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such as those reported above, is extremely difficult to estimate. It would be almost nil if the medium were a local man, for he might possess all the knowledge shown, even though he might be unaware of it. The data might have been acquired casually and stored up in his subliminal, giving rise to pseudo-evidential hallucinations. But it happens that Mr. Tyrrell lives at Blackburn (Lancashire), and seems to have visited Bradford only about three or four times in his life. He says he is not in touch with Bradford people or affairs, and does not see Bradford newspapers. Moreover, he travels extensively, as does Mr. Wilkinson, giving clairvoyance in innumerable towns; and both seem to be pretty uniformly successful wherever they go, even when they pay a visit to a place they know nothing about. In saying this I am not relying on what they say; indeed, they are very modest about their own gifts. I am relying on information received from friends in various towns, who have attended the meetings.
Further, my private sittings with Mr. Wilkinson have amply convinced me of the genuineness of those gifts, and with Mr. Tyrrell also I have had fairly good evidence, particularly at a second sitting, the report of which has not been published. Consequently, I find it easy to accept, provisionally, a supernormal and even a face-value interpretation of this public clairvoyance; while agreeing that it would not be in itself sufficient to produce conviction, except, perhaps, to some of those present who can feel reasonably sure as to the extent of the medium's knowledge of their affairs.
In addition to these Sunday evening meetings there is usually a Sunday afternoon meeting of similar character, and about 300 societies have a Sunday-school (“Lyceum”) for the children, conducted on sensible and interesting lines. There are drills and marches and calisthenics, with hymn-singing, recitation, reading of good science primers, and much judicious inculcation of high moral and spiritual teaching. The aim throughout is to draw out and develop the pupil, encouraging healthy mental growth in many directions. To one reader at least, the "Lyceum Manual” came as a pleasant surprise. Other sects might learn much from it.
For example, there is the Golden Chain series of recitations. These are a set of sentences on Brotherhood, the Beatitudes, the Nature of Man, Wisdom, the Word of God, the Religion of Health, the Teachings of Spiritualism, and so forth. They are arranged in short sentences to be read alternately by the Conductor and the whole Lyceum. A few are given below as illustration:
CONDUCTOR.—What is the commandment of Brotherhood?
LYCEUM.—Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
CONDUCTOR.—What is the law of Angels?
Lyceum.-All men are my brothers; all women are my sisters; all children are my children.
CONDUCTOR. What does love require ?
LYCEUM.—Instruction for the ignorant, sympathy for the fallen, rest for the weary, kindness to the unthankful, succour to the distressed, forgiveness to the erring.
CONDUCTOR.—Ever hold in remembrance this talis
manic sentence, making it a part of your being: “My country is the universe; my home is the world; my religion to do good; my heaven wherever a human heart beats in sympathy with mine.” (Thomas Paine.)
CONDUCTOR.-What is the first lesson in fraternal love?
Lyceum.-Faith in our fellow-beings; faith that there is in every human soul a desire to be good.
CONDUCTOR.—What does this faith teach us?
LYCEUM.-Charity, which covereth a multitude of sins; that sins follow from weakness and imperfection, and we pity where we cannot blame.
CONDUCTOR.—What is the earthly body?
Lyceum. It is a moving, living house, the earthly temple of the spirit, which dwells in it for a time on earth to learn the lessons of this life.
CONDUCTOR.—What becomes of the spirit after death?
Lyceum.-If good, it lives in the bright Spirit World, in which it has a beautiful and lovely home. If bad, it has to dwell in spiritual darkness until it is purified of its sins.
CONDUCTOR.-Do our spirit brothers, sisters, mothers, fathers, and friends ever return to our homes?
Lyceum.—Yes, they come to watch over those they love, and guard them from evil and danger, and guide them through life.
CONDUCTOR.—What is the spirit?
Lyceum.—A self-conscious being in human form, manifesting affection and intelligence.
CONDUCTOR.—What is its destiny?
Lyceum.—Everlasting life and everlasting ascension through endless realms of thought and action.
CONDUCTOR.—Manifest Temperance in all things.
Lyceum.-Whether physical, mental, moral, affectional, or religious.
CONDUCTOR.Give Justice to all creatures that be.
Lyceum.—Justice being the exercise of precisely the same rules of life, conduct, thought, or speech that we would desire to receive from others.
CONDUCTOR.-Show Gentleness in speech and act.
Lyceum-Never heedlessly wounding the feelings of others by harsh words or deeds; never hurting or destroying aught that breathes, save for the purpose of sustenance or self-defence.
CONDUCTOR.—Speak Truth in every word or thought spoken or acted.
LYCEUM.—But reserve harsh or unpleasant truths where they would needlessly wound the feelings of others.
CONDUCTOR.—Exercise Charity in thought, striving to excuse the failings of others.
LYCEUM.—Yes, and charity in speech, veiling the failings of others; charity in deeds, wherever, whenever, and to whomsoever the opportunity offers.
CONDUCTOR.-In Almsgiving be generous.
LYCEUM.–Visiting the sick and comforting the afflicted in every shape that our means admit of, and the necessities of our fellow-creatures demand.
CONDUCTOR.–Exhibit Self-sacrifice at all times.
LYCEUM.- Wherever the interests of others are to be benefited by our endurance.
CONDUCTOR.-How is it [Spiritualism] a religion?
Lyceum.-Because it gives us a juster conception of the Creator and His works, prompts us to act up to our highest sense of duty, and stimulates spiritual growth and purity of life, thus preparing us for the immortality which it proves.
CONDUCTOR.—What is the spiritual body?
Lyceum.The Spiritual body is an organised form, evolved by and out of the physical body, having corresponding organs and development, and resembles the physical body. CONDUCTOR.-Can you tell anything further of the
— spiritual body?
LYCEUM.—It outlives the change called death, and becomes the external body of the spirit.
CONDUCTOR.–What is the innermost spirit?
Lyceum.-The intelligent, ethereal, and immortal part of man, the life itself, a spark from the Divine.
1 "The Lyceum Officers' Manual."