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VOCAL CULTURE.

The Cultivation of the voice is necessary to an easy and correct use of it. To secure ease in its use, we develop it; to enable us to use it correctly, we improve its quality.

DEVELOPMENT. The Development, or increased power of the voice is secured by a proper habit of breathing, by vocal drill, and bu exercises in breathing and calisthenics.

NOTE.-In Elocution, we begin at the lowest step-breathing; after this follow, in natural order, articulation and modulation with their various subdivisions. Breathing is the simplest act we perform-we aim to render it correct; conversation is the next step—we endeavor to acquire a correct use of the conversational voice as the foundation of a knowledge of Elocution.

Proper Breathing consists in taking in and giving out full inspirations of pure air in such a manner as not to interfere with speech. It should be practiced until deep breathing becomes a fixed habit.

EXERCISES IN BREATHING. 1. Take an erect position and breathe deeply and very slowly, observing that the lungs are well filled with air at each inspiration.

2. Breathe slowly, allowing the air to escape through the mouth, raising the arms with each inflation and lowering them as the breath is expelled.

3. Take a deep inspiration and allow the breath to suddenly escape through the mouth.

4. Breathe quickly through the mouth, allowing the lungs to become filled with each breath.

5. Take a full breath, then place the hands, palms inward, just above the hips, and bend the body as far as possible without inconvenience forward, to the right, barkward and to the left.

These exercises will tend to enlarge the breathing capacity and strengthen the muscles employed. In addition to an increase of vocal power, the general health cannot fail to be benefited by a judicious exercise of the breathing organs.

In Vocal Drill, the object should be to obtain a full, pure tone. The sentences under the Simple and Orotund qualities of voice may be practiced freely to secure this end.

1 ABLE OF EXERCISES FOR VOCAL CULTURE.

The following exercises are taken from the selections found in this book. They are designed to give purity and power to the voice, and strength and vigor to the vocal organs. They should be practiced often, not long at a time, with the best quality of voice at command. In giving the Natural and Intense Forms, be particular to employ a full, rich, resonant tone.

Natural Form.

I.

Over the hill the farm-boy goes.

2.

Maud Muller, on a summer's day,
Raked the meadow sweet with hay.

3. They've left the school-house, Charlie, where years ago we sat

And shot our paper bullets at the master's time-worn hat;
The hook is gone on which it hung, the master sleepeth now
Where schoolboy tricks can never cast a shadow o'er his brow.

'Twas on Lake Erie's broad expanse,

One bright midsummer day,
The gallant steamer Ocean Queen

Swept proudly on her way.
Bright faces clustered on the deck,

Or, leaning o'er the side,
Watched carelessly the feathery foam

That flecked the rippling tide.

Intense Form.

Impregnable their front appears,
All horrent with projected spears.

1.

It must not be: This day, this hour
Annihilates the invader's power!
All Switzerland is in the field-
She will not fly; she cannot yield;
She must not fall; her better fate
Here gives her an immortal date.

3.

'Tis a cold, bleak night! with angry roar
The north winds beat and clamor at the door;
The drifted snow lies heaped along the street,
Swept by a blinding storm of hail and sleet;
The clouded heavens no guiding starlight lend,
But o'er the earth in gloom and darkness bend;
Gigantiç shadows, by the night lamps thrown,
Dance their weird revels fitfully alone,

Toll! Roland, Toll!
Bell never yet was hung,
Between whose lips there swung

So grand a tongue !

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Calling Voice.

Hi! Harry Holly! Halt-and tell

A fellow just a thing or two;
You've had a furlough, been to see

How all the folks in Jersey do.

“ To all, the truth we tell! we tell !"

Shouted in ecstasies a bell.
“Come all ye weary wanderers, see !

Our Lord has made salvation free!

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I.

Ye crags and peaks, I'm with you once again :

2.

Ye purifying waters, swell!”

Rang out the clear-toned Baptist bell.

3.

Ring! oh, ring for liberty !”

4.

Hurrah! hurrah! a single field hath turned the chance of war.
Hurrah! hurrah! for Ivry and Henry of Navarre !

(LOW).

I.

'Tis midnight's holy hour and silence now
Is brooding, like a gentle spirit, o'er
The still and pulseless world. Hark! on the winds
The bell's deep tones are swelling—'tis the knell
of the departed year.

With woeful measures wan Despair

Low, sullen sounds his grief beguiled;
A solemn, strange and mingled air;

'Twas sad by fits—by siars 'twas wild.

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