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We shall presently see that he re- the Episcopal Recorder, the great buked it with the peculiar severity vehicle and defender of the Evanof a dignified calmness and self-re. gelical party in the Episcopal church. spect. Had we followed the exam. · Are they the spirit of Christ? What ple of the Recorder, we should have must be the known taste and char. disposed of this pamphlet in a notice acter of the persons for whom such like the following. "A Specimen. provisions are made ? We can apWe have often alluded to the insulis peal to the whole range of the sharpwhich our ministers and churches est assaults in our sharpest publica. receive from Episcopalians. "We tions against the errors of (Episcowill simply give a few sentences pacy) and ask if any single instance from a late professed review of Mr. can be found approaching these in Barnes' pamphlet, in the Episcopal character.' The New Englander Recorder, 'a weekly religious pub- has laughed at the foibles of a prelication' at Philadelphia, of course late in his dotage, it has expressed from a vehicle which is considered its strong abhorrence of that which dignified and gentlemanly according under the name of Christianity is to their standard.'
repugnant to the whole spirit of the “ Mr. Barnes' article is full of Gospel, it has described as a dead ignorance, and misapprehension, flat of Pharisaism, that which our and misrepresentations of facts' Savior has denounced more strong, .... 'The virulence and recklessly as 'full of dead men's bones and disregard of truth and facts, which all uncleanness, but it has never distinguish the most of these re accused a known and honored minpeated attacks upon our church, ister of Christ, one proverbial for shut them out from the circle of re his integrity, of willful, DELIBERspectful consideration, or serious ATE and MALIGNANT FALSE. concern.'
HOOD! We can not wonder at •We regret the hostile spirit from the indignation of [Philadelphia Pres. which it (this pamphlet) has pro- byterians) at such ill-bred abuse.' ceeded, and the perversion of time And while these same editors at and influence given for far better times regard us with a condescendpurposes, which it displays.' ing and patronizing air, and so far
In regard to the manifest indeli- compromise their dignity and stretch cacy and want of good breeding their liberality as to coöperate with which such a publication as this dis us in the distribution of the word of plays, we have no desire to say God, we can only say that we have much.'
not been enough accustomed to per. The fundamental calumny of sons of this language and demeanor the article ;'-'a jumble of contra to become hardened to their rude. dictions.'
ness, or to desire any farther con. *Could not Mr. Barnes revile the nexion with them. We give our Liturgy of the church adequately, readers these specimens of the kind without voluntary misrepresenta of assaults we have to meet, to tions?'
show the nature of this warfare, · These two sentences contain and one reason why we are deternothing less than two deliberate acts mined to carry it on till truth has of willful injustice, evidently framed triumphed over all wrath, and clamfor the mere purpose of inventing or, and bitterness of spirit.” increased reproach.' With what In such a strain we might have honesty can Mr. Barnes,' &c. •The retorted upon the editors of the Reformal, theoretical, discursive pray- corder, had we studied logic and ers of Presbyterians.
courtesy in their school. But we “ These are a few extracts from confess that such treatment would
have been ungenerous even towards Episcopal Recorder. Is not this a them. Our sole object in this dis. "jumble of contradictions ?" cussion is truth. We may have But why is so much said about cutting argument, or cutting satire; Mr. Barnes, if not to divert attention but above all things let us have fair from his argument? Those pertinent and manly dealing.
inquiries (p. 140) which contain the We shall not follow the argument gist of the whole matter, and admit of the Recorder, as our object is to only of a categorical answer, remain make a historical record. Our opin- unanswered by the Recorder to this ion is that it utterly failed to meet the day. great points at issue. In fact it hardly The editors of the Recorder ex. professed to meet them. It attempt. press their deep regret that Mr. ed to evade the force of Mr. Barnes' Barnes should have interrupted the argument by an impeachment of his friendly intercourse which has hithmotives—to divert attention from the erto existed between evangelical reasoning to the man. And yet it Episcopalians and the members of seems quite as much at a loss what other denominations of Christians. to do with the man as with his ar. Upon this point they say, gument. At one time he stands up
“Whether, as a personal question, this like a moral and intellectual giant, is an honorable reception of our fifteen whose personal character and repu: years' labor in this city, in the various tation give an importance to all that walks of our ministry, for the great pur.
pose of enlarging and maintaining the he says and does, and the sanction of privileges of mutual Christian kindness, whose name entitles that to sober we leave Mr. Barnes and liis own friends consideration, which when it appear. to judge. We fear that our own church ed anonymously in the columns of and ministers might say, perhaps with
justice, it has served you right.' [The the New Englander might safely be Churchman has said this in good earnest.] despised. Again he appears only How any other Episcopal clergyman can as a man of moderate dimensions, be expected to subject himself to the posnot at all to be feared in argument, say. Certainly if we regard the delicacy
sibility of such rudeness, it is difficult to but of such an unfortunate disposi- of our own feelings, or the dignity of our tion as to keep every thing around own character, we can hardly submit ourhim in commotion ; and who, after selves to such uncourteous treatment, or
afford any farther reasons arising from any having divided the Presbyterian intercourse with such opposers, for anothchurch, is resolved to split the Epis. er similar attack upon us, under the avowcopal church also, if not to demolish ed purpose of an inquiry into our posiit root and branch, simply to prevent
tion." some of his congregation from be. We hope that this humble apoloing enticed away by the superior gy for having exhibited so much of eloquence of his Episcopal neigh- the evangelical spirit in former bors (we can not say brethren) in years, and the promise to pay more the ministry.* To accomplish this, regard to the dignity of the church this man so eminent as “a scholar, in future, will not be forgotten by a gentleman, and a consistent and true churchmen in the diocese of faithful Christian minister,” stoops Pennsylvania when they meet to fulto the most willful misrepresentation, fill the decree against their late Right and betrays the most childish igno. Reverend Father in God, “his bishrance. Such is Mr. Barnes in the opric let another take."
But after all, what is this delight*"Mr. Barnes may be worried because ful harmony which Mr. Barnes has members of his church and congregation so rudely interrupted? We have leave him for our communion, for this we are informed was the origin of this assauli long felt that our union with Epis. from the pulpit and the press." -- Record. copalians in enterprises of benevoer's pamphlei, p. 7.
lence has been purchased at too dear
a rate. What Episcopalian clergy. corder and its friends are resolved man has ever appeared on the plat. to adhere to "church principles," form at the anniversaries of our na even though they come into collision tional benevolent institutions, with- with “evangelical principles," if out feeling that he deserved to be they have stronger affinities for Episcommended for his extraordinary copacy than for the simple gospel, liberality and condescension ; or in- if they will unite with us in enterdeed without making a parade of his prises of benevolence only upon “enlarged Christian kindness ?" At terms derogatory to us as ministers a religious anniversary a few years and churches of Christ, then we preago, an Episcopalian minister, (if fer to take our stand by the honest we mistake not, an editor of the Re- and consistent Churchman, and say corder,) after expatiating to a ful. we understand each other,-let us some extent upon his own love of love one another-if we can!” Christian union and his efforts to The editors of the Recorder expromote it, concluded his address by pressed also their deep regret, that expressing the belief that all Chris. Mr. Barnes should have “ injured so tians would be united as true church. materially his own reputation,” and men in heaven. Probably he used have sacrificed so many friends, the word "churchmen” in a spiritual even “in his own congregation,” sense ; but he was understood to by his rash "interference with the mean that the union of Christians concerns of “the church.” And would be consummated in heaven really, when we saw what a tempest by a general conversion to Episco- burst forth against him from the very pacy. The next speaker, (a learn- quarter where we had looked for a ed, eloquent and facetious divine of calm consideration of his argument, the Reformed Dutch church,) very when we heard what strenuous efpromptly responded to the desire of forts were made to bring him into his brother for the perfect union of disrepute, when we found that even believers, but did not feel so confi. the Princeton Reviewers would not dent that they would be united un- acknowledge that “a good thing” der his favorite banner; he could had at last « come out of Nazareth,” not say that every saint in heaven we began to tremble lest the man would be a Reformed Dutchman. who had survived the veto of a SyThis witty turn made the one-sided nod and the “schism” of a General union which Episcopalians are seek. Assembly, had at last forfeited his ing appear extremely ludicrous. If “reputation” forever, by what ?union is to be purchased only by simply asking evangelical Episcopathe sacrifice of our self-respect as lians upon what ground they stood ministers of Christ, if for the sake of in respect to him and his non-episit we must falsify history, and pay our copal brethren! How could he have tithe of adulation to that corrupt es been so regardless of a "reputation" tablishment across the water, which which it had cost him so much to Episcopalians in this country cling obtain! It was not long, however, to with such strange infatuation ; if before we were relieved from all apwe may not even extol the religion prehension concerning Mr. Barnes. of the Bible above the religion of He again appeared before the pubforms, without having our words lic in a pamphlet of 143 pages, callconstrued into a personal attack ed a "reply to the remarks of the upon a bishop who may chance to Episcopal Recorder.” We regard grace the anniversary of a Bible so this pamphlet as the master producciety with his presence, then we are tion of a master mind. It fully sus. prepared to say that we desire no tains the “high reputation" of its union upon such terms. If the Re. author as a scholar, as a gentleVol. III.
man," and as a logician. It is written “ (5.) One other thing has been appain the same spirit of mildness and
rent also among low churchmen. They candor which characterized the first against the views of the Oxford writers,
have evinced great and commendable zeal production, but it evinces deeper re and the aims of the high church parly. search, and greater skill and power But on the signal injustice publicly done in the argument. We do not won
to a large portion of the Proiestant world,
in denying that they have a valid minisder that Mr. Barnes announced that try and valid ordinances, we have heard with him this reply should be “ final” from them no note of remonstrance. At on the subject. It is final. It must these extraordinary claims, they express settle the questions in dispute, if it is
no grief. When a Papist is admitted to
their ministry without being re-ordained, possible ever to settle them by ar and a Presbyterian or Methodist neophyte gument. We have no room for ex is on the same day ordained as a deacon, tended extracts from this “reply;" after having exercised the office of the nor is it necessary to make them, of disapprobation. Is it of the nature
ministry for years, there is no expression since the pamphlet has been widely of an attack ;' is it persecution in circulated and may be easily obtain these circumstances to examine the subed by all our readers. Yet we can ject of Episcopacy as it is actually before
the public, even in its best form? Are not refrain from giving an outline other denominations to be regarded as ag. of the argument, with one or two gressors when they kindly but firmly lift “specimens” of the spirit in which up the voice of remonstrance against the it is conducted. Mr. Barnes first position which their professedly Protes.
tant brethren choose to take against them? gives some_“general reasons for It may be a mere logomachy to endeavor examining Episcopacy at the pres to ascertain from what quarter the “atent time." These are the following. left to the public to determine. Whether
tack' really comes, and it may be safely “(1.) The general attitude which the
all other ministers of the gosEpiscopal church has been understood to pel as impostors;' to re-baptize those assume in reference to other denomina
who are proselytes from other denominations of Christians."
tions, or to maintain that they are not to " (2.) Recent developments in the Epis- be re-baptized because the baptism of copal church, have forced the inquiry on • Jaymen,' and 'women,' and boys,' and the community.”
'heretics,' or any · wicked wretch what" (3.) The character, aims, and zeal of ever,' is valid ; to re-ordain all ministers the party which is opposed to the Oxford from other denominations except Papists ; developments, are such as in themselves to affirm that the ministers of other detend sirongly to secure the sympathy of nominations are all Jaymen, exercising all evangelical Christians."
their functions according to a human “ (4.) The influence of Episcopacy in instead of a divine institution,' be or be the church, has been at no time either not of the nature of an attack,'
may negative or unimportant."
not be a matter worth contending about.
The thing itself has an importance which Then follows an enumeration of demands investigation, whoever is the
particular reasons for inquiring aggressor.'”—pp. 24, 25. into the position of the evangelical Mr. Barnes next speaks of “the party.” These are as follows.
manner in which it was to be pre“(1.) The claims of the high church
sumed the inquiry would be met." party, so far as other denominations are He shows that the candor and cour. concerned, have not been disavowed by tesy which he had exhibited, entithern." “(2.) The low church party are in the
tled him to expect similar treatment habit of re-baptizing the members receiv
in return. Then follows an exhibi. ed from other churches."
tion of the manner in which the " (3.), The same thing exists in regard inquiry has been actually met." to re-ordination." “ (4.) So far as the low church have
And here Mr. B. displays such true expressed themselves on the points at is dignity of character, with so much sue between the bigh church and other of the amenity of a true Christian, Protestants, they have identified them that we shall transcribe the passage selves with the former."
as the highest testimonial which we The fifth reason we give entire. can furnish to his worth.
“To my friends and theirs, it has been TUTE OF PROOF AND TRUTH. So again the a matter of surprise to observe the meth. editors say, “In reply to such perfectly od which the editors have thought proper unfounded statements, we hardly know to adopt in their reply. The controversy, what to say—the charge seems so volun. so far as they are concerned, secms to TARILY UNTRUE, from a man who professhave become personal, and the attention es to have examined the book.' is diverted from the argument to the man. " These are certainly very grave charges There are two classes of charges or epi- against a minister of the gospel, and thets which they have seen proper to should not have been hastily made. The employ. Of the former class are such community will not expect me to reply as these : Ignorance and misapprehen to them. I may be ignorant,' and if so, sion;' misrepresentation of facts;' • un. it would have been very easy to show me just assaults;' extreme misrepresenta wherein; I may have. misapprehended' tions ;'hostile spirit;'“ virulence;'. rude some things, and it would have been easy ness ;' the exceeding injustice and mis- to have shown me the truth ; but 10 ómis. representation of the book ;' «indelicacy represent voluntarily, for the purpose of and want OF GOOD BREEDING;'! very vilifying ;. . deliberately to frame that empty assertions ;' an unprovoked and which is designed to increase reproach ;' unnecessary assault;' mis-statements.' 10 · have no concern for the exisience of The editors speak of themselves as “in- facts,' and to make statements which even sulted,' (that is, by this publication, and seem to be · voluntarily untrue,' is not my by the manner in which it is received in character ; nor will the declaration of the the community,) and shut out of respecto editors of the Episcopal Recorder satisfy ful and decorous reception among those this community that it is. They will who are accustomed to meet on occa themselves regret the use of this language sions when Christians meet for the pur on calm reflection, and I shall hasten to pose of united efforts to spread tbe gospel. forget it as soon as possible. Such lan
“ The other charges are of a more seri. guage contributes nothing to the discovous character. They relate not to a defi ery of truth, or to the value of an arguciency of knowledge, or to a necessity of ment. I put these unhappy expressions instruction in the rules of etiquette, but on record here, not for the purpose of reto the heart. They pertain to the moral plying to them, but to do all in my power and religious character, and embody ex to prevent their use hereafter. They shall press accusations of a determined' and not be remembered by me in the arguwillful disregard of the truth, and of a ment, or in my private intercourse with purpose even to invent and falsify in order Episcopalians. The end of discussion is to vilify the Episcopal church. The edi. truth ; and that end will be best reached tors speak of the peculiar exhibition by clear argument, kind words, and courwhich he has made of ignorance of the teous deportment. The atmosphere in facts in the case, and unconcern for their which truth resides is clear and serene, existence;' they say that «Mr. Barnes in a region elevated far above the mists of could not revile the Liturgy of the church prejudice and passion, and to be reached adequately without voluntary misrepre- only by a vigorous effort to rise above sentations ;' that 'these two sentences them. No pleasure,' says Lord Bacon, (quoted from p. 34 of the Tract,) contain is comparable to the standing upon the nothing less than two deliberate acts of vantage-ground of truth : (a hill not to be injustice, deliberately framed for the mere commanded, and where the air is always purpose of inventing increased reproach;' clear and serene ;) and to see the errors, that Mr. Barnes' determination for the and wanderings, and mists, and tempests, result he desired of complete vilification in the vale below: so always that this of the Prayer Book, would not have allow. prospect be with pity, and not with swelled him this reference. In speaking of the ing or pride. I used kind words, and argument which I had submitted on con shall continue to do so. Hitherto I have firmalion, the editors indulge themselves had no occasion to notice any thing else in the following language: · With what among those with whom I have had inhonesty then cao Mr. Barnes occupy eleven tercourse in the Episcopal church, and I pages of his book in the deliberate framing shall give occasion for no other in any of a contrary statement, when a simple thing that I have to say. So far as perreference to our known laws would have sonal intercourse is concerned between exhibited to him the truth at once ?' me and Episcopalians, every thing has There is here exhibited, just as there is been of the kindest character; and so far throughout the whole book, the determina as I am concerned, nothing shall provoke tion to vilify and destroy not the party me to depart from what I have adopted arowedly the object, but the church to which as the rule of my life in my intercourse they belong. There is no • inquiry' into with all classes of men. Hitherto I have facts, from one end of the publication to experienced no want of this on the part the other, but a succession of unfounded as. of Episcopalians. As a minister, I have sertions, and imputations EQUALLY DESTI. had no reason to complain of any inter