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, 1817. and whose paternal solicitude it has pose in it, and coinciding with its constantly occupied since the year opinion respecting the abolition of 1814.

the traffic in slaves, and co-ope

rating with the King of Great DECREE RELATIVE TO TOBACCO. Britain by a solemn treaty, em

The Madrid Gazette of July the bracing all the points of reciprocal 3d, contains a long decree respect- interest involved in this important ing the culture of tobacco at the transaction, and determining that Havannah. This article has been the time for the abolition was arlong subject to a monopoly exer- rived, the interests of my Amecised in the name of the govern- rican States being duly reconciled ment; which at length proceeded with the sentiments of iny roval to such a degree of abuse, that the mind, and the wishes of all the whole manufacture of tobacco in Sovereigns, my friends and allies, the island of Cuba, noted for pro- I have decreed as follows :ducing it in the greatest abun- Art. 1.- From this day forward dance, and of the best quality, was I prohibit all my subjects, both in likely to become a meie object for the Peninsula and in America, from home consumption. The king, at going to buy negroes on the coasts the instance of M. Garay, minister of Africa, north of the line. The of tinunce, has given almost full negroes who may be bought on the liberty to every branch of agri- said coasts shall be declared free culture and industry connected in the first port of my dominions, with this product ; and the expor- at which the ship in u hich they tation of the tobacco of the Ha- are transported shall arrive. The vannah to all foreign countries ship itself, together with the rewill be permittel, provided it be mainder of its cargo, shall be confisin Spanish vessels.

cated to the Royal Treasury, and the ABOLITION OF SLAVE TRADE.

purchaser, the captain, the master,

and pilot shall be irrevocably conThe hing of Spain has at length demned to 10 years' transportation published an edit for the abwiition to the Philippines. of the slave trade throughout his Art. 2.-The above punishment doninions, to cominence north of does not attach to the trader, the the line immediately, and south of captain, the master, and priot of the line on the 30th of Mav, 1820. the vessels, which may sail from After an exculpatury report re. any port of my duminions, for the specting all previous trathic of this coasts of Africa, north of the line, kind, which is said to have in. before the 99d of November of the creased prodigiously the number present year; to which I grant, of indigenous as well as of free besides, anextension of six months, negres, his Majesty proceeds to counting froin the above date, to say.chat "flaving collected all these complete their ex, edition. cop'ous materials, and having ex. Article 3.-From the 30th of amined the proposition which the May, 1920, I equally prohibit all proper supreme tribunal laid be. my subjects, as well in the Penin. fore me in its deliberation of the sula as in America, from going to 15th of February, 1816, an-wer. purchase negroes along those parts ing to the confidence which I re- of the coast of Africa which are to


se much of the line, under the intendants of the Indies, the adse penalties imposed in the first jacent islands, the Philippines, En be of this decree: allowing that they keep, fulfil, execute, LART the space of five months and cause to be kept, fulfilled, &c. to the above date to complete this my decree," &c. the vorages that may be under. Madrid, Dec. 1817. takne before the above-mentioned na of May, in which the traffic

PORTUGAL neves shall cease in all my do. The union, during the last year, ..ses, as well in Spain as in of the kingdoms of Portugal and Der.

Brazil, with the decided preference A:t 4.-Those who, using the shown by the sovereign of the two poresson which I grant till the countries to his transatlantic posch of May, 1820, to purchase sessions, has conferred upon the ****, on that part of the coast of latter at least an equal title to doAT which lirs south of the minion ; for which reason we shall Lx,stall not be allowed to carry henceforth consider them as indiErre slaves than five to two tons visibly united under a single crown.

the sonnage of their vessel : and The irruption of a Portuguese As persoas contravening this en- army from Brazil, into Montevi. arent shall be subjected to the deo, was mentioned among the penalty of losing all the slaves on events of the concluding month bed, who shall be declared free of the last year. In January two * the first port of my dominions proclamations were issued to the a ste to the ship arrives.

Spanish inhabitants; one of them Are 5 - This computation is by Carlos Frederico Le Cor, lieuense without a reference to those tenant general of the army of his be may be born during the voy- most Faithful Majesty, addressing r. or to those who may be serve the people of Montevideo, and rz on board as sailors or servants. promising to them the guarantee

Art. 6.– Foreign vessels which of their property, and a free trade ** utfort negrues into any port with all nations, in the name of a szy dominions shall be subject- the king of Portugal; another ed w the regulations prescribed in from Sebastian Pintos de Aranjo 11:e derret; and in case of con- Correa, governor of Montevideo, trasenir.g them, shall be subjected and superintendant of the provinto the penalties contained in it. ces on the east side of the river

And my roral pleasure being, Plate, decreeing severe punishthat tre above decree should cir- ment against all who shall insult eslut in my dominions of America another for his foriner political od Hris, fut its punrtual observ- opinions, and assuring every inBeece I coumunicated it to my su- dividual, whatever public office be . preme counal of the Indies, sign. may have held under the different ed with my own hand, under dute governments, of perfect security d the said of September last past; under the protection of the PorI therefore command all my vice- tuguese arıy.

, presidents, audiences, com The conduct of the Brazilian Urdants, gerral governors, and government did not fail, however,


of drawing the attention of the but meet with the entire approbagreat powers of Europe, who tion of the cabinets to which the thou sht themselves bound to in- court of Spain has addressed herterpose in favour of Spain, who self: and animated with the desire was little able to protect itself of preventing the fatal consequenfrom hostile aggression. Accord. ces that might result from the ingly, the several courts of Aus- present state of atfairs, the courts tria, France, Great Britain, Prus- of Austria, France, Great Britain, sia, and Russia, presented a note Prussia, and Russia, equally the to the Marquis d'Aguiar, secretary friends of Portugal and Spain, of state to his most Faithful Ma. after having taken into considerajesty, to the following effect. tion the just claims of the latter l'aris, March 16.

power, have charged the underThe occupation of a part of the signed to make known to the caSpanish possessions on the river binet of his most faithful MajestyPlate by the Portuguese troopis of That they have accepted the Brazil was no sooner known in mediation demanded of ihein by Europe, than it was the object of Spain. official and simultaneous steps That they have seen with real taken by the cabinet of Madrid, pain, and not without surprise, with the courts of l'ienna, Paris, that at the very moment when a London, Berlin, and St. Peters. double marriage seemed to bind burgh, in order to protest solemn. more closely the family ties already ly against this occupation, and to existing between the houses of clain their support against such Braganza and Bourbon, and when an aggression.

such an alliance was to render the Perhaps the Court of Madrid relations between the two counmight have thought herself en tries more intimate and more titled to recur at once to the means friendly, Portugal has invaded the of defence which Provence has Spanish possessions on the river placed in her huds, and to repel Plate, and invaded them without force by force: but, guided by a any explanation whatever, and spirit of wisdom and moderation, without any presious declaration. she was desiruus first of employe That the principles of equiry ing the means of nemtiation and and justice which direct the counpersuasion, and -he preferred, nos cils of the five courts, and the firm with-tanılıng the sisadvantage that resolution they have adopted to might re-uit to her possessio:is preserve, as much as is in their beyond sea, addressing her self to power, the peace of the world, the tive undermentinen puuers, purchased by such great sacrifices, in ord!) in amcible adju-imerit have determined them to take con of her d tiereences with the coruri of nizance and part in this affur 10 Brazil, and to avoid a ruplure, the intention of terminating it in the coi sequences of what might the most equ.table manner, and be equilli di$4.10 s to ! e two mist conformable to their desire Cuatri's, and might disturb the of maintaining the general tranre; ose or both causpheres. quillitv. So nosle a revolu!: o colid not Tnit the said courts do not d:s.

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*enie that a difference between of Madrid received this intelligence thegal and Spain might disturb may be conjectured from the fol. ***pesce, and verasion a war in lowing a nouncement in the GaLape, whicb might be not only zette of Madrid, on the date of utruus to the two countries, May 19.

yampatible with the interests Letters from Gibraltar announce . De tranquillity of other powers. thif the Portuguese army of Rio Th. in con:equence they have Janeiro has possessed itself of the

ad to wake known to the fortress of Monte l'ideo, which Coment of his Most Faithful has for a long time groaned under

, their sentiments on this the tyrannical yoke of the insur... to invite hiin to furnish gents. Whatever truth there may sent explanations upon his be in this intelligence, the federa

, to take the most prompt live system, whose object it is to

opony measures to dissipate secure the peace of Europe, the *p** s arms which his invasion intimate union of the hing our Foto American possessions of master with all the other sove

has already cause l in Eu- reigns, the wisdom of the meaand to satisfy the righ's sures taken by his majesty iu supi by the latter power, as port the honour of his throne and

thirse principles of justice the inviolability of his states, the d. frtality which guile the noble sentiments of the king of Er $. A refusal to yield to Portugal, and the new ties that

dereman's would leave no have more intimately connected B: with respect to the real in- together the two august houses

a of the cabinet of Rio Ja- all these considerations taken to

The disastrous effects that gether, excite a hope that the pub

result to the two hemi- lic, in learning this intelligence, g would be imputed entirely instead of feeling any disquietude,

Pitigal; and spain, after will wait with entire contidence 4:quo sen all Europe applaud the issue of an event which has

ve ad moderate conduct, become the object of paternal so

1 tind in the justice of her licitude to a Prince who equally ., and in the support of her loves all his subjects .. satte sent meins of redress. Before this period, however, an ::bes cumplaints.

event took place on the Brazilian 1* undersigned, in acquitting territories which proved that the

wlore of the orders of their signal of revolt bad extended to a 113. hare the honour to otler portion of that country. 3. Ercellency th: Marquis In the government of Pernna

of the assurance of their buco, the governor, on the 5th of CRderation.

March, after having expressed 5) VINCENT

much affection to the people of the RICHELIEL,

place, rivarely drew up a list of per STUART,

sona proscribed in bis secret cabinet, Goltz,

which includled the most spirited Pozzo Di BORGO. youths of the country, as well as The Lanet in which the court some of the bravest officers of the army. On the following day this began with the artillery, and th order was to be put in execution; action lasted till night in the and the prisons were thrown open course of which the insurgents for the reception of the most de- dispersed, and were pursued by termined leaders of the intended several royal detachments in the conspirawy. Of these, the Brazil- morning were found on the field ian officers of the regiments of of battle five pieces of cannon, a Olinda and Recife were the most carronade, quantities of ammunidistinguished. Several of these tion and provision, and the miliwere apprehended; but a colonel, tary chest with nearly a million of going first to the barracks for the reis. Many prisoners were taken, purpose of executing the order, and great numbers were killed was killed by one of his own cap- and wounded, of whom a contains. An aide-de-camp of the siderable part were officers. governor met with the same fate; After this action, intelligence and the whole of the regiments having been received that the insided with their officers. The go- surgent Martins was advancing at vernor with his personal staff and the head of a column on Serina few other officers quitted the haem, a body of troops under the town, and retired to Fort Bran, at command of a captain of militia a short distance. On the follow. was sent against him, which coming day the fort was delivered up pletely routed his force, taking without resistance, and the go- many prisoners, among whom was vernor with his officers were made Martins himself, the celebrated prisoners, and shipped for Rin leader of the revolution. Janeiro.

army. national

Not long after the intelligence This insurrection was limited had been received of the entire deto the district of Pernambuco; frat of the insurrection in Brazil, and its triumph only lasted till a a plot was discovered for effecting body of troops could be drawn to- a revolution in Portugal, the purgether capable of resisting it. On pose of which was to make an May 19h, intelligence reached entire change in the government. Serinhaem that the insurgents in. On the first of June, Lisbon was tended to attack the advanced made acquainted with the nature guard of the royal army, posted and extent of this conspiracy, near the works of Civiro Caval- which we shall communicate in cante. The army in consequence the words of the public paper in marched, and took up its positions which it appeared. in the works of Pendoba Grande "The governor of Portugal having and Peguena. On the 15th Major been informed that there existed a Salvador marched with a force conspiracy in the country, whose destined to occupy the Pojuca, object was to overthrow the gowhich he accomplished, but was vernment, and to substitute for it exposed to all the fire of the ene- a resolutionary government; and my. At half past five in the after- that, in order to attain their noon the main body of the army object, the conspirators employ. arrived, and came to action in aed such means as they thought place called Guerra. The firing most calculated to mislead the

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