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« Such a compilation executed with the care and industry which characterize this work, and illustrated by the introduction and appendices, cannot but prove invaluable to the Executive and Legislative Departments, as furnishing them in a well arranged form with the information so essential to the correct discharge of a large amount of the business upon which they are called to act. To the professional man, the agent for claims, and claimants themselves, it is not less important

“ Very respectfully, yours, &c. * July 5, 1852.

RICH'D S. COXE." We entirely concur with Mr. Coxe in the estimate which he has put upon the work of Dr. Mayo and Mr. Moulton.

J. M. CARLISLE, WALTER LENNOX,
JOS. H. BRADLEY, RICHARD WALLACH.
P. R. FENDALL,

Under the due influence of the subjoined recommendation alluded to in the foregoing Testimonials, the Senior Editor received, on the day of its presentation to the President, an appointment in the Pension office, in very flattering terms from the Secretary of the Interior, in March, 1851, with the view to his devoting his evening hours to the prosecution of the compilations mentioned; of which this work was the first result, together with a "SYNOPSIS OF THE ORGANIZATION AND PRACTICAL OPERATIONS OF THE PENSION OFFICE"—which will be presented to the public on a future occasion, in connection with a like SYNOPSIS of the other Bureaux of the Department of the Interior.

WASHINGTON, January, 1851. The undersigned would respectfully recommend Dr. Mayo to the favorable consideretion of the President and the members of his Cabinet, for an appointment in some one of the Executive Departments, suitable to his well known ability and fitness for any clerical duty under the Government. Independent of bis well tested capacity and fitness for such appointment, we deem the collateral object he has in hand, of extending the plan of bis work on the Treasury to the other Departments, to which he would be enabled to devote his evening hours, as eminently worthy of additional consideration in conferring on him the appointment requested.

WILLIE P. MANGUM, JAMES S. PHELPS. JAS. MCDOWELL,
JNO. BELL,

R. M. T. HUNTER, CHARLES E. CLARKE,
J. R. UNDERWOOD, WM. UPHAM,

T. 8. HAYMOND,
H. 8. FOOTE,

J. MACP'N BERRIEN, J. PHILLIPS PHOENIX,
WM. L. DAYTON, WM. C. DAWSON, E. C. CABELL,
JAS. WHITCOMB, ALPHEUS FELCH, JAMES G. KING,
J. M. MASON,
GEO. E. BADGER,

H. CLAY,
A. P. BUTLER,

DANIEL STURGEON, WM. M. ŚWIN,
M. P. GENTRY,

ROBT. C. SCHENCK, T. EWING,
JOHN DAVIS,

SAM'L F. VINTON, J. W. MILLER,
H. HAMLIN,
HUGH WHITE,

JOHN A. KING,
ROBT. C. WINTHROP, HARRY HIBBARD,

DAVID OUTLAW,
LEVI WOODBURY, H. W. HILLIARD, ALEX. H. STEPHENS,
THOS. H. BAYLY, J. B. THOMPSON,

JAMES BROOKS.
JEFFERSON DAVÍS,
We have known Dr. Mayo long and well, and we earnestly recommend his appoint-
ment.
PETER FORCE,
R. FARNHAM,

JOHN W. MAURY,
RICHARD WALLACH, W. CRANCH,

JOS. H. BRADLEY,
WALTER LENNOX, RICH'D S. CÓXE,

P. R. FENDALL.
W. W. SEATON,

JOAN TALIAFERRO,
We concur in the foregoing recommendation of Dr. Mayo.
8. NELSON,
W. K. SEBASTIAN,

JESSE D. BRIGHT,
JOS. R. CHÁNDLER, PIERRE SOULE,

THOS. L. HARRIS,
J. M. SCHERMAHORN, J. E. HOLMES,

S. P. CHASE,
JOHN MCLEAN,
HENRY DODGE,

J. P. WALKER,
D. S. DICKINSON, JACKSON MORTON, JAMES SHIELDS,
WM. H. SEWARD, R. T. BALDWIN,

JAMES COOPER,
GEO. W. JONES, 8. 0. 8. J. WALES,

P. SPRUANCE,
8. W. DOWNS,
A. O. GREENE, R. I.,

JOHN H. CLARKE.
M. NORRIS,

The following is copied from the printed list of Books distributed by ť
of the Senate and the Clerk of the House of Representatives, to the members
of the 33d Congress, showing the number of copies to which each membe

“LIST OF BOOKS
" To which the new members of the present (33d) Congress are entitled un
" resolution of 24th February, 1854, and the resolution of the House o

1854. A member of this Congress, who was in a former Congress, is ent
" of the books on the list as he has not already received :

“Gales & Seaton's Register of Debates, 29 parts.
"Little & Brown's Revised Statutes and Index, 10 vols.
“Congressional Globe and Appendix, 31 vols.
“ Contested Elections, 1 vol.
“Senate Land Laws, 2 vols.
“Elliots Debates, 5 vols.
4*American Archives, 9 vols.
“Diplomatic Correspondence, 7 vols.

Seaton's American State Papers, 21 vols.
“ Opinions of the Attorneys General, 5 vols.
“Finance reports, 7 vols.
“ Gales & Seaton's Annals of Congress, 40 vols.
“John Adams' Works, 10 vols.
" Alexander Hamilton's Works, 7 vols.
“ Hickey's United States Constitution, 1 vol. (162 copies.)
"Mayo's Fiscal Department, 2 vols. (2 copies.)
“ Mayo & Moulton's Pension and Bounty Land Laws, 1 vol. (8 cop

" Gales

CORRECTIONS.

The few unimportant errors that had passed unobserved in the first
again in the present impression of this work—though corrected in the
other references in both-it may still be well for the reader to note then
exist.

1. At page 227, act [211,) the 2d section belongs to Bounty Lands, at
fore the act (52.]

2. At page 241, act [224,) in the date, for July 1st, 1791, read 1797.
3. At page 306, act (12,] in the date, for January 10, 1812, read January

4. At page 336, before act [52,] insert sec. 2, of act' [211,) out of place
being a Bounty Land section.

At page 342, see Bounty Land and Pension provisions for SEA-FENCIBLES,

To See the SUPPLEMENT and ADDENDA, in the TABLE OF CONTENTS, for si
OPINIONS, DECISIONS, and REGULATIONS of recent date.

* This work is not to exceed 20 vols.-9 vols. are now published.

26 vols. of Annals of Congress, and 8 vols. of Adams' works are now published.
volumos to complete the number, as above stated, are in course of publication and delive

8

Page.

INTRODUCTION..

Of the Pension System, its origin and development..............

III

Review of the official compilation of the Pension Laws........

The general policy of the Pension and Bounty Land system elucidated. VII

Of INVALID PENSIONS....

XI

1. Invalids of the Revolution, military and naval............................

2. Invalids since the Revolution.......

XII

Of Provisions for sick and DISABLED SEAMEN, by the institution of several

funds........

XIII

1. Marine Hospital Fund............................................................

XIV

2. Navy Pension Fund...

XV

3. Privateer Pension Fund...

XV

Act concerning Letters of Marque, &c.........

XIX

Management of the aforesaid funds with a view to Pensions, &c.......... XVIII

Of GRATUITOTS Pensions, under several heads.....

XXIV

1. To certain officers of the army and navy.........................................

XXV

2. To individuals, by special acts...................................................

XXV

3. To widows and orphans...

XXVI

Of BOUNTY LANDS, under several heads...

XXVIII

1. For Revolutionary services.........

XXXI

2. For services in the war of 1812..........

XXXII

3. For services in the Mexican war........

XXXIII

4. For services in various Indian wars since 1790....

XXXIII

Virginia military bounty lands, &C.............

XXXIV

Of the PUBLIC DEBT, (Revolutionary)-provided for by commutation cer-

tificates, &C.........

XXXVII

Of Military and Naval Rolls, in different offices, for verification of ser-

vices, in applications for pensions, &C......

XXXIX

Of VIRGINIA HALF Pay and COMMUTATION CLAIMS....

XLI

Opinions of Attorneys General on said claims, not introduced in Ap-

pendix I, (nine in number)...............

XLIV

HISTORY OF Half Pay and COMMUTATION........

LII

A collection of Papers relating to Half Pay........

LIII

Gen. Washington's letter to a committee of Congress on the necessity of

a balf pay establishment, with other documents...............

LIII

MATTERS DEFERRED IN THE First Edition.......

LVII

1. Reflections on obscurities in the Laws on Pensions and Bounty

Laws, &C........

LVII

2. Irregularities in the numerical sequences of the Laws in this compi-

lation.......

LX

3. Conflicting opinions and decisions......

LXI

4. Vested rights and arrears of Pensions......

LXIII

5. Rules of Decisions and Rules of Regulations......

LXIII

6. Incongruities of Pension and Bounty Land provisions...

LXIII

7. The Pension business still divided —Judicial and Accounting func-

tions confounded..........

LXVII

ANALYTICAL SUMMARY OF THE PENSION SYSTEM.....

LXXIV

Further condensed and simplified-tabular......

LXXXII

Arrears of Pensions-six classes of...........

LXXXIV

Full pay of Revolutionary Widows, under the several acts enumerated. LXXXV

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Of laws and resolutions on pensions.......
Resolutions of the old Congress on pensions—[1] to [20].........
Of military pension laws, with occasional navy pension, and bounty la

visious, with abstracts of the same-[1] to 223]....
Of navy pension laws, properincluding marines, privateersmen, and the

cutter service, with abstructs of the same-[224] to [297]...
Of bounty land laws and resolutions, from 1776 to the present time, with a

of the same (1) to [57].:.
[For bounty land acts of 1853 and 1854, see SUPPLEMENT].............
For bounty land act 22d March, 1852, see ADDENDA)..
Bounty lands and pensions to seafencibles, rangers, &c., including their

and orphans......

APPENDIX I.

Of opinions of Attorneys General on pensions and bounty lands, with a

of the same [1] to [116].............

APPENDIX II.

Of decisions of Secretaries, in relation to pensions and land bounties,

stracts of the same [1] to (134)...............

APPENDIX III.

Of regulations, forms, and instructions of Secretaries and Commissio

Pensions, relating to pensions and bounty lands—under several heads

I. Regulations and forms for granting military and navy pensions.........

II. Regulations for granting pensions to Cherokee Warriors.................

III. Regulations and forms for granting navy pensions proper..........

IV. Form of pension certificates, and notices of them to pension agents...

V. Forins for renewal of widows' pension certificates......

VI. Forms for certificates withheld; renewal of lost certificates; increase

sions; transfer of payment of, to other agencies; and periodical list

sioners reported to pension agents ................

VII. Instructions and forms for pension agents respecting their disburger

VIII and IX. Regulations, forms and instructions respecting bounty land

under various acts, from the revolution to the present time-form of we

their assignment, and location, &c., from page 651 to .......

X. General regulations and instructions to claimants and agents for p

and bounty lands, 689 to.........

XI. Official omissions of declarations for invalid pensioners supplied.......

XII. Tables of army and navy pay, at different periods from the revolu

the present time, page 702 to....

SUPPLEMENT.

Of acts, opinions, decisions, regulations, &c., under various heads, issue

the first edition of this work—from page 713 to.........................

I. Acts passed since the first edition [1] to (6)..............

II. Opinions given since the first edition [1] to (6).....

III. Regulations and forms, &c., relative to pensions and bounty lands, si

first edition.....

IV. Digest of decisions on pension and bounty land claims, &c., by the C

missioner of Pensions.....

V. Regulations and instructions by the Second Comptroller, to pension

for payment of pensions......

ADDENDA.

(1). Bounty land act, of March 22d, 1852.........

[2]. Act 22d February, 1845, limiting widows' pensions.........

(3). Act 5th August, 1854, explaining widows' right to bounty land......

10

PENSION LAWS,

AND

BOUNTY LAND LAWS

OF THE UNITED STATES,

INCLUDING

SUNDRY RESOLUTIONS OF CONGRESS,

FROM

1776 TO 1854, INCLUSIVE:

EXECUTED AT THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR.

WITH AN

APPENDIX,

CONTAINING THE OPINIONS OF ATTORNEYS GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES, WITH THE DECISIONS, RULES, AND REGULATIONS, ADOPTED BY DIFFER

ENT SECRETARIES, RELATIVE TO THE EXECUTION OF THOSE LAWS.

COMPILED BY ROBERT MAYO, M. D.,

AND

FERDINAND MOULTON, COUNSELLER AT Law.

SECOND EDITION,

BALTIMORE:

PUBLISHED BY LUCAS BROTHERS.

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