—*' Reconstruction.''—Opposition to the Presi-

dent's Policy.—The Davis Bill.—Disagreement of the two Houses thereon.—Its

Final Passage.—The President withholds his Signature.—His Prociamation on

the Subject.—The Wade-Davis Manifesto.—Letters of Mr. Lincoln in regard to

Matters in New Orleans and St. Louis.—President Lincoln's Speech at the Phil-

adelphia Fair.—A Democratic National Convention Called and Postponed.—

Clay, Thompson and other Conspirators in Canada.—The Greeley Negotiations

with them.—President Lincoln's Action in the Case.—North-western Conspi-

racy.—The Chicago Nominations and Platform, 1864 6M>


Military Operations before Petersburg and Richmond, from June to November,

1864.—Cen. Hunter's Campaign.—Movements in the Shenandoah Yalley.—

Early's Invasion of Maryland.—His Demonstration against Washington.—His

Retreat up the Valley, and Second Advance to the Potomac.—Burning of

Chambersburg.—Successes of Oen. Averill.—Battle of Bfoorfleld.—Gen. Sheri-

dan takes Command in the Yalley.—Admiral Farragut before Mobile.—Brilliant

Naval Victories.—Movements of Sheridan.—Important Successes in the Val-

ley.—Thanksgiving Prociamation of President Lincoln 665


Gen. Sherman's Campaign in Georgia.—From Marietta to Atlanta.—Passage of

the Chattahoochee.—Rousseau's Raid.—Battles before Atlanta.—Heavy losses

of the Rebels after Hood Succeeds Johnston.—Cavalry expeditions under Stone-

man and McCook.—Tbelr Failure.—Operations around Atlanta.—Kllpatrlck'a

Baid.—Sherman's Army on tbe Macon Railroad.—Battle of Jonesboro.—Cap-

tnre of Atlanta.—Rebel Raids.—Hood's operations in Sherman's Rear.—Price's

Invasion of Missouri.—General Results of the South-western Campaigns 604


Tbe Presidential Canvass of 1864 concinded.—Spirit of the Opposition.—The

North-western Conspiracy.—The Issue Concerning the Habeas Corpus and Mili-

tary Arrests.—Letters of Mr. Lincoln on these Subjects.—Efforts of the Rebel

Cabal in Canada to influence the Election.—The State Elections of September

and October.—The Voice of tbe Soldiers.—The Presidential Vote.—The Presi-

dent's Gratitude to the Army and Navy.—Maryland a Free State.—Mr. Lincoln's

Speech to Mary landers.—Cipher Dispatches, and Schemes of the Canadian

Cabal.—Affairs in Tennessee.—The Canvass iu Now York 622


Second Session of the Thirty-Eighth Congress.—President Lincoln's last Annual

Message.—Cabinet Changes.—Mr. Blair withdraws, and Gov. Deunlson becomes

Postmaster-General.—Mr. Speed Succeeds Judge Bates, as Attorney-General.—

Death of Chief Justice Taney.—Mr. Chase his Successor.—Our Relations with

Canada.—The Reciprocity Treaty to Terminate.—Call for 300,000 more Sol-

diers.—Amendment of the Constitution Prohibiting Slavery, Concurred in by

the House.—Popular Rejoicing.—The Rebel Treatment of Union Prisoners.—

Retaliation Discussed in the Senate, but Repugnant to Public Sentiment.—The

Wharnciiffe Correspondence.—Testimony of Ooldwln Smith.—Peace Memorial

from Great Britain.—Correspondence Thereon.—Congratulatory Address of the

Workingmen of Great Britain.—Speech of Mr. Lincoln in Reply to the Swe-

dish Minister.—Speech of Mr. Lincoln on the Death of Edward Everett.—Polit-
ical affairs in Tennessee, Louisiana and Arkansas.—Abortive Peace Negotia-
tions.—Fall Details of the Hampton Roads' Conference.—Rebel accounts of the
Same.—Affairs in Richmond.—Close of the Thirty-Eighth Congress.—Creation
of the Burean of Freedmen, and other Legislation „ 66i


Winter Campaigns of 1864-5.—Movement of Sherman from Atlanta to Savannah.

—Fort McAllister Carried by Assanlt.—Communication Opened with Admiral

Dahlgren's Fleet.—Savannah Occupied by Sherman.—Movements of Hood and

Beanregard.—Campaign in Tennessee.—Battle of Franklin.—The Armies Before

Nashville.—Raid of Stoneman and Burbrldge.—Battle of Nashville.—Defeat

and Rout of Hood's Army.—Movements Against Wilmington.—Failure of the

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