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THE
R. O. T. C. MANUAL

SENIOR COURSE
(2nd Year Advanced)

A Text Book For The Reserve
Officers Training Corps

BY

P. S. BOND,

Lt. Col. Corps of ENGINEERs, U. S. ARMY

E. B. GAREY,

MAJ. INFANTRY, U. S. ARMY

O. O. ELLIS,
LAte Lt. Col., A. E. F.

T. L. McMURRAY,

CAPTAIN INFANTRY, U. S. ARMY

E. H. CROUCH,

1st Lt. INFANTRY, U. S. ARMY

THE JOHNS HOPKINS PRESS
of
THE JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY
BALTIMORE, MARYLAND
Price, $3.00

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FOREWORD.

The R. O. T. C. needs text books to permit its personnel to avail themselves of the expeditious instructional academic methods in use in all schools, both civil and military, of our country. The War Department, under the press of more urgent work, has as yet been unable to issue such books. . In their absence these four volumes of “The R. O. T. C. Manual,” written by earnest and able officers of our army will greatly aid in the acquirement of a good and quick knowledge of the elements of military training.

They are well arranged and fitted for both indoor and camp use. Their adoption of pictorial instructional methods will prove specially useful to our young men who are accustomed to acquiring knowledge from illustrations. They furnish decided additions to former methods of teaching.

The subjects are treated in a clear, wholesome, instructive manner. The doctrine is substantially that of our best military teachers.

In the publication of these volumes the authors have rendered great service to our country,

C. S. FARNsworth, Major General, U. S. Army.

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AUTHORS’ PREFACE.

The Reserve Officers' Training Corps is the visible source from which the nation must draw the vast number of trained junior officers who must lead its forces in the event of a great war. It is one of the most important elements in our scheme of National Defense. The Great War has proven that troop leading in modern combat requires a higher degree of efficiency and training than ever in the past. This complex training cannot be acquired by magic within a few weeks after the outbreak of war. The R. O. T. C. is accordingly an institution of national importance, and its success and efficiency are matters of national concern. But in addition to its importance to the National Defense, a proper course of military instruction, including discipline and training in the direct and practical methods of accomplishing results characteristic of military procedure, is of the greatest benefit to the students in their future careers in civil life. Such a course enriches the educational resources of our universities, colleges and schools—a fact now generally recognized by all the leading educators of our country. But a mere continuous round of infantry drill outdoors, and lectures indoors, does not constitute such a course. The War Department has accordingly prescribed a most complete, thorough and ambitious course of training for the R. O. T. C. But the Professor of Military Science and Tactics at the college has heretofore been left largely to his own resources in conducting the course. In addition to conducting the course he has been compelled, unaided, to create it. No suitable text books which might be used by his classes were available to cover the recent War Department program of training. The subject matter of the course is distributed through nigh a hundred governo ol. and pamphlets, most of them not prepared to meet the needs of the . O. T. C. Under such conditions a uniformly high standard of instruction at all colleges was manifestly impossible. If the Military Department is to take its place on an equal footing of importance and dignity with other college departments (a consummation most earnestly to be desired) it must have a definite course of theoretical and practical instruction, set forth in standard text books equal in all respects to other excellent college texts. The lack of such text books has constituted the greatest weakness of the R. O. T. C. To remove this weakness would be an . service to the national defense, and would raise the national standard of education. In planning text books for the R. O. T. C. the authors have been actuated by the foregoing considerations. Their efforts have resulted in a set of texts that are offered in the hope that they will prove to be worthy of the cause that they are meant to Serve. This set of text books consists of the following four volumes: Vol. 1. The R. O. T. C. Manual, Freshman Course (1st Year Basic). Vol. 2. The R. O. T. C. Manual, Sophomore Course (2nd Year Basic). Vol. 3. The R. O. T. C. Manual, Junior Course (1st Year Advanced). Vol. 4. The R. O. T. C. Manual, Senior Course (2nd Year Advanced).

The texts have been prepared in strict accordance with the programs of the War Department, both in letter and in spirit. They are, however, no mere compilation of government publications, but all have been specially prepared to meet the special needs of the R. O. T. C. Certain of the government manuals were found to be admirably adapted to these needs, for example the publication on Rifle Marksmanship. These have been included with little or no change. In most cases it was deemed advisable to prepare entirely new texts. These are based on the recognized training doctrines of the U.S. Army, as set forth in the publications, and exemplified

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