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Maryland. The Governor repeatedly protested against landing troops
at Annapolis, the capital of the State, and the military occupation of
the railroad which connects that city with Washington, inasmach as he
had convened the legislature to meet, and the occupancy of the road
would prevent the members from arriving. On the 251h of April a
new military department was formed, called the Department of Annap-
olis, with head-quarters in that city. It included twenty miles on each
side of the r:ilroad to Washington, as far as Bladensburgh; Brigadier-
General Benjamin F. Butler in command. The General replied to the
protest of the Governor, that his troops were in Maryland to maintain
the laws and preserve peace; and that he had taken possession of the road
because threats had been made to destroy it, in case troops passed over
it. He said, also, that there were rumored apprehensions of a negro
insurrection, and offered his services to suppress it. The Governor re-
plied, that the citizens could take care of themselves. The occupation
of Annapolis by the troops induced the legislature to meet at Fred-
erick, on the 26th of April. The Governor, in his message, advised
neutrality, so that Maryland might not be the scene of war. The action
of the legislature was less moderate, however; although it decided
by a unanimous vote in the Senate, and by fifty-three to thirteen in
the House, not to secede. A bill was introduced in the Senate in-
vesting the military power of the Siate in a board of public safety, of
which the majority were in favor of secession. This movement not
being entirely popular, the bill was recommitted. A committee of the
legislature was also appointed to visit the President, and a series of
resolutions was adopted by the House of Delegates, protesting against
the war on behalf of the State, imploring the President to make peace with
the seceded Srates, and affirming that the “ State of Maryland desires
the peaceful and immediate recognition of the Conferlerate States." To
cap the climax of their folly, the legislature sent a committee to Jeffer-
son Davis to assure him of the sympathy of the people of Maryland
with the Confederate States. The Federal Government, scarcely able
to look after its own security, was for the present powerless to repress
these treasonable demonstrations.
· Even's, however, made rapid progress, and as sober second thoughts
began to replace the recent mad excitement, the tone of Baltimore grew
more conservative, while at Frederick, Hagerstown, and elsewhere the
Union element becarne decidedly uppermost. Me:in while troops from
all quarters continued to accumulate at Annapolis, under General Butler.
On the 5th of May, he advanced and occupied the Relay House, nine
miles from Baltimore, planting eight howitzers on the viiduct, and in-
vesting the entire neighborhood. This being the point of junction of
the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad with the Washington branch, it com-
mands the road to the West. On the 9th transports arrived at Locust
Point from Perryville with Sherman's battery, six pieces, and twelve
hundred men, who were placed in the cars, and went off without dis-
turbance. On the following day, an attempt w:18 made to send a steam-
gun, by Mr. Ross Winans, of Baltimore, to Harper's Ferry; but the
gun, and those in charge of it, were arrested by order of General
Butler. Order was now so far restored, that travel was resumed

through Baltimore. Op Monday, May 13th, a train from Philadelph passed through with the National flag displayed, and numbers wei hung out from stores aud dwellings. On the following day, the Fir: Pennsylvania regiment passed through Baltimore fully equipped. I the afternoon of the same day, a train from the Relay House a rived with the Sixth Mass:1chussetts, and the Eighth New Yor regiments, with a battery. They marched through South Baltimor and took possession of Federal Hill, a high point commanding botl the city and Fort McHenry, which is east of it, one mile distant Here General Butler fixed his head-quarters, and issued a proclamation intended 10 soothe the conquered citizens of Baltimore. He also de manded the delivery of a quantity of arms stored in the city, which was acceded to, and the Federal authority became fully established. On the 15th of May, the Star-spangled banner was raised once more over the post-office and custom-house.

CHAPTER V.

Confederate Congress.--Davis's Message. -Virginia.--Beauregard's Proclamation.

Border States' Convention.--Western Virginia.--State Re-orgaization.

ACCORDING to the proclamation of Jefferson Davis, the Confederate Congress met at Montgomery, Alabama, April 29th, and Mr. Davis delivered a message, which opened with assurances that the constitution framed for the estab ishment of a permanent government for the Confederate States b:d been ratified by conventions in each of those States to which it was referred. To inaugurate the Government in its full proportions and upon its own sulistantial basis of the popular will, it only remained that elections should be held for the designation of the officers to administer it.

He stated that the declaration of war against the Confederacy by the President of the United States, in his proclamation of April 15th, made it necessary to convene the Congress at the earliest possible moment. He reviewed the events that, from the formation of the Gov. ernment, had been gradually producing the present state of affairs, and recuunred the circumstarices that attended the mission of commissioners to Washington. The reply of the Federal Government, rendered only on Avril 8th, altbough dated March 15th, had, he said, been withheld, while assurances calculated to inspire hope in the success of the mission had been made.

"That these assurances were given, has been virtually confessed by the Government of the United States by its sending a messenger to Charleston to give notice of its purpose to use force, ir opposed in its intention of supplying Fort Sumter. No more Etriking proof of the absence of good faith in the conduct of the Government of the United States towards this Confederacy can be required, than is contained in the circumstances which accompanied this notice. According to the usual course of navigation, the vessels composing the expedition designed for the relief of Fort Sumter, might be

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