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to be listed, and receive a secret depend on the simultaneous rising card with the words “ Be Ready, of the disaffected in England, with Be Steady.

some emissaries from whori occaThe habits and manners of sional intercourse appears to have these persons seem entirely chang- taken place; and that some provied: they already calculate upon sion of weapons has been made by the share of land which each is this association. to possess, and point out the de- Your committee have now substruction of the churches, as the mitted to the House, what they necessary consequence of their conceive to be a fair, and not ex

It appears that prepara- aggerated statement of the result tions are in progress, in several of their investigation. They have places, for providing arms; the thought themselves precluded from demand upon gunsmiths, for every inserting, in an Appendix, the inspecies of fire-arms, has been be- formation from which it is drawn, yond all former example; the in- by the consideration, that unless tention is professed, of having re- it were extremely partial and incourse for a still larger supply to complete, they could not make it those towns where arms are ma- public without hazarding the pernufactured, and where they are to sonal safety of many useful and be obtained at a very low rate, many respectable individuals, and from the general cheapness of la- in some instances without prejubour at this time; or in case of dicing the due administration of necessity they are to be seized by public justice. force. The facility of converting On a review of the whole, it is implements of husbandry into of- a great satisfaction to your comfensive weapons, has been sug- mittee to observe, that, notwithgested ; and persons have been standing the alarming progress sent to observe the state of parti- which has been made in the syscular places, where depots of arms tem of extending disaffection and for the public service were sup

secret societies, its success has posed to have been formed. been confined to the principal ma

Your committee find that a sys- nufacturing districts, where the tem of secret association has been distress is more prevalent, and extended to the manufacturing po- numbers more easily collected ; pulation of Glasgow, and some and that even in many of these other populous towns of Scotland; districts, privations have been and although these societies have borne with exemplary patience availed themselves of the same and resignation, and the attempts pretext, of parliamentary reform of the disaffected have been dison the broadest basis, your com- appointed; that few if any of the mittee are firmly persuaded, from higher orders or even of the midthe information which has been dle class of society, and scarcely laid before them, that their ulti- any of the agricultural population, mate object is the overthrow by have lent themselves to the more force of the existing form of go- violent of these projects. Great vernment; that the time for at allowance must be made for those tempting this enterprise was to who, under the pressure of urgent distress, have been led to seduced, and may seduce; the listen to plausible and confident oaths by which many of them are demagogues, in the expectation of bound together; the means sugimmediate relief. It is to be gested and prepared for the forcihoped, that many of those who ble attainment of their objects; have engaged, to a certain extent, the nature of the objects themin the projects of the disaffected, selves, which are not only the but in whom the principles of overthrow of all the political inmoral and religious duty have not stitutions of the kingdom, but also been extinguished or perverted by such a subversion of the rights the most profane and miserable and principles of property, as must sophistry, would withdraw them- necessarily lead to general conselves before those projects were fusion, plunder, and bloodshed ; pushed to actual insurrection. without submitting, to the most seCHAPTER II.


But, with all these allowances, rious attention of the House, the your committee cannot contem- dangers which exist, and which the plate the activity and arts of the utmost vigilance of government, leaders in this conspiracy, and the under the existing laws, has been numbers whom they have already found inadequate to prevent.

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Singular Circumstance respecting the Committee of the Lords.- Bill

for the Suspension of the Habeas Corpus, moved by Lord Sidmouth in the House of Lords.--Debates.- Protest.Lord Castlereagh in the House of Commons moves for Bills, for the more effectually preventing Seditious Meetings and Assemblies; for the better prevention and punishment of attempts to seduce persons in his Majesty's forces by Sea and Land from their allegiance; and for making perpetual parts of an act, for the safety and preservation of his Majesty's person and government, including those of the Prince Regent.--Debates.--Different Clauses of the Seditious Meetings Act gone through.— The same bill in the House of Lords.- Protest.



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humility, that your petitioner offers himself to the notice of, and

prays for a hearing from your stance occurred, respecting right honourable House ; but that the report of the Secret Committee your petitioner, though a very drawn up by the House of Lords. humble individual, feels himself Mr. Cleary, secretary to the Lon- impelled by a sense of imperious don Union Society, having seen in duty, to beseech your right hoa report laid before their Lord- nourable House to pause, and to ships, a clause relative to the hear further evidence, before your above society, which appeared to riglit honourable House proceed connect it with the societies of to ailopt legislative measures upon Spencean Philanthropists, was in- the report, now on the table of duced io present a petition to the your right honourable House, from House, in which he gave a cor- your late secret committee. rected statement of the society and “ Your petitioner beg, permisits proceedings. This petition was sion humbly to state to your right put into the hands of Earl Gros- honourable House, that he has venor, who, on February 21st, read in the aforementioned report read it to the House, as follows : of the secret committee of your

lordships, the following passage, To the Right Hon. the Lords to wit :

Spiritual and Temporal of the " • Others of these societies are United Kingdom of Great Bri- called Union Clubs, professing the tain and Ireland in Parliament same object of parliamentary reassembled.

form, but under these words un“ The Petition of Thomas Cleary, derstanding universal suffrage and Secretary to the London Union annual parliaments-projects

which Society,

evidently involve not any qualified “ Humbly showeth, That it is or partial change, but a total sub

, with great reluctance, as well as version of the British constitution.


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It appears that there is a London, so closely connected the ' London Union Society, and branch Unions Union Society' with the societies corresponding with it, and affi- of " Spencean Philanthropists ;' liated to it. Others of these so- but your petitioner humbly begs cieties have adopted the name of leave to assure your lordships, that Spencean Philanthropists ; and it he is ready and able to prove at was by members of a club of this the bar of your lordships, that description that the plans of the there never has existei, between conspirators in London were dis- these societies, the smallest concussed and prepared for execu- nexion of any sort, either in pertion."

son or design, the object of the Your petitioner presumes not former being to obtain " a parliato oppose his opinions against mentary reform, according to the those of a committee of your right constitution," while that of the honourable House ; but he hopes, latter, as appears froin the report that he may be humbly permitted of your lordships committee, has to state, that when a bill was been to obtain a common partbrought before your right honour nership in the land; and that, able House by the late duke of the efore, any evidence which may Richmond, laying it down as a have heen laid before the secret matter of principle, that annual committee of your lordships to parliaments and universal suffrage establish this connexion, is, as were the inherent and unalienable your petitioner is ready to prove rights of Englishmen, the noble at the bar of your lordships, wholly duke was not accused of a desire destitute of truth. to produce total subversion of " But the facts to which your the British constitution.”

petitioner is most anxious humbly " It is not, however, on mat- to endeavour to obtain the patient ters of opinion, but on matters of attention of your right honourable most important fact, that your pe- House, relate to that affiliation titioner humbly appeals to the can- and correspondence, which your dour, the wisdom, and the justice lordships secret coinmittee have of your right honourable House, been pleased to impute to the and on matters of fact, too, with London Union Society, by observregarii to which your petitioner is ing that “ it appears that there is able to submit to your right ho- a London Union Society, and nourable House the clearest and Branch Unions, corresponding nost in iubitable testimony. with it, and affiliated to it ;' a

“ Your petitioner's entire igro- description which seems, in the rance of the views of the secret humble conception of your peticomunitiee of your right honour- tioner, to resemble that which was able House, as well as his pro- given of the London Correspondfrund respect and extreme defer- ing Society, in 1795, and which, ence for eve:y thing done within as your petitioner humbly conthe walls of your right honourable ceives, point to measures of a House, are more than sufficient to nature similar to those which were re-train your petitioner from at- then adopted: and your petitioner, tempting even to guess at the rea- though with all humility, ventures sons for your conimittee's having to express his confidence, that the


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evidence which he doubts not has correspondence, infusing life into been produced to your lordships societies of Spencean Philanthrosecret committee to justify this pists, and producing, by these description, is wholly and entirely means, plans of conspiracy, revofalse, as your petitioner is ready lution, and treason ! and though to prove, in the most satisfactory your petitioner is too well assured manner, at the bar of your right of the upright views and of the honourable House.

justice of every committee conUpon this important point sisting of members of your noble your petitioner humbly begs leave and right honourable House not to to represent to your right ho- be convinced that very strong evinourable House, that the London dence in support of these charges Union Society was founded in must have been produced to your 1812 by Mr. Edward Bolton Clive, lordships secret committee, your Mr. Walter Fawkes, the late co- petitioner cannot, nevertheless, lonel Bosville, Mr. Montague refrain from expressing most humBurgoyne, the present lord mayor, bly his deep regret, that your Mr. Alderman Goodbehere, Mr. lordships committee should not Francis Canning, Mr. William have deigned to send for the Hallet, sir Francis Burdett, major books and other testimonials of Cartwright, Mr. Robert Slade, the character and proceedings of Mr. Timothy Brown, Mr. J.J. the London Union Society; and Clarke, and several other indivi- your petitioner humbly begs leave duals equally respectable ; that it to observe, that this omission apcontinued to hold meetings but a pears singularly unfortunate for very short time; that it never did the London Union Society, seeing any act except the publishing of that the secret committee of your one address to the nation on the lordships appear, in another part subject of reform; that it never of their report, to lament the want had any one Branch;" that it of means of obtaining the written never held any correspondence proceedings of societies, and seeing either written or verbal with any that it was natural to expect, that society of any sort; that it never a society having branches, an was affiliated to any society, or affiliation, and an active correbranch, or any body of men what- spondence, had also a copious colsoever ; finally, that it has not lection of written documents. met for nearly three years and a Your petitioner is aware, that half last past; and, of course, he has trespassed too long on the that it is not now in existence. patience of your lordships ; but,

" Whnt, then, must have been well knowing that your lordships the surprise and the pain of your seek only for truth as the basis humble petitioner, when he saw, of your proceedings, he humbly in the report of your lordships hopes that you will be pleased to secret committee, this London excuse the earnestness of his preUnion Society represented, not sent representation, and he also only as being still in existence, presumes humbly to express his but busily and extensively at hope, that your lordships will be work, establishing branches and pleased, in your great tenderness affiliations, carrying on an active for the character and liberties of

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