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marked by a more universal mourning; and the year concluded with every expression of regret and commiseration from a people actuated by a congenial sentiment.
In the rest of Europe little has occurred to disturb the general tranquillity. By an official note from the allied courts presented to the Duke de Richelieu, notice was given of their intention considerably to reduce the army by which France was occupied, reckoning from the first of April of the current year; and there is reason to expect that a similar diminution will take place, till the French nation is entirely relieved from the load under which it has long laboured.
Spain has partaken in some degree of the disorders which, from the time of the king's return, has kept her in agitation. In January, the cry of the constitution was raised in the city of Valencia, said to have been in consequence of a tax on coals. The vigour of General Elio, however, soon brought it to a close. In Barcelona a much more dangerous conspiracy was planned in the beginning of April, of which the Generals Lacy and Milans were the leaders. The captain-general of the province, having obtained timely notice of the plot, put the troops in motion, and a few hours were sufficient to restore tranquillity. Lacy, who was taken prisoner, was condemned by a court-martial, and was sent as a captive to Majorca, where an attempt to escape from his guard was the cause of his death.
The Brazilian government, now identified with that of Portugal, during the course of the last year had sent an army to take possession of the Spanish terri
tory of Montevideo. The courts of Austria, Great Britain, Prussia, Russia, and France, on being informed of this singular transaction, addressed a strong memorial to the government of Portugal and Brazil, in which they informed his most Faithful Majesty that it was impossible for them to look
the aggression committed against Spain in any other light than as an act of hostility. In the mean time an insurrection broke out at Pernambuco, a province of Brazil, which assumed a serious aspect, being chiefly encouraged among the officers of Olinda and Recife. A battle, however, in which the royal forces entirely defeated the insurgents, soon put an end to the insurrection ; and the result of the application of the European courts has not yet been given to the public.
Some time after, Portugal itself was threatened with a revolution, the purpose of which was to estab. lish a government for that country, independent of South America. Its principal promoters were the Lieutenant-general Gomez Freres de Andrade, and the Baron d'Eben; but before all the preparations had been made, the whole plot was discovered, and an arrest took place of the persons concerned. The very slow procedure of the German states, and the apparent reluctance of several of the members to jo'n in establishing the principles of free government, has thrown back to another year the general result of their deliberations ; nor does it yet appear how soon a desirable conclusion can be brought to effect. Financial difficulties occur in several of the states; and till they are settled, it seems in vain to expect a satisfactory solution of their embroiled affairs. Prussia,
in particular, is said to be much incensed against
The King of Wurtemburgh has found it necessary
The duchy of Saxe Weimar seems to have been the
A speech delivered by the president Mr. Monroe to
The Prince Regent's Speech.-Insults offered him.- His Message to both
Houses of Parliament.—Taken into consideration by the Houses of Lords
and Commons, and a Secret Committee appointed in each.--Report from
Singular Circumstance respecting the Committee of the Lords.--Bill fon the
Suspension of the Habeas Corpus, moved by Lord Sidmouth in the House of
Lords.--Debates. - Protest.- Lord Castlereagh in the House of Commons
moves for Bills, for the more effectually preventing Seditious Meetings and
Assemblies; for the better prevention and punishment of attempts to seduce
persons in his Majesty's forces by Sea and Land from their allegiance ; and
for making perpetual parts of an act, for the safety and preservation of his
Majesty's person and government, including those of the Prince Regent.-
Debates-Different Clauses of the Seditious Meetings Act gone through.
The same bill in the House of Lords.-Protest
War Salaries of the Secretaries of the Admiralty.-Motion respecting the
Lords of the Admiralty.- Motion for a Committee on the Public Income und
Expenditure, by Lord Castlereagħ.- First Report of the Committee.-Bills
for abolishing the
Civil Services.-Pass both Houses.-Irish Peace preservation Bill. [35
Resignation of the Speaker, and subsequent Proceedings. - Lord Sidmouth's
circular Leter discussed in both Hauses
Continuance of Irish Insurrection lit.-Wr. Ilerforce's Votion for an
Address to the Prince Regent relative to the Foreign Siave Trade. -Par.
liament coses.—Prince Regent's Speech.
Domestic Events.- Course of the Yeur.-Doutle suspension of the Hattas
Corpus.—Celebration of the Queen's and Prince Regent's Birt'i-Days.-
Trials.-Special Commission held at Derty.
France.-Decree respecting Slares introduced in the Colonies.-- Vegociations
with the Allied Powers. -Ordinance concerning the Debts of the City of
Paris.- Disturlances at Lyons.—Royal Ordinances for the creation of
Bajorats.-Election for the Chamber of Deputies, and Royal Speech -
Project of a Law for the Press.- Law for the establishment of Re-
Sain.-- Disturbance in Valencia.-Edici prohibiting Bouks.- Conspiracy in
Barcelona.-Castanos and his dccomplices condemned.-Pupal Bull re-
specting the Property of the Church in Spain.- Queen of Etruria.- Deeree
relative to the Culture of Tobacco in the Harannah. - ftolition of the Stare
Trade - Portugal.-Irruption of its Army into Monterideo.- Part taken
ly the Allied Powers.- Defection of Pernamtuco, and its Reduction. —
Russia.- Regulation for the Discharge of the Public Delt.- Facilities
grunted to Mercantile Men.—The Emperor quits his Capital, haring first
published a Decree for the Regulation of Proprietors and Colonisis.-
Siceden.- Conspiracy aguinst the Crown Prince, and his Address to the
Citizens of Stockholm. — Proclamation by the king respecting Economy.
- His Address to Prince Oscar.-Speech read iy the Prince:-Tienna.