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according advantageous afford againſt almoſt America annual produce bank BO O K BOOK bounty Britain Britiſh called capital carried caſe cent cities coin colonies commerce commodities conſequently conſiderable conſumption continue corn cultivation demand duties effect employed employment encouragement England equal eſtabliſhed Europe exchange expence exportation farmer favour firſt five foreign foreign trade France French frequently give gold and ſilver greater greateſt hands hundred importation improvement increaſe induſtry inhabitants intereſt Italy kind labour land leſs maintain manner manufactures means merchants monopoly moſt muſt naturally neceſſarily neceſſary never occaſion ordinary paid particular perhaps perſon pounds preſent probably produce profit prohibition proportion purchaſe quantity raiſe regulations reſpect returns ſame ſeems ſhould ſmall ſome ſometimes ſtate ſtill ſtock ſubject ſuch ſuppoſed themſelves theſe thing thoſe tion town trade uſe wealth whole
第 177 頁 - ... every individual necessarily labours to render the annual revenue of the society as great as he can. He generally, indeed, neither intends to promote the public interest, nor knows how much he is promoting it.
第 177 頁 - By preferring the support of domestic to that of foreign industry, he intends only his own security ; and by directing that industry in such a manner as its produce may be of the greatest value, he intends only his own gain, and he is in this, as in many other cases, led by an invisible hand to promote an end which was no part of his intention.
第 22 頁 - The uniform, constant, and uninterrupted effort of every man to better his condition, the principle from which public and national, as well as private opulence is originally derived, is frequently powerful enough to maintain the natural progress of things toward improvement, in spite both of the extravagance of government, and of the greatest errors of administration.
第 16 頁 - Every increase or diminution of capital, therefore, naturally tends to increase or diminish the real quantity of industry, the number of productive hands, and consequently the exchangeable value of the annual produce of the land and labour of the country, the real wealth and revenue of all its inhabitants.
第 19 頁 - ... comes with us from the womb, and never leaves us till we go into the grave.
第 178 頁 - It is the maxim of every prudent master of a family never to attempt to make at home what it will cost him more to make than to buy.
第 164 頁 - By opening a more extensive market for whatever part of the produce of their labour may exceed the home consumption, it encourages them to improve its productive powers, and to augment its annual produce to the utmost, and thereby to increase the real revenue and wealth of the society.
第 440 頁 - If it was adopted, however, Great Britain would not only be immediately freed from the whole annual expense of the peace establishment of the colonies, but might settle with them such a treaty of commerce as would effectually secure to her a free trade, more advantageous to the great body of the people, though less so to the merchants, than the monopoly which she at present enjoys.
第 179 頁 - What is prudence in the conduct of every private family, can scarce be folly in that of a great kingdom. If a foreign country can supply us with a commodity cheaper than we ourselves can make it, better buy it of them with some part of the produce of our own industry, employed in a way in which we have some advantage.