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for years, and never cease until the millions of the slaves were free.

We could not then have dreamed that the time would come when a succession of victories on the part of the Southern rebel slave confederacy would enable an eminent English statesman to congratulate his countrymen on the supposed certainty that President Jefferson Davis had made a new nation in America. But the British people would by no means applaud such a sentiment, — on the contrary abhorred it. My own lectures and appeals to Scripture against it were everywhere successful. Protestations were sent up to Parliament from various towns and associations in Scotland and England against any sanctioning whatever of the new slaveholding republic.

Outside the church and the perils of all this warfare,we enjoyed the unwavering friendship and support of some of the dearest and most affectionate and long-tried friends and fellow-pilgrims ever granted in the Valley of Humiliation amidst the conflicts with Apollyon. An example may be noted in the communion as of a youthful and ardent Hopeful, the memory of whom is that of one of my earliest supporters, through that tempest caused by the temperance and other conflicts in Salem. It was that of Richard Palmer Waters, for

a number of years American Consul in Zanzibar, where the character he maintained so early and faithfully was respected and admired by the Sultan and the ruling politicians. I quote from one of his letters, written soon after his return from that sojourn in the East. It is dated Cherry Hill, Jan. 2, 1852.

MY DEAR DR. CHEEVER, — A happy New Year to you and Mrs. Cheever ! This morning I sent to Boston the bag of Mocha coffee directed to you, 21 East Fifteenth Street, per Adams and Company's Express. In due time I trust it will come safely to hand, and that you will have the pleasure of drinking it whenever you like. I sent you on Wednesday the Salem “ Freeman," containing a notice of your lecture in Danvers. It was written by one of the independent tanners in Danvers, who is accustomed to write a notice every week of each lecture. · So you will see, by this notice of your lecture, what one of the honest people thinks of you. I am not acquainted with the man; but I was so pleased with his notice that I sent him a copy of your book on the Pilgrim Fathers as a New Year's present. Don't forget to send me the “ Independent” of this week. If you will pay for it in advance, I will settle with you when I come to New York, as I have settled the bill for your boots, and then we will square accounts. So much for business.

Your flying visit was a very pleasant one for us. The Danvers people were greatly interested in your sermons, and I do hope and pray that great good may result from them. Hon. Mr. Proctor, the lawyer, says he never remembers hearing a sermon which interested him so much as your afternoon discourse. How I should rejoice to have it prove a savor of life to him! The Lord grant it may be so ! Always affectionately and faithfully yours,


From the letters, continued through many years of this correspondence, it would be instructive and deeply interesting to note the progress of our efforts in behalf of the slaves, and the violence of the opposition maintained against us. I quote from a letter of much later date, reverting to our mutual labors.

MY DEAR DOCTOR, — Your more than welcome letter, together with Mrs. Cheever's, came to hand day before yesterday morning. I was more than glad to again hear from you both, and to learn you are so happy in your quiet rural home at Englewood. I cannot express my most grateful appreciation of your renewed invitation to make you a visit. Oh, how happy I would be to again meet you, and to spend a few days in sweet converse, “from grave to gay, from lively to severe," as the poet Pope has it! And what a wonderful amount of precious memories, of departed joys, of conflicts and experiences, we would be likely to rehearse, and recall the wonderful mercies with which infinite goodness has crowned our lives. Now all this would be unspeakably delightful and profitable, yet somewhat shaded by the remembrances of loved ones gone before us to their eternal rest. But there — not to weary you with this long preamble — comes the parting. Now I am impressed with the thought it would be our last parting, and I am now, in my old age, so saddened in spirit with last farewells, so susceptible to uncontrollable emotion on such occasions, that I am obliged to deny myself the pleasure of visiting friends where I am impressed with the feeling that at our parting it will be, probably, a final adieu for the short remnant of life. Notwithstanding, I am much inclined to make the attempt, especially if my friend Whittier could be induced to accompany me. I will see him within a few days and present Mrs. Cheever's kind invitation. He removed into this neighborhood (only two miles' distance from Cherry Hill) three years since, and is often at my house and I at his. He does not enjoy very good health, and is obliged to be very careful of himself. He is a good, humble Christian man, often speaks of you and of your noble service in the cause of freedom to the poor slave.

Next week -- old election week — is our Anniversary week in Boston, and I hope to pass a day or two in attendance at the various meetings. My interest in all the benevolent movements of the day is, I trust, undiminished; and while I cannot give to these objects as freely as I once did, yet I love them, and the Christians whom I meet at these gatherings.

We older members of these various societies will soon all be gathered with our fathers, when we will recount the goodness of God in permitting us to have any part in the upbuilding of his cause on earth.

Make my kindest love to Mrs. Cheever, and I shall hope to write her soon. Yours most affectionately,


The next letter is from an equally dear friend, an example of the interest and anxiety felt far and wide, and expressed in so many tributes of affection, and of prayerful sympathy, continued through years of conflict and discouragement.

Letter from Dr. Hiram Corliss (the Father of the Emi

nent Engineer of the same name), Feb. 23, 1859. MRS. G. B. CHEEVER.

DEAR SISTER IN THE LORD, — I shall always remember my visits at your house. Your kindness in urging me to take an additional coat that bitter cold night I was last at your domicile I appreciated very fully before I arrived at my lodgings. I was most happy at that social gathering at Mrs. Story's. I wrote your good husband a long letter, — so long, I fear he will never desire another. I now address myself to you, as he must be very much engaged in discussing the slave trade. Don't let him be diverted by me in the least. He has the great bull of slavery by the horns. God grant him strength according to his day; for he is in the world's amphitheatre, and in the midst of all kinds of beasts and reptiles, from the bishop down to the lowest layman, from the President down to the United States Marshal, -- and he, when chasing a fugitive, must be the lowest of the low. If George

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