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that a difference between Petaga! and Spain might disturb at peace, and occasion a war in Lope, which might be not only £ s.strous to the two countries,
mpatible with the interests ...the tranquillity of other powers. That in consequence they have msnited to make known to the terment of his Most Faithful Ky their sentiments on this , to invite him to furnish ent explanations upon his to take the most prompt proper measures to dissipate t alarms which his invasion American possessions of has already caused in Euand to satisfy the righ:s 1 by the latter power, as as those principles of justice partility which guide the ators. A refusal to yield to ris: deman-is would leave no with respect to the real intans of the exbinet of Rio JaThe disastrous effects that result to the two hemiwould be imputed entirely Portugal; and Spain, after -en all Europe applaud ter wise and moderate conduct, bnd in the justice of her and in the support of her suthcent meins of redress
ng her com plaints.
Ise unviersigned, in acquitting wives of the orders of their have the honour to offer Excellency the Marquis r the assurance of their
of Madrid received this intelligence may be conjectured from the following announcement in the Gazette of Madrid, on the date of May 13.
Letters from Gibraltar announce that the Portuguese army of Rio Janeiro has possessed itself of the fortress of Monte Video, which has for a long time groaned under the tyrannical yoke of the insurgents. Whatever truth there may be in this intelligence, the federative system, whose object it is to secure the peace of Europe, the intimate union of the king our master with all the other sovereigns, the wisdom of the measures taken by his majesty to support the honour of his throne and the inviolability of his states, the noble sentiments of the king of Portugal, and the new ties that have more intimately connected together the two august housesall these considerations taken together, excite a hope that the public, in learning this intelligence, instead of feeling any disquietude, will wait with entire confidence the issue of an event which has become the object of paternal solicitude to a Prince who equally loves all his subjects
Before this period, however, an event took place on the Brazilian territories which proved that the signal of revolt had extcaded to a portion of that country.
In the government of Pernambuco, the governor, on the 5th of March, after having expressed much affection to the people of the place, rivately drew up a list of persons proscribed in his secret cabinet, which included the most spirited youths of the country, as well as some of the bravest officers of the army.
army. On the following day this order was to be put in execution; and the prisons were thrown open for the reception of the most determined leaders of the intended conspiracy. Of these, the Brazilian officers of the regiments of Olinda and Recife were the most distinguished. Several of these were apprehended; but a colonel, going first to the barracks for the purpose of executing the order, was killed by one of his own captains. An aide-de-camp of the governor met with the same fate; and the whole of the regiments sided with their officers. The governor with his personal staff and a few other officers quitted the town, and retired to Fort Bran, at a short distance. On the following day the fort was delivered up without resistance, and the governor with his officers were made prisoners, and shipped for Rio Janeiro.
This insurrection was limited to the district of Pernambuco; and its triumph only lasted till a body of troops could be drawn to gether capable of resisting it. On May 12th, intelligence reached Serinhaem that the insurgents intended to attack the advanced guard of the royal army, posted near the works of Civiro Cavalcante. The army in consequence marched, and took up its positions in the works of Pendoba Grande and Peguena. On the 15th Major Salvador marched with a force destined to occupy the Pojuca, which he accomplished, but was exposed to all the fire of the enemy. At half past five in the afternoon the main body of the army arrived, and came to action in a place called Guerra. The firing
began with the artillery, and th action lasted till night, in the course of which the insurgents dispersed, and were pursued hy several royal detachments In the morning were found on the field of battle five pieces of cannon, a carronade, quantities of ammunition and provision, and the military chest with nearly a million of reis. Many prisoners were taken, and great numbers were killed and wounded, of whom a considerable part were officers.
After this action, intelligence having been received that the insurgent Martins was advancing at the head of a column on Serinhaem, a body of troops under the command of a captain of militia was sent against him, which completely routed his force, taking many prisoners, among whom was Martins himself, the celebrated leader of the revolution.
Not long after the intelligence had been received of the entire defrat of the insurrection in Brazil, a plot was discovered for effecting a revolution in Portugal, the purpose of which was to make an entire change in the government. On the first of June, Lisbon was made acquainted with the nature and extent of this conspiracy, which we shall communicate in the words of the public paper in which it appeared.
"The governor of Portugal having been informed that there existed a conspiracy in the country, whose object was to overthrow the government, and to substitute for it a revolutionary government; and that, in order to attain their object, the conspirators employ ed such means as they thought most calculated to mislead the national
atonal mind, by transforming to proofs of his Majesty's intenton to abandon Portugal all me political events which had urred for some time, and the lar rumours consequent upon and his excellency having rut from some of the accomters, that at the head of this inBernal plot was the Lieut.-Gen.
mez Freire de Andrade, aided > the Baron d'Eben, and that ties altogether had directed, and trued to direct, all their efforts seduce all they could of the ts and other classes of the inhetants: and as it was no longer 20 mm, like to doubt the existence of ast after the fortunate seizure of me proclamations, all ready pted, in the name of a selfeved regenerating council (such was their assumed title); in conBeration of these discoveries, the
governors of the kingdom conceived that they owed it to the monarch who had intrusted them with the government of the kingdom, to the inhabitants themselves, to their own characters, and to the preservation of public order, to prevent without delay those consequences with which all were threatened; and it was with this object that their excellencies determined to arrest, without loss of time, on the night between the 25th and 26th of May, not only the two general officers before named, but other persons also who were known to be acquainted and implicated in the horrible project. All possible efforts were made to learn every circumstance, and to procure every proof, in order to proceed forthwith according to law, to execute justice on the guilty.
Clergy, calumnious against true religion, blasphemous, tending to idolatry, injurious toFerdinand VII. subversive of the monarchical Government, incentive of rebellion against legitimate Sovereigns, injurious to the doctrine of the holy sacrament, and filled with satires against husbands fond oftheir wives. In this second class are included the following works: Principle of Policy, applicable to all representative Governments, &c. by M. Benjamin de Constant, Counsellor of State; as containing maxims and propositions false in politics, and to the hierarchical order; contrary to the spirit of religion; captious, subversive of the power of the Church; anti-dogmatic, tending to schism and to religious toleration, and pernicious to the State (Literal translation.)
Felix and Paulina; or, The Tomb of Mont-jura, by P. Blanchard, translated into Spanish.
Elements of the Rights of Nations; by Lacroix, translated into Spanish; as containing propositions inconsonaut, subversive of good order, false, reprobate, injurious against the holy office, and contrary to the rights of the church and of the sovereign.
The Comedy Les Visitandines; an opera, in two acts, and in verse, translated into Spanish.
The Cousin of Mahomet; printed at Constantinople, as being indecent.
Adele and Theodore, or Letters on Education: printed at London, in French, without the name of the author; as containing propositions inconsonant, captious, false, tending to error, and exciting bad idens
The Apostolic Inquisitors of er
ror, depravity, and apostacy, wishing, by virtue of the apostolic, royal, and ordinary authority with which they are invested, to prevent the evil which might result from the reading of the works contained in this edict, hereby ordain their prohibition; and that those which are already distributed over the nation shall be collected: they also expressly forbid the reading, selling, or keeping in possession, these books.
CONSPIRACY IN BARCELONA.
On April the 5th a plan was laid for a conspiracy in the city of Barcelona, which. from the persons engaged in it, had the appearance of a deeply laid plan for effecting some important change in the state. The purpose was no less than the re-establishment of the Cortes and the constitution; and the principal persons concerned were the generals Lacy and Milans, who had distinguished themselves in the late war against the usurpation of Buonaparte. Just before its inter.ded eruption, the government obtained knowledge of the design; and the Captain-gen, of the province made public the following account of the transaction :
"A horrible conspiracy, which appears to have been formed by individuals of different classes, and in which are implicated Generals Lacy and Milans, who, at a former period had rendered signal services to their country, was to be executed on the 5th at night. The object of the conspirators was to overturn the government, to restore the abolished constitution, and to deprive me of the authority entrusted to me by the King. Eut the energetic measures I
nigred at the moment when, by the particular favour of Provitence, I had the first news of the conspiracy, have defeated the vain pects of the seditious. Pursued on all sides, the greater part of those whom public notoriety had marked as guilty, have been arrested. The most active search soon discover their accomaves Those who have fled to he mountains, and have found there a temporary asylum, have been traced with so speedy a step hat they must be overtaken. In the midst of the painful sentiments ven have afflicted my mind durng these days of trouble, I have : the consolation to see the ina' tants of Barcelona, and those f the rest of the province, not £v renounce all alliance with the rators, but testify a just indig laton against them, and enter wh real into the execution of the orders which have been is and to apprehend and punish the City The conduct of the troops and of their officers has been qually praiseworthy. The dispse of all the corps his shown if to be deserving of the highest credit. Two companies only - battalion of the light infanTarragona have been deceived and seduced by the second in com24, Don Joseph Quer. No ter ofhcer has taken part in the *ɗtion, which lasted only for a few bours.
Such was the foundation of the bush hopes of those wretched perws, who, in spite of all their efforts, late not succeeded in interrupting
moment the public tranquillity. "There is no longer any subject ' alarm All the first authoes of the province have pressed
forward to co-operate with the arrangements made by me to assure the good order of the state, and to fulfil the good wishes of the King. I announce with satisfaction to the whole province and to the army, that the conspiracy having been discovered, and the principal actors in it having been arrested or pursued, there no longer remains any cause of alarm: and the conspirators only await the punishment which the laws shall award to such criminals, after the result of legal proceedings, which have been already commenced, and which will not be of long duration.
XAVIER CASTANOS. "Barcelona, April 12, 1817."
General Lacy, with his principal accomplices, was capitally condemned by a court martial assembled near the end of April at Barcelona. Gen. Milans had not yet been apprehended. The project of an insurrection seems to have been more extensive than at first appeared; and it is asserted that three hundred officers were arrested at the same time with Lacy as participators in his designs.
Lacy, after his capture, was taken over to Majorca, probably to prevent any designs in his fayour. On arriving there, it was uncertain whether he would have undergone the punishment of death, or have been indulged with a commutation; but finding himself upon the beach with only his escort, he attempted to make his escape by flight. The soldiers pursued him, and in striving to defend himself, he was killed.