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of pity and indignation, and then fied. This done, let those truths thundered in their ears : “ Last be faithfully presented which the week a man was hung at Tyburn !” Spirit most highly honors, and The people looked up and stared the preacher's words may become with astonishment at their pastor, mighty through God to the salvation while he, turning the anecdote to of souls. some practical account, proceeded In efforts to secure the attention, with his discourse, and was listened some resort to wit and sarcasm. A to attentively until its close. Ex sense of the ludicrous is, generally, pedients of this kind may, perhaps, the fruit of a fine imagination, debe properly used in some emergen- tecting a thousand analogies not at cies; but as a general rule they had once perceived by the common eye. best be avoided. In place of these, Under certain restraints, this may let the preacher's discourse glow give both force and a delicate beau. with feeling and imagination, and ty to style ; but it often engenders his fit words fitly spoken will com a wit on whose point there is no mand listening ears.

healing balm. The preacher's saIf it be objected to the use of this tire may cut the sensibilities ; but faculty, that it tends to draw off the his commission runs, that he should mind from present scenes, we re

wield the sword of the Spirit, which ply that it is often desirable so to slays only to make alive, and that do, because man is so absorbed in the he should possess the wisdom of the pursuit of honor, wealth, and pleas. serpent, not his venom. The fol. ure, that he seldom thinks seriously lowing sentences from Dr. South of his spiritual concerns. Bunyan's will show, that while such use of the man, who “could look no way but imagination probably secured the atdownwards,” with a muck-rake in tention of his hearers, it doubtless his hand, gathering up the small injured his religious influence. sticks and straws of the floor, in In one of his sermons, he says stead of regarding the angel who that Judas Iscariot,“ to receive and called to him from above with a swallow, as he did, the sop, season. celestial crown, is not an unfaired with those terrible words, ' It had representation of most men. Let, been good for that man had he nevthen, this moral lethargy be broken er been born,' must have had a fu. up. If, by a proper use of the im- rious appetite and a strong stomach, agination, the preacher can so pre- thus to catch at a morsel with the sent eternal realities that they will fire and brimstone all flaming about be seen and felt, let him use this it, and, as it were, digest death itinstrumentality; a channel may thus self, and make a meal on perdibe opened through which regene- tion.” Again, he is severe upon rating grace will descend. It is far those who say, but do not; and repfrom being asserted that the preach- resents one of these persons as er should do nothing more than aim standing forth on the defensive and to get the attention. He may rouse saying: “I am a great hearer and the sensibilities, and leave the heart lover of sermons; it is the very decold and dead. Tears excited in light of my righteous soul ; indeed the sanctuary may be no better than I am so entirely devoted to the hear. those which flow in the theatre. Buting of them that I have hardly any when the soul is regenerated, it is time left to practice them; and will in connection with the truth; the not all this set me right for heaven ? truth must be heard in order to pro- Yes, no doubt, if a man were to be duce its effects; and that it may be pulled up to heaven by the ears !" listened to, the attention must be Such preaching, it must be admitgained, often in the way above speci- ted, will get the attention, but it Vol. III.


will be at the expense of interests On the one hand, if he has been which should be held sacred. It is faithless to his high trust, he meets said the bear is sometimes taught to some who have been ruined through dance by being made to stand on his remissness; and who perhaps heated iron. Now, his flaming eye, lift their reproachful eyes as if to and movements, may give in. declare, “ha it not been for thee, finite sport to the showman and oh! my pastor, I had not been lost.” the spectators, but it must not be What keen remorse, what bitter forgotten that bruin is in uncomfort- self-reproach must be the portion of able circumstances. With proper such a preacher! On the other limitations then, we say, let the hand, if he has been faithful, he imagination be employed, and there. meets redeemed spirits waiting to by the attention may be roused and proclaim him the instrument of their riveted, and a way opened for the conversion; and the Chief Shepherd successful presentation of truth. gives him the glad welcome, “Thou

We have, thus far, considered hast been faithful in a few things, the preacher as engaged in the prep- enter into the joy of thy Lord.” aration of his message: let us now, Reflections like these will serve to very briefly, contemplate the assist. prepare him to ance which imagination may afford “ Preach as if he ne'er should preach again him in the delivery of truth. This, As dying man to dying men." of course, will vary among differ- His voice, his eye, his gesticulation, ent individuals, according to the de- will all be eloquent. gree in which they possess this fac But some object to the use of the ulty ; but the aid which it may fur- imagination by the sacred orator, nish to every one, is not inconsider- and require that truth be presented able.

in her simple, native form, without Force in delivery depends chiefly garb or coloring. To this we reupon the tones of the voice, the ex- ply, that she should not indeed be so pression of the eye, and simple decked off with millinery that we earnestness in manner. Suppose can not discern her features; but then that the preacher's theme is has divine truth such charms for some truth once uttered by John, the human eye, that to be loved she Paul, or Christ. He may endeavor needs only to be seen? Alas! all to conceive how it sounded when it experience gives a negative reply. fell from their lips; how, with the We may learn something here from grace which they possessed, their the actions of men in the common feelings gave solemnity to the voice, affairs of life. When an advocate animation to the countenance, and at the bar is endeavoring to prove impressiveness to the whole de. the guilt of the criminal, and secure

Again he is solemnly im. a prompt verdict, he does something pressed by the thought that his office more than merely to state the evi. brings him into a peculiar connection dence. He leads the jury, in imawith the souls of men. GALEN gination, to the scene of bloodshed; once said, " an unskillful sculptor he brings before them the fiendish spoils only a block of marble, but assault, the imploring look, the an unskillful physician spoils a death-blow, the stiffened corse, the man;" the preacher reflects that if agonized friends, and then he asks he is unskillful he may destroy the the jury to judge righteous judgment. soul. With such an impression, he If, however, it is necessary for the looks forward, in thought, to the secular orator to pursue this course time when his work shall be finish- in cases where he is obliged to coned, and he with the people of his tend with but little prejudice, and charge, summoned to the judgment. where the novelty of the subject


secures attention, how much more It is evident that Whitefield in this necessary is it for the embassador instance overdid the matter. of heaven, who presents truths both In conclusion, then, we say that trite and unwelcome. If it is desira- the imagination should not be cultible that the preacher deliver his vated to the neglect of the judgment message in the most simple manner or the affections; and that the aid possible, let him stand up in his which this faculty gives to the place, and read from the Scriptures preacher will answer no high end, without any attempt at illustration, unless it is crowned by the blessing with no beaming of the eye, no of the Holy Comforter. His “elomovement of the muscles. But will quence will be cold and lifeless, and he answer the great end of his office? his hearers will freeze and die unIn the days of miracles we know der the very brilliancy of its icy that the blowing of ram's horns splendor.” He who would reach prostrated the walls of Jericho ; but the hearts of men must show that we venture to say, that preaching he has all the sympathies of a man. must be appropriate in order to The prophet Elisha sent his servant break down the strong holds of Sa. with his staff, to be laid on the face tan.

of the Shunamite's child; but there As a matter of fact, the under was no voice or appearance of life. standings of most men are well in. It was not until the prophet stretchformed on the leading truths of re ed himself on the child, and put his ligion; the chief business of the face to the child's face, and his preacher is to impress these truths hands to the child's hands, that life more deeply upon the heart. But returned. The preacher must bring even here the imagination may be his own warm heart near to the excited at the expense of the judg- hearts of his hearers if he would ment. It is said that Chesterfield persuade and move them. While, was once present, out of curiosity, then, he is fervent in spirit, let him to hear Whitefield preach. The also cultivate that facully which will great orator seized upon the oppor. give to his services life and power. tunity to rouse the skeptic, if possi. Why should we hear it any longer ble, from his fatal security. Ac- said "as dull as a sermon?” The cordingly he represented the votary carpenters in the land are lowering of sin as a blind beggar led by a the pulpit; let the preacher endeavor little dog. The dog had broken his to exalt it. He holds the most imstring. Athwart the path on which portant of human relations, and is the blind cripple was hobbling, commissioned to speak upon themes yawned a frightful chasm. As he the most momentous that engage groped along, planting his staff be. human attention ; why then should fore him to feel the way,

his words be proverbial for dullness? unconsciously to the edge of the This need not be. Let him bestow precipice. His cane dropped down due cultivation upon all the powers the gulf too deep to send back an which God has given him, and men echo. He, supposing it to be on the will love him and hang upon

his ground before him, stepped forward lips; his fame may not ring through to pick it up; but he trod on vacan the world, but through his instrucy, balanced for a moment on the mentality something will be done brink, and as he fell headlong, Ches. towards hastening the meridian of terfield sprung from his seat, ex that happy day, in whose morning claiming, “ By heavens, he 's gone!" twilight we are now permitted to live.

he came,



We may almost take it as a pos. these brethren. Nor is it owing tulate, that when a man leaves one to any greater respect and kindness extremity of opinions, on any sub- shown them by the Episcopal body ject, he will soon be found a zealot --for it is well known, that that at the opposite extreme. Nothing church expresses less charity for is more in point, as proof and illus- them, and more contempt for their tration, than the easy transition of opinions, than do the orthodox of the sons of the Pilgrims, from Uni- their own church,

Those very tarianism to the dogmas and cere- characteristics of mind—that inde. monies of the Episcopal church. pendence of thought and investiga. We have seen Episcopal churches tion—that self-reliance—that free. erected almost solely by seceders dom from a superstitious veneration from Unitarian societies—not genu- of priests—that respect for common ine converts to Episcopacy, -not sense—which are the admiration of believers in a triune mode of divine their orthodox brethren-are maiexistence, nor in the corruption of ters of the deepest execration in that human nature by the fall not in church into whose bosom they so original sin-nor in regeneration by eagerly press. Remembering our special divine influence—not in a

ancestry, remembering divinely appointed and exclusive our and their Cottons and Mathers ministry-guileless Unitarians, epis. and Hookers and the other glorious copally organized, and episcopally men whose sacrifices for the inde. worshiping. We have also observ- pendence of the churches, and a ed individuals, now on a change of corresponding civil state, can never doctrinal belief, and now without be too much extolled—we are tempt. any such change, quietly leave their ed to say: Brothers, why, if you Unitarian churches, for the Prayer abandon Unitarianism, should you book, and communion in the "verita- throw yourselves and your posterity ble body” of our Lord Jesus Christ. at the feet of a hierarchy—to undo Even genuine converts from Unita- the work for which the honored rianism to the truth, have been dead, for our sake, spared no prayer, drawn away from the orthodox Con no toil, no privation! But this is gregationalists, among whom they not the place for expostulation, howwere enlightened, to connect them ever sincere and heartfelt.

We selves with an Episcopal church rather inquire for the cause of this under the rectorship of some zeal. evil, and whether there is any

safe. ous Evangelical. So great has been guard against it, or any hope that it the movement in this direction, that may be arrested, we have heard, in Episcopal circles, We do not discover this tendency the confident boast that it is the of Unitarianism to melt into the opprerogative of their church, and posite extreme where private judg. her special mission in Massachusetts, ment is sacrificed to church authorito recover the Unitarians to the true ty, in any single principle—but in faith. All this can not be ascribed many points of affinity. to the prejudice against orthodox A most obvious point is the gratiCongregationalists, which Unitarian fication afforded in the Episcopal misapprehension or misrepresenta communion to American aristocracy. tion has raised in that commu. Notwithstanding the leveling charnity, nor to the technics, the philo- acter of our civil institutions, the sophical theories or logomachies of absence of all hereditary titles and

entailed estates, the unimpeded way diality of social intercouse between of all God's nobility to their birth. the élite of both countries. To be rights, whether born within walls of an Episcopalian is respectable, no marble or of logs, we Yankees, like doubt; very respectable; it can not other men, are aristocrats by na. be stigmatized as heretical nor novel, ture. The principle is seen ope- and it introduces one into good socie. rating in our villages, and most in ty. Nor does the Unitarian in his our cities, forming exclusive class. transition to another church, forget es, organizing sects, building church- his contempt for the orthodox people es, to fence in the “ gentility” from about him. Vulgar! I can not, he the intrusion of the vulgar herd. exclaims, throw myself out of good Multitudes of men who spring at once society into – He turns into from penury to opulence feel it to be the Episcopal fold, because it is rethe hight of their ambition to escape spectable, blindly, like the stupid ox from the relations of their own kith into his slaughter-house. That a deand kin into this enchanted circle of sire of good society, and of an honorrespectability ; and they are receivable position among men, may be a ed. Another class is found among very virtuous motive, we do not quesus, who, despairing of elevation by tion; so it is hoped no offense will be wealth, are willing, for the sake of taken at our finding it to be a main admittance, to enter by grace, and reason why our Unitarian friends form the canaille of this exclusive slide so facilely under the sway of grade in society. It was in this up- diocesan bishops. Even the pastoral per circle that American Unitarian visits of the gifted Channing can ism took its rise ; not, as in the case hardly confer so much honor, as the of most religions, among the poor presence of a man in lawn to “say and vulgar, but among the most in- grace" over the beef and wine of a telligent, refined and opulent people family dinner. Were we, however, of the land. And was not many to attribute to the gratification of years before it held the first places aristocratic feeling the whole movein church and state, and embraced ment of Unitarians towards Episcoa large proportion of the men' of pacy, we should overlook some

property and standing” in the other causes of even superior influmost cultivated part of the Union. But now, when it is found, or when There is at first view no point of many are finding, that Unitarianism correspondence between the doc. fails to meet the wants of humanity, trinal opinions or creeds of the two and some more satisfactory faith is communions. The Episcopal church eagerly desired, Episcopalianism has Calvinistic articles of faithbeckons them into her ancient fold. such, that the orthodox churches of She too is a court-religion. In Eng. New England have formally declarland, there must be a peculiar per. ed the belief of them to be suffisonal merit, or a "dissenter” can not cient; and throughout her liturgy be “ respectable”—not even a Uni. the doctrine of the trinity is retarian. Our intercourse with the fa peated in forms unsanctioned by ther land is now so great, and so Scripture, and, as one would think, strong is the propensity of our peo the most offensive possible to Uni. ple to copy her fashions, that scarce

tarian ears.

But questions relating ly a trace of Congregationalism re to the mode of divine existence mains in our navy, or in our di- would cause Unitarians no embarplomatic corps, or among our mer rassment, were it not for other doc. chants who frequent her marts. trines commonly held by trinitariThe profession of this foreign reli- ans. The doctrines of depravity gion must also contribute to the cor- and of regeneration occasion them


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