Moses Mendelssohn: Philosophical Writings
Mendelssohn's Philosophical Writings, published in 1761, bring the metaphysical tradition to bear on the topic of "sentiments" (defined as knowledge or awareness by way of the senses). They include a nuanced defense of Leibniz's theodicy and conception of freedom, and examination of the ethics of suicide, an account of the "mixed sentiments" so central to the tragic genre, an hypothesis about weakness of will, an elaboration of the main principles and types of art, and a brief tract on probability theory, aimed at rebutting Hume's skepticism.
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Rhapsody or additions to the Letters on sentiments
On the main principles of the fine arts and sciences
On the sublime and naive in the fine sciences
On evidence in metaphysical sciences
On the ability to know the ability to feel and the ability to desire
what does to enlighten mean?
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able actions actually Aenead Alexander Altmann Alexander Baumgarten appear artist basis beauty become body C. J. Gerhardt capacity to desire certainty Christian Wolff compelling reasons completely concepts constitution contingent contradiction creatures definition degree Descartes determined distinct distinguished divine doctrine effect entity essay ethics Eudoxus Euphranor everything evil example existence expression feel final purpose Fritz Bamberger geometry harmony Hence human imitation immense imperfection inference infinite insofar intellect intuitive knowledge KALLISTHEN knowledge Leibniz Leibnizian magnitude mathematics matter means Mendelssohn Mendelssohn's Philosophische Schriften merely metaphysics mind minor premise mixed sentiments moral Moses Mendelssohn movements naive nature NEOPHIL NUMESIAN object passions perceive perfection PHILOPON philosopher Philosophical Writings pleasant sentiment pleasure possible present presuppose principles probability proportion proposition rational regard representation sciences senses signs someone sort soul Spinoza sublime suicide supposed sympathy Theocles things thinking thoughts tion translation truth unpleasant virtue Wolff