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try, and urging also upon the British public the duty and wisdom of not recognizing the Southern Confederacy; and we rejoice that God has raised up and sustained that eminent and beloved brother, to vindicate the cause of righteousness in his own country and in other nations." Rev. Wm. Goodell, in successive numbers of the Principia, reviewed in a masterly manner the “result " of the ex-parte council here referred to, and proved its contrariety to the genius and principles and usages of Congregationalism, and the conformity of the church and its pastor to the same.

In the summer of 1861 Dr. Cheever returned to rehearse in the pulpit his mission to Great Britain, to resume the moral war with slavery, and to prove and apply his interpretations of God's will and Word, by the stern events of actual war. He preached also in the Senate Chamber and Representatives' Hall, Washington, at different times on “ The Rights of the Colored Race to Citizenship and Representation;" and was admitted to a hearing by the President conjointly with Rev. Messrs. Goodell and Joselyn (“Prime Ministers of the Almighty,” as Lincoln archly called them), just prior to the issuing of his memorable Emancipation Proclamation. At the same time he put to press an elaborate and exhaustive volume of four hundred and eighty pages, entitled “ The Guilt of Slavery and the Crime of Slave-holding Demonstrated from the Hebrew and Greek Scriptures ;" the substance of which had previously appeared by instalments in the Bibliotheca Sacra.

The necessity of toning public sentiment and of

securing reconstruction on principles of absolute right and justice continued, and up to the year 1867 when he closed his pastorate, sermon after sermon, and pamphlet after pamphlet were issued on different phases of public affairs, bearing upon the rights of the Freedmen and the duty of the nation to its wards. Most of them were first printed in the columns of the Principia, which was under the editorship of the veteran journalist, Rev. Wm. Goodell.

After resigning his pastorate, Dr. Cheever retired from the active ministry and settled in Englewood, New Jersey, whence he issued from time to time forcible applications of Divine truth to passing events and errors of the day, including two volumes upon Inspiration and the Internal Evidence of Christianity, under the titles, “ Faith, Doubt and Evidence,” and “God's Time-Piece for Man's Eternity.” He holds with Spurgeon and Moody to the plenary and verbal inspiration of the Holy Scriptures, and that if preachers will have power with God and man, they must take the whole Bible as the Word of God. “The hiding of his power" from the beginning of his ministry was in his personal and devout grasp of the Bible, and the strong individuality with which he asserted its truths and lessons, and its right to reign in the state, the school, the family, and the souls of men ; together with his life-long familiarity with the English literature of the age of King James' Version. It was his classmate Longfellow who said that the secret studies of an author were the sunken piers upon which was to rest the bridge of his fame, spanning the dark waters of oblivion. They were out of sight, but without them no superstructure could stand secure.

As a hymnologist Dr. Cheever has contributed to devout literature some of the sweetest subjective hymns in our English tongue, which will be repeated and sung, as the simple breathings of penitence and piety, long after their author has joined the choir celestial. He lived to have it frankly said to him by brethren with hoary heads who differed so widely upon the Quæstio vexatissima of slavery and how to dispose of it, “You were right while we were wrong." He would seem to have been the man above all others to have written the history of the great conflict with American slavery from the orthodox standpoint on the side of God. Himself making history in his providential position and relations, the materials he must have accumulated in connection with his own labors and those of his strong-minded, brave and patient associate of the Principia gone before, cannot be otherwise than immense. Who now with a judicial and discerning mind, shall weave them into the web of permanent history? His was the mind and vocation of Elijah or John the Baptist, to prepare the way of the Lord and make His paths straight, to hew down and cast into the fire the hoary wrongs and abuses of Society, to raise Martello towers and great landmarks of progress, whereby the downtrodden toilers and slaves of caste and oppression might see their way to rise and run.

“Cheever," said Charles Sumner, “is one of the iron posts in the balustrade by which we ascend !

You know that when a carpenter builds a staircase he inserts at intervals a certain number of iron posts in place of wood: the rest are pine, put in not for strength but only for looks. The iron posts are the real ones. Well, Cheever is one of these iron supports that I feel when I get hold of I have something to rely on while I am striving to ascend the great staircase of life.”

It was not in the Divine decrees that the overthrow of proud American Slavery, should be the peaceful achievement of the American Church, as Emancipation in the British West Indies was the glorious consummation of British Christianity. But honor be to the men of God, who, in His name, charged the guilt of slavery and the crime of slaveholding upon the conscience of the Church, rescued the Scriptures from its sanction and defence, rolled the burden of its suppression by moral and legal means upon the Christian Churches, and strove to save the Nation from expiating its sin with blood, by urging timely repentance and national emancipation at the command of God. Few of those moral heroes now survive. It was one of them, beloved and honored, that closed his eventful life in peace, at Englewood, New Jersey, on the first of October, 1890,-STRONG IN THE Faith, GIVING GLORY TO GOD.

He is gone. Towards their goal
World and Church must onward roll:
Far behind we leave the past;
Forward are our glances cast;
Still his words before us range
Through the ages, as they change.

Arthur P. Stanley.




The Psalmist's reference to the fruitfulness of old age is beautifully confirmed by the life whose earthly career has just closed. Of the righteous, the Psalmist said: “They shall still bring forth fruit in old age," and of Dr. Cheever it may be said that his old age yielded the sweetest fruit of a long and useful life.

This fruit was ripened and picked and tasted and enjoyed here in Englewood, where for twenty years he had his home. He came hither after the war was over-slavery was dead, and the political relations of the freedmen had been constitutionally recognized.

He had won the battle, in which he had been a captain of no mean rank. Old issues were never interesting to him. He had no zeal in the pursuit

* Funeral services were held in the Presbyterian Church of Englewood under the conduct of its pastor, Rev. Dr. Henry M. Booth. The Scripture reading and prayer by Rev. Dr. F. J. Marling, Secretary of the Chi Alpha, N. Y. Hymns,“ Jesus, Lover of My Soul," and “ Forever with the Lord,” by the choir. Interment at Greenwood Cemetery.

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