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tion of her Majesty, and her ina- Lancashire, Yorkshire, Notting bility to receive company.

hanıshire, and Derbyshire. These The morning was ushered in were for the most part speedily with ringing of bells. The guards quelled; and from a considerable mounted in white gaiters, and number sent for trial to York, the wore new clothes. Carlion-house whole were either pronounced was thronged during the whole of not guilty, or previously dischargthe day with all ranks, paying ed, with the exception of two, who their respectful congratulations. were detained by a seci etary of The Tower guns fired at one state's warrant under the suspeno'clock; the firing of the Parksion of the Habeas Corpus Act. guns was dispensed with in con- A more melancholy result sucsequence of the indisposition of ceeded the trial of a number of the Queen.

prisoners, who were committed to

the gaol of Derby on a charge of TRIALS, &c.

high treason. A special commisOne of the first trials upon an sion was issued to four judges, who accusation of the crime of sedition in the month of October entered was that or Niel Douglas, an uni- upon their office; and nothing versul preacher in Glasgow, who could be more honourable to the was charged with words spoken criminal justice of the country in the pulpit in derogation of his than the manner in which it was Majesty, of the Prince Regent, executed. After the persons who and the whole House of Com- had been adjudged worthy of death

The trial took place in the had undergone their trial, Mr. high court of Justiciary in Edin- Denman requested of the court burgh on May 25; and the result that the prisoners remaining at was, that after a due attention to the bar might be permitted to the evidence produced on both withdraw their plea of not guilty, sides, Douglas was declared not and substitute that of guilty. The guilty, and was dismissed from attorney-general readily consentthe court.

ing, nine prisoners were allowed A trial in which the public. was to amend their plea, and ten more niuch more interested was that were permitted to join them. It of the elder Watson, Surgeon, at was generally understood that their the court of King's Bench, West- punishment would be commuted minster Hall, accused of high for some ligh'er sentence. Twelve treason. It commenced on the more next appeared at the bar, 10th of June, and was continued whose nanies being called over, till Monday the 16th, when the the attorney-general rose, and jury pronounced a verdict of Not after a speech displaying much guilty. The other persons impli- feeling, made a declaration that cated in the same accusation were his painful task was now closed, afterwards discharged by the law and that the hand of mercy was officers.

meant to be extended to all the About the same time a disposi- rest. The devoted number were tion to tumult and cutrage broke only three, Brandreth, Turner, out in several of the midland and and Ludlam, who were executed northern counties, particularly at Derby on November 7th.

nions.

CHAP.

CHAPTER X.

France.-Decree respecting Slaves introduced in the Colonies.--Negocia

tions with the Allied Powers.--Ordinance concerning the Debts of the City of Paris.Disturbances at Lyons.Royal Ordinances for the creation of Majorats.-Election for the Chamber of Deputies, and Royal Speech. -- Project of a Law for the Press.-Law for the establishment of Religion.

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FRANCE.

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OFFICIAL NOTE RELATIVE TO THE

NEGOCIATIONS, &c. HE following article made its Early in the year negociations

appearance in the French were carried on hetween the court papers in the month of January, of France, and the four principal by order of his Majesty.

allies, for the purpose of alle

viating the burden under which Louis, &c. Art. 1. Every vessel, whether pressed, in consequence of the

that country was severely opFrench or foreign, which shall foreign' armies held by its prinattempt to introduce into any of our colonies purchased blacks, following official note presented

cipal towns. The result was the shall be confiscated, and the cap

to the Duke of Richelieu by the tain, if a Frenchman, shall be held

several resident ministers of she incapable of holding a command.

The whole cargo shall in like powers in question. manner be contiscated, although

DIMINUTION OF THE ARMY OF not consisting of slaves : with re

OCCUPATION. spect to the negroes, they shall be employed on public works of uti- The Courts of Austria, Eng lity in the colony.

land, Prussia, and Russia, having Art. 2. The contraventions for- taken into consideration the desire bidden in the preceding article manifested by his most Christian shall be tried according to the Majesty to have the numbers of saine forms as contraventions of the Army of Occupation dimithe laws and regulations for fo- nished, and proportionably the reign commerce. As for the pro- amount of charge occasioned by duce of the confiscations pronounc- its presence on the French terried in conformity to the said arti- tory, have authorized the undercle, it shall be realized and sup- signed to make the following plied in the same manner as the communication to his Excellency produce of confiscations pronounc- the Duke de Richelieu, President ed in matters of the contravention of the Council of Ministers, and of the laws concerning foreign Secretary of State for the Departcommerce.

ment of Foreign Affairs :: Given at the Thuilleries, &c. At the time when the King, Jan. 8, 1817.

re-established upon his throne and

put

put in possession of his legitimate the same wishes and the same inand constitutional authority, en- terests. deavoured to discover, in concert The great result desired and with the other powers, the most looked to by all Europe could be efficacious means of consolidating neither the work of a mom.ent, internal order in France, and of nor the effect of a single effort. associating his kingdom to the The Allied Powers have observed system of good understanding and with a constant attention, but not general pacification interrupted by with astonishment, the differences the troubles which were scarcely of opinion which have prevailed as put an end to; it was found that to the mode of obtaining it. In the temporary presence of an Al- this attitude they have looked to lied Army was absolutely neces- the superior wisdom of the King sary both to secure Europe against for the measures proper to fix unthe consequences of agitations, certainty, and to give to his adthe renewal of which were threat- ministration a firm and regular ened, and to afford to the Royal march; not doubting that he would authority the opportunity of ex- unite with the dignity of the throne ercising in tranquillity its bene- and the rights of his crown, that volent influence, and of strength- magnanimity which, after civil ening itself by the attachment discord, assures and encourages and submission of all French- the weak ; and, by an enlightened men.

confidence, excite the zeal of all The solicitude of his most Chris- his other subjects. tian Majesty to render this indis- Experience having already happensable expedient the least one- pily fulfilled, as far as the nature rous to his subjects, and the wis- of things will allow, the hopes of dom which directed all the ar- Europe upon this subject, the Alrangements stipulated at that pe- lied Sovereigns, eager to contririod, led them to anticipate bybute to this great work, and to common accord the case in which give to the nation the means of the diminution of the Army of enjoying all the benefits which Occupation might take place with- the efforts and the wisdom of the out weakening the motives, or King are preparing for it, do not injuring the great interests, which hesitate to regard the present had rendered its presence ne- state of affairs as sufficient to decessary.

termine the question which they These conditions the under- have been called upon to decide. signed have great satisfaction in The good faith with which the retracing; they consist in the King's government has hitherto firin establishment of the legiti- fulfilled the engagenients entered mate dynasty, and in the success into with the Allies, and the care of the efforts and endeavours of which has been taken to provide his most Christian Majesty to com- for the different services of the press factions, dissipate errors, current year, by adding to the retranquillize passions, and unite all sources arising from the revenues Frenchmen around the throne by of the state those of a credit, gua

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ranteed by foreign and national joy all the advantages arising banking-houses the most consi- from the said reduction, conformderable in Europe, have also re- ably to existing treaties and conmoved the difficulties which might ventions. otherwise have justly arisen upon In communicating so marked a this point of the proposed ques- testimony of friendship and confition.

dence to his most Christian MaThese considerations have at the jesty, on the part of their august same time been strengthened by masters, the undersigned have at the opinion which his Excellency the same time to declare to his Marshal the Duke of Wellington Excellency the Duke de Richelieu, has been requested to give respec. how much the principles of the ing an object of such great im- ministry over which he presides, portance.

and those which are personal to The favourable opinion and the himself, have contributed to estaauthority of a personage so emi- blish that mutual good will, which, nent have added, to the motives directed by the spirit and the letalready stated, all those which ter of existing treaties, has hitherhuman prudence can unite to jus- to served to arrange so many detify a measure demanded and con- licate affairs, and which affords for sented to with sentiments of sin- the future the most satisfactory cere and reciprocal kindness. pledges of a definitive and satis

The undersigned are therefore factory conclusion. authorized by their respective They seize this opportunity of courts to notify to his Excellency renewing to the Duke de Richethe Duke de Richelieu

lieu the assurances of their high 1. That the reduction of the consideration. Army of Occupation will be car

(Signed) ried into effect.

The Baror. Vincent. 2. That the amount of the di

CHARLES STUART. minution of the whole

army
shall

The Count De Goltz. be 30,000 men.

Pozzo Di BORGO. 3. That this amount shall be Paris, Feb. 10, 1817. proportioned to that of each contingent; that is to say, it shall be The session of the two chama fifth of each corps d'armée. bers closed on March 26, sine die.

4. That it shall take place from In May was published an ordithe 1st of April next.

nance from the King, relative to 5. That from that period the an obligation entered into by the 200,000 rations per day, furnished city of Paris for the payment of for the troops by the French go- its debts. It is to the following vernigent, shall be reduced to

effect. 160,000, without, however, in any respect altering the 50,000

TO THE LOAN iations of forage destined for the feed of the horses.

6. Lastly, that froin the same Louis, by the grace of God, &c. period France shall otherwise en- The municipal administration of

our

ORDINANCE

OF THE KING RELA

TIVE

OF

THE

CITY OF PARIS..'

our good city of Paris, having quarter, by a drawing, which will been placed under the necessity of take place at the Hotel-de-Ville, a issuing negotiable bills for raising month before the day of payment the funds of which it stood in arrives, in such a manuer that, in need, by the expences consequent the space of 12 years from the upon the military occupation of 1st of October next, to the 1st of the city in 1915, and by those in- July, 1829, there will be made by curred in consequence of the in- the city of Paris 48 quarterly payclemency of the seasons of 1816, ments, to liquidate the whole of we had authorized, by our decrees the obligations and premiums, toof the 13th of September and 4th gether with the interests conformof October, 1815, and of the 15th ably to an annexed table. of last January, the creation and Art. 4. The city of Paris is aualienation of 1,500,000 francs of thorized to negotiate the 33 milperpetual rent, the produce of lions of bills at the price and on which was to be employed for li- the conditions which have been quidating the debts of our good accepted by the inunicipal council. city of Paris.

Art. 5. The funds arising from But it having been represented this negotiation of bills will be emto us, that the alienation of these ployed exclusively in withdrawing 1,500,000 francs of revenue has from circulation that portion of its only proceeded to a small extent, rents already engaged, &c. and that the municipal admini- Art. 0. To guarantee the paystration of the city being con- ment of obligations, premiums, vinced of the difficulty which it and interest, there will be allotted would have in redeeming it, pre- to the budget of Paris every year fers the adoption of another mode during the currency of the 12 of extinguishing the debt, we have years, a sum of 4,348,000 francs decreed :

assessed upon its fixed or eventual Art. 1. That our good city of Paris revenues. This assessment will is authorized to create 33,000 obli- form the first part of the extraorgations to the bearer of the value dinary expenses of the city. of 1,000 francs each, forming the Certain duties of tolls, markets, sum of 33,000,000 of francs, pay- &c. are particularly specified as able in the space of 12 years from security for these payments. the first of next October.

Then follows the contract enArt. 2. These obligations will tered into by the Prefect of the be subjected only to the stamp Seine, acting for the city of Paris duty, and will bear 6 per cent. in- on the one hand, and MM. Domi. terest, payable every three months; nick André and Francis Cottier, , enjoying besides a premium, the Basoni, L. Goupy, and Co. H. J. amount of which will be deter- Hentsch, Blanc, and Co., J. M. mined by a lottery, in the propor- Rosthchild, 0, Worms de Romilly, tion which will be fixed by an an- on the other ; by which the fornexed table.

mer agrees to the propositions Art. 3. The discharge of the made by the latter five mercantile obligations and the payment of the houses, and receives from them premiums will be effected every an obligation to pay into the

treasury

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